Antonio Salieri

Biography

Born: August 18, 1750; Legnano, Italy   Died: May 7, 1825; Vienna, Austria  
Antonio Salieri is still better known today for the renowned composers with whom he was associated than for his own many and varied compositions. While he cannot be ranked among the great masters himself, he has nevertheless come into view as an underrated and important composer deserving of closer attention. Salieri was the dominant figure in Parisian opera from the mid to late 1780s. Tarare (1787), generally considered his finest achievement in Read more the genre, is a masterpiece. He also wrote significant instrumental, sacred, and vocal compositions, and shaped the Viennese musical world that would produce so many important composers for a century and a half. Salieri's illustrious students included Beethoven, Schubert, Liszt, Hummel, and Czerny. There is no evidence to support the durable legend that he poisoned Mozart and created intrigues against him. One of his students was Wolfgang A. Mozart, Jr., whom he would probably not have selected for instruction had he harbored such malice toward his father.

Salieri was born in Legnago, Italy, in 1750. At an early age, he took his first lessons, on both violin and harpsichord, from his older brother, Francesco. Later on he studied violin with local organist Giuseppe Simoni. At 15, Salieri lived for a brief period in Padua with another brother, a monk, after his parents' deaths. But his already formidable musical talents had drawn notice, and a family friend, Giovanni Mocenigo, arranged for his continued musical education in Venice. Salieri studied for a year there with Giovanni Pescetti and Ferdinando Pacini.

Impressed by his talents, visiting Vienna Court composer Florian Leopold Gassman took him back to the Austrian capital in 1766, where he taught him composition and introduced him to the court of Joseph II. By 1768, Salieri had composed his first opera, La vestale, probably not a success and now lost. His first surviving opera, Le donne letterate, was good enough to have impressed his new friend Gluck. Armida followed in 1771 and achieved wide success, assuring Salieri recognition in the highest Viennese musical circles.

Salieri was appointed court composer upon the death of Gassman in 1774. In addition, he became conductor of the city's Italian opera company. He was now one of the most influential figures in European music, holding a position of eminence that Mozart and other talented composers of the day would never attain. Salieri went on to score triumphs in Milan (L'Europa riconosciuta; 1778) and in Venice (La scuola de' gelosi; 1778), while he was on leave from the Vienna court for two years. He surpassed these successes with his next operas, given in Paris. With the help of Gluck, Les Danaďdes (1784) was performed to enthusiastic audiences there, but was far overshadowed by the sensation of Tarare (1787). Salieri would never have a finer moment.

In 1788, Salieri became court music director, and he retained the post following the death of Joseph II in 1790. Over the next decade-and-a-half, he did not explore new directions in his operatic style, thus falling out of fashion even before the turn of the nineteenth century. Aware of his own conservatism, he wrote no operas after 1804. He served as court music director until March 1824, remaining active in the musical life of Vienna and teaching many students. He also continued writing sacred and instrumental music.

Salieri fathered eight children and by all accounts was a decent man. Near the end of his life, he was placed in an asylum owing to his deteriorating mental and physical states. He died in Vienna on May 7, 1825. Read less
Contemporaries Of Mozart - Salieri: Symphonies / Bamert, London Mozart Players
Release Date: 02/27/2001   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9877   Number of Discs: 1
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Salieri: Falstaff / Veronesi, Calli, Myeounghee, Valli, Etc
Release Date: 03/17/1998   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9613   Number of Discs: 2
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Mozart: Flute And Harp Concerto, Etc;  Salieri / Hickox
Release Date: 10/28/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9051   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-25 of 61 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Salieri: Ouvertures, Scherzi, Divertimenti / Paolo Pollastri, Quartetto Amati
    Label: Tactus   Catalog: 751903 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri
    Performer:  Paolo Pollastri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Quartetto Amati (Italy)
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  • 2.
    Das Alte Werk - 50-CD Collection
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 46438 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  George Frideric Handel,  Orlando Gibbons  ... 
    Performer:  Herbert Tachezi,  Gustav Leonhardt,  Frans Brüggen,  Jeannette Van Wingerden  ... 
    Conductor:  Nikolaus Harnoncourt,  Gustav Leonhardt,  Werner Ehrhardt,  Giovanni Antonini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Concentus Musicus,  Leonhardt Consort,  Studio for Early Music  ... 
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  • 3.
    Songs Of The Mozart Era
    Label: Delta Classics   Catalog: 90072 Release Date: 10/08/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolaus Von Krufft,  Antonio Salieri,  Johann Nepomuk Hummel,  Ignaz Moscheles  ... 
    Performer:  Christine Schornsheim,  Markus Schäfer
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  • 4.
    Salieri: Falstaff / Del Carlo, Ringholz, Croft, Ostman
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 102306 Release Date: 09/24/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri
    Performer:  Jake Gardner,  John del Carlo,  Darla Brooks,  Carlos Feller  ... 
    Conductor:  Arnold Östman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ludwigshafen Theatre Chorus,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Salieri: Les Danaides / Marshall, Kavrakos, Gimenez, Bartha, Gelmetti
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 123202 Release Date: 04/02/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri
    Performer:  Raúl Giménez,  Margaret Marshall,  Dimitri Kavrakos,  Clarry Bartha
    Conductor:  Gianluigi Gelmetti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Sudfunkchor Stuttgart
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  • 6.
    Musik Der Wiener Hofkapelle
    Label: Delta Records   Catalog: 90085 Release Date: 02/12/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joseph Leopold Eybler,  Antonio Salieri,  Michael Haydn,  Johann Joseph Fux  ... 
    Performer:  Lenneke Ruiten,  Johannes Martin Kränzle,  Dominik Wortig,  Annika Sophie [Soprano Vocal] Ritlewski  ... 
    Conductor:  Helmuth Froschauer
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  • 7.
    Bellissimo French Opera
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 719 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Charles Gounod,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Montserrat Caballé,  Désirée Rancatore,  Jeon-Won Lee,  Warren Mok  ... 
    Conductor:  Gianluigi Gelmetti,  Renato Palumbo,  Manlio Benzi,  Marco Guidarini  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Rome,  Italian International Orchestra,  Cagliari Theater Orchestra  ... 
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  • 8.
    Liasons / Chen Reiss, Werner Ehrhardt, L'arte Del Mondo
    Label: Onyx   Catalog: 4068 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Domenico Cimarosa,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Chen Reiss
    Conductor:  Werner Erhardt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  L'Arte del Mondo
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  • 9.
    Tragediennes Vol 3 / Veronique Gens, Christophe Rousset, Les Talens Lyrique
    Label: Virgin Classics   Catalog: 0709272 Release Date: 11/01/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Christoph W. Gluck,  François Joseph Gossec,  Rodolphe Kreutzer  ... 
    Performer:  Véronique Gens
    Conductor:  Christophe Rousset
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Talens Lyriques
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  • 10.
    Mozart's Garden / Mojca Erdmann
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001621702 Release Date: 10/04/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Antonio Salieri,  Giovanni Paisiello,  Ignaz Holzbauer  ... 
    Performer:  Mojca Erdmann
    Conductor:  Andrea Marcon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Cetra Baroque Orchestra Basel
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  • 11.
    Salieri: Harmoniemusiken / Klocker, Consortium Classicum
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 738111 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri
    Conductor:  Dieter Klöcker
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Consortium Classicum
    CD: $22.49
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  • 12.
    Salieri: La Veneziana / Botvay, Budapest Strings
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5087 Release Date: 06/28/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri
    Performer:  Béla Bánfalvi,  Lajos Lencsés,  János Bálint
    Conductor:  Károly Botvay
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Budapest Strings
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  • 13.
    Salieri: Il Mondo Alla Rovescia / Sardelli, Martorana, Romano, Cigna, Bove, D'aguanno
    Label: Dynamic   Catalog: 655/1-2 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri
    Performer:  Krystian Adam,  Emanuele D'Aguanno,  Rosa Bove,  Patrizia Cigna  ... 
    Conductor:  Federico Maria Sardelli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Verona Teatro Arena Chorus,  Verona Teatro Arena Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Salieri: Requiem; Beethoven, Schubert / Foster, Gulbenkian
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186359 Release Date: 05/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonio Salieri
    Conductor:  Lawrence Foster
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gulbenkian Foundation Symphony Orchestra Lisbon,  Gulbenkian Foundation Chorus Lisbon
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  • 15.
    Salieri: Overtures & Stage Music Vol 2 / Fey, Mannheim Mozart Orchestra
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98554 Release Date: 04/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri
    Conductor:  Thomas Fey
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mannheim Mozart Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Amadeus & Vienna / Scaltriti, Rousset
    Label: L'oiseau Lyre   Catalog: 458557 Release Date: 06/05/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Sarti,  Giuseppe Gazzaniga,  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Antonio Salieri  ... 
    Performer:  Roberto Scaltriti
    Conductor:  Christophe Rousset
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Les Talens Lyriques
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  • 17.
    Andreas Staier
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 2564698901 Release Date: 01/06/2009   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Muzio Clementi,  Antonio Salieri
    Performer:  Andreas Staier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Concerto Cologne
    CD: $24.99
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  • 18.
    Montserrat Caballe In Recital
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4463 Release Date: 12/30/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Simeon José Serrano,  Ruperto Chapi,  Georges Bizet,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Miguel Zanetti,  Montserrat Caballé
    DVD: $28.99
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  • 19.
    Mozart & Salieri
    Label: London/Decca Weekend Classics   Catalog: 421399 Release Date: 10/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  James Brown,  Richard Adeney,  Alan Loveday,  Stephen Shingles
    Conductor:  Richard Bonynge,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Chamber Orchestra,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 20.
    Music Of The Viennese Court Chapel - Salieri, Haydn, Mozart, Schubert, Etc / Froschauer, Ruiten, Kränzle, Et Al
    Label: Phoenix Edition   Catalog: 112 Release Date: 07/29/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joseph Eybler,  J. Ritter von Herbeck,  Antonio Salieri,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Lenneke Ruiten,  Daniel Behle,  Uta-Christina Georg,  Johannes Martin Kränzle
    Conductor:  Helmuth Froschauer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne West German Radio Chorus,  Cologne West German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 21.
    Cimarosa, Stamitz, Salieri: Concertos For Flute And Oboe
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 416359 Release Date: 06/04/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Domenico Cimarosa,  Antonio Salieri,  Carl Stamitz
    Performer:  Aurčle Nicolet,  Heinz Holliger
    Conductor:  Kenneth Sillito
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 22.
    Salieri: La Locandiera / Ruffini, Sarti, Luisi, Guarnera, Et Al
    Label: Nuova Era   Catalog: 224185 Release Date: 05/13/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri
    Performer:  Luigi Petroni,  Piero Guarnera,  Oslavio di Credico,  Gastone Sarti  ... 
    Conductor:  Fabio Luisi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Emilia Romagna Arturo Toscanini Symphony Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Salieri: La Locandiera / Ruffini, Sarti, Luisi, Guarnera, Et Al
    Label: Nuova Era   Catalog: 224185 Release Date: 05/13/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri
    Performer:  Oslavio di Credico,  Piero Guarnera,  Luigi Petroni,  Alessandra Ruffini  ... 
    Conductor:  Fabio Luisi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Emilia Romagna Arturo Toscanini Symphony Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Salieri: Overtures & Ballet Music Vol 1 / Fey, Mannheim Mozart Orchestra
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98506 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri
    Conductor:  Thomas Fey
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mannheim Mozart Orchestra
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  • 25.
    Salieri: Music For Wind Ensemble / Italiano Di Fiati
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 93360 Release Date: 01/08/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonio Salieri
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Italiano di Fiati ensemble
    CD: $8.99
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