Camille Saint-SaŽns

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1835; France   Died: Dec 16, 1921; Algeria   Period: Romantic
Camille Saint-SaŽns was something of an anomaly among French composers of the nineteenth century in that he wrote in virtually all genres, including opera, symphonies, concertos, songs, sacred and secular choral music, solo piano, and chamber music. He was generally not a pioneer, though he did help to revive some earlier and largely forgotten dance forms, like the bourťe and gavotte. He was a conservative who wrote many popular scores scattered Read more throughout the various genres: the Piano Concerto No. 2, Symphony No. 3 ("Organ"), the symphonic poem Danse macabre, the opera Samson et Dalila, and probably his most widely performed work, The Carnival of The Animals. While he remained a composer closely tied to tradition and traditional forms in his later years, he did develop a more arid style, less colorful and, in the end, less appealing. He was also a poet and playwright of some distinction.
Saint-SaŽns was born in Paris on October 9, 1835. He was one of the most precocious musicians ever, beginning piano lessons with his aunt at two-and-a-half and composing his first work at three. At age seven he studied composition with Pierre Maledin. When he was ten, he gave a concert that included Beethoven's Third Piano Concerto, Mozart's B flat Concerto, K. 460, along with works by Bach, Handel, and Hummel. In his academic studies, he displayed the same genius, learning languages and advanced mathematics with ease and celerity. He would also develop keen, lifelong interests in geology and astronomy.
In 1848, he entered the Paris Conservatory and studied organ and composition, the latter with Halťvy. By his early twenties, following the composition of two symphonies, he had won the admiration and support of Berlioz, Liszt, Gounod, Rossini, and other notable figures. From 1853 to 1876, he held church organist posts; he also taught at the …cole Niedermeyer (1861-1865). He composed much throughout his early years, turning out the 1853 Symphony in F ("Urbs Roma"), a Mass (1855) and several concertos, including the popular second, for piano (1868).
In 1875, Saint-SaŽns married the 19-year-old Marie Truffot, bringing on perhaps the saddest chapter in his life. The union produced two children who died within six weeks of each other, one from a four-story fall. The marriage ended in 1881. Oddly, this dark period in his life produced some of his most popular works, including Danse macabre (1875) and Samson et Dalila (1878). After the tragic events of his marriage, Saint-SaŽns developed a fondness for Faurť and his family, acting as a second father to Faurť's children.
But he also remained very close to his mother, who had opposed his marriage. When she died in 1888, the composer fell into a deep depression, even contemplating suicide for a time. He did much travel in the years that followed and developed an interest in Algeria and Egypt, which eventually inspired him to write Africa (1891) and his Piano Concerto No. 5, the "Egyptian". He also turned out works unrelated to exotic places, such as his popular and most enduring serious composition, the Symphony No. 3.
Curiously, after 1890, Saint-SaŽns' music was regarded with some condescension in his homeland, while in England and the United States he was hailed as France's greatest living composer well into the twentieth century. Saint-SaŽns experienced an especially triumphant concert tour when he visited the U.S. in 1915. In the last two decades of his life, he remained attached to his dogs and was largely a loner. He died in Algeria on December 16, 1921. Read less

Work: Introduction and Rondo capriccioso

Browse 51-75 of 104 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    The Best Of Joshua Bell
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001337202 Release Date: 09/22/2009   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Gabriel Faurť,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Henri Wieniawski  ... 
    Performer:  Joshua Bell,  Olli Mustonen,  Jacques Thibaud,  Samuel Sanders  ... 
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton,  Christoph von DohnŠnyi,  Peter Maag
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra
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  • 52.
    Thibaud Plays French Music - Lalo, Chausson, Saint-saens
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2082 Release Date: 05/12/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edouard Lalo,  Ernest Chausson,  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Jacques Thibaud
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet,  EugŤne Bigot,  Pierre Monteux
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  • 53.
    Legendary Treasures - Michael Rabin Collection Vol 2
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7951 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Darius Milhaud,  Albert Spalding,  EugŤne Ysaˇe,  NiccolÚ Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Lothar Broddack,  Brian Sullivan,  Zino Francescatti
    Conductor:  Donald Voorhees,  Thomas Scherman,  Dimitri Mitropoulos,  Thomas Schippers  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bell Telephone Hour Orchestra,  Little Orchestra Society,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 54.
    Classic Archive - Itzhak Perlman
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 3085228 Release Date: 01/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Sadler's Wells Opera Orchestra
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  • 55.
    Label: Ars   Catalog: 38008 Release Date: 01/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Vilija Poskute,  Tomas Daukantas
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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  • 56.
    Brahms, Bach, Ben-Haim, Ravel, Saint-SaŽns / Zino Francescatti, Eugenis Bagnoli
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 711081 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Maurice Ravel,  Paul Ben-Haim,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Zino Francescatti,  Eugenis Bagnoli
    CD: $19.99
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  • 57.
    Icon - Jascha Heifetz - The Master Violinist
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 17312 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Cťsar Franck,  NiccolÚ Paganini,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Jascha Heifetz,  ArpŠd SŠndor,  Benno Moiseiwitsch  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $57.49
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  • 58.
    Wind Band Classics - Colgrass: Urban Requiem; Shostakovich
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8570946 Release Date: 06/24/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Scott Lindroth,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Eric Whitacre,  Michael Colgrass  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Fitzer,  Kathryn Thomas Umble,  Joseph Carey,  Kent Engelhardt  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen L. Gage
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Youngstown State University Wind Ensemble
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  • 59.
    Capitol Classics: Strings By Starlight / F Slatkin, Rabin
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63660 Release Date: 03/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Alexander Borodin,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 60.
    Label: Cello Classics   Catalog: 11020 Release Date: 11/01/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  NiccolÚ Paganini,  Johannes Brahms,  Alexander Alyabyev  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander Rudin,  Victor Ginsburg,  Iana Ivanilova,  Vladimir Skanavi
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  • 61.
    Violin Showpieces / Erick Friedman
    Label: Rca Silver Seal   Catalog: 61210 Release Date: 08/21/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pablo de Sarasate,  Henri Wieniawski,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  NiccolÚ Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Erick Friedman
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Walter Hendl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 62.
    Sheherazade - An Oriental Night With Berliner Philharmonic / Jšrvi
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2055318 Release Date: 07/31/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Carl Nielsen,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Janine Jansen
    Conductor:  Neeme Jšrvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto; Saint-SaŽns / Jenson, Ormandy, Philadelphia
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 4548 Release Date: 07/19/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Dylana Jenson
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 64.
    Ultimate Violin Classics - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000895302 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Max Bruch,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Ruggiero Ricci,  Henryk Szeryng,  David Oistrakh,  Lev Oborin  ... 
    Conductor:  Piero Gamba,  Sir Alexander Gibson
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  • 65.
    The Art Of Steven Staryk
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 83111 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Marie Leclair,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Manuel de Falla,  Karol Szymanowski  ... 
    Performer:  Steven Staryk,  Lise Boucher,  Eloise Niwa
    Conductor:  Douglas Gamley
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Festival Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 66.
    Les Must - Echantillon - Analekta Sampler Vol 9
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 9 Release Date: 12/20/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alessandro Marcello,  Claude Debussy,  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ... 
    Performer:  John Abberger,  Elizabeth Dolin,  Francine Kay,  Joseph Petric  ... 
    Conductor:  Jacques Lacombe,  Jeanne Lamon,  Yoav Talmi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre des Grands Ballets Canadiens de Montrťal,  Tafelmusik,  Duo Similia  ... 
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  • 67.
    The Piano as Orchestra - Saint-SaŽns, et al / Gritton, Duehlmeier
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 872 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Percy Aldridge Grainger,  Henry Wolking,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Susan Duehlmeier,  Bonnie Gritton
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  • 68.
    Chausson: Symphony, Poeme;  Saint-saŽns / Munch, Oistrakh
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60683 Release Date: 09/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernest Chausson,  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 69.
    Classic Portraits - The Best Of Mischa Elman
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1656 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Aram Khachaturian,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Edouard Lalo  ... 
    Performer:  Mischa Elman,  Joe Seiger
    Conductor:  Vladimir Golschmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 70.
    Legendary Treasures - Ricardo Odnoposoff Vol. 1
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7874 Release Date: 05/23/2006   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  AntonŪn DvorŠk,  NiccolÚ Paganini,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Ricardo Odnoposoff
    On sale! $134.98
    CD: $111.49
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  • 71.
    Violin Concertos [live Recordings] / Francescatti
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1171 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  NiccolÚ Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Eugenis Bagnoli,  Zino Francescatti,  Robert Casadesus
    Conductor:  Antal DorŠti,  Paul Kletzki,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Andrť Cluytens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Sociťtť du Conservatoire Paris
    CD: $44.49
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  • 72.
    Artistry Of The Marimba / Linda Maxey, Mark Puckett
    Label: Equilibrium   Catalog: 74 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Traditional,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  James Barnes  ... 
    Performer:  Linda Maxey,  Mark Puckett
    On sale! $19.98
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  • 73.
    Gala Concert 300 Years Of St. Petersburg / Termikanov, Netrebko, Hvorostovsky
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2053408 Release Date: 11/15/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Max Bruch,  Ottorino Respighi,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Netrebko,  Dmitri Hvorostovsky,  Mischa Maisky,  Eliso Virsaladze  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov,  Nikolai Alekseev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra
    DVD: $24.99
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  • 74.
    Lalo, Saint-saŽns, Chausson, Massenet / Joshua Bell
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000444802 Release Date: 05/10/2005   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  EugŤne Ysaˇe,  Maurice Ravel,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  Joshua Bell
    Conductor:  Andrew Litton,  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $18.99
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  • 75.
    Great Concertos - Great Artists Vol I - The Violin
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 219 Release Date: 03/22/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Bruch,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Aram Khachaturian,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Nathan Milstein,  Ruggiero Ricci,  David Oistrakh,  Jascha Heifetz  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Alexander Gauk,  William Steinberg  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  New Symphony Orchestra,  USSR State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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