Gaspar Sanz


Born: April 4, 1640; Calanda   Died: 1710; Madrid, Spain  
It is generally accepted that composer Gaspar Sanz was born on April 4, 1640, in Calanda in the region of Aragon, Spain. As a young man, he received a bachelor of theology degree and subsequently took the vows of Holy Orders from the University of Salamanca. But the spirituality of music would become a second vocation for Sanz and he journeyed to Italy to study music with Cristofaro Caresana and Lelio Colista, as well as (speculatively) Orazio Read more Benevoli and Pietro Andrea Ziani. Upon his return to Spain, he pursued literature, religion, and music in equal measure with, respectively, a translation of Bartoli (1678), a eulogy to Pope Innocent XI (1681), and his musical magnum opus in the three-volume Instruccion de musica sobre la guitarra Espanola. His musical prowess soon came to loom over his other achievements, becoming widely regarded as the foremost guitar theorist of his day as well as private instructor of guitar to Don Juan of Austria, the dedicatee of his Instruccion. A complete musician, Sanz was also organist to the viceroy of Napoles. He is believed to have died in Madrid in 1710.

By the time Sanz began his work, the guitar in its evolution had acquired a fifth course (string pair) and settled into the fourths-oriented tuning that led to the modern six-string guitar as is known today, the octave pairing of the lower strings surviving in the modern 12-string guitar. Sanz took advantage of these developments in the 90 pieces that comprise the three volumes of Instruccion. The result is of two-fold musical importance. First, the capabilities of the guitar, by this time achieving a status comparable to the lute as a serious instrument, were extended, moving away from the single-line melodic stretches punctuated by chords; although the said idiom may be found in the first volume, geared toward the novice, the subsequent volumes find writing for more active right-hand technique, independence of the thumb and fingers, and more varied and at times contrapuntal texture. All this is prefaced in the first volume by a tutorial, a manual for care of the instrument, and an essay on figured bass for the guitar. The music in the three volumes is written in tablature, although later arrangements for standard notation have since been made. The second great significance of the Sanz set is that it contains many examples of Spanish folk songs and dances, exposing these to the world at large. Some, like the Zarabanda, feature an alternation of meters that presage the flamenco guitar idiom. Also can be found are the more conventional forms of passacaglia, pavan, and galliard, as well as travel souvenirs such as a Neopolitan piece. Together, these reveal Gaspar Sanz to be a well-rounded and cosmopolitan musician for his time, as well as a prophet for an instrument that would one day rival the keyboard in popularity. Read less
Sanz, De Murcia: Spanish Guitar Music / Jakob Lindberg
Release Date: 06/28/2000   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 899   Number of Discs: 1
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Gaspar Sanz: Instruccion De Musica Para La Guitarra Espanola
Release Date: 10/27/2009   Label: Glossa  
Catalog: 80206   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 51-75 of 98 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Segovia  - The American Decca Recordings Vol 1
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4778133 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Enrique Granados,  Luis de Milan,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  Andrés Segovia
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  • 52.
    Islas Canarias: Historic Organs Of The Canary Islands
    Label: Accent   Catalog: 24204 Release Date: 11/25/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Manuel De Tavares,  Andrés Lorente,  José de Nebra  ... 
    Performer:  Liuwe Tamminga,  Luigi Ferdinando Tagliavini
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  • 53.
    Legendary Treasures - Segovia And His Contemporaries Vol 11
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 9755 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Francisco Tarrega,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Nelly Ezcaray,  Miguel Llobet,  Maria Luisa Anido  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Aguilar-Pages Duo,  Iriarte-Pesoa Duo,  Spina-Baudino Duo  ... 
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  • 54.
    Best Guitar 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 15241 Release Date: 06/24/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Manuel de Falla,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  Christopher Parkening,  Ernesto Bitetti,  Manuel Barrueco,  Dario Rossetti-Bonell  ... 
    Conductor:  Antoni Ros Marbà,  Jeremy Lubbock,  Elmer Bernstein,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra members  ... 
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  • 55.
    Classical Essentials - Guitar Essentials - Albeniz, Bach, Etc / Sharon Isbin, Alexander-sergei Ramirez
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17685 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francisco Tarrega,  Regino Sainz de la Maza,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  Sharon Isbin,  Alexander-Sergei Ramirez
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  • 56.
    Guitar Classics - Mozart, Bach, Handel, Albeniz, Sor
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69146 Release Date: 03/26/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Georg Lawall,  Fernando Sor,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Georg Lawall
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  • 57.
    Guitarra De Paz - Baroque Guitar Works / Pupping, Foster
    Label: Guitar Sounds   Catalog: 5637438782 Release Date: 12/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mauro Giuliani,  Anonymous,  Abel Fleury,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Pupping
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  • 58.
    Label: John Jarvie   Catalog: 5637336110 Release Date: 10/23/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Anonymous,  Matteo Carcassi,  Yukihiro Yoko  ... 
    Performer:  John Jarvie
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  • 59.
    Terra Nostra
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 2567 Release Date: 09/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lucas Ruiz de Ribayaz,  Lorenzo Barcelata,  Traditional,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  José Angel Gutierrez
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  • 60.
    Hopkinson Smith Album
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 8908 Release Date: 06/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Denis Gaultier,  Francisco Guerau,  Pierre Attaingnant,  Giovanni Kapsberger  ... 
    Performer:  Hopkinson Smith,  Roel Dieltiens,  David Courvoisier,  David Plantier  ... 
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  • 61.
    The Ultimate Most Relaxing Guitar Music In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17650 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Fernando Sor,  Isaac Albeniz,  Napoléon Coste  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Mikulka,  Shin-ichi Fukuda,  Eduardo Fernandez,  Alexander-Sergei Ramirez  ... 
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  • 62.
    Galicia - Rennaissance Music From Spain / Linn Barnes, Et Al
    Label: Oak Leaf   Catalog: 2113 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enríquez de Valderrábano,  Traditional,  Luis de Narváez,  Diego Pisador  ... 
    Performer:  Tim Anderson,  Joseph Cunliffe,  Allison Hampton,  Steve Bloom  ... 
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  • 63.
    Yule / Linn Barnes, Allison Hampton
    Label: Oak Leaf   Catalog: 2110 Release Date: 03/22/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Traditional,  King VIII Henry  ... 
    Performer:  Linn Barnes,  Allison Hampton
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  • 64.
    José Marín: Sepan Todos Que Muero, Etc / Música Ficta, Et Al
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 2797 Release Date: 11/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Juan De Herrera,  José Cascante,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Zuluaga,  Leonor Convers,  Juan Carlos Arango,  Elisabeth Wright  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Música ficta
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  • 65.
    Label: Paul Vondiziano   Catalog: 5637519883 Release Date: 10/31/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Mikis Theodorakis,  Carlo Domeniconi
    Performer:  Paul Vondiziano
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  • 66.
    Historical - Classic Spanish Guitar / Alirio Diaz
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1802 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Regino Sainz de la Maza,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Performer:  Alirio Diaz
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  • 67.
    Sanz: La Preciosa / Gordon Ferries
    Label: Delphian   Catalog: 34036 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz
    Performer:  Gordon Ferries
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  • 68.
    Altre Follie 1500 - 1750 / Savall, Hespèrion Xxi, Et Al
    Label: Alia Vox   Catalog: 9844 Release Date: 12/13/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Santiago de Murcia,  Henricus Albicastro,  Arcangelo Corelli  ... 
    Performer:  Xavier Díaz-Latorre,  Carlos García-Bernalt,  Xavier Puertas,  Manfred Kraemer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI
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  • 69.
    Altre Follie 1500-1750 / Savall, Hespèrion XXI
    Label: Alia Vox   Catalog: 9844 Release Date: 11/15/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francesco Corbetta,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Santiago de Murcia,  Henricus Albicastro  ... 
    Performer:  Rolf Lislevand,  Carlos García-Bernalt,  Xavier Díaz-Latorre,  Mauro Lopes  ... 
    Conductor:  Jordi Savall
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI
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  • 70.
    More Of The Most Relaxing Guitar Music In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17564 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Fernando Sor,  Toru Takemitsu,  Miguel Llobet,  Niccolò Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander-Sergei Ramirez,  Shin-ichi Fukuda,  Machiko Kikuchi,  Anthea Gifford  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mozart String Trio
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  • 71.
    The Spanish Guitar - Music From 1535 -1962 / Segre
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3347 Release Date: 05/10/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Luis de Milan,  Alonso de Mudarra,  Luis de Narváez,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  Emanuele Segre
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  • 72.
    The Most Relaxing Guitar Music In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17471 Release Date: 03/08/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Napoléon Coste,  Franz Wilhelm Abt,  Fernando Sor,  Franz Schubert  ... 
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  • 73.
    Jerry Willard Plays! - Four Centuries Of Lute And Guitar
    Label: Lyrichord   Catalog: 8051 Release Date: 09/21/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  George Gershwin,  Miguel Llobet,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Jerry Willard
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  • 74.
    Jonathan Adams - Guitarist
    Label: Sonic Grapefruit   Catalog: 5637333536 Release Date: 04/30/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Andrew York,  John Lennon,  Paul McCartney,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Jonathan Adams
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  • 75.
    Narciso Yepes - Guitarra Española
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000205202 Release Date: 03/09/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Traditional,  Antonio Soler,  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Joaquin Turina  ... 
    Performer:  Narciso Yepes,  Godelieve Monden
    Conductor:  Luis Garcia-Navarro,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos,  Odon Alonso
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Spanish Radio/TV Orchestra
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