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Gaspar Sanz

Biography

Born: April 4, 1640; Calanda   Died: 1710; Madrid, Spain  
It is generally accepted that composer Gaspar Sanz was born on April 4, 1640, in Calanda in the region of Aragon, Spain. As a young man, he received a bachelor of theology degree and subsequently took the vows of Holy Orders from the University of Salamanca. But the spirituality of music would become a second vocation for Sanz and he journeyed to Italy to study music with Cristofaro Caresana and Lelio Colista, as well as (speculatively) Orazio Read more Benevoli and Pietro Andrea Ziani. Upon his return to Spain, he pursued literature, religion, and music in equal measure with, respectively, a translation of Bartoli (1678), a eulogy to Pope Innocent XI (1681), and his musical magnum opus in the three-volume Instruccion de musica sobre la guitarra Espanola. His musical prowess soon came to loom over his other achievements, becoming widely regarded as the foremost guitar theorist of his day as well as private instructor of guitar to Don Juan of Austria, the dedicatee of his Instruccion. A complete musician, Sanz was also organist to the viceroy of Napoles. He is believed to have died in Madrid in 1710.

By the time Sanz began his work, the guitar in its evolution had acquired a fifth course (string pair) and settled into the fourths-oriented tuning that led to the modern six-string guitar as is known today, the octave pairing of the lower strings surviving in the modern 12-string guitar. Sanz took advantage of these developments in the 90 pieces that comprise the three volumes of Instruccion. The result is of two-fold musical importance. First, the capabilities of the guitar, by this time achieving a status comparable to the lute as a serious instrument, were extended, moving away from the single-line melodic stretches punctuated by chords; although the said idiom may be found in the first volume, geared toward the novice, the subsequent volumes find writing for more active right-hand technique, independence of the thumb and fingers, and more varied and at times contrapuntal texture. All this is prefaced in the first volume by a tutorial, a manual for care of the instrument, and an essay on figured bass for the guitar. The music in the three volumes is written in tablature, although later arrangements for standard notation have since been made. The second great significance of the Sanz set is that it contains many examples of Spanish folk songs and dances, exposing these to the world at large. Some, like the Zarabanda, feature an alternation of meters that presage the flamenco guitar idiom. Also can be found are the more conventional forms of passacaglia, pavan, and galliard, as well as travel souvenirs such as a Neopolitan piece. Together, these reveal Gaspar Sanz to be a well-rounded and cosmopolitan musician for his time, as well as a prophet for an instrument that would one day rival the keyboard in popularity. Read less
Browse 101-112 of 112 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Label: Gall (Formerly Gallo)   Catalog: 507 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Gaspar Sanz,  Fernando Sor,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Dagoberto Linhares,  Raymond Migy
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  • 102.
    The Baroque Style: Guitar Transcriptions / Andrew Schulman
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 2033 Release Date: 12/12/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Silvius Leopold Weiss,  Mauro Giuliani  ... 
    Performer:  Andrew Schulman
    CD: $17.99
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  • 103.
    Bizet: Carmen Dances / Alexandre Lagoya
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 446002 Release Date: 12/04/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexandre Lagoya,  Enrique Granados,  Isaac Albeniz,  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ... 
    Performer:  Alexandre Lagoya
    Conductor:  Kenneth Sillito
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 104.
    La Spagna / Paniagua, Atrium Musicae De Madrid
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 163 Release Date: 08/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Francisco de la Torre,  Magister Gulielmus,  Anonymous  ... 
    Conductor:  Gregorio Paniagua
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Atrium Musicae
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  • 105.
    Christopher Parkening - The Great Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 54905 Release Date: 09/14/1993   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Joseph Brackett,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Christopher Parkening,  David Brandon
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 106.
    Celedonio Romero Plays Bach & Sanz
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 1005 Release Date: 12/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Gaspar Sanz
    Performer:  Celedonio Romero
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  • 107.
    La Suédoise - Music In Sweden 1650-1700 / Tommie Andersson
    Label: Musica Rediviva   Catalog: 003 Release Date: 01/01/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Angelo M. Bartolotti,  Anonymous,  Hinrich Niewerth  ... 
    Performer:  Tommie Andersson
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  • 108.
    A Tribute To Segovia / Christopher Parkening
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 49404 Release Date: 11/08/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Miguel Llobet,  Santiago de Murcia,  Andrés Segovia  ... 
    Performer:  Christopher Parkening
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  • 109.
    The Baroque Guitar / Julian Bream
    Label: Rca Silver Seal   Catalog: 60494 Release Date: 06/21/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Silvius Leopold Weiss,  Fernando Sor,  Robert de Visée,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bream
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  • 110.
    Spanish Guitar Music / John Williams
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46347 Release Date: 04/05/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Turina,  Alonso de Mudarra,  Manuel de Falla,  Isaac Albeniz  ... 
    Performer:  John Williams
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  • 111.
    A Touch Of Romance / Angel Romero
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80213 Release Date: 07/24/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Isaac Albeniz,  Celedonio Romero,  Gaspar Sanz
    Performer:  Angel Romero
    CD: $11.99
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  • 112.
    Marcus Wasnea - Mozart, Handel, Sanz
    Label: Arktos Recordings   Catalog: 99036 Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Fernando Sor,  Matteo Carcassi,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Marcus Wasnea
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