Camille Saint-SaŽns

Biography

Born: Oct 9, 1835; France   Died: Dec 16, 1921; Algeria   Period: Romantic
Camille Saint-SaŽns was something of an anomaly among French composers of the nineteenth century in that he wrote in virtually all genres, including opera, symphonies, concertos, songs, sacred and secular choral music, solo piano, and chamber music. He was generally not a pioneer, though he did help to revive some earlier and largely forgotten dance forms, like the bourťe and gavotte. He was a conservative who wrote many popular scores scattered Read more throughout the various genres: the Piano Concerto No. 2, Symphony No. 3 ("Organ"), the symphonic poem Danse macabre, the opera Samson et Dalila, and probably his most widely performed work, The Carnival of The Animals. While he remained a composer closely tied to tradition and traditional forms in his later years, he did develop a more arid style, less colorful and, in the end, less appealing. He was also a poet and playwright of some distinction.
Saint-SaŽns was born in Paris on October 9, 1835. He was one of the most precocious musicians ever, beginning piano lessons with his aunt at two-and-a-half and composing his first work at three. At age seven he studied composition with Pierre Maledin. When he was ten, he gave a concert that included Beethoven's Third Piano Concerto, Mozart's B flat Concerto, K. 460, along with works by Bach, Handel, and Hummel. In his academic studies, he displayed the same genius, learning languages and advanced mathematics with ease and celerity. He would also develop keen, lifelong interests in geology and astronomy.
In 1848, he entered the Paris Conservatory and studied organ and composition, the latter with Halťvy. By his early twenties, following the composition of two symphonies, he had won the admiration and support of Berlioz, Liszt, Gounod, Rossini, and other notable figures. From 1853 to 1876, he held church organist posts; he also taught at the …cole Niedermeyer (1861-1865). He composed much throughout his early years, turning out the 1853 Symphony in F ("Urbs Roma"), a Mass (1855) and several concertos, including the popular second, for piano (1868).
In 1875, Saint-SaŽns married the 19-year-old Marie Truffot, bringing on perhaps the saddest chapter in his life. The union produced two children who died within six weeks of each other, one from a four-story fall. The marriage ended in 1881. Oddly, this dark period in his life produced some of his most popular works, including Danse macabre (1875) and Samson et Dalila (1878). After the tragic events of his marriage, Saint-SaŽns developed a fondness for Faurť and his family, acting as a second father to Faurť's children.
But he also remained very close to his mother, who had opposed his marriage. When she died in 1888, the composer fell into a deep depression, even contemplating suicide for a time. He did much travel in the years that followed and developed an interest in Algeria and Egypt, which eventually inspired him to write Africa (1891) and his Piano Concerto No. 5, the "Egyptian". He also turned out works unrelated to exotic places, such as his popular and most enduring serious composition, the Symphony No. 3.
Curiously, after 1890, Saint-SaŽns' music was regarded with some condescension in his homeland, while in England and the United States he was hailed as France's greatest living composer well into the twentieth century. Saint-SaŽns experienced an especially triumphant concert tour when he visited the U.S. in 1915. In the last two decades of his life, he remained attached to his dogs and was largely a loner. He died in Algeria on December 16, 1921. Read less
Alvars, Albrechtsberger, Saint-saŽns: Harp Concertos / Elizabeth Hainen
Release Date: 05/10/2011   Label: Avie  
Catalog: 2221   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Samson et Dalila, Op. 47: Printemps, qui commence

Browse 51-62 of 62 Available Recordings
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  • 51.
    Callas - La Divina - Complete
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 65746 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Ruggero Leoncavallo,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Performer:  Tito Gobbi,  Maria Callas,  Nicolai Gedda,  Rolando Panerai  ... 
    Conductor:  Alceo Galliera,  Tullio Serafin,  Herbert von Karajan,  Antonino Votto  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Paris Opera Orchestra  ... 
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  • 52.
    Famous Opera Arias / Marjana Lipovsek, Giuseppe Patanť
    Label: Orfeo   Catalog: 179891 Release Date: 05/23/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Jules Massenet,  Georges Bizet,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Marjana Lipovsek
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Patanť
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 53.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Conchita Supervia
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89023 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Engelbert Humperdinck,  Gioachino Rossini,  Richard Strauss,  Camille Saint-SaŽns  ... 
    Performer:  Conchita Supervia,  Ines Maria Ferraris,  Giovanni Manurita,  Anita Apolloni  ... 
    Conductor:  Angelo Albergoni
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 54.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Ebe Stignani
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89014 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Ambroise Thomas,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Ebe Stignani,  Gina Cigna
    Conductor:  Armando La Rosa Parodi,  Ugo Tansini,  Gino Marinuzzi,  Vittorio Gui
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  EIAR Symphony Orchestra Turin
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  • 55.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Rossette Anday
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89046 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Rosette Anday,  Herbert Dawson
    Conductor:  Karl Alwin,  Robert Heger,  Julius PrŁwer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna State Opera Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra
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  • 56.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Sara Dolukhanova
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89066 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  George Frideric Handel,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Zara Dolukhanova,  Galina Sakharova
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  • 57.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Sigrid Onegin
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89027 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Sigrid Onegin
    Conductor:  Rosario Bourdon,  Leo Blech,  Kurt Singer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin Doctor's Chorus
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  • 58.
    The Art Of Emmi Leisner
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89210 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Traditional,  AntonŪn DvorŠk,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Raucheisen,  Emmi Leisner,  Kurt Grosse
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pozniak Trio
    On sale! $46.98
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  • 59.
    The Harold Wayne Collection Vol 13 - Fonotipia
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1113 Release Date: 09/01/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Amilcare Ponchielli,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Elise Feinhals,  Oreste Luppi,  Ferruccio Corradetti,  Antonio Magini-Coletti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Chorus
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  • 60.
    Callas - La Divina 2
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 55016 Release Date: 07/19/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gaetano Donizetti,  Francesco CilŤa,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Camille Saint-SaŽns  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Jane Berbiť,  Nadine Sautereau
    Conductor:  Tullio Serafin,  Georges PrÍtre,  Nicola Rescigno,  Franco Ghione
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Philharmonia Chorus,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
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  • 61.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Karin Branzell
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89039 Release Date: 03/31/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Wagner,  Camille Saint-SaŽns,  Georges Bizet,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Karin Branzell
    On sale! $19.98
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  • 62.
    Prima Voce - Supervia In Opera & Song
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7836 Release Date: 12/02/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Jose Baldomir,  Georges Bizet,  Joaquin Valverde  ... 
    Performer:  Conchita Supervia,  Giovanni Manurita,  Carlo Scattola,  Gaston Micheletti  ... 
    Conductor:  Angelo Albergoni,  Gustav CloŽz,  Jose Juan Cadenas,  Antonio Capdevila  ... 
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