Camille Saint-SaŽns


Born: Oct 9, 1835; France   Died: Dec 16, 1921; Algeria   Period: Romantic
Camille Saint-SaŽns was something of an anomaly among French composers of the nineteenth century in that he wrote in virtually all genres, including opera, symphonies, concertos, songs, sacred and secular choral music, solo piano, and chamber music. He was generally not a pioneer, though he did help to revive some earlier and largely forgotten dance forms, like the bourťe and gavotte. He was a conservative who wrote many popular scores scattered Read more throughout the various genres: the Piano Concerto No. 2, Symphony No. 3 ("Organ"), the symphonic poem Danse macabre, the opera Samson et Dalila, and probably his most widely performed work, The Carnival of The Animals. While he remained a composer closely tied to tradition and traditional forms in his later years, he did develop a more arid style, less colorful and, in the end, less appealing. He was also a poet and playwright of some distinction.
Saint-SaŽns was born in Paris on October 9, 1835. He was one of the most precocious musicians ever, beginning piano lessons with his aunt at two-and-a-half and composing his first work at three. At age seven he studied composition with Pierre Maledin. When he was ten, he gave a concert that included Beethoven's Third Piano Concerto, Mozart's B flat Concerto, K. 460, along with works by Bach, Handel, and Hummel. In his academic studies, he displayed the same genius, learning languages and advanced mathematics with ease and celerity. He would also develop keen, lifelong interests in geology and astronomy.
In 1848, he entered the Paris Conservatory and studied organ and composition, the latter with Halťvy. By his early twenties, following the composition of two symphonies, he had won the admiration and support of Berlioz, Liszt, Gounod, Rossini, and other notable figures. From 1853 to 1876, he held church organist posts; he also taught at the …cole Niedermeyer (1861-1865). He composed much throughout his early years, turning out the 1853 Symphony in F ("Urbs Roma"), a Mass (1855) and several concertos, including the popular second, for piano (1868).
In 1875, Saint-SaŽns married the 19-year-old Marie Truffot, bringing on perhaps the saddest chapter in his life. The union produced two children who died within six weeks of each other, one from a four-story fall. The marriage ended in 1881. Oddly, this dark period in his life produced some of his most popular works, including Danse macabre (1875) and Samson et Dalila (1878). After the tragic events of his marriage, Saint-SaŽns developed a fondness for Faurť and his family, acting as a second father to Faurť's children.
But he also remained very close to his mother, who had opposed his marriage. When she died in 1888, the composer fell into a deep depression, even contemplating suicide for a time. He did much travel in the years that followed and developed an interest in Algeria and Egypt, which eventually inspired him to write Africa (1891) and his Piano Concerto No. 5, the "Egyptian". He also turned out works unrelated to exotic places, such as his popular and most enduring serious composition, the Symphony No. 3.
Curiously, after 1890, Saint-SaŽns' music was regarded with some condescension in his homeland, while in England and the United States he was hailed as France's greatest living composer well into the twentieth century. Saint-SaŽns experienced an especially triumphant concert tour when he visited the U.S. in 1915. In the last two decades of his life, he remained attached to his dogs and was largely a loner. He died in Algeria on December 16, 1921. Read less

Work: Introduction and Rondo capriccioso

Browse 76-100 of 109 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Artistry Of The Marimba / Linda Maxey, Mark Puckett
    Label: Equilibrium   Catalog: 74 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Traditional,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  James Barnes  ... 
    Performer:  Linda Maxey,  Mark Puckett
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  • 77.
    Gala Concert 300 Years Of St. Petersburg / Termikanov, Netrebko, Hvorostovsky
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2053408 Release Date: 11/15/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Max Bruch,  Ottorino Respighi,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Netrebko,  Dmitri Hvorostovsky,  Mischa Maisky,  Eliso Virsaladze  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov,  Nikolai Alekseev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 78.
    Michael Rabin 1936-1972
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64123 Release Date: 10/04/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  NiccolÚ Paganini,  Henri Wieniawski,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Leon Pommers
    Conductor:  Lovro von Matacic,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Alceo Galliera  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $89.99
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  • 79.
    Lalo, Saint-saŽns, Chausson, Massenet / Joshua Bell
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000444802 Release Date: 05/10/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  EugŤne Ysaˇe,  Maurice Ravel,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  Joshua Bell
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton,  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Great Concertos - Great Artists Vol I - The Violin
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 219 Release Date: 03/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Aram Khachaturian,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein,  Ruggiero Ricci,  David Oistrakh,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Alexander Gauk,  William Steinberg  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  New Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 81.
    Janine Jansen
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000200902 Release Date: 03/09/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Aram Khachaturian,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Janine Jansen
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 82.
    Yehudi Menuhin - The Violinist
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85562 Release Date: 11/04/2003   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Carl Nielsen,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Gioconda de Vito,  Robert Masters,  Derek Simpson  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir William Walton,  Mogens WŲldike,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Anthony Bernard  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Menuhin Festival Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $69.99
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  • 83.
    Bowfire - Virtuosic Violin Music
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 81279 Release Date: 09/30/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edward "Duke" Ellington,  Various,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Camille Saint-SaŽns  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bowfire
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  • 84.
    Essential Violin
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000109202 Release Date: 09/09/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Jules Massenet,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Max Bruch  ... 
    Performer:  Alan Loveday,  Nigel Kennedy,  Phillip Moll,  Akiko Suwanai  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Richard Bonynge,  Andrew Litton,  Vladimir Ashkenazy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 85.
    Debut - Works For Violin & Piano / Viviane & Nicole Hagner
    Label: Emi Classics Special Import   Catalog: 73161 Release Date: 03/04/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Viviane Hagner,  Nicole Hagner
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  • 86.
    Great Violinists - Bell Telephone Hour 1959-1964
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4215 Release Date: 06/25/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Faurť,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  NiccolÚ Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Ruggiero Ricci,  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh  ... 
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  • 87.
    French Showpieces / James Ehnes, Yoav Talmi, Quebec So
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 23151 Release Date: 04/09/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Darius Milhaud,  Claude Debussy,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  James Ehnes
    Conductor:  Yoav Talmi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Quebec Symphony Orchestra
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  • 88.
    Capriccio - Saint-SaŽns: Music for Violin and Orchestra
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 860 Release Date: 08/05/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Jean-Jacques Kantorow,  Tero Latvala
    Conductor:  Jean-Jacques Kantorow
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tapiola Sinfonietta
    CD: $21.49
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  • 89.
    Sweet Sorrow - Vitali, Chopin, Pagaini, Et Al / Sarah Chang
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56791 Release Date: 09/14/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Vieuxtemps,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Sarah Chang,  Charles Abramovic,  Sandra Rivers,  Jonathan Feldman
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Sir Colin Davis,  Jun Mšrkl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 90.
    Violin For Anne Rice / Leila Josefowic
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462032 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Sadin,  Sting,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  EugŤne Ysaˇe  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Sadin,  Cyro Baptista,  Ira Coleman,  Charles Curtis  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 91.
    The Best Of Saint-saens
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556675 Release Date: 09/15/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Dong-Suk Kang,  Idil Biret,  Imrich Szabo,  Peter Toperczer  ... 
    Conductor:  Antoni Wit,  James Loughran,  Richard Hayman,  Stephen Gunzenhauser  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra Katowice,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 92.
    The Heifetz Collection Vol 22 - Lalo, Saint-saens, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61753 Release Date: 06/17/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Edouard Lalo,  Ernest Chausson
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  William Steinberg,  Izler Solomon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 93.
    Bohemian Rhapsodies / Leila Josefowicz
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 454440 Release Date: 05/13/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernest Chausson,  Maurice Ravel,  Jules Massenet,  Henri Wieniawski  ... 
    Performer:  Leila Josefowicz
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 94.
    The Lark Ascending - Violin Showpieces
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553509 Release Date: 05/13/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Maurice Ravel,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  David Greed,  Marat Bisengaliev,  JŠnos Selmeczy,  Dong-Suk Kang  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 95.
    Saint-saŽns: Violin Concerto No 3, Etc /Brodsky, Straszynski
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47140 Release Date: 09/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Vadim Brodsky
    Conductor:  Andrzej Straszynski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 96.
    Aaron Rosand Plays Berlioz, Tchaikovsky, Ravel, Lalo, Others
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5116 Release Date: 07/09/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Edouard Lalo,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Maurice Ravel,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  Aaron Rosand
    Conductor:  Tibor SzŲke,  Rolf Reinhardt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 97.
    Kagan Edition Vol 13 - Prokofiev, Schumann, Ravel, Et Al
    Label: Live Classics   Catalog: 173 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Maurice Ravel,  Robert Schumann,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Oleg Kagan
    Conductor:  Vassili Sinaisky,  Andrey Chistiakov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  Moscow State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Greatest Hits - Saint-saens
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 69251 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma,  Michel Arrignon,  Gaby Casadesus,  Alain Marion  ... 
    Conductor:  Philippe Entremont,  Eugene Ormandy,  Lorin Maazel,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  ORTF National Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
    CD: $9.99
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  • 99.
    An Evening With The Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68860 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Leonard Pennario
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Carmen Dragon,  Miklůs Růzsa,  Earl Bernard Murray  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    On sale! $54.98
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  • 100.
    The Best of Saint-SaŽns
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 442608 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Daniel Chorzempa,  Henryk Szeryng,  Michele Campanella,  Bella Davidovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart,  Edouard Van Remoortel,  Neeme Jšrvi,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra,  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $19.99
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