Gaspar Sanz

Biography

Born: April 4, 1640; Calanda   Died: 1710; Madrid, Spain  
It is generally accepted that composer Gaspar Sanz was born on April 4, 1640, in Calanda in the region of Aragon, Spain. As a young man, he received a bachelor of theology degree and subsequently took the vows of Holy Orders from the University of Salamanca. But the spirituality of music would become a second vocation for Sanz and he journeyed to Italy to study music with Cristofaro Caresana and Lelio Colista, as well as (speculatively) Orazio Read more Benevoli and Pietro Andrea Ziani. Upon his return to Spain, he pursued literature, religion, and music in equal measure with, respectively, a translation of Bartoli (1678), a eulogy to Pope Innocent XI (1681), and his musical magnum opus in the three-volume Instruccion de musica sobre la guitarra Espanola. His musical prowess soon came to loom over his other achievements, becoming widely regarded as the foremost guitar theorist of his day as well as private instructor of guitar to Don Juan of Austria, the dedicatee of his Instruccion. A complete musician, Sanz was also organist to the viceroy of Napoles. He is believed to have died in Madrid in 1710.

By the time Sanz began his work, the guitar in its evolution had acquired a fifth course (string pair) and settled into the fourths-oriented tuning that led to the modern six-string guitar as is known today, the octave pairing of the lower strings surviving in the modern 12-string guitar. Sanz took advantage of these developments in the 90 pieces that comprise the three volumes of Instruccion. The result is of two-fold musical importance. First, the capabilities of the guitar, by this time achieving a status comparable to the lute as a serious instrument, were extended, moving away from the single-line melodic stretches punctuated by chords; although the said idiom may be found in the first volume, geared toward the novice, the subsequent volumes find writing for more active right-hand technique, independence of the thumb and fingers, and more varied and at times contrapuntal texture. All this is prefaced in the first volume by a tutorial, a manual for care of the instrument, and an essay on figured bass for the guitar. The music in the three volumes is written in tablature, although later arrangements for standard notation have since been made. The second great significance of the Sanz set is that it contains many examples of Spanish folk songs and dances, exposing these to the world at large. Some, like the Zarabanda, feature an alternation of meters that presage the flamenco guitar idiom. Also can be found are the more conventional forms of passacaglia, pavan, and galliard, as well as travel souvenirs such as a Neopolitan piece. Together, these reveal Gaspar Sanz to be a well-rounded and cosmopolitan musician for his time, as well as a prophet for an instrument that would one day rival the keyboard in popularity. Read less
Browse 26-50 of 118 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 920111 Release Date: 05/24/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Luis de Narváez,  E López,  Luis de Milan,  Alonso de Mudarra  ... 
    Performer:  José Miguel Moreno
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  • 27.
    La Spagna - A Tune Through Three Centuries / Paniagua, Madrid Atrium Musicae
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1963 Release Date: 05/24/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Buchner,  Antonio De Cabezón,  Fabricio Caroso,  Joan Ambrosio Dalza  ... 
    Conductor:  Gregorio Paniagua
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atrium Musicae
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  • 28.
    Early Dreams /  Constantinople
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 29989 Release Date: 05/03/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Santiago de Murcia,  Gaspar Sanz,  Lucas Ruiz de Ribayaz,  Anonymous  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Constantinople
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  • 29.
    Julian Bream Edition Vol 8 - Popular Classics For Spanish Guitar
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61591 Release Date: 03/22/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Manuel de Falla,  Joaquin Turina  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bream
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  • 30.
    A Golden Treasury Of Baroque Music - Tartini, Quantz, Et Al
    Label: Amon Ra   Catalog: 68 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Thomas Augustine Arne,  George Frideric Handel,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Lisa Beznosiuk,  Nigel North,  Barry Mason,  Robert Woolley  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nouveau Quartet,  Preston's Pocket,  Cambridge Baroque Camerata
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  • 31.
    Guitar Collection / Nigel North, Maggie Cole
    Label: Amon Ra   Catalog: 18 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alonso de Mudarra,  Le Roy/Ballard,  Luis de Milan,  Luis de Narváez  ... 
    Performer:  Nigel North,  Maggie Cole
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  • 32.
    Lettere Amorose - Italian Baroque Songs / Magdalena Kozena
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001492002 Release Date: 11/22/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Filippo Vitali,  Sigismondo D'India,  Claudio Monteverdi,  Giulio Caccini  ... 
    Performer:  Magdalena Kozená
    Conductor:  Pierre Pitzl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Private Musicke
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  • 33.
    El Nuevo Mundo - Folias Criollas / Savall, Hesperion XXI
    Label: Alia Vox   Catalog: 9876 Release Date: 08/10/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Gaspar Sanz,  South American Traditiona,  Santiago de Murcia  ... 
    Performer:  Montserrat Figueras,  Enrico Barona,  Andrew Lawrence-King
    Conductor:  Jordi Savall
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tembembe Ensamble Continuo,  Hespèrion XXI,  La Capella Reial de Catalunya  ... 
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  • 34.
    The Art Of Andres Segovia, Vol. 5
    Label: Idi   Catalog: 6590 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Federico Moreno-Torroba  ... 
    Performer:  Andrés Segovia
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  • 35.
    Essential Guitar
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 95452 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  John Lennon,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Angel Romero,  Manuel Barrueco,  David Tanenbaum,  Wulfin Lieske  ... 
    Conductor:  André Previn,  Iona Brown,  Antoni Ros Marbà,  Enrique Bátiz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 36.
    Echoes Of Flamenco
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 98842 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Rafael Catalá,  Gaspar Sanz,  Ramón Montoya,  Manuel de Falla
    Performer:  Rafael Catalá,  Roger Blavia,  Katalin Halmai
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  • 37.
    John Williams - Original Album Classics
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 756166 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Niccolò Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams,  Itzhak Perlman,  Julian Bream
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim,  Sir Charles Groves
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 38.
    Gaspar Sanz: Instruccion De Musica Para La Guitarra Espanola
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 80206 Release Date: 10/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orphénica Lyra
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  • 39.
    Cantadas De Pasion / Maria Luz Alvarez,Thomas Wimmer, Accentus Austria
    Label: Arcana   Catalog: 333 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sebastián Durón,  Juan L. De Serqueira,  Gaspar Sanz,  Juan Hidalgo  ... 
    Performer:  Maria-Luz Alvarez
    Conductor:  Thomas Wimmer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Accentus Austria
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  • 40.
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 1568989 Release Date: 10/06/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jean-Philippe Rameau,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Claudio Monteverdi  ... 
    Performer:  Sally-Anne Russell,  Sara Macliver,  Roger Woodward,  David Stanhope  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Divall,  Markus Stenz,  Sir Bernard Heinze,  Anthony Walker  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ludovico's Band,  Ensemble Battistin,  Australian Trio  ... 
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  • 41.
    The Essential Guitar: Music Of Beauty And Romance
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 859117 Release Date: 06/23/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Robert Schumann,  Enrique Granados,  Maximo Diego Pujol  ... 
    Performer:  Slava Grigoryan,  Karin Schnaupp,  Jason Waldron,  Gareth Koch  ... 
    Conductor:  Benjamin Northey,  David Porcelijn,  Brett Kelly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Saffire (Guitar Quartet),  Guitar Trek
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  • 42.
    John Williams Plays Spanish Guitar Music
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7529852 Release Date: 06/16/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Gaspar Sanz,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Federico Moreno-Torroba  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams
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  • 43.
    Segovia  - The American Decca Recordings Vol 1
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4778133 Release Date: 05/26/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Enrique Granados,  Luis de Milan,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  Andrés Segovia
    CD: $63.99
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  • 44.
    Islas Canarias: Historic Organs Of The Canary Islands
    Label: Accent   Catalog: 24204 Release Date: 11/25/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Manuel De Tavares,  Andrés Lorente,  José de Nebra  ... 
    Performer:  Liuwe Tamminga,  Luigi Ferdinando Tagliavini
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  • 45.
    Legendary Treasures - Segovia And His Contemporaries Vol 11
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 9755 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Francisco Tarrega,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Nelly Ezcaray,  Miguel Llobet,  Maria Luisa Anido  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Aguilar-Pages Duo,  Iriarte-Pesoa Duo,  Spina-Baudino Duo  ... 
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  • 46.
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775477 Release Date: 09/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Santiago de Murcia,  Ludovico Roncalli,  Luis de Milan,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  Andrés Segovia
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  • 47.
    Best Guitar 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 15241 Release Date: 06/24/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Manuel de Falla,  Enrique Granados  ... 
    Performer:  Christopher Parkening,  Ernesto Bitetti,  Manuel Barrueco,  Dario Rossetti-Bonell  ... 
    Conductor:  Antoni Ros Marbà,  Jeremy Lubbock,  Elmer Bernstein,  Simon Rattle  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra members  ... 
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  • 48.
    Classical Essentials - Guitar Essentials - Albeniz, Bach, Etc / Sharon Isbin, Alexander-sergei Ramirez
    Label: Denon Records   Catalog: 17685 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francisco Tarrega,  Regino Sainz de la Maza,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  Sharon Isbin,  Alexander-Sergei Ramirez
    CD: $12.99
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  • 49.
    D'India: Secular Vocal Music / Elyma Ensemble
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 93369 Release Date: 04/01/2008   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Sigismondo D'India,  Gaspar Sanz,  Giovanni Kapsberger
    Performer:  Sandro Volta,  Maurizia Barazzoni,  Luigi Polsini,  Paola Ronchetti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Elyma Ensemble
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  • 50.
    Guitar Classics - Mozart, Bach, Handel, Albeniz, Sor
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 69146 Release Date: 03/26/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Georg Lawall,  Fernando Sor,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Georg Lawall
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