Camille Saint-SaŽns

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1835; France   Died: Dec 16, 1921; Algeria   Period: Romantic
Camille Saint-SaŽns was something of an anomaly among French composers of the nineteenth century in that he wrote in virtually all genres, including opera, symphonies, concertos, songs, sacred and secular choral music, solo piano, and chamber music. He was generally not a pioneer, though he did help to revive some earlier and largely forgotten dance forms, like the bourťe and gavotte. He was a conservative who wrote many popular scores scattered Read more throughout the various genres: the Piano Concerto No. 2, Symphony No. 3 ("Organ"), the symphonic poem Danse macabre, the opera Samson et Dalila, and probably his most widely performed work, The Carnival of The Animals. While he remained a composer closely tied to tradition and traditional forms in his later years, he did develop a more arid style, less colorful and, in the end, less appealing. He was also a poet and playwright of some distinction.

Saint-SaŽns was born in Paris on October 9, 1835. He was one of the most precocious musicians ever, beginning piano lessons with his aunt at two-and-a-half and composing his first work at three. At age seven he studied composition with Pierre Maledin. When he was ten, he gave a concert that included Beethoven's Third Piano Concerto, Mozart's B flat Concerto, K. 460, along with works by Bach, Handel, and Hummel. In his academic studies, he displayed the same genius, learning languages and advanced mathematics with ease and celerity. He would also develop keen, lifelong interests in geology and astronomy.

In 1848, he entered the Paris Conservatory and studied organ and composition, the latter with Halťvy. By his early twenties, following the composition of two symphonies, he had won the admiration and support of Berlioz, Liszt, Gounod, Rossini, and other notable figures. From 1853 to 1876, he held church organist posts; he also taught at the …cole Niedermeyer (1861-1865). He composed much throughout his early years, turning out the 1853 Symphony in F ("Urbs Roma"), a Mass (1855) and several concertos, including the popular second, for piano (1868).

In 1875, Saint-SaŽns married the 19-year-old Marie Truffot, bringing on perhaps the saddest chapter in his life. The union produced two children who died within six weeks of each other, one from a four-story fall. The marriage ended in 1881. Oddly, this dark period in his life produced some of his most popular works, including Danse macabre (1875) and Samson et Dalila (1878). After the tragic events of his marriage, Saint-SaŽns developed a fondness for Faurť and his family, acting as a second father to Faurť's children.

But he also remained very close to his mother, who had opposed his marriage. When she died in 1888, the composer fell into a deep depression, even contemplating suicide for a time. He did much travel in the years that followed and developed an interest in Algeria and Egypt, which eventually inspired him to write Africa (1891) and his Piano Concerto No. 5, the "Egyptian". He also turned out works unrelated to exotic places, such as his popular and most enduring serious composition, the Symphony No. 3.

Curiously, after 1890, Saint-SaŽns' music was regarded with some condescension in his homeland, while in England and the United States he was hailed as France's greatest living composer well into the twentieth century. Saint-SaŽns experienced an especially triumphant concert tour when he visited the U.S. in 1915. In the last two decades of his life, he remained attached to his dogs and was largely a loner. He died in Algeria on December 16, 1921. Read less

Saint-SaŽns: Requiem, Partsongs / Fasolis, Swiss Italian Orchestra
Release Date: 07/27/2004   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10214   Number of Discs: 1
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Saint-saŽns: La Princesse Jaune, Etc / Francis Travis, Et Al
Release Date: 10/24/2000   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9837   Number of Discs: 1
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Saint-saŽns: Carnival Of The Animals;  Mozart / Turovsky
Release Date: 07/26/1994   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 9246   Number of Discs: 1
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Saint-saŽns: Symphonies 2 & 3 / Tortelier, Weir, Ulster Orch
Release Date: 10/28/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8822   Number of Discs: 1
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Schumann, Grieg, Saint-SaŽns: Piano Concertos / Shelley, Greed, Opera North Orchestra
Release Date: 03/31/2009   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10509   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Samson et Dalila, Op. 47: Mon coeur s'ouvre ŗ ta voix

Browse 126-150 of 163 Available Recordings
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  • 126.
    The Emi Record Of Singing Vol 3 - 1926-1939
    Label: Testament   Catalog: 132 Release Date: 12/14/1999   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Gioachino Rossini,  Federico Ricci,  William Garnet James  ... 
    Performer:  Gerhard HŁsch,  Lotte SchŲne,  Salvatore Baccaloni,  Irma Mion  ... 
    Conductor:  Hanns Udo MŁller,  Erich Orthmann,  Carlo Sabajno,  Franco Ghione  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Chorus,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $183.98
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  • 127.
    Unforgettable Classics - Romance
    Label: Classics For Pleasure   Catalog: 72277 Release Date: 11/16/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Victoria de los Angeles,  Josef Suk,  Maria Callas,  Cťcile Ousset  ... 
    Conductor:  Rafael FrŁhbeck de Burgos,  Andrť Previn,  Rudolf Kempe,  Lawrence Collingwood  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sinfonia of London,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Dresden Staatskapelle  ... 
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  • 128.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Luise Willer
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89177 Release Date: 10/26/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Carl Bergner,  George Frideric Handel,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Luise Willer,  Carl Bergner,  Ludwig Kusche,  Henny Trundt  ... 
    Conductor:  Selmar Meyrowitz,  Ernst Viebig,  Hans Adolf Winter,  Hans Rosbaud
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Frankfurt Radio Orchestra
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  • 129.
    Simply The Best Night At The Opera / Algana, Bartoli, Et Al
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 26499 Release Date: 07/06/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Richard Wagner,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Samuel Ramey,  Annick Massis,  Marilyn Horne,  HŚkan HagegŚrd  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Scimone,  Marc Minkowski,  Lawrence Foster,  Marek Janowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Solisti Veneti,  Le Concert des Tuileries,  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $17.99
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  • 130.
    Prima Voce - Sigrid Onegin Vol 1 - Donizetti, Verdi, Et Al
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7898 Release Date: 03/23/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Georges Bizet,  Jean-Baptiste Weckerlin,  Joh Friedrich Reichardt,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Sigrid Onegin,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Georg Kniestedt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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  • 131.
    Opera In English - Great Operatic Arias Vol 2 / Montague
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 3010 Release Date: 10/20/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Jacques Offenbach,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Diana Montague,  Mary Plazas,  Bruce Ford
    Conductor:  David Parry
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Geoffrey Mitchell Choir
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  • 132.
    All The Rage / Nashville Mandolin Ensemble
    Label: New World Records   Catalog: 80544 Release Date: 09/29/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  W. J. Kitchener,  Albert William KetŤlbey,  Warren Dean,  David Guion  ... 
    Performer:  Byron House,  Karen Ann Krieger
    Conductor:  Paul Martin Zonn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nashville Mandolin Ensemble
    On sale! $19.98
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  • 133.
    Amor - Opera's Great Love Songs
    Label: London/Decca Opera Gala Series   Catalog: 458201 Release Date: 08/11/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Giacomo Puccini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Jules Massenet  ... 
    Performer:  Marilyn Horne,  Luciano Pavarotti,  Mirella Freni,  Frederica Von Stade  ... 
    Conductor:  Henry Lewis,  Zubin Mehta,  Herbert von Karajan,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Opera Orchestra,  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  John Alldis Choir  ... 
    CD: $12.99
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  • 134.
    Maria Callas - The Voice Of The Century
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 66628 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Lťo Delibes  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Alfredo Kraus
    Conductor:  Tullio Serafin,  Georges PrÍtre,  Franco Ghione,  Victor De Sabata
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Florence Maggio Musicale Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Sociťtť du Conservatoire Paris  ... 
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  • 135.
    Stanford Archive Series Vol 4 / Ernestine Schumann-heink
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 5503 Release Date: 03/03/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Ronald, Landon, Sir,  John Stafford Smith,  Geoffrey O'Hara  ... 
    Performer:  Ernestine Schumann-Heink,  Katherine Hoffmann,  Geraldine Farrar,  Charles Adams Prince
    Conductor:  Rosario Bourdon
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  • 136.
    Callas Edition - Callas ņ Paris - Arias 1
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 66466 Release Date: 01/20/1998   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gustave Charpentier,  Jules Massenet,  Ambroise Thomas,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Callas
    Conductor:  Georges PrÍtre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Radio Orchestra
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  • 137.
    The Only Opera Cd You'll Ever Need
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 68823 Release Date: 10/14/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Richard Wagner  ... 
    Performer:  Anna Moffo,  Helen Donath,  Roberta Peters,  Robert Merrill  ... 
    Conductor:  Kurt Eichhorn,  Erich Leinsdorf,  Lorin Maazel,  Eugene Ormandy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra,  Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $3.99
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  • 138.
    Four German Contraltos Of The Past
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89979 Release Date: 09/16/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Georges Bizet,  Camille Saint-SaŽns  ... 
    Performer:  Margarete Klose,  Marcel Wittrisch,  Luise Willer,  Maria Olszewska  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Zweig,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Selmar Meyrowitz,  Leo Blech  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 139.
    Four Famous Contraltos Of The Past
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89985 Release Date: 07/15/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Richard Wagner,  Camille Saint-SaŽns  ... 
    Performer:  Emmi Leisner,  Karin Branzell,  Sigrid Onegin,  Rosette Anday
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 140.
    25 Opera Favorites
    Label: Vox Cameo Classics   Catalog: 8838 Release Date: 07/01/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Pietro Mascagni,  Giacomo Puccini,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  John Oakman,  Elvira Cirje-Druica,  Eugenia Moldoveanu,  Ludovic Spiess  ... 
    Conductor:  Julian Bigg,  Mircea Popa,  Constantin Petrovici,  Rudolph Palmer  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czech Symphony Orchestra,  Romanian Opera Chorus of Bucharest,  Romanian Opera Orchestra of Bucharest  ... 
    CD: $4.99
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  • 141.
    Aria - Eugenia Zukerman Plays Favorite Opera Arias
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3209 Release Date: 06/17/1997   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Giacomo Puccini,  George Frideric Handel  ... 
    Performer:  Dennis Helmrich,  Allan Vogel,  Eugenia Zukerman
    CD: $17.99
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  • 142.
    James Levine's 25th Anniversary - Metropolitan Opera Gala
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 449177 Release Date: 10/15/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Richard Strauss,  Jacques Offenbach  ... 
    Performer:  Grace Bumbry,  Karita Mattila,  HŚkan HagegŚrd,  Anne Sofie von Otter  ... 
    Conductor:  James Levine
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Metropolitan Opera Orchestra
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  • 143.
    Salon Classics / The Rembrandt Trio
    Label: Sono Luminus   Catalog: 90222 Release Date: 11/20/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Benjamin Godard,  Claude Debussy,  Camille Saint-SaŽns  ... 
    Performer:  Coenraad Bloemendal,  Gerard Kantarjian,  Valerie Tryon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rembrandt Trio
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  • 144.
    Callas - La Divina - Complete
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65746 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Tito Gobbi,  Maria Callas,  Nicolai Gedda,  Rolando Panerai  ... 
    Conductor:  Alceo Galliera,  Tullio Serafin,  Herbert von Karajan,  Antonino Votto  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Paris Opera Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $43.98
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  • 145.
    Greatest Hits - Saint-saens
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 69251 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Cecile Licad,  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Marielle Nordmann,  Mason Jones  ... 
    Conductor:  Andrť Previn,  Eugene Ormandy,  John DeMain,  Sir Charles Mackerras  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Rio de Janeiro Municipal Theatre Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $8.99
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  • 146.
    All Of The World's Most Beautiful Melodies! / Mccann, Et Al
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 4536 Release Date: 10/17/1995   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Traditional,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Johann Paul A. Martini,  Helen Guy  ... 
    Performer:  Phillip McCann,  Simon Lindley,  Roy Newsome,  Skaila Kanga  ... 
    Conductor:  Roy Newsome,  Major Peter Parkes,  Douglas Blackledge,  Gordon Langford
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Sellers Engineering Band,  Huddersfield Choral Society,  Leeds Parish Church Boys' Choir  ... 
    On sale! $49.99
    CD: $37.99
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  • 147.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Margarete Klose
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89082 Release Date: 06/20/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Marcel Wittrisch,  Margarete Klose,  Susanne Fischer,  Therese Gerson  ... 
    Conductor:  Fritz Zweig,  Bruno Seidler-Winkler,  Franz Alfred Schmidt,  Gerhard Steeger
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Orchestra
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 148.
    Brigitte Fassbaender - Operatic Recital / Hans Graf
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 96841 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Brigitte Fassbaender
    Conductor:  Hans Graf
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $22.49
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  • 149.
    Famous Opera Arias / Marjana Lipovsek, Giuseppe Patanť
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 179891 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Jules Massenet,  Georges Bizet,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Marjana Lipovsek
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Patanť
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $22.49
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  • 150.
    Recital - Donizetti, Gounod Offenbach / Marilyn Horne
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 98501 Release Date: 05/02/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Godard,  Jacques Offenbach,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Luigi Cherubini  ... 
    Performer:  Marilyn Horne
    Conductor:  Lawrence Foster
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Philharmonic Orchestra
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