Camille Saint-SaŽns

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1835; France   Died: Dec 16, 1921; Algeria   Period: Romantic
Camille Saint-SaŽns was something of an anomaly among French composers of the nineteenth century in that he wrote in virtually all genres, including opera, symphonies, concertos, songs, sacred and secular choral music, solo piano, and chamber music. He was generally not a pioneer, though he did help to revive some earlier and largely forgotten dance forms, like the bourťe and gavotte. He was a conservative who wrote many popular scores scattered Read more throughout the various genres: the Piano Concerto No. 2, Symphony No. 3 ("Organ"), the symphonic poem Danse macabre, the opera Samson et Dalila, and probably his most widely performed work, The Carnival of The Animals. While he remained a composer closely tied to tradition and traditional forms in his later years, he did develop a more arid style, less colorful and, in the end, less appealing. He was also a poet and playwright of some distinction.
Saint-SaŽns was born in Paris on October 9, 1835. He was one of the most precocious musicians ever, beginning piano lessons with his aunt at two-and-a-half and composing his first work at three. At age seven he studied composition with Pierre Maledin. When he was ten, he gave a concert that included Beethoven's Third Piano Concerto, Mozart's B flat Concerto, K. 460, along with works by Bach, Handel, and Hummel. In his academic studies, he displayed the same genius, learning languages and advanced mathematics with ease and celerity. He would also develop keen, lifelong interests in geology and astronomy.
In 1848, he entered the Paris Conservatory and studied organ and composition, the latter with Halťvy. By his early twenties, following the composition of two symphonies, he had won the admiration and support of Berlioz, Liszt, Gounod, Rossini, and other notable figures. From 1853 to 1876, he held church organist posts; he also taught at the …cole Niedermeyer (1861-1865). He composed much throughout his early years, turning out the 1853 Symphony in F ("Urbs Roma"), a Mass (1855) and several concertos, including the popular second, for piano (1868).
In 1875, Saint-SaŽns married the 19-year-old Marie Truffot, bringing on perhaps the saddest chapter in his life. The union produced two children who died within six weeks of each other, one from a four-story fall. The marriage ended in 1881. Oddly, this dark period in his life produced some of his most popular works, including Danse macabre (1875) and Samson et Dalila (1878). After the tragic events of his marriage, Saint-SaŽns developed a fondness for Faurť and his family, acting as a second father to Faurť's children.
But he also remained very close to his mother, who had opposed his marriage. When she died in 1888, the composer fell into a deep depression, even contemplating suicide for a time. He did much travel in the years that followed and developed an interest in Algeria and Egypt, which eventually inspired him to write Africa (1891) and his Piano Concerto No. 5, the "Egyptian". He also turned out works unrelated to exotic places, such as his popular and most enduring serious composition, the Symphony No. 3.
Curiously, after 1890, Saint-SaŽns' music was regarded with some condescension in his homeland, while in England and the United States he was hailed as France's greatest living composer well into the twentieth century. Saint-SaŽns experienced an especially triumphant concert tour when he visited the U.S. in 1915. In the last two decades of his life, he remained attached to his dogs and was largely a loner. He died in Algeria on December 16, 1921. Read less

Work: Introduction and Rondo capriccioso

Browse 76-100 of 120 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Ultimate Violin Classics - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000895302 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Max Bruch,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Ruggiero Ricci,  Henryk Szeryng,  David Oistrakh,  Lev Oborin  ... 
    Conductor:  Piero Gamba,  Sir Alexander Gibson
    CD: $21.99
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  • 77.
    The Best Of Maxim Vengerov
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 63780 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Franz Waxman,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Maxim Vengerov,  Alexander Markovich,  Revital Chachamov,  Itamar Golan
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $78.99
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  • 78.
    The Art Of Steven Staryk
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 83111 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Marie Leclair,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Manuel de Falla,  Karol Szymanowski  ... 
    Performer:  Steven Staryk,  Lise Boucher,  Eloise Niwa
    Conductor:  Douglas Gamley
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Festival Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 79.
    Les Must - Echantillon - Analekta Sampler Vol 9
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 9 Release Date: 12/20/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alessandro Marcello,  Claude Debussy,  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ... 
    Performer:  John Abberger,  Elizabeth Dolin,  Francine Kay,  Joseph Petric  ... 
    Conductor:  Jacques Lacombe,  Jeanne Lamon,  Yoav Talmi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre des Grands Ballets Canadiens de Montrťal,  Tafelmusik,  Duo Similia  ... 
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 80.
    The Piano as Orchestra - Saint-SaŽns, et al / Gritton, Duehlmeier
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 872 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Percy Aldridge Grainger,  Henry Wolking,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Susan Duehlmeier,  Bonnie Gritton
    On sale! $19.98
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  • 81.
    Chausson: Symphony, Poeme;  Saint-saŽns / Munch, Oistrakh
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60683 Release Date: 09/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernest Chausson,  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 82.
    Classic Portraits - The Best Of Mischa Elman
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1656 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Aram Khachaturian,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Edouard Lalo  ... 
    Performer:  Mischa Elman,  Joe Seiger
    Conductor:  Vladimir Golschmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 83.
    Violin Concertos [live Recordings] / Francescatti
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1171 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  NiccolÚ Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Eugenis Bagnoli,  Zino Francescatti,  Robert Casadesus
    Conductor:  Antal DorŠti,  Paul Kletzki,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Andrť Cluytens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Sociťtť du Conservatoire Paris
    CD: $44.49
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  • 84.
    Artistry Of The Marimba / Linda Maxey, Mark Puckett
    Label: Equilibrium   Catalog: 74 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Traditional,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  James Barnes  ... 
    Performer:  Linda Maxey,  Mark Puckett
    On sale! $19.98
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  • 85.
    Gala Concert 300 Years Of St. Petersburg / Termikanov, Netrebko, Hvorostovsky
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2053408 Release Date: 11/15/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Max Bruch,  Ottorino Respighi,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Netrebko,  Dmitri Hvorostovsky,  Mischa Maisky,  Eliso Virsaladze  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov,  Nikolai Alekseev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 86.
    Michael Rabin 1936-1972
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64123 Release Date: 10/04/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  NiccolÚ Paganini,  Henri Wieniawski,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Leon Pommers
    Conductor:  Lovro von Matacic,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Alceo Galliera  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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    ArkivCD $89.99
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  • 87.
    Lalo, Saint-saŽns, Chausson, Massenet / Joshua Bell
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000444802 Release Date: 05/10/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  EugŤne Ysaˇe,  Maurice Ravel,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  Joshua Bell
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton,  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $19.99
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  • 88.
    Great Concertos - Great Artists Vol I - The Violin
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 219 Release Date: 03/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Aram Khachaturian,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein,  Ruggiero Ricci,  David Oistrakh,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Alexander Gauk,  William Steinberg  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  New Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 89.
    Artist Portrait - Maxim Vengerov
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 48176 Release Date: 03/16/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Carl Nielsen,  Antonio Bazzini,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Maxim Vengerov,  Itamar Golan,  Daniel Barenboim
    Conductor:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Daniel Barenboim,  Claudio Abbado,  Kurt Masur  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 90.
    Janine Jansen
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000200902 Release Date: 03/09/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Aram Khachaturian,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Janine Jansen
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 91.
    Yehudi Menuhin - The Violinist
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85562 Release Date: 11/04/2003   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Sir William Walton,  Carl Nielsen,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Gioconda de Vito,  Robert Masters,  Derek Simpson  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir William Walton,  Mogens WŲldike,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Anthony Bernard  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Danish Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Menuhin Festival Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $69.99
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  • 92.
    Bowfire - Virtuosic Violin Music
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 81279 Release Date: 09/30/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edward "Duke" Ellington,  Various,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Camille Saint-SaŽns  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bowfire
    CD: $16.99
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  • 93.
    Essential Violin
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000109202 Release Date: 09/09/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Jules Massenet,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Max Bruch  ... 
    Performer:  Alan Loveday,  Nigel Kennedy,  Phillip Moll,  Akiko Suwanai  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Richard Bonynge,  Andrew Litton,  Vladimir Ashkenazy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  National Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $15.99
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  • 94.
    Joint Concert In Tel Aviv / Mehta, Hagner, Kam, Berlin & Israel Philharmonic
    Label: Arthaus Musik   Catalog: 100069 Release Date: 08/19/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Ben-Haim,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Maurice Ravel,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Viviane Hagner,  Sharon Kam
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $25.99
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  • 95.
    Great Violinists - Bell Telephone Hour 1959-1964
    Label: Video Artists International   Catalog: 4215 Release Date: 06/25/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gabriel Faurť,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  NiccolÚ Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Ruggiero Ricci,  David Oistrakh,  Igor Oistrakh  ... 
    On sale! $39.95
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  • 96.
    French Showpieces / James Ehnes, Yoav Talmi, Quebec So
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 23151 Release Date: 04/09/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Darius Milhaud,  Claude Debussy,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  James Ehnes
    Conductor:  Yoav Talmi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Quebec Symphony Orchestra
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    CD: $18.49
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  • 97.
    Capriccio - Saint-SaŽns: Music for Violin and Orchestra
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 860 Release Date: 08/05/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Jean-Jacques Kantorow,  Tero Latvala
    Conductor:  Jean-Jacques Kantorow
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tapiola Sinfonietta
    CD: $21.49
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  • 98.
    No Limit / Sergei Nakariakov
    Label: Teldec   Catalog: 80651 Release Date: 07/11/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  George Gershwin,  Jules Massenet,  Max Bruch  ... 
    Performer:  Sergei Nakariakov
    Conductor:  Vladimir Ashkenazy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 99.
    Sweet Sorrow - Vitali, Chopin, Pagaini, Et Al / Sarah Chang
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 56791 Release Date: 09/14/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Vieuxtemps,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Sarah Chang,  Charles Abramovic,  Sandra Rivers,  Jonathan Feldman
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Wolfgang Sawallisch,  Sir Colin Davis,  Jun Mšrkl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 100.
    Violin For Anne Rice / Leila Josefowic
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462032 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Sadin,  Sting,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  EugŤne Ysaˇe  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Sadin,  Cyro Baptista,  Ira Coleman,  Charles Curtis  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
    ArkivCD $16.99
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