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Camille Saint-SaŽns

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1835; France   Died: Dec 16, 1921; Algeria   Period: Romantic
Camille Saint-SaŽns was something of an anomaly among French composers of the nineteenth century in that he wrote in virtually all genres, including opera, symphonies, concertos, songs, sacred and secular choral music, solo piano, and chamber music. He was generally not a pioneer, though he did help to revive some earlier and largely forgotten dance forms, like the bourťe and gavotte. He was a conservative who wrote many popular scores scattered Read more throughout the various genres: the Piano Concerto No. 2, Symphony No. 3 ("Organ"), the symphonic poem Danse macabre, the opera Samson et Dalila, and probably his most widely performed work, The Carnival of The Animals. While he remained a composer closely tied to tradition and traditional forms in his later years, he did develop a more arid style, less colorful and, in the end, less appealing. He was also a poet and playwright of some distinction.
Saint-SaŽns was born in Paris on October 9, 1835. He was one of the most precocious musicians ever, beginning piano lessons with his aunt at two-and-a-half and composing his first work at three. At age seven he studied composition with Pierre Maledin. When he was ten, he gave a concert that included Beethoven's Third Piano Concerto, Mozart's B flat Concerto, K. 460, along with works by Bach, Handel, and Hummel. In his academic studies, he displayed the same genius, learning languages and advanced mathematics with ease and celerity. He would also develop keen, lifelong interests in geology and astronomy.
In 1848, he entered the Paris Conservatory and studied organ and composition, the latter with Halťvy. By his early twenties, following the composition of two symphonies, he had won the admiration and support of Berlioz, Liszt, Gounod, Rossini, and other notable figures. From 1853 to 1876, he held church organist posts; he also taught at the …cole Niedermeyer (1861-1865). He composed much throughout his early years, turning out the 1853 Symphony in F ("Urbs Roma"), a Mass (1855) and several concertos, including the popular second, for piano (1868).
In 1875, Saint-SaŽns married the 19-year-old Marie Truffot, bringing on perhaps the saddest chapter in his life. The union produced two children who died within six weeks of each other, one from a four-story fall. The marriage ended in 1881. Oddly, this dark period in his life produced some of his most popular works, including Danse macabre (1875) and Samson et Dalila (1878). After the tragic events of his marriage, Saint-SaŽns developed a fondness for Faurť and his family, acting as a second father to Faurť's children.
But he also remained very close to his mother, who had opposed his marriage. When she died in 1888, the composer fell into a deep depression, even contemplating suicide for a time. He did much travel in the years that followed and developed an interest in Algeria and Egypt, which eventually inspired him to write Africa (1891) and his Piano Concerto No. 5, the "Egyptian". He also turned out works unrelated to exotic places, such as his popular and most enduring serious composition, the Symphony No. 3.
Curiously, after 1890, Saint-SaŽns' music was regarded with some condescension in his homeland, while in England and the United States he was hailed as France's greatest living composer well into the twentieth century. Saint-SaŽns experienced an especially triumphant concert tour when he visited the U.S. in 1915. In the last two decades of his life, he remained attached to his dogs and was largely a loner. He died in Algeria on December 16, 1921. Read less
Saint-saŽns: Violin Concerto No 3, Etc / Kang, Wit
Release Date: 10/04/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550752   Number of Discs: 1
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Saint-saŽns: Piano Trios No 1 & 2 / Joachim Trio
Release Date: 05/23/1995   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550935   Number of Discs: 1
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Saint-saŽns: Cello Concertos, Etc / Kliegel, Monnard, Et Al
Release Date: 04/08/1997   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8553039   Number of Discs: 1
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Saint-saŽns: Piano Trios No 1 And 2 / Yuval Trio
Release Date: 02/18/1997   Label: Centaur Records  
Catalog: 2292   Number of Discs: 1
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Organ Meditation - Grieg, Saint-saŽns, Etc/ JŠnos Sebestyťn
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550791   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Danse macabre in G minor, Op. 40

Browse 76-100 of 117 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Romantic Music For Two Pianos / Pierce, Jonas
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1260 Release Date: 06/17/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Arthur Benjamin,  Benjamin Britten,  Witold Lutoslawski  ... 
    Performer:  Dorothy Jonas,  Joshua Pierce
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  • 77.
    Orford - Works For Six Pianos - Saint-saŽns, Prokofiev, Gounod, Rossini, Etc / Murray, Perron, Godin, Et Al
    Label: Atma Classique   Catalog: 2566 Release Date: 05/27/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Charles Gounod,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  Olivier Godin,  Lorraine Prieur,  Francis Perron,  Sandra Murray  ... 
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  • 78.
    In A Persian Market - Favorite Orchestral Works / Fiedler, Boston Pops
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 35037 Release Date: 03/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  George Enescu,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Emmanuel Chabrier  ... 
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
    CD: $17.99
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  • 79.
    French Orchestral Works / Marriner, St Martin In The Fields
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 412131 Release Date: 03/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Hector Berlioz,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Claude Debussy,  Paul Dukas  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 80.
    French Touch / Max Zorin, Vincent Balse
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 5637532865 Release Date: 02/05/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jules Massenet,  Maurice Ravel,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Francis Poulenc
    Performer:  Max Zorina,  Vincent Balse
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  • 81.
    Reimagine / Anderson & Roe
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 10143657 Release Date: 01/10/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Greg Anderson,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Astor Piazzolla,  Louis-Claude Daquin  ... 
    Performer:  Greg Anderson,  Elizabeth Joy Roe
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Anderson & Roe Piano Duo
    CD: $16.99
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  • 82.
    Spectacular Dances / Stanley Black, Royal Philharmonic
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 444107 Release Date: 11/16/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Dmitri Kabalevsky,  Bedrich Smetana,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov  ... 
    Performer:  Alan Loveday
    Conductor:  Stanley Black
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 83.
    Gaubert: Les Chants De Mer - Recordings 1927-1940
    Label: Alpha Productions   Catalog: 801 Release Date: 09/01/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Henri Duparc,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Philippe Gaubert  ... 
    Performer:  Philippe Gaubert
    Conductor:  Philippe Gaubert
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Orchestre de la Sociťtť du Conservatoire Paris
    CD: $8.99
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  • 84.
    Oskar Fried - Mahler's Disciple
    Label: Arbiter   Catalog: 153 Release Date: 07/24/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Gustav Mahler,  Igor Stravinsky,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  ... 
    Performer:  Astra Desmond
    Conductor:  Oscar Fried
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  BBC Symphony Orchestra,  All-Union Radio Orchestra  ... 
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  • 85.
    Toscanini Collection Vol 39 - Ravel, Dukas, Berlioz, Et Al
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 60322 Release Date: 06/04/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Cťsar Franck,  Paul Dukas,  Camille Saint-SaŽns  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 86.
    Saint-SaŽns: Organ Symphony, Etc / Frťmaux, City of Birmingham SO
    Label: Emi Classics For Pleasure   Catalog: 82233 Release Date: 03/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  Paul Tortelier,  Christopher Robinson,  Anthony Moroney,  Brenda Lucas  ... 
    Conductor:  Louis Frťmaux,  Georges PrÍtre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra,  Paris Opera Orchestra
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  • 87.
    Analekta Compilation Vol 8
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 8 Release Date: 12/20/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Erik Satie,  Maurice Ravel,  Jean-Philippe Rameau  ... 
    Performer:  GeneviŤve Soly,  Francine Kay,  Luc Beausťjour,  James Ehnes  ... 
    Conductor:  Jean-FranÁois Rivest,  Jeanne Lamon,  AngŤle Dubeau
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Carl Philipp Ensemble,  Tafelmusik Baroque Orchestra,  La Pieta
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 88.
    Electronic Symphonica / David Kempers, Et Al
    Label: Four Winds   Catalog: 3027 Release Date: 09/19/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Christian Sinding,  Igor Stravinsky,  Gustav Holst,  Camille Saint-SaŽns  ... 
    Performer:  James Hebert,  Chris Harwood,  David Kempers,  Frederick R. Matzen  ... 
    CD: $15.99
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  • 89.
    Encore - Dukas, Frank, Saint-Saens / Michel Plasson
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 55677 Release Date: 07/18/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Paul Dukas,  Cťsar Franck,  Sylvio Lazzari,  Henri Duparc  ... 
    Conductor:  Michel Plasson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toulouse Capitole Orchestra
    CD: $5.99
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  • 90.
    Henry Merckel - Historical Recordings 1930-1935
    Label: Music & Arts Programs Of America   Catalog: 1178 Release Date: 03/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Edouard Lalo
    Performer:  Henri Merckel
    Conductor:  Piero Coppola
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pasdeloup Concert Association Orchestra
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  • 91.
    Infernal Violins / AngŤle Dubeau, La Pietŗ
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 28723 Release Date: 02/17/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Keith Richards,  Luigi Boccherini,  Karol Szymanowski,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Performer:  AngŤle Dubeau
    Conductor:  AngŤle Dubeau
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Pieta
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  • 92.
    Saint-saŽns: Carnival Of The Animals, Etc / Ma, Biggs, Et Al
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 87277 Release Date: 04/15/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns
    Performer:  E. Power Biggs,  Michel Cals,  Philippe Entremont,  Alain Marion  ... 
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Philippe Entremont
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
    CD: $6.99
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  • 93.
    Saint-saŽns, Lalo: Violin Concertos, Etc / Merckel, Coppola
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 2028 Release Date: 11/26/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Edouard Lalo
    Performer:  Henri Merckel
    Conductor:  Philippe Gaubert,  Piero Coppola
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paris Symphony Orchestra,  Pasdeloup Concert Association Orchestra
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  • 94.
    Saint-saens: Symphony No 3, Etc;  Poulenc / Martinon, Et Al
    Label: Apex   Catalog: 89244 Release Date: 09/17/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Francis Poulenc
    Performer:  Marie-Claire Alain
    Conductor:  Jean Martinon
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $8.99
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  • 95.
    Dancing Flutes / Die 14 Berliner FlŲtisten
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm) Gold   Catalog: 3081114 Release Date: 08/27/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gerardo Matos RodrŪguez,  Amilcare Ponchielli,  A. Malando,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  14 Berlin Flutes
    CD: $18.99
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  • 96.
    Homage To Horowitz / Valery Kuleshov
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1188 Release Date: 10/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Performer:  Valery Kuleshov
    On sale! $21.99
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  • 97.
    Sibelius: Symphony No 5, Karelia Suite / Gibson, Lso
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 468488 Release Date: 07/11/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean Sibelius,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Franz Liszt  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Alexander Gibson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra
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  • 98.
    Infernal Violins - Tartini, Et Al / Dubeau, La Pietŗ
    Label: Analekta   Catalog: 28718 Release Date: 01/30/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Luigi Boccherini,  Traditional,  Karol Szymanowski,  Manuel de Falla  ... 
    Performer:  AngŤle Dubeau
    Conductor:  AngŤle Dubeau
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Pieta
    ArkivCD $32.28
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  • 99.
    Devil's Dance / Gil Shaham
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463483 Release Date: 09/12/2000   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  EugŤne Ysaˇe,  William Bolcom,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Giuseppe Tartini  ... 
    Performer:  Jonathan Feldman,  Gil Shaham
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  • 100.
    French Orchestral Favorites - Dukas, Debussy, Satie / Pretre, Ortf National Orchestra
    Label: Emi Seraphim   Catalog: 73427 Release Date: 06/15/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Erik Satie,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Andrť Gantiez,  MichŤle Boussinot,  Philippe Pierlot
    Conductor:  Georges PrÍtre
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra
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