Gaspar Sanz

Biography

Born: April 4, 1640; Calanda   Died: 1710; Madrid, Spain  
It is generally accepted that composer Gaspar Sanz was born on April 4, 1640, in Calanda in the region of Aragon, Spain. As a young man, he received a bachelor of theology degree and subsequently took the vows of Holy Orders from the University of Salamanca. But the spirituality of music would become a second vocation for Sanz and he journeyed to Italy to study music with Cristofaro Caresana and Lelio Colista, as well as (speculatively) Orazio Read more Benevoli and Pietro Andrea Ziani. Upon his return to Spain, he pursued literature, religion, and music in equal measure with, respectively, a translation of Bartoli (1678), a eulogy to Pope Innocent XI (1681), and his musical magnum opus in the three-volume Instruccion de musica sobre la guitarra Espanola. His musical prowess soon came to loom over his other achievements, becoming widely regarded as the foremost guitar theorist of his day as well as private instructor of guitar to Don Juan of Austria, the dedicatee of his Instruccion. A complete musician, Sanz was also organist to the viceroy of Napoles. He is believed to have died in Madrid in 1710.

By the time Sanz began his work, the guitar in its evolution had acquired a fifth course (string pair) and settled into the fourths-oriented tuning that led to the modern six-string guitar as is known today, the octave pairing of the lower strings surviving in the modern 12-string guitar. Sanz took advantage of these developments in the 90 pieces that comprise the three volumes of Instruccion. The result is of two-fold musical importance. First, the capabilities of the guitar, by this time achieving a status comparable to the lute as a serious instrument, were extended, moving away from the single-line melodic stretches punctuated by chords; although the said idiom may be found in the first volume, geared toward the novice, the subsequent volumes find writing for more active right-hand technique, independence of the thumb and fingers, and more varied and at times contrapuntal texture. All this is prefaced in the first volume by a tutorial, a manual for care of the instrument, and an essay on figured bass for the guitar. The music in the three volumes is written in tablature, although later arrangements for standard notation have since been made. The second great significance of the Sanz set is that it contains many examples of Spanish folk songs and dances, exposing these to the world at large. Some, like the Zarabanda, feature an alternation of meters that presage the flamenco guitar idiom. Also can be found are the more conventional forms of passacaglia, pavan, and galliard, as well as travel souvenirs such as a Neopolitan piece. Together, these reveal Gaspar Sanz to be a well-rounded and cosmopolitan musician for his time, as well as a prophet for an instrument that would one day rival the keyboard in popularity. Read less
The Segovia Collection Vol 3 - Albéniz, Granados, Sanz, Sor
Release Date: 07/01/2003   Label: Deutsche Grammophon  
Catalog: 000066402   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-25 of 120 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    The Mission / Bennett, Norwegian Wind Ensemble, Nordic Voices
    Label: Lawo Classics   Catalog: 1061 Release Date: 08/12/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Juan Arañés,  Juan Hidalgo,  Francisco Salinas  ... 
    Conductor:  Mark Bennett
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Norwegian Wind Ensemble
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  • 2.
    Label: Anima Corpo   Catalog: 001 Release Date: 06/24/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henry Le Bailly,  Anonymous,  José Marin,  Benedetto Sanseverino  ... 
    Performer:  Raquel Andueza
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Galanía
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  • 3.
    A Piacere - Music For Viola Da Gamba / Fahmi Alqhai, Pedro Estevan,  Arcangel
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 33202 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Santiago de Murcia,  Fahmi Alqhai,  Jean de Sainte-Colombe  ... 
    Performer:  Fahmi Alqhai,  Pablo Martin Caminero,  Augustin Diassera,  Pedro Estevan  ... 
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  • 4.
    Colores Del Sur: Baroque Dances For Guitar
    Label: Glossa   Catalog: 33301 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Santiago de Murcia,  Antonio de Santa Cruz,  Domenico Scarlatti  ... 
    Performer:  Enrike Solinis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Euskal Barrokensemble
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  • 5.
    Gaspar Sanz: Sones De Palacio Y Dancas De Rasgueado
    Label: Cantus (European Label)   Catalog: 9630 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Laberintos Ingeniosos
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  • 6.
    Ciaramella Dances: On Movable Ground
    Label: Yarlung Records   Catalog: 96819 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Andrea Falconieri,  Alessandro Piccinini,  Anonymous  ... 
    Conductor:  Adam Knight Gilbert,  Rotem Gilbert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ciaramella
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  • 7.
    Julian Bream - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 546242 Release Date: 10/15/2013   Number of Discs: 42
    Composer:  Girolamo Frescobaldi,  Mateo Pérez de Albeniz,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Domenico Cimarosa  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bream,  Peter Pears,  George Malcolm,  John Williams  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Arnold,  Sir Colin Davis,  André Previn,  David Atherton  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melos Ensemble London,  Julian Bream Consort,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 8.
    The Essential Julian Bream
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 374696 Release Date: 09/10/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Luigi Boccherini,  Mauro Giuliani  ... 
    Performer:  Julian Bream,  George Malcolm,  John Williams
    Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner,  André Previn,  Leo Brouwer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Julian Bream Consort
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  • 9.
    Yarlung Records: The First Seven Years
    Label: Yarlung Records   Catalog: 96821 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Jason Barabba,  Gustav Mahler,  Witold Lutoslawski  ... 
    Performer:  Sasha Cooke,  David Fung,  Elinor Frey,  Badal Roy  ... 
    Conductor:  Yehuda Gilad
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ciaramella,  Janaki String Trio,  Smoke & Mirrors
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  • 10.
    Label: Musica Ficta   Catalog: 8014 Release Date: 03/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Etienne Moulinie,  Antoine Boësset,  Gabriel Bataille,  Girolamo Frescobaldi  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Il Festino
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  • 11.
    Label: Musica Rediviva   Catalog: 013 Release Date: 02/02/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz
    Performer:  Ryosuke Sakamoto
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  • 12.
    Alfabeto Songs - Guitar Songs From 17th-century Italy / Anduezza, Pitzl, Private Musicke
    Label: Accent   Catalog: 24273 Release Date: 01/22/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giovanni Stefani,  Giovanni Kapsberger,  Giovanni Paolo Foscarini,  Marcantonio Aldigiatti de Cesena  ... 
    Performer:  Raquel Andueza
    Conductor:  Pierre Pitzl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Private Musicke
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  • 13.
    La Monarcha - 17th Century Music From The Spanish Territories
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94352 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Andrea Falconieri,  Francesco Corbetta,  Santiago de Murcia,  Bartolemé de Selma y Salaverde  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cordevento
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  • 14.
    Navidad: Christmas Music From Latin America And Spain
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 81435 Release Date: 10/16/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Juan Garcia de Zespedes,  Traditional,  Diego Ortiz,  Francisco Guerrero  ... 
    Performer:  Dawn Bailey,  Dominic Teresi,  Vicki St. [Mezzo-soprano Vocal] Pierre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toronto Consort
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  • 15.
    Cuando Muere El Sol: Tonos Humanos Y Divines De Sebastian Duron
    Label: Musica Ficta   Catalog: 5637769869 Release Date: 09/26/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sebastián Durón,  Gaspar Sanz,  Santiago de Murcia,  Diego Xaraba y Bruna
    Performer:  Carlos Serrano,  Jairo Serrano,  Elisabeth Wright,  Erica Rubis  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Música ficta
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  • 16.
    Cafe - Orient Meets Occident / Pera Ensemble
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 300400 Release Date: 08/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Baptiste Lully,  Nicolo Porpora,  Gaspar Sanz,  Ebu Bekir Aga  ... 
    Performer:  Pera Ensemble Istanbul,  Valer Barna-Sabadus
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pera Ensemble
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  • 17.
    Maestro - Guitar / Andres Segovia
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: 1195 Release Date: 06/05/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Luis de Milan,  Anonymous,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Gaspar Sanz  ... 
    Performer:  Andrés Segovia
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  • 18.
    Classical Guitar Performance / Carlos Bonell
    Label: Musical Concepts   Catalog: DYDV1 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Isaac Albeniz,  Francisco Tarrega,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Carlos Bonell
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  • 19.
    Label: Db Productions   Catalog: 146 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Luis de Narváez,  Alonso de Mudarra,  Gaspar Sanz,  Francisco Tarrega  ... 
    Performer:  Marten Falk
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  • 20.
    Sanz, Sor, Tarrega, Albeniz, Granados / Neil Smith
    Label: Unizarre   Catalog: 001 Release Date: 02/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaspar Sanz,  Francisco Tarrega,  Enrique Granados,  Anonymous  ... 
    Performer:  Neil Smith
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  • 21.
    Flow My Tears / Lacrimae Ensemble
    Label: Aliud Aliud   Catalog: 5 Release Date: 11/29/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Diego Ortiz,  Orlando Gibbons,  Christopher Simpson,  Tobias Hume  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lacrimae Ensemble
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  • 22.
    Wie Schoen Leuchtet Der Morgenstern - Christmas Pastorale With Music From The Early & Late Baroque
    Label: Oehms   Catalog: 829 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Michael Praetorius,  Anonymous,  Marco da Gagliano,  Alessandro Grandi  ... 
    Conductor:  René Clemencic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clemencic Consort
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  • 23.
    Late Night Classics: Music For Two Guitars
    Label: Gift Of Music   Catalog: 1255 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Enrique Granados,  Gaspar Sanz,  Martin Vishnik,  Sam Piha  ... 
    Performer:  Martin Vishnik,  Sam Piha
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  • 24.
    Where The Wood Meets The Wire / Sean Kelly
    Label: Opening Day   Catalog: 7413 Release Date: 09/13/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francisco Tarrega,  Agustín Barrios Mangoré,  Lawrence Gowan,  Julian Arcas  ... 
    Performer:  Sean Kelly,  Brian Vollmer
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  • 25.
    Guitar Serenity
    Label: Guitar Serenity   Catalog: 5637780002 Release Date: 06/14/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Francisco Tarrega,  Ryan Huddleston,  Gaspar Sanz,  Giovanni Zamboni  ... 
    Performer:  Ryan Huddleston
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