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Gaspar Sanz

Biography

Born: April 4, 1640; Calanda   Died: 1710; Madrid, Spain  
It is generally accepted that composer Gaspar Sanz was born on April 4, 1640, in Calanda in the region of Aragon, Spain. As a young man, he received a bachelor of theology degree and subsequently took the vows of Holy Orders from the University of Salamanca. But the spirituality of music would become a second vocation for Sanz and he journeyed to Italy to study music with Cristofaro Caresana and Lelio Colista, as well as (speculatively) Orazio Read more Benevoli and Pietro Andrea Ziani. Upon his return to Spain, he pursued literature, religion, and music in equal measure with, respectively, a translation of Bartoli (1678), a eulogy to Pope Innocent XI (1681), and his musical magnum opus in the three-volume Instruccion de musica sobre la guitarra Espanola. His musical prowess soon came to loom over his other achievements, becoming widely regarded as the foremost guitar theorist of his day as well as private instructor of guitar to Don Juan of Austria, the dedicatee of his Instruccion. A complete musician, Sanz was also organist to the viceroy of Napoles. He is believed to have died in Madrid in 1710.

By the time Sanz began his work, the guitar in its evolution had acquired a fifth course (string pair) and settled into the fourths-oriented tuning that led to the modern six-string guitar as is known today, the octave pairing of the lower strings surviving in the modern 12-string guitar. Sanz took advantage of these developments in the 90 pieces that comprise the three volumes of Instruccion. The result is of two-fold musical importance. First, the capabilities of the guitar, by this time achieving a status comparable to the lute as a serious instrument, were extended, moving away from the single-line melodic stretches punctuated by chords; although the said idiom may be found in the first volume, geared toward the novice, the subsequent volumes find writing for more active right-hand technique, independence of the thumb and fingers, and more varied and at times contrapuntal texture. All this is prefaced in the first volume by a tutorial, a manual for care of the instrument, and an essay on figured bass for the guitar. The music in the three volumes is written in tablature, although later arrangements for standard notation have since been made. The second great significance of the Sanz set is that it contains many examples of Spanish folk songs and dances, exposing these to the world at large. Some, like the Zarabanda, feature an alternation of meters that presage the flamenco guitar idiom. Also can be found are the more conventional forms of passacaglia, pavan, and galliard, as well as travel souvenirs such as a Neopolitan piece. Together, these reveal Gaspar Sanz to be a well-rounded and cosmopolitan musician for his time, as well as a prophet for an instrument that would one day rival the keyboard in popularity. Read less
Browse 26-50 of 98 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Navidad: Christmas Music From Latin America And Spain
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 81435 Release Date: 10/16/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Diego Ortiz,  Francisco Guerrero,  Francisco Escalada  ... 
    Performer:  Dawn Bailey,  Dominic Teresi,  Vicki St. [Mezzo-soprano Vocal] Pierre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toronto Consort
    CD: $15.99
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  • 27.
    Cuando Muere El Sol: Tonos Humanos Y Divines De Sebastian Duron
    Label: Musica Ficta   Catalog: 5637769869 Release Date: 09/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sebastián Durón,  Gaspar Sanz,  Santiago de Murcia,  Diego Xaraba y Bruna
    Performer:  Carlos Serrano,  Jairo Serrano,  Elisabeth Wright,  Erica Rubis  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Música ficta
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  • 28.
    Cafe - Orient Meets Occident / Pera Ensemble
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300400 Release Date: 08/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Baptiste Lully,  Nicolo Porpora,  Gaspar Sanz,  Ebu Bekir Aga  ... 
    Performer:  Pera Ensemble Istanbul,  Valer [Countertenor Vocal] Sabadus
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pera Ensemble
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  • 29.
    Maestro - Guitar / Andres Segovia
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1195 Release Date: 06/05/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Luis de Milan,  Anonymous,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  Andrés Segovia
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  • 30.
    Label: Musica Ficta   Catalog: 8014 Release Date: 05/15/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Etienne Moulinie,  Antoine Boësset,  Gabriel Bataille,  Girolamo Frescobaldi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Il Festino
    CD: $17.99
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  • 31.
    Label: Db Productions   Catalog: 146 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Luis de Narváez,  Alonso de Mudarra,  Gaspar Sanz,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Marten Falk
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  • 32.
    Sanz, Sor, Tarrega, Albeniz, Granados / Neil Smith
    Label: Unizarre   Catalog: 001 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Francisco Tarrega,  Enrique Granados,  Anonymous  ... 
    Performer:  Neil Smith
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  • 33.
    Wie Schoen Leuchtet Der Morgenstern - Christmas Pastorale With Music From The Early & Late Baroque
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 829 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Anonymous,  Marco da Gagliano,  Alessandro Grandi  ... 
    Conductor:  René Clemencic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clemencic Consort
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  • 34.
    Late Night Classics: Music For Two Guitars
    Label: Gift Of Music   Catalog: 1255 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Gaspar Sanz,  Martin Vishnik,  Sam Piha  ... 
    Performer:  Martin Vishnik,  Sam Piha
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  • 35.
    Il Labirinto Della Chitarra / Pitzl, Private Muiscke
    Label: Accent   Catalog: 24239 Release Date: 09/27/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francesco Corbetta,  Giovanni Paolo Foscarini,  Gaspar Sanz,  Carlo Calvi  ... 
    Performer:  Pierre Pitzl
    Conductor:  Pierre Pitzl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Private Musicke
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  • 36.
    Where The Wood Meets The Wire / Sean Kelly
    Label: Opening Day   Catalog: 7413 Release Date: 09/13/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francisco Tarrega,  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Lawrence Gowan,  Julian Arcas  ... 
    Performer:  Sean Kelly,  Brian Vollmer
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  • 37.
    Guitar Serenity
    Label: Guitar Serenity   Catalog: 5637780002 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francisco Tarrega,  Ryan Huddleston,  Gaspar Sanz,  Giovanni Zamboni  ... 
    Performer:  Ryan Huddleston
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  • 38.
    John Williams - The Guitarist
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 88082 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Isaac Albeniz,  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Silvius Leopold Weiss  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams,  Julian Bream
    Conductor:  William Goodchild,  János Rolla,  Richard Tognetti,  Louis Frémaux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra,  Australian Chamber Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 39.
    La Guitarra Espanola / Moreno
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 920111 Release Date: 05/24/2011   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Luis de Narváez,  E López,  Luis de Milan,  Alonso de Mudarra  ... 
    Performer:  José Miguel Moreno
    CD: $34.99
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  • 40.
    La Spagna - A Tune Through Three Centuries / Paniagua, Madrid Atrium Musicae
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1963 Release Date: 05/24/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hans Buchner,  Antonio De Cabezón,  Fabricio Caroso,  Joan Ambrosio Dalza  ... 
    Conductor:  Gregorio Paniagua
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atrium Musicae
    On sale! $21.99
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  • 41.
    Julian Bream Edition Vol 8 - Popular Classics For Spanish Guitar
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 61591 Release Date: 03/01/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Manuel de Falla,  Joaquin Turina  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bream
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  • 42.
    A Golden Treasury Of Baroque Music - Tartini, Quantz, Et Al
    Label: Amon Ra   Catalog: 68 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Thomas Augustine Arne,  George Frideric Handel,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Lisa Beznosiuk,  Nigel North,  Barry Mason,  Robert Woolley  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nouveau Quartet,  Preston's Pocket,  Cambridge Baroque Camerata
    CD: $18.99
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  • 43.
    Guitar Collection / Nigel North, Maggie Cole
    Label: Amon Ra   Catalog: 18 Release Date: 01/11/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alonso de Mudarra,  Le Roy/Ballard,  Luis de Milan,  Luis de Narváez  ... 
    Performer:  Nigel North,  Maggie Cole
    CD: $18.99
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  • 44.
    Lettere Amorose - Italian Baroque Songs / Magdalena Kozena
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001492002 Release Date: 11/22/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Filippo Vitali,  Sigismondo D'India,  Claudio Monteverdi,  Giulio Caccini  ... 
    Performer:  Magdalena Kozená
    Conductor:  Pierre Pitzl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Private Musicke
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    $13.99
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  • 45.
    El Nuevo Mundo - Folias Criollas / Savall, Hesperion XXI
    Label: Alia Vox   Catalog: 9876 Release Date: 08/10/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Gaspar Sanz,  South American Traditiona,  Santiago de Murcia  ... 
    Performer:  Montserrat Figueras,  Enrico Barona,  Andrew Lawrence-King
    Conductor:  Jordi Savall
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tembembe Ensamble Continuo,  Hespèrion XXI,  La Capella Reial de Catalunya  ... 
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  • 46.
    Essential Guitar
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 95452 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  John Lennon,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Angel Romero,  Manuel Barrueco,  David Tanenbaum,  Wulfin Lieske  ... 
    Conductor:  André Previn,  Iona Brown,  Antoni Ros Marbà,  Enrique Bátiz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
    CD: $12.99
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  • 47.
    Echoes Of Flamenco
    Label: Gramola   Catalog: 98842 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Rafael Catalá,  Gaspar Sanz,  Ramón Montoya,  Manuel de Falla
    Performer:  Rafael Catalá,  Roger Blavia,  Katalin Halmai
    CD: $18.99
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  • 48.
    John Williams - Original Album Classics
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 756166 Release Date: 11/10/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Isaac Albeniz,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Niccolò Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams,  Itzhak Perlman,  Julian Bream
    Conductor:  Daniel Barenboim,  Sir Charles Groves
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 49.
    Gaspar Sanz: Instruccion De Musica Para La Guitarra Espanola
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 80206 Release Date: 10/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orphénica Lyra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 50.
    Cantadas De Pasion / Maria Luz Alvarez,Thomas Wimmer, Accentus Austria
    Label: Arcana   Catalog: 333 Release Date: 10/13/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sebastián Durón,  Juan L. De Serqueira,  Gaspar Sanz,  Juan Hidalgo  ... 
    Performer:  Maria-Luz Alvarez
    Conductor:  Thomas Wimmer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Accentus Austria
    CD: $18.99
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