Erik Satie


Born: May 17, 1866; France   Died: Jul 1, 1925; France   Period: 20th Century
Erik Satie was an important French composer from the generation of Debussy. Best remembered for several groups of piano pieces, including Trois Gymnopédies (1888), Trois Sarabandes (1887) and Trois Gnossiennes (1890), he was championed by Jean Cocteau and helped create the famous group of French composers, Les Six, which was fashioned after his artistic ideal of simplicity in the extreme. Some have viewed certain of his stylistic traits as Read more components of Impressionism, but his harmonies and melodies have relatively little in common with the characteristics of that school. Much of his music has a subdued character, and its charm comes through in its directness and its lack of allegiance to any one aesthetic. Often his melodies are melancholy and hesitant, his moods exotic or humorous, and his compositions as a whole, or their several constituent episodes, short. He was a musical maverick who probably influenced Debussy and did influence Ravel, who freely acknowledged as much. After Satie's second period of study, he began turning more serious in his compositions, eventually producing his inspiring cantata, Socrate, considered by many his greatest work and clearly demonstrating a previously unexhibited agility. In his last decade he turned out several ballets, including Parade and Relâche, indicating his growing predilection for program and theater music. Satie was also a pianist of some ability.
As a child Erik Satie showed interest in music and began taking piano lessons from a local church organist, named Vinot. While he progressed during this period, he showed no unusual gifts. In 1879 he enrolled in the Paris Conservatory, where he studied under Descombe (piano) and Lavignac (solfeggio), but failed to meet minimum requirements and was expelled in 1882. Satie departed Paris on November 15, 1886, to join the infantry in Arras, but he found military life distasteful and intentionally courted illness to relieve himself of duty. That same year his first works were published: Elégie, Trois Mélodies, and Chanson.
The years following his military service formed a bohemian period in Satie's life, the most significant events of which would be the beginnings of his friendship with Debussy, his exposure to eastern music at the Paris World Exhibition, and his association with a number of philosophical and religious organizations (most notably the Rosicrucian Brotherhood).
In 1905 he decided to resume musical study, enrolling in the conservative and controversial Schola Cantorum, run by Vincent d'Indy. His music took on a more academic and rigorous quality, and also began to exhibit the dry wit that would become hallmarks of his style. Many of his compositions received odd titles, especially after 1910, such as Dried up embryos and Three real flabby preludes (for a dog). Some of his works also featured odd instructions for the performer, not intended to be taken seriously, as in his 1893 piano work, Vexations, which carries the admonition in the score, "To play this motif 840 times in succession, it would be advisable to prepare oneself beforehand, in the deepest silence, by serious immobilities."
In 1925 Satie developed pleurisy and his fragile health worsened. He was taken to St. Joseph Hospital, where he lived on for several months. He received the last rites of the Catholic Church in his final days, and died on July 1, 1925. Read less

Work: Gymnopédie no 3

Browse 51-75 of 92 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Lizard Music & Other Arias
    Label: Gagliano   Catalog: 606 Release Date: 10/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Bryan Johanson,  Erik Satie  ... 
    Performer:  Hamilton Cheifetz,  Bryan Johanson
    CD: $15.99
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  • 52.
    The Most Relaxing Harp Album In The World...ever!
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 33588 Release Date: 10/04/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Claude Debussy,  Erik Satie,  Alphonse Hasselmans  ... 
    Performer:  Nancy Allen,  Mariko Anraku,  Markus Klinko,  Julia Thornton  ... 
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz,  Erno Olah,  Louis Auriacombe,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra,  Netherlands National Radio Orchestra,  Toulouse Chamber Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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  • 53.
    Weekend Classics - Weekend Favourites
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000448502 Release Date: 06/14/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Pietro Mascagni,  Erik Satie,  Ralph Vaughan Williams  ... 
    Performer:  Christer Thorvaldsson,  Barbara Bonney,  Leo Winland,  Pavel Gililov  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi,  Seiji Ozawa,  Giuseppe Sinopoli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra,  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $13.99
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  • 54.
    The Ultimate Guitar Collection / John Williams
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 93959 Release Date: 03/29/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Enoch Sontonga,  John Williams,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams,  Richard Harvey,  Chris Laurence,  János Rolla  ... 
    Conductor:  William Goodchild,  János Rolla,  Christopher Gunning,  Louis Frémaux  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  African Children's Choir,  Orchestra,  Franz Liszt Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $18.99
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  • 55.
    Historical - Satie: Orchestral Works / Abravanel, Utah So
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1612 Release Date: 03/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Conductor:  Maurice Abravanel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Utah Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 56.
    Satie: Orchestral Works & Transcriptions / Plasson, Toulouse
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 942361 Release Date: 03/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Jean-Pierre Armengaud
    Conductor:  Michel Plasson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toulouse Capitole Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 57.
    Of Love And Music - Chopin, Vivaldi, Brahms, Et Al
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 29764 Release Date: 01/18/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Fritz Kreisler,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  James Ehnes,  Angčle Dubeau,  Marie-Nicole Lemieux,  Elizabeth Dolin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Campion-Vachon Duo,  Duo Similia,  La Pieta  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 58.
    Telemann, Satie, Ravel, Schubert, Dowland, Ibert, Coste
    Label: Often Bach   Catalog: 5637441979 Release Date: 01/11/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georg Philipp Telemann,  Erik Satie,  Jacques Ibert,  Napoléon Coste  ... 
    Performer:  Randy Pile
    CD: $21.99
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  • 59.
    James Galway - Wings Of Song
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775085 Release Date: 09/14/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Joaquin Rodrigo  ... 
    Performer:  James Galway,  Moray Welsh,  Jeanne Galway
    Conductor:  Klauspeter Seibel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 60.
    Chill With Satie
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556781 Release Date: 01/20/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Ellen Sejersted Bodtker,  Klára Körmendi,  Gerald Garcia
    Conductor:  Peter Breiner,  Jérôme Kaltenbach
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra Kosice,  Nancy Lyric Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 61.
    Satie: Piano Works / Michel Legrand
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 41380 Release Date: 05/20/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Michel Legrand
    CD: $8.99
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  • 62.
    Jeux A Deux - Music For Flute & Harp / Aitken, Goodman
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 81101 Release Date: 01/01/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  François Joseph Gossec,  Erik Satie,  Gabriel Fauré,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Aitken,  Erica Goodman
    CD: $16.99
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  • 63.
    Classical Harp / Sarah Hill
    Label: Gift Of Music   Catalog: 1048 Release Date: 09/01/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Jacques Offenbach,  Félix Godefroid,  Jeremiah Clarke  ... 
    Performer:  Sarah Hill
    CD: $17.99
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  • 64.
    Reveries / Eiji Oue, Minnesota Orchestra
    Label: Reference Recordings   Catalog: 99 Release Date: 08/06/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Jean Sibelius,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Marni J. Hougham,  Adam Kuenzel,  Anthony Ross
    Conductor:  Eiji Oue
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Minnesota Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 65.
    L'Orchestre de Satie / Sado, Orchestre des Concerts Lamoureux
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 85827 Release Date: 01/29/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Conductor:  Yutaka Sado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lamoureux Concerts Association Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 66.
    Piano Masters - George Copeland - Rameau, Mozart, Et Al
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 121 Release Date: 11/20/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Claude Debussy,  Isaac Albeniz,  Erik Satie  ... 
    Performer:  George Copeland
    CD: $17.99
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  • 67.
    Encantado Por Los Clasicos / Glenn H. Strauss
    Label: Eroica Classical Recordings   Catalog: 3066 Release Date: 09/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Carlos Jobim,  Ottorino Respighi,  Jorge Morel,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Glenn H. Strauss,  Alex Blair
    On sale! $16.98
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  • 68.
    Marcel Tabuteau Excerpts / Stokowski, Philadelphia Orchestra
    Label: Boston Records   Catalog: 1021 Release Date: 01/01/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Marcel Tabuteau
    Conductor:  Leopold Stokowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    On sale! $19.98
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  • 69.
    Musique De Nuit - Fauré, Pierné, Satie, Koechlin / Lencsés
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 97409 Release Date: 08/29/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Erik Satie,  Gabriel Pierné,  Charles Koechlin
    Performer:  Giselle Herbert,  Lajos Lencsés
    CD: $18.99
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  • 70.
    Night Air - The Relaxing Side Of Classical Music
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80558 Release Date: 07/25/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Ottorino Respighi,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Alexander Borodin  ... 
    Performer:  Frances Tietov
    Conductor:  Leonard Slatkin,  Jesús Lopez-Cobos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Louis Symphony Orchestra,  Lausanne Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 71.
    Kun Woo Paik Plays Liszt, Poulenc, Debussy, Satie
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 61757 Release Date: 06/27/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Erik Satie,  Francis Poulenc,  Claude Debussy,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Kun-Woo Paik
    On sale! $29.98
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  • 72.
    Romantic Adagios
    Label: London/Decca Double Decker   Catalog: 466710 Release Date: 06/13/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Gabriel Fauré,  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Cristina Ortiz,  Marie Goossens,  Jascha Silberstein,  Carlos Bonell  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Georg Solti,  Charles Dutoit,  Vladimir Ashkenazy,  Gianandrea Gavazzeni  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Montreal Symphony Chorus,  Montreal Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $14.99
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  • 73.
    Romance Of The Guitar / John Williams
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 89141 Release Date: 05/02/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Astor Piazzolla,  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Daniel Aloymias Robles  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams,  János Rolla,  Christine Pendrill,  Timothy Kain
    Conductor:  János Rolla,  Louis Frémaux,  John Williams,  William Goodchild
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Franz Liszt Academy Chamber Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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  • 74.
    A French Romance / Depreist, Rosenberger, Monte Carlo Po
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3202 Release Date: 04/25/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Fauré,  Erik Satie,  Maurice Ravel,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Carol Rosenberger
    Conductor:  James DePreist
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 75.
    Satie For Relaxation - Dickinson, Allen, Stoltzman, Et Al
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 66153 Release Date: 03/07/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Erik Satie
    Performer:  Ikuyo Kamiya,  John White,  Peter Dickinson
    CD: $8.99
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