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Paul-Henri Büsser

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Biography

Born: January 16, 1872; Toulouse, France   Died: December 30, 1973; Paris, France  
Henri Büsser, sometimes referred to as Paul-Henri Büsser, was a significant and very long-lived French composer, conductor, arranger, and educator. After formative training at the Ecole Niedermeyer under Alexander George, in 1889 Büsser went to Paris and attended the Conservatoire, studying with Ernest Girard, Gounod, Franck, and Massenet. Gounod helped Büsser obtain the post, in 1892, as organist at Saint Cloud, a position Read more Büsser held until 1921. In 1893, Büsser won second place honors for his Prix de Rome cantata Antigone, and shortly thereafter became a choral conductor at the Opéra-Comique in Paris. Büsser assumed direction of the chorus from Messager in the first production of Debussy's Pelléas et Mélisande in 1902. Though Debussy found fault with Büsser's direction, the two became fast friends and Büsser's orchestration of Debussy's early Petite Suite is his most frequently revived orchestral score.

In 1905, Büsser assumed the post of chief conductor at the Grand Opéra, which he held until political difficulties forced him to resign in 1939. He began teaching at the Paris Conservatoire in 1904, but was not made a full professor until 1931; Büsser held onto that job until 1948. Büsser was made music director of the Opéra-Comique in 1939, but held it only for two seasons; negative remarks about Richard Wagner attributed to Büsser mysteriously appeared in a Paris daily and he was dismissed. His post at the Grand Opéra, however, was restored to him at war's end and he held it until 1951. In 1958, at age 86, Büsser married legendary French diva Yvonne Gall; he was 12 years her senior, and yet would outlive her by a year. The occasion of Büsser's 100th birthday in 1972 was widely observed in France, celebrated with concerts and exhibitions in Paris; he died near the end of 1973 at the age of 101.

Debussy assisted Büsser in composing what is likely his most advanced, ambitious, and popular stage work, the opera Colomba (1902-1910), which nonetheless was not premiered until 1921, three years after Debussy died. Büsser did adopt some aspects of impressionistic style and made expert use of them, but he remained essentially beholden to the post-romantic ethos of Franck and Massenet; some of his latest music betrays the influence of Gounod and even Wagner. It is undeniably attractive music, and while Büsser remains best-known in France, certain works have managed to travel, particularly his Le messe de Domrèmy á la gloire de Ste Jeanne d'Arc (1949), scored for four trumpets, chorus, and organ. Büsser also made countless arrangements of works of other composers, edited two volumes of music by Rameau (in collaboration with Paul Dukas), and completed Bizet's unfinished opera Ivan IV, also known as "Ivan the Terrible." Read less
Browse 1-21 of 21 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Impressions de France / Caroline Leonardelli
    Label: Cen Classics   Catalog: 5638283863 Release Date: 05/30/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Félix Godefroid,  Paul-Henri Büsser,  Marcel Grandjany,  Albert Roussel  ... 
    Performer:  Caroline Léonardelli
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  • 2.
    Premiere / Ryan Romine, Sangmi Lim
    Label: Blue Griffin   Catalog: 299 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Pierné,  André Bloch,  Paul-Henri Büsser,  Max D'Ollone  ... 
    Performer:  Sangmi Lim,  Ryan Romine
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  • 3.
    Les Autographes Vocaux
    Label: Timpani   Catalog: 1201 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Vincent D'Indy,  Charles-Marie Widor,  Joseph Guy Ropartz,  Paul-Henri Büsser  ... 
    Conductor:  Vincent D'Indy,  Charles-Marie Widor,  Joseph Guy Ropartz,  Paul-Henri Büsser  ... 
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  • 4.
    La Musique De La Belle Epoque Pour Flute / Masayoshi Enokida
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 28234 Release Date: 08/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Paul Taffanel,  Gabriel Fauré,  Alphonse Duvernoy,  Gustave Louis Ganne  ... 
    Performer:  Masayoshi Enokida,  Shoko Gamo
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  • 5.
    A  La Albeniz / Buckholz, Botkin
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 1311 Release Date: 12/13/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Rodion Shchedrin,  Paul-Henri Büsser,  Jean Aubain,  Paul Hindemith  ... 
    Performer:  Chris Buckholz,  Sean Botkin
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  • 6.
    Noel / Miller, Larmore, Cowan, Westminster Choir College Of Rider University
    Label: Westminster Choir College   Catalog: 1009 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Marc-Antoine Charpentier,  Traditional,  Paul-Henri Büsser,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Jennifer Larmore,  Ken Cowan
    Conductor:  Joe Miller
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Westminster Choir
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  • 7.
    A String Quartet Christmas  - Volumes 1-3
    Label: Steinway & Sons   Catalog: 50001 Release Date: 09/28/2010   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Lowell Mason,  Traditional,  John Francis Wade,  Richard Storrs Willis  ... 
    Performer:  Nathaniel Rosen,  Alexander Romanul,  Arturo Delmoni,  Katherine Murdock  ... 
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  • 8.
    Label: Reed Machine   Catalog: 5637660578 Release Date: 09/07/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul-Henri Büsser,  J. Vincent Russo,  Louis Cahuzac,  Gabriel Pierné  ... 
    Performer:  Laurel Larsen,  Robert DiLutis
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  • 9.
    Chamber Works - Schubert, Brahms, Et Al / Peter Rösel, Et Al
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 2842 Release Date: 09/05/2006   Number of Discs: 8
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Giuseppe Tartini  ... 
    Performer:  Dietmar Hallmann,  Karl Suske,  Rainer Hucke,  Jurnjakob Timm  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Brahms Quartett,  Gewandhaus Quartet
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  • 10.
    The Classical Clarinet / Henk De Graaf, Daniel Wayenberg
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 92219 Release Date: 04/04/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Alban Berg,  Robert Schumann,  Harald Genzmer,  Carl Maria von Weber  ... 
    Performer:  Henk De Graaf,  Daniel Wayenberg
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  • 11.
    Les Corps Glorieux / Parella, Drake, Et Al
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1143 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul-Henri Büsser,  Olivier Messiaen,  George Frideric Handel,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Nancianne Parella,  Victoria Drake,  Arthur Fiacco
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  • 12.
    Solos De Concours Ii: Music From The Premier Prix
    Label: Clarinet Classics   Catalog: 10050 Release Date: 03/01/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Arthur Coquard,  Charles Édouard Lefebvre,  Max D'Ollone,  Paul-Henri Büsser  ... 
    Performer:  John Flinders,  Victoria Soames
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  • 13.
    Flute Music By French Composers / Laurel Zucker
    Label: Cantilena   Catalog: 5637532981 Release Date: 03/22/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Enescu,  François Borne,  Alphonse Duvernoy,  Claude Paul Taffanel  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Switzler,  Laurel Zucker,  Robin Sutherland
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  • 14.
    Fantaisie Française / Susan Hoeppner, Flute
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 81299 Release Date: 02/10/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Albert Périlhou,  Philippe Gaubert,  Gustave Louis Ganne,  Gabriel Fauré  ... 
    Performer:  Susan Hoeppner,  Lydia Wong
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  • 15.
    Works For Flute And Harp - Rust, Zamara, Busser, Ibert, Etc
    Label: Dux Records   Catalog: 347 Release Date: 09/24/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Friedrich Wilhelm Rust,  Antonio Zamara,  Paul-Henri Büsser,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Sikorzak-Olek
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  • 16.
    Images De Noel / Con Voce
    Label: Thorofon   Catalog: 2338 Release Date: 09/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Frank Martin,  Paul-Henri Büsser,  Rainer Lautenbach,  Andreas N. Tarkmann  ... 
    Performer:  Heidrun Luchterhand,  Hans-Jörg Wegner,  Ellen Wegner,  Guido Larisch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Con Voce
    CD: $22.49
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  • 17.
    Französische Musik Für Horn Und Klavier / Damm, Rösel
    Label: Berlin Classics   Catalog: 9392 Release Date: 04/13/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Marcel Poot,  Jean-Michel Damase,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Peter Rösel,  Peter Damm
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  • 18.
    Duos / Christopher Millard, Et Al
    Label: Summit Records   Catalog: 224 Release Date: 11/17/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul-Henri Büsser,  Pierre Max Dubois,  Oskar Morawetz,  Henri Tomasi  ... 
    Performer:  Christopher Millard,  Rena Sharon,  Camille Churchfield,  Salvador Ferreras  ... 
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  • 19.
    Flûte Panorama Vol 2 - Paris-leipzig 1900 / Debost, Ivaldi
    Label: Skarbo   Catalog: 4963/64 Release Date: 08/01/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Philippe Gaubert,  Paul-Henri Büsser,  Charles-Marie Widor,  Albert Périlhou  ... 
    Performer:  Michel Debost,  Christian Ivaldi
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  • 20.
    Flute Fantasie / Susan Milan, Ian Brown
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 8609 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul-Henri Büsser,  Gustave Louis Ganne,  Gabriel Fauré,  Philippe Gaubert  ... 
    Performer:  Susan Milan,  Ian Brown
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  • 21.
    Pastorales De Noel / Rita Costanzi
    Label: Skylark Digital   Catalog: 9400 Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  André Jolivet,  Carlos Salzedo,  Paul-Henri Büsser  ... 
    Performer:  Rita Costanzi
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