Camille Saint-SaŽns

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1835; France   Died: Dec 16, 1921; Algeria   Period: Romantic
Camille Saint-SaŽns was something of an anomaly among French composers of the nineteenth century in that he wrote in virtually all genres, including opera, symphonies, concertos, songs, sacred and secular choral music, solo piano, and chamber music. He was generally not a pioneer, though he did help to revive some earlier and largely forgotten dance forms, like the bourťe and gavotte. He was a conservative who wrote many popular scores scattered Read more throughout the various genres: the Piano Concerto No. 2, Symphony No. 3 ("Organ"), the symphonic poem Danse macabre, the opera Samson et Dalila, and probably his most widely performed work, The Carnival of The Animals. While he remained a composer closely tied to tradition and traditional forms in his later years, he did develop a more arid style, less colorful and, in the end, less appealing. He was also a poet and playwright of some distinction.

Saint-SaŽns was born in Paris on October 9, 1835. He was one of the most precocious musicians ever, beginning piano lessons with his aunt at two-and-a-half and composing his first work at three. At age seven he studied composition with Pierre Maledin. When he was ten, he gave a concert that included Beethoven's Third Piano Concerto, Mozart's B flat Concerto, K. 460, along with works by Bach, Handel, and Hummel. In his academic studies, he displayed the same genius, learning languages and advanced mathematics with ease and celerity. He would also develop keen, lifelong interests in geology and astronomy.

In 1848, he entered the Paris Conservatory and studied organ and composition, the latter with Halťvy. By his early twenties, following the composition of two symphonies, he had won the admiration and support of Berlioz, Liszt, Gounod, Rossini, and other notable figures. From 1853 to 1876, he held church organist posts; he also taught at the …cole Niedermeyer (1861-1865). He composed much throughout his early years, turning out the 1853 Symphony in F ("Urbs Roma"), a Mass (1855) and several concertos, including the popular second, for piano (1868).

In 1875, Saint-SaŽns married the 19-year-old Marie Truffot, bringing on perhaps the saddest chapter in his life. The union produced two children who died within six weeks of each other, one from a four-story fall. The marriage ended in 1881. Oddly, this dark period in his life produced some of his most popular works, including Danse macabre (1875) and Samson et Dalila (1878). After the tragic events of his marriage, Saint-SaŽns developed a fondness for Faurť and his family, acting as a second father to Faurť's children.

But he also remained very close to his mother, who had opposed his marriage. When she died in 1888, the composer fell into a deep depression, even contemplating suicide for a time. He did much travel in the years that followed and developed an interest in Algeria and Egypt, which eventually inspired him to write Africa (1891) and his Piano Concerto No. 5, the "Egyptian". He also turned out works unrelated to exotic places, such as his popular and most enduring serious composition, the Symphony No. 3.

Curiously, after 1890, Saint-SaŽns' music was regarded with some condescension in his homeland, while in England and the United States he was hailed as France's greatest living composer well into the twentieth century. Saint-SaŽns experienced an especially triumphant concert tour when he visited the U.S. in 1915. In the last two decades of his life, he remained attached to his dogs and was largely a loner. He died in Algeria on December 16, 1921. Read less

Children's Classics - Prokofiev, Saint-saŽns, Britten
Release Date: 09/09/2003   Label: Universal  
Catalog: 000100002   Number of Discs: 1
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Saint-saŽns: Organ Music / Hans Fagius
Release Date: 10/12/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 556   Number of Discs: 1
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Saint-saŽns: Africa, Symphony No 2, Etc / Kantorow
Release Date: 05/21/1996   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 790   Number of Discs: 1
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Capriccio - Saint-SaŽns: Music for Violin and Orchestra
Release Date: 08/05/2000   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 860   Number of Discs: 1
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Saint-saŽns: Piano Concertos No 1 & 2 / Ogawa, Kantorow, Etc
Release Date: 06/28/2000   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1040   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Introduction and Rondo capriccioso

Browse 51-75 of 136 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Best 100 Menuhin
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 98225 Release Date: 04/21/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Stťphane Grappelli,  Vincent Youmans,  George Gershwin,  Jacob Gade  ... 
    Performer:  Stťphane Grappelli,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Jan Blok,  John Etheridge  ... 
    Conductor:  Max Harris,  Andrzej Panufnik,  Pierre Boulez,  Sir Adrian Boult  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Menuhin Festival Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 52.
    Yehudi Menuhin - The Great EMI Recordings
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64131 Release Date: 04/21/2009   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Lili Boulanger,  Ernest Bloch,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Ferguson Webster,  Derek Simpson,  Robert Masters  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Adrian Boult,  John Pritchard,  George Enescu,  Sir William Walton  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Colonne Concerts Orchestra  ... 
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  • 53.
    Best Concertos 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64739 Release Date: 03/24/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frťdťric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Mikhail Pletnev,  Jean-Bernard Pommier,  Christian Zacharias,  Francois-Renť Duchable  ... 
    Conductor:  Libor Pesek,  Lawrence Foster,  Hans Vonk,  Michel Plasson  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Hallť Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 54.
    Debussy Transcriptions For Piano Duet Or Piano Four Hands
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 4692098 Release Date: 03/02/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Robert Schumann,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-FranÁois Heisser,  Georges Pludermacher
    CD: $11.99
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  • 55.
    Legendary Treasures - Michael Rabin Collection Vol 2
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7951 Release Date: 02/10/2009   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Darius Milhaud,  Albert Spalding,  EugŤne Ysaˇe,  NiccolÚ Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Lothar Broddack,  Brian Sullivan,  Zino Francescatti
    Conductor:  Donald Voorhees,  Thomas Scherman,  Dimitri Mitropoulos,  Thomas Schippers  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bell Telephone Hour Orchestra,  Little Orchestra Society,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
    On sale! $56.94
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  • 56.
    Classic Archive - Itzhak Perlman
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 3085228 Release Date: 01/27/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  Sadler's Wells Opera Orchestra
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  • 57.
    Label: Ars   Catalog: 38008 Release Date: 01/01/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Vilija Poskute,  Tomas Daukantas
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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  • 58.
    Brahms, Bach, Ben-Haim, Ravel, Saint-SaŽns / Zino Francescatti, Eugenis Bagnoli
    Label: Orfeo D'or   Catalog: 711081 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Maurice Ravel,  Paul Ben-Haim,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Zino Francescatti,  Eugenis Bagnoli
    CD: $19.99
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  • 59.
    Icon - Jascha Heifetz - The Master Violinist
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 17312 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Cťsar Franck,  NiccolÚ Paganini,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Jascha Heifetz,  ArpŠd SŠndor,  Benno Moiseiwitsch  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $41.99
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  • 60.
    Zino Francescatti Plays Favourite Violin Pieces
    Label: Biddulph   Catalog: 80224 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Maurice Ravel,  NiccolÚ Paganini,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Zino Francescatti,  Artur Balsam
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 61.
    Wind Band Classics - Colgrass: Urban Requiem; Shostakovich
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8570946 Release Date: 06/24/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Scott Lindroth,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Eric Whitacre,  Michael Colgrass  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Fitzer,  Kathryn Thomas Umble,  Joseph Carey,  Kent Engelhardt  ... 
    Conductor:  Stephen L. Gage
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Youngstown State University Wind Ensemble
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  • 62.
    Capitol Classics: Strings By Starlight / F Slatkin, Rabin
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 63660 Release Date: 03/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Alexander Borodin,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 63.
    Label: Cello Classics   Catalog: 11020 Release Date: 11/01/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  NiccolÚ Paganini,  Johannes Brahms,  Alexander Alyabyev  ... 
    Performer:  Victor Ginsburg,  Alexander Rudin,  Iana Ivanilova,  Vladimir Skanavi
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  • 64.
    Violin Showpieces / Erick Friedman
    Label: Rca Silver Seal   Catalog: 61210 Release Date: 08/29/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pablo de Sarasate,  Henri Wieniawski,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  NiccolÚ Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Erick Friedman
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Walter Hendl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 65.
    Sibelius: Violin Concerto; Saint-SaŽns / Jenson, Ormandy, Philadelphia
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 4548 Release Date: 08/06/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Dylana Jenson
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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  • 66.
    Sheherazade - An Oriental Night With Berliner Philharmonic / Jšrvi
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2055318 Release Date: 07/31/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Carl Nielsen,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Edvard Grieg  ... 
    Performer:  Janine Jansen
    Conductor:  Neeme Jšrvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 67.
    The Best Of Maxim Vengerov
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 63780 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Franz Waxman,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Maxim Vengerov,  Alexander Markovich,  Revital Chachamov,  Itamar Golan
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $78.99
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  • 68.
    The Art Of Steven Staryk
    Label: Marquis   Catalog: 83111 Release Date: 03/13/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Marie Leclair,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Manuel de Falla,  Karol Szymanowski  ... 
    Performer:  Steven Staryk,  Lise Boucher,  Eloise Niwa
    Conductor:  Douglas Gamley
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Festival Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 69.
    Les Must - Echantillon - Analekta Sampler Vol 9
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 9 Release Date: 12/20/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alessandro Marcello,  Claude Debussy,  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ... 
    Performer:  John Abberger,  Elizabeth Dolin,  Francine Kay,  Joseph Petric  ... 
    Conductor:  Jacques Lacombe,  Jeanne Lamon,  Yoav Talmi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre des Grands Ballets Canadiens de Montrťal,  Tafelmusik,  Duo Similia  ... 
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  • 70.
    The Piano as Orchestra - Saint-SaŽns, et al / Gritton, Duehlmeier
    Label: Albany Records   Catalog: 872 Release Date: 10/24/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Percy Aldridge Grainger,  Henry Wolking,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Susan Duehlmeier,  Bonnie Gritton
    On sale! $19.98
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  • 71.
    Chausson: Symphony, Poeme;  Saint-saŽns / Munch, Oistrakh
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60683 Release Date: 09/25/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernest Chausson,  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Charles Munch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 72.
    Classic Portraits - The Best Of Mischa Elman
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 1656 Release Date: 05/30/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Aram Khachaturian,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Edouard Lalo  ... 
    Performer:  Mischa Elman,  Joe Seiger
    Conductor:  Vladimir Golschmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 73.
    Legendary Treasures - Ricardo Odnoposoff Vol. 1
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 7874 Release Date: 05/23/2006   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  AntonŪn DvorŠk,  NiccolÚ Paganini,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Ricardo Odnoposoff
    On sale! $113.90
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  • 74.
    Violin Concertos [live Recordings] / Francescatti
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1171 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  NiccolÚ Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Eugenis Bagnoli,  Zino Francescatti,  Robert Casadesus
    Conductor:  Antal DorŠti,  Paul Kletzki,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Andrť Cluytens
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Sociťtť du Conservatoire Paris
    CD: $44.49
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  • 75.
    Artistry Of The Marimba / Linda Maxey, Mark Puckett
    Label: Equilibrium   Catalog: 74 Release Date: 12/27/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Traditional,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  James Barnes  ... 
    Performer:  Linda Maxey,  Mark Puckett
    On sale! $19.98
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