Gaspar Sanz

Biography

Born: April 4, 1640; Calanda   Died: 1710; Madrid, Spain  
It is generally accepted that composer Gaspar Sanz was born on April 4, 1640, in Calanda in the region of Aragon, Spain. As a young man, he received a bachelor of theology degree and subsequently took the vows of Holy Orders from the University of Salamanca. But the spirituality of music would become a second vocation for Sanz and he journeyed to Italy to study music with Cristofaro Caresana and Lelio Colista, as well as (speculatively) Orazio Read more Benevoli and Pietro Andrea Ziani. Upon his return to Spain, he pursued literature, religion, and music in equal measure with, respectively, a translation of Bartoli (1678), a eulogy to Pope Innocent XI (1681), and his musical magnum opus in the three-volume Instruccion de musica sobre la guitarra Espanola. His musical prowess soon came to loom over his other achievements, becoming widely regarded as the foremost guitar theorist of his day as well as private instructor of guitar to Don Juan of Austria, the dedicatee of his Instruccion. A complete musician, Sanz was also organist to the viceroy of Napoles. He is believed to have died in Madrid in 1710.

By the time Sanz began his work, the guitar in its evolution had acquired a fifth course (string pair) and settled into the fourths-oriented tuning that led to the modern six-string guitar as is known today, the octave pairing of the lower strings surviving in the modern 12-string guitar. Sanz took advantage of these developments in the 90 pieces that comprise the three volumes of Instruccion. The result is of two-fold musical importance. First, the capabilities of the guitar, by this time achieving a status comparable to the lute as a serious instrument, were extended, moving away from the single-line melodic stretches punctuated by chords; although the said idiom may be found in the first volume, geared toward the novice, the subsequent volumes find writing for more active right-hand technique, independence of the thumb and fingers, and more varied and at times contrapuntal texture. All this is prefaced in the first volume by a tutorial, a manual for care of the instrument, and an essay on figured bass for the guitar. The music in the three volumes is written in tablature, although later arrangements for standard notation have since been made. The second great significance of the Sanz set is that it contains many examples of Spanish folk songs and dances, exposing these to the world at large. Some, like the Zarabanda, feature an alternation of meters that presage the flamenco guitar idiom. Also can be found are the more conventional forms of passacaglia, pavan, and galliard, as well as travel souvenirs such as a Neopolitan piece. Together, these reveal Gaspar Sanz to be a well-rounded and cosmopolitan musician for his time, as well as a prophet for an instrument that would one day rival the keyboard in popularity. Read less
The Segovia Collection Vol 3 - Albéniz, Granados, Sanz, Sor
Release Date: 07/01/2003   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 000066402   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 51-75 of 120 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Guitar Classics - Mozart, Bach, Handel, Albeniz, Sor
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69146 Release Date: 03/26/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Georg Lawall,  Fernando Sor,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Georg Lawall
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  • 52.
    The Essential Julian Bream
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 721340 Release Date: 01/15/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Malcolm Arnold,  Enrique Granados,  Mauro Giuliani  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bream,  George Malcolm,  Robert Spencer,  Desmond Dupré  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Julian Bream Consort
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  • 53.
    Guitarra De Paz - Baroque Guitar Works / Pupping, Foster
    Label: Guitar Sounds   Catalog: 5637438782 Release Date: 12/18/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mauro Giuliani,  Anonymous,  Abel Fleury,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Pupping
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  • 54.
    Label: John Jarvie   Catalog: 5637336110 Release Date: 10/23/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Anonymous,  Matteo Carcassi  ... 
    Performer:  John Jarvie
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  • 55.
    Baroque / Gabriela Montero
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 00234 Release Date: 10/02/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Pachelbel,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Gabriela Montero
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  • 56.
    Terra Nostra
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 2567 Release Date: 09/25/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Lucas Ruiz de Ribayaz,  Lorenzo Barcelata,  Traditional,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  José Angel Gutierrez
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  • 57.
    Hopkinson Smith Album
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 8908 Release Date: 06/26/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Denis Gaultier,  Francisco Guerau,  Pierre Attaingnant,  Giovanni Kapsberger  ... 
    Performer:  Hopkinson Smith,  Roel Dieltiens,  David Courvoisier,  David Plantier  ... 
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  • 58.
    The Ultimate Most Relaxing Guitar Music In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17650 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Fernando Sor,  Isaac Albeniz,  Napoléon Coste  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Mikulka,  Shin-ichi Fukuda,  Eduardo Fernandez,  Alexander-Sergei Ramirez  ... 
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  • 59.
    Galicia - Rennaissance Music From Spain / Linn Barnes, Et Al
    Label: Oak Leaf   Catalog: 2113 Release Date: 05/08/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enríquez de Valderrábano,  Traditional,  Luis de Narváez,  Diego Pisador  ... 
    Performer:  Tim Anderson,  Joseph Cunliffe,  Allison Hampton,  Steve Bloom  ... 
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  • 60.
    La Guitarra Española - Santiago De Murcia / W. Carter, Et Al
    Label: Linn Records   Catalog: 288 Release Date: 05/01/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Santiago de Murcia,  Gaspar Sanz,  Antonio Martin y Coll
    Performer:  William Carter,  Susanne Heinrich
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  • 61.
    Yule / Linn Barnes, Allison Hampton
    Label: Oak Leaf   Catalog: 2110 Release Date: 03/22/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Traditional,  King VIII Henry  ... 
    Performer:  Linn Barnes,  Allison Hampton
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  • 62.
    José Marín: Sepan Todos Que Muero, Etc / Música Ficta, Et Al
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 2797 Release Date: 11/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Juan De Herrera,  José Cascante,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Zuluaga,  Leonor Convers,  Juan Carlos Arango,  Elisabeth Wright  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Música ficta
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  • 63.
    Label: Paul Vondiziano   Catalog: 5637519883 Release Date: 10/31/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Mikis Theodorakis,  Carlo Domeniconi
    Performer:  Paul Vondiziano
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  • 64.
    Weekend Classics - A Baroque Guitar Weekend
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 0006649902 Release Date: 06/13/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Gaspar Sanz,  Traditional,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Narciso Yepes,  Göran Söllscher,  Andrés Segovia
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  • 65.
    Historical - Classic Spanish Guitar / Alirio Diaz
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1802 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Regino Sainz de la Maza,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Performer:  Alirio Diaz
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  • 66.
    Sanz: La Preciosa / Gordon Ferries
    Label: Delphian   Catalog: 34036 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz
    Performer:  Gordon Ferries
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  • 67.
    Altre Follie 1500 - 1750 / Savall, Hespèrion Xxi, Et Al
    Label: Alia Vox   Catalog: 9844 Release Date: 12/13/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Santiago de Murcia,  Henricus Albicastro,  Arcangelo Corelli  ... 
    Performer:  Xavier Díaz-Latorre,  Carlos García-Bernalt,  Xavier Puertas,  Manfred Kraemer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI
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  • 68.
    Altre Follie 1500-1750 / Savall, Hespèrion XXI
    Label: Alia Vox   Catalog: 9844 Release Date: 11/15/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francesco Corbetta,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Santiago de Murcia,  Henricus Albicastro  ... 
    Performer:  Rolf Lislevand,  Carlos García-Bernalt,  Xavier Díaz-Latorre,  Mauro Lopes  ... 
    Conductor:  Jordi Savall
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hespèrion XXI
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  • 69.
    Hermes' Invention / Hübscher, La Volta
    Label: Doberman   Catalog: 540 Release Date: 11/01/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Domenico Scarlatti,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Giuseppe A. Brescianello,  Simone Molinaro  ... 
    Conductor:  Jürgen Hübscher
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Volta
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  • 70.
    More Of The Most Relaxing Guitar Music In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17564 Release Date: 09/13/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Fernando Sor,  Toru Takemitsu,  Miguel Llobet,  Niccolò Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander-Sergei Ramirez,  Shin-ichi Fukuda,  Machiko Kikuchi,  Anthea Gifford  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mozart String Trio
    CD: $13.49
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  • 71.
    Villancicos Y Cantadas - Sacred Songs And Dances / Savino
    Label: Koch International Classics   Catalog: 7654 Release Date: 06/21/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Manuel José Quiros,  Rafael A. Castellanos,  Sebastián Durón,  Antonio de Salazar  ... 
    Performer:  Jennifer Lane,  Peter Maund,  Richard Savino,  Jennifer Ellis
    Conductor:  Richard Savino
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  El Mundo
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  • 72.
    The Spanish Guitar - Music From 1535 -1962 / Segre
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3347 Release Date: 05/10/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Luis de Milan,  Alonso de Mudarra,  Luis de Narváez,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  Emanuele Segre
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  • 73.
    The Most Relaxing Guitar Music In The Universe
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17471 Release Date: 03/08/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Napoléon Coste,  Franz Wilhelm Abt,  Fernando Sor,  Franz Schubert  ... 
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  • 74.
    Masters Of The Guitar / Segovia, Williams, Romero, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000400402 Release Date: 02/08/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Antonio Lauro,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Mauro Giuliani  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander-Sergei Ramirez,  Göran Söllscher,  John Williams,  Pepe Romero  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Enrique Jorda,  George Malcolm,  Thomas Füri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Symphony of the Air,  English Chamber Orchestra  ... 
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  • 75.
    Jerry Willard Plays! - Four Centuries Of Lute And Guitar
    Label: Lyrichord   Catalog: 8051 Release Date: 09/21/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  George Gershwin,  Miguel Llobet,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Jerry Willard
    CD: $14.99
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