Camille Saint-SaŽns

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1835; France   Died: Dec 16, 1921; Algeria   Period: Romantic
Camille Saint-SaŽns was something of an anomaly among French composers of the nineteenth century in that he wrote in virtually all genres, including opera, symphonies, concertos, songs, sacred and secular choral music, solo piano, and chamber music. He was generally not a pioneer, though he did help to revive some earlier and largely forgotten dance forms, like the bourťe and gavotte. He was a conservative who wrote many popular scores scattered Read more throughout the various genres: the Piano Concerto No. 2, Symphony No. 3 ("Organ"), the symphonic poem Danse macabre, the opera Samson et Dalila, and probably his most widely performed work, The Carnival of The Animals. While he remained a composer closely tied to tradition and traditional forms in his later years, he did develop a more arid style, less colorful and, in the end, less appealing. He was also a poet and playwright of some distinction.
Saint-SaŽns was born in Paris on October 9, 1835. He was one of the most precocious musicians ever, beginning piano lessons with his aunt at two-and-a-half and composing his first work at three. At age seven he studied composition with Pierre Maledin. When he was ten, he gave a concert that included Beethoven's Third Piano Concerto, Mozart's B flat Concerto, K. 460, along with works by Bach, Handel, and Hummel. In his academic studies, he displayed the same genius, learning languages and advanced mathematics with ease and celerity. He would also develop keen, lifelong interests in geology and astronomy.
In 1848, he entered the Paris Conservatory and studied organ and composition, the latter with Halťvy. By his early twenties, following the composition of two symphonies, he had won the admiration and support of Berlioz, Liszt, Gounod, Rossini, and other notable figures. From 1853 to 1876, he held church organist posts; he also taught at the …cole Niedermeyer (1861-1865). He composed much throughout his early years, turning out the 1853 Symphony in F ("Urbs Roma"), a Mass (1855) and several concertos, including the popular second, for piano (1868).
In 1875, Saint-SaŽns married the 19-year-old Marie Truffot, bringing on perhaps the saddest chapter in his life. The union produced two children who died within six weeks of each other, one from a four-story fall. The marriage ended in 1881. Oddly, this dark period in his life produced some of his most popular works, including Danse macabre (1875) and Samson et Dalila (1878). After the tragic events of his marriage, Saint-SaŽns developed a fondness for Faurť and his family, acting as a second father to Faurť's children.
But he also remained very close to his mother, who had opposed his marriage. When she died in 1888, the composer fell into a deep depression, even contemplating suicide for a time. He did much travel in the years that followed and developed an interest in Algeria and Egypt, which eventually inspired him to write Africa (1891) and his Piano Concerto No. 5, the "Egyptian". He also turned out works unrelated to exotic places, such as his popular and most enduring serious composition, the Symphony No. 3.
Curiously, after 1890, Saint-SaŽns' music was regarded with some condescension in his homeland, while in England and the United States he was hailed as France's greatest living composer well into the twentieth century. Saint-SaŽns experienced an especially triumphant concert tour when he visited the U.S. in 1915. In the last two decades of his life, he remained attached to his dogs and was largely a loner. He died in Algeria on December 16, 1921. Read less
Saint-saŽns: Samson Et Dalila / Rudel, Domingo, Verrett
Release Date: 11/28/2000   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 10   Number of Discs: 1
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Schumann, Grieg, Saint-SaŽns: Piano Concertos / Shelley, Greed, Opera North Orchestra
Release Date: 03/31/2009   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10509   Number of Discs: 1
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Saint-saŽns: Carnival Of The Animals;  Mozart / Turovsky
Release Date: 07/26/1994   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9246   Number of Discs: 1
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Saint-SaŽns: Requiem, Partsongs / Fasolis, Swiss Italian Orchestra
Release Date: 07/27/2004   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10214   Number of Discs: 1
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Saint-SaŽns: Samson et Dalila / Davis, Vickers, Verrett
Release Date: 12/20/2005   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 2288   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Havanaise

Browse 1-25 of 50 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Fantasies, Rhapsodies & Daydreams / Steinbacher, Foster, Monte-Carlo Philharmonic
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186536 Release Date: 09/09/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Waxman,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Ralph Vaughan Williams,  Camille Saint-SaŽns  ... 
    Performer:  Arabella Steinbacher
    Conductor:  Lawrence Foster
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 2.
    Saint-saens: Introduction & Rondo Capriccioso; Chausson: Poeme; Ravel: Tzigane
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552975 Release Date: 11/06/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Ernest Chausson,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman
    Conductor:  Jean Martinon
    CD: $9.99
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  • 3.
    Yo-Yo Ma: The Classical Cello Collection
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 513074 Release Date: 10/02/2015   Number of Discs: 15
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Luigi Boccherini,  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Yo-Yo Ma,  Ton Koopman,  Emanuel Ax,  Edgar Meyer  ... 
    Conductor:  Ton Koopman,  Claudio Abbado,  Kurt Masur,  Lorin Maazel  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  ORTF National Orchestra  ... 
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  • 4.
    Itzhak Perlman: The Complete Warner Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 552439 Release Date: 09/25/2015   Number of Discs: 77
    Composer:  NiccolÚ Paganini,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Pinchas Zukerman,  Ray Still,  Samuel Sanders  ... 
    Conductor:  Lawrence Foster,  Daniel Barenboim,  Itzhak Perlman,  Bernard Haitink  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  English Chamber Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 5.
    First Loves
    Label: Visionintoart   Catalog: 6 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Fritz Kreisler,  Jules Massenet,  Franz Waxman,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Performer:  Tim Fain,  Robert Koenig
    CD: $19.99
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  • 6.
    Maestro Vladimir Spivakov: Anniversary Edition
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002300 Release Date: 09/11/2015   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Rodion Shchedrin,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Jean Sibelius  ... 
    Performer:  Marina Gusak-Grin,  Vladimir Spivakov,  Inaki Fresan,  Araks Davtyan  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuri Temirkanov,  Vladimir Spivakov
    CD: $54.49
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  • 7.
    Itzhak Perlman - Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002298802 Release Date: 05/26/2015   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Alban Berg,  Igor Stravinsky,  Sir Edward Elgar,  Ernest Chausson  ... 
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Pinchas Zukerman,  Daniel Barenboim,  Myor Rosen  ... 
    Conductor:  Seiji Ozawa,  Daniel Barenboim,  Zubin Mehta,  James Levine  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
    CD: $103.99
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  • 8.
    Kyung Wha Chung - Complete Decca Recordings [19 CDs & 1 DVD]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002217700 Release Date: 01/06/2015   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Jean Sibelius,  Fritz Kreisler  ... 
    Performer:  Kyung-Wha Chung,  Phillip Moll,  Radu Lupu,  Myung-Wha Chung  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Andrť Previn,  Rudolf Kempe,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $66.99
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  • 9.
    Complete Vengerov: Recordings 1991-2007 [19 CDs & 1 DVD]
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 631514 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 20
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Itamar Golan,  Maxim Vengerov,  Alexander Markovich,  Daniel Barenboim  ... 
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Kurt Masur,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Claudio Abbado  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $88.99
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  • 10.
    Saint-saens: Complete Works For Violin & Orchestra, Cello & Orchestra
    Label: Zig Zag   Catalog: 335 Release Date: 01/28/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Liya Petrova,  Jolente de Maeyer,  Tatiana Samouil,  Harriet Langley  ... 
    Conductor:  Christian Arming
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Soloists of the Queen Elisabeth Music Chapel
    CD: $37.49
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  • 11.
    First Choice: Saint-saens: Introduction & Rondo Capriccioso; Havanaise; Sarasate: Carmen-fantasy
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001662902 Release Date: 04/10/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pablo de Sarasate,  Ernest Chausson,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Itzhak Perlman,  Myor Rosen
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
    CD: $7.99
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  • 12.
    Saint-saens: Concertos, Carnival Of The Animals / Ciccolini, Hoelscher, Tortelier
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 0834312 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Aldo Ciccolini,  Ulf Hoelscher,  Ralph Kirshbaum,  Paul Tortelier
    Conductor:  Serge Baudo,  Pierre Dervaux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de Paris,  New York Philharmonic,  New Philharmonia Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $34.99
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  • 13.
    Selections - The Best Of James Ehnes
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 29768 Release Date: 03/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  AntonŪn DvorŠk,  Fritz Kreisler,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  James Ehnes,  Eduard Laurel,  Luc Beausťjour
    Conductor:  Yoav Talmi
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  • 14.
    Pierre Monteux Edition Vol 6 - Debussy, Liszt, Scriabin
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61890 Release Date: 05/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Claude Debussy,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Alexander Scriabin,  Franz Liszt
    Performer:  Leonid Kogan,  Roger Voisin
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Ravel: Tzigane; Saint-Saens: Violin Concerto / Szeryng
    Label: Philips Silverline Classics   Catalog: 420887 Release Date: 04/08/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Henryk Szeryng
    Conductor:  Edouard Van Remoortel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Label: Pavane   Catalog: 7527 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Karol Jozef Lipinski,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Gioachino Rossini,  NiccolÚ Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Antoni Brozek,  Piotr Jasiurkowski
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  • 17.
    Bruch: Violin Concerto; Virtuoso Pieces / Michael Rabin
    Label: Audite   Catalog: 95607 Release Date: 09/08/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Pablo de Sarasate,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  William Kroll  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Lothar Broddack
    Conductor:  Thomas Schippers
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin RIAS Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $14.99
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  • 18.
    Thibaud Plays French Music - Lalo, Chausson, Saint-saens
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2082 Release Date: 05/12/2009   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edouard Lalo,  Ernest Chausson,  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Jacques Thibaud
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet,  EugŤne Bigot,  Pierre Monteux
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  • 19.
    Icon - Jascha Heifetz - The Master Violinist
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 17312 Release Date: 10/28/2008   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Cťsar Franck,  NiccolÚ Paganini,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Artur Rubinstein,  Jascha Heifetz,  ArpŠd SŠndor,  Benno Moiseiwitsch  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir John Barbirolli,  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    On sale! $42.98
    CD: $39.99
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  • 20.
    Violin Showpieces / Erick Friedman
    Label: Rca Silver Seal   Catalog: 61210 Release Date: 08/21/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Pablo de Sarasate,  Henri Wieniawski,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  NiccolÚ Paganini  ... 
    Performer:  Erick Friedman
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Walter Hendl
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra
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  • 21.
    Ultimate Violin Classics - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 000895302 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Max Bruch,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Ruggiero Ricci,  Henryk Szeryng,  David Oistrakh,  Lev Oborin  ... 
    Conductor:  Piero Gamba,  Sir Alexander Gibson
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  • 22.
    The Best of Maxim Vengerov
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 63780 Release Date: 04/24/2007   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Franz Waxman,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Jean Sibelius,  Dmitri Shostakovich  ... 
    Performer:  Maxim Vengerov,  Alexander Markovich,  Revital Chachamov,  Itamar Golan
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Claudio Abbado,  Daniel Barenboim,  Mstislav Rostropovich  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    Recommendation
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  • 23.
    Jacques Thibaud - The Complete Solo Recordings 1929-36
    Label: Apr (Appian)   Catalog: 6003 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Manuel de Falla,  Enrique Granados,  Maria Theresia Paradis  ... 
    Performer:  George De Lausnay,  Jacques Thibaud,  Tasso Janopolou,  Alfred Cortot
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Complete Recordings Of Grieg, Saint Saens, And Pugno
    Label: Marston   Catalog: 52054 Release Date: 05/12/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Jules Massenet,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Edvard Grieg,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Gabriel Willaume,  Meyriane Hťglon  ... 
    CD: $36.99
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  • 25.
    Michael Rabin 1936-1972
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 64123 Release Date: 10/04/2005   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  NiccolÚ Paganini,  Henri Wieniawski,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Rabin,  Leon Pommers
    Conductor:  Lovro von Matacic,  Sir Eugene Goossens,  Sir Adrian Boult,  Alceo Galliera  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra
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