Camille Saint-SaŽns

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1835; France   Died: Dec 16, 1921; Algeria   Period: Romantic
Camille Saint-SaŽns was something of an anomaly among French composers of the nineteenth century in that he wrote in virtually all genres, including opera, symphonies, concertos, songs, sacred and secular choral music, solo piano, and chamber music. He was generally not a pioneer, though he did help to revive some earlier and largely forgotten dance forms, like the bourťe and gavotte. He was a conservative who wrote many popular scores scattered Read more throughout the various genres: the Piano Concerto No. 2, Symphony No. 3 ("Organ"), the symphonic poem Danse macabre, the opera Samson et Dalila, and probably his most widely performed work, The Carnival of The Animals. While he remained a composer closely tied to tradition and traditional forms in his later years, he did develop a more arid style, less colorful and, in the end, less appealing. He was also a poet and playwright of some distinction.
Saint-SaŽns was born in Paris on October 9, 1835. He was one of the most precocious musicians ever, beginning piano lessons with his aunt at two-and-a-half and composing his first work at three. At age seven he studied composition with Pierre Maledin. When he was ten, he gave a concert that included Beethoven's Third Piano Concerto, Mozart's B flat Concerto, K. 460, along with works by Bach, Handel, and Hummel. In his academic studies, he displayed the same genius, learning languages and advanced mathematics with ease and celerity. He would also develop keen, lifelong interests in geology and astronomy.
In 1848, he entered the Paris Conservatory and studied organ and composition, the latter with Halťvy. By his early twenties, following the composition of two symphonies, he had won the admiration and support of Berlioz, Liszt, Gounod, Rossini, and other notable figures. From 1853 to 1876, he held church organist posts; he also taught at the …cole Niedermeyer (1861-1865). He composed much throughout his early years, turning out the 1853 Symphony in F ("Urbs Roma"), a Mass (1855) and several concertos, including the popular second, for piano (1868).
In 1875, Saint-SaŽns married the 19-year-old Marie Truffot, bringing on perhaps the saddest chapter in his life. The union produced two children who died within six weeks of each other, one from a four-story fall. The marriage ended in 1881. Oddly, this dark period in his life produced some of his most popular works, including Danse macabre (1875) and Samson et Dalila (1878). After the tragic events of his marriage, Saint-SaŽns developed a fondness for Faurť and his family, acting as a second father to Faurť's children.
But he also remained very close to his mother, who had opposed his marriage. When she died in 1888, the composer fell into a deep depression, even contemplating suicide for a time. He did much travel in the years that followed and developed an interest in Algeria and Egypt, which eventually inspired him to write Africa (1891) and his Piano Concerto No. 5, the "Egyptian". He also turned out works unrelated to exotic places, such as his popular and most enduring serious composition, the Symphony No. 3.
Curiously, after 1890, Saint-SaŽns' music was regarded with some condescension in his homeland, while in England and the United States he was hailed as France's greatest living composer well into the twentieth century. Saint-SaŽns experienced an especially triumphant concert tour when he visited the U.S. in 1915. In the last two decades of his life, he remained attached to his dogs and was largely a loner. He died in Algeria on December 16, 1921. Read less

Work: Introduction and Rondo capriccioso

Browse 101-121 of 121 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Violin For Anne Rice / Leila Josefowic
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 462032 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Sadin,  Sting,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  EugŤne Ysaˇe  ... 
    Performer:  Robert Sadin,  Cyro Baptista,  Ira Coleman,  Charles Curtis  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 102.
    The Best Of Saint-saens
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8556675 Release Date: 09/15/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Dong-Suk Kang,  Idil Biret,  Imrich Szabo,  Peter Toperczer  ... 
    Conductor:  Antoni Wit,  James Loughran,  Richard Hayman,  Stephen Gunzenhauser  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra Katowice,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 103.
    The Heifetz Collection Vol 22 - Lalo, Saint-saens, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61753 Release Date: 06/17/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Edouard Lalo,  Ernest Chausson
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  William Steinberg,  Izler Solomon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 104.
    Bohemian Rhapsodies / Leila Josefowicz
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 454440 Release Date: 05/13/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ernest Chausson,  Maurice Ravel,  Jules Massenet,  Henri Wieniawski  ... 
    Performer:  Leila Josefowicz
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 105.
    The Lark Ascending - Violin Showpieces
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553509 Release Date: 05/13/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Maurice Ravel,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  David Greed,  Marat Bisengaliev,  JŠnos Selmeczy,  Dong-Suk Kang  ... 
    CD: $9.99
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  • 106.
    Saint-saŽns: Violin Concerto No 3, Etc /Brodsky, Straszynski
    Label: Arts Music   Catalog: 47140 Release Date: 09/01/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Vadim Brodsky
    Conductor:  Andrzej Straszynski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 107.
    Aaron Rosand Plays Berlioz, Tchaikovsky, Ravel, Lalo, Others
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5116 Release Date: 07/09/1996   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Edouard Lalo,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Maurice Ravel,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  Aaron Rosand
    Conductor:  Tibor SzŲke,  Rolf Reinhardt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Southwest German Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 108.
    Kagan Edition Vol 13 - Prokofiev, Schumann, Ravel, Et Al
    Label: Live Classics   Catalog: 173 Release Date: 05/21/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Maurice Ravel,  Robert Schumann,  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Oleg Kagan
    Conductor:  Vassili Sinaisky,  Andrey Chistiakov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  Moscow State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 109.
    Greatest Hits - Saint-saens
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 69251 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma,  Michel Arrignon,  Gaby Casadesus,  Alain Marion  ... 
    Conductor:  Philippe Entremont,  Eugene Ormandy,  Lorin Maazel,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  ORTF National Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 110.
    An Evening With The Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 68860 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Emil Waldteufel  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Leonard Pennario
    Conductor:  Felix Slatkin,  Carmen Dragon,  Miklůs Růzsa,  Earl Bernard Murray  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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  • 111.
    The Best of Saint-SaŽns
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 442608 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Daniel Chorzempa,  Henryk Szeryng,  Michele Campanella,  Bella Davidovich  ... 
    Conductor:  Edo De Waart,  Edouard Van Remoortel,  Neeme Jšrvi,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra,  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra,  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra  ... 
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  • 112.
    Saint-saŽns: Violin Concerto No 3, Etc / Kang, Wit
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550752 Release Date: 10/04/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Dong-Suk Kang
    Conductor:  Antoni Wit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Katowice Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra
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  • 113.
    Violin Favourites / Yan Pascal Tortelier, Ulster Orchestra
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6608 Release Date: 09/01/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Fritz Kreisler,  Gabriel Faurť,  Camille Saint-SaŽns  ... 
    Performer:  Yan Pascal Tortelier
    Conductor:  Yan Pascal Tortelier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ulster Orchestra,  Renaissance Singers
    CD: $11.99
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  • 114.
    Saint-Saens: Complete Works for Violin & Orchestra, Cello & Orchestra / Ricci, Varga
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5084 Release Date: 05/12/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Ruggiero Ricci,  Laszlo Varga
    Conductor:  Pierre Cao,  Othmar M. F. MŠga,  Louis de Froment,  Reinhard Peters  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica,  Westphalian Symphony Orchestra
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  • 115.
    Saint-saŽns: Piano Concertos 2 & 4, Etc / Entremont, Et Al
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 48276 Release Date: 11/17/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman,  Leonard Rose,  Philippe Entremont
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 116.
    Saint-saŽns: Danse Macabre, Etc / Dutoit, Philharmonia Orch
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 425021 Release Date: 05/12/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Kyung-Wha Chung
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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  • 117.
    Wieniawski, Vieutemps: Violin Concertos, Etc / Heifetz
    Label: Emi Classics Rťfťrences   Catalog: 64251 Release Date: 04/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Wieniawski,  Henri Vieuxtemps,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Pablo de Sarasate
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 118.
    Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto; Saint-Saens, Massenet / Salerno-Sonnenberg
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 49276 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Jules Massenet
    Performer:  Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Chamber Symphony
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  • 119.
    Saint-Saens, Sarasate, Chausson, Ravel / Perlman, Mehta
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423063 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Maurice Ravel,  Ernest Chausson,  Pablo de Sarasate
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Myor Rosen
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 120.
    The Best Of Saint-saŽns
    Label: Emi Studio   Catalog: 69112 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Yehudi Menuhin,  Nathan Milstein,  Alexis Weissenberg,  Aldo Ciccolini  ... 
    Conductor:  Pierre Dervaux,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Georges PrÍtre,  Walter Susskind
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de Paris,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Paris Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 121.
    Rhythm Song / Evelyn Glennie
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60242 Release Date: 04/10/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Keiko Abe,  Frťdťric Chopin,  Evelyn Glennie  ... 
    Performer:  Evelyn Glennie
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth,  Ray Russell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra
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