Camille Saint-Saëns


Born: Oct 9, 1835; France   Died: Dec 16, 1921; Algeria   Period: Romantic
Camille Saint-Saëns was something of an anomaly among French composers of the nineteenth century in that he wrote in virtually all genres, including opera, symphonies, concertos, songs, sacred and secular choral music, solo piano, and chamber music. He was generally not a pioneer, though he did help to revive some earlier and largely forgotten dance forms, like the bourée and gavotte. He was a conservative who wrote many popular scores scattered Read more throughout the various genres: the Piano Concerto No. 2, Symphony No. 3 ("Organ"), the symphonic poem Danse macabre, the opera Samson et Dalila, and probably his most widely performed work, The Carnival of The Animals. While he remained a composer closely tied to tradition and traditional forms in his later years, he did develop a more arid style, less colorful and, in the end, less appealing. He was also a poet and playwright of some distinction.
Saint-Saëns was born in Paris on October 9, 1835. He was one of the most precocious musicians ever, beginning piano lessons with his aunt at two-and-a-half and composing his first work at three. At age seven he studied composition with Pierre Maledin. When he was ten, he gave a concert that included Beethoven's Third Piano Concerto, Mozart's B flat Concerto, K. 460, along with works by Bach, Handel, and Hummel. In his academic studies, he displayed the same genius, learning languages and advanced mathematics with ease and celerity. He would also develop keen, lifelong interests in geology and astronomy.
In 1848, he entered the Paris Conservatory and studied organ and composition, the latter with Halévy. By his early twenties, following the composition of two symphonies, he had won the admiration and support of Berlioz, Liszt, Gounod, Rossini, and other notable figures. From 1853 to 1876, he held church organist posts; he also taught at the École Niedermeyer (1861-1865). He composed much throughout his early years, turning out the 1853 Symphony in F ("Urbs Roma"), a Mass (1855) and several concertos, including the popular second, for piano (1868).
In 1875, Saint-Saëns married the 19-year-old Marie Truffot, bringing on perhaps the saddest chapter in his life. The union produced two children who died within six weeks of each other, one from a four-story fall. The marriage ended in 1881. Oddly, this dark period in his life produced some of his most popular works, including Danse macabre (1875) and Samson et Dalila (1878). After the tragic events of his marriage, Saint-Saëns developed a fondness for Fauré and his family, acting as a second father to Fauré's children.
But he also remained very close to his mother, who had opposed his marriage. When she died in 1888, the composer fell into a deep depression, even contemplating suicide for a time. He did much travel in the years that followed and developed an interest in Algeria and Egypt, which eventually inspired him to write Africa (1891) and his Piano Concerto No. 5, the "Egyptian". He also turned out works unrelated to exotic places, such as his popular and most enduring serious composition, the Symphony No. 3.
Curiously, after 1890, Saint-Saëns' music was regarded with some condescension in his homeland, while in England and the United States he was hailed as France's greatest living composer well into the twentieth century. Saint-Saëns experienced an especially triumphant concert tour when he visited the U.S. in 1915. In the last two decades of his life, he remained attached to his dogs and was largely a loner. He died in Algeria on December 16, 1921. Read less

Work: Introduction and Rondo capriccioso

Browse 101-108 of 108 Available Recordings
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  • 101.
    Violin Favourites / Yan Pascal Tortelier, Ulster Orchestra
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6608 Release Date: 09/01/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sir Edward Elgar,  Fritz Kreisler,  Gabriel Fauré,  Camille Saint-Saëns  ... 
    Performer:  Yan Pascal Tortelier
    Conductor:  Yan Pascal Tortelier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ulster Orchestra,  Renaissance Singers
    CD: $11.99
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  • 102.
    Saint-Saens: Complete Works for Violin & Orchestra, Cello & Orchestra / Ricci, Varga
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5084 Release Date: 05/12/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns
    Performer:  Ruggiero Ricci,  Laszlo Varga
    Conductor:  Pierre Cao,  Othmar M. F. Mága,  Louis de Froment,  Reinhard Peters  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica,  Westphalian Symphony Orchestra
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    CD: $11.49
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  • 103.
    Saint-saëns: Piano Concertos 2 & 4, Etc / Entremont, Et Al
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 48276 Release Date: 11/17/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns
    Performer:  Pinchas Zukerman,  Leonard Rose,  Philippe Entremont
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras,  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 104.
    Saint-saëns: Danse Macabre, Etc / Dutoit, Philharmonia Orch
    Label: London/Decca Jubilee   Catalog: 425021 Release Date: 05/12/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns
    Performer:  Kyung-Wha Chung
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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  • 105.
    Wieniawski, Vieutemps: Violin Concertos, Etc / Heifetz
    Label: Emi Classics Références   Catalog: 64251 Release Date: 04/14/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Wieniawski,  Henri Vieuxtemps,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Pablo de Sarasate
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $17.99
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  • 106.
    Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto; Saint-Saens, Massenet / Salerno-Sonnenberg
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 49276 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Jules Massenet
    Performer:  Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg
    Conductor:  Gerard Schwarz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Chamber Symphony
    ArkivCD $17.99
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  • 107.
    Saint-Saens, Sarasate, Chausson, Ravel / Perlman, Mehta
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423063 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Maurice Ravel,  Ernest Chausson,  Pablo de Sarasate
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Myor Rosen
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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    CD: $13.99
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  • 108.
    Rhythm Song / Evelyn Glennie
    Label: Rca Victor Red Seal   Catalog: 60242 Release Date: 04/10/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Keiko Abe,  Frédéric Chopin,  Evelyn Glennie  ... 
    Performer:  Evelyn Glennie
    Conductor:  Barry Wordsworth,  Ray Russell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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