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Miklós Rózsa

Biography

Born: April 18, 1907; Budapest, Hungary   Died: July 27, 1995; Los Angeles, CA  
Miklos Rozsa already had a promising career as a composer in the concert hall when he started writing movie scores in the mid-1930s. By the end of that decade, he was working on the most expensive movie being made in England, and by the end of the decade that followed, he was under contract to the biggest studio in Hollywood.

Born into a well-to-do family in Budapest, Rozsa's musical sensibilities were shaped by his contact with the
Read more Magyar peasants who lived around his father's summer estate. As a boy he could read music before he could read words, and proved a natural musician, taking up the violin at age six. His earliest influences as a student were Béla Bartók and Zoltán Kodály, who were regarded as dangerous radicals at the time. After studying at the Leipzig Conservatory, Rozsa embarked on a career as a composer and saw early success with his Variations On a Hungarian Peasant Song and his Theme, Variations and Finale -- the latter entered the repertory of several major conductors, including Bruno Walter, in the mid-1930s, and Rozsa received encouragement in his career from none other than Richard Strauss. He began writing music for films at the inspiration and suggestion of his friend Arthur Honegger -- Rozsa needed the income, and he liked the idea of writing music that would get performed and recorded quickly. Rozsa established himself as a film composer at London Films, the British studio founded by his fellow Hungarian Alexander Korda, and after impressing Korda with his work on thrillers like Knight Without Armor (1937), the producer chose Rozsa as the composer for his Arabian Nights fantasy film The Thief of Baghdad (1940). The latter proved too ambitious and expensive to finish in England once the war broke out, and the production was moved to Hollywood, and Rozsa with it. He spent the next eight years as a successful freelance composer, winning his first Oscar with his score for Alfred Hitchcock's Spellbound (1945), which broke new ground in movie music with its use of the electronic instrument the theremin (and also yielded a popular piece of light classical music with the Spellbound Concerto). He became known for his ability to score crime movies, particularly the category now known as film noir, psychologically oriented tales of personal and criminal disorder, including The Killers (1946) and The Naked City (1947). In 1948, after winning his second Oscar (for A Double Life), Rozsa joined MGM, then the biggest studio in Hollywood, where he earned a third Oscar (for Ben-Hur (1959)) and a brace of nominations; his music graced some of the biggest movies of the era, including epics like Quo Vadis (1949) and costume adventure yarns such as Ivanhoe (1952), and serious topical dramas like The Red Danube (1949). Rozsa continued writing for the concert hall, although as a post-Romantic composer whose work was rooted in tonality, he found himself out of favor with the critics as early as 1943, when his Theme, Variations and Finale was performed by the New York Philharmonic. That didn't stop the performances or prevent commissions from coming in; he wrote his Violin Concerto for Jascha Heifetz, and into the 1960s and 1970s was writing concertos for piano, cello, and viola that were performed and recorded by such soloists as Leonard Pennario and Janos Starker. Rozsa remained active into the 1980s, composing music for a new generation of filmmakers, including Alain Resnais. At the time of his death in 1995, his concert and film music were in the process of being rediscovered and newly recorded. Read less
Rózsa: Sonata For Solo Violin, Variations / Quint, Wolfram
Release Date: 09/25/2007   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8570190   Number of Discs: 1
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Rózsa: Viola Concerto, Hungarian Serenade / Smolij, Karni, Et Al
Release Date: 12/16/2008   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8570925   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 1-25 of 102 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    The Band of Her Majesty's Royal Marines - 350th Anniversary Celebration
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 308729 Release Date: 11/04/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Henry Russell,  Traditional,  Gustav Holst,  Franz Schubert  ... 
    Performer:  Nicola Moloney
    Conductor:  Lt. Col. N. J. Grace,  Sir Vivian Dunn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Her Majesty's Royal Marines Band
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  • 2.
    Phase 4 Stereo - Stereo Concert Series
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002188302 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 41
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Charles A. Zimmerman,  Francis S. Van Boskerck,  George Norton  ... 
    Performer:  Stanley Black,  David Parkhouse,  Alan Loveday,  Robert Merrill  ... 
    Conductor:  Rodney Bashford,  Stanley Black,  Bernard Herrmann,  Edward Downes  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grenadier Guards Band,  London Festival Orchestra,  London Festival Recording Ensemble  ... 
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  • 3.
    Escape to Paradise - The Hollywood Album / Daniel Hope
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002145302 Release Date: 09/02/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Miklós Rózsa,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Hanns Eisler  ... 
    Performer:  Daniel Hope,  Maria Todtenhaupt,  Sting,  Jacques Ammon  ... 
    Conductor:  Alexander Shelley
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra,  Deutsches Kammerorchester Berlin Quartet,  Deutsches Kammerorchester Berlin Quintet
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  • 4.
    Miklos Rozsa's Double Life: Concert Music For Strings
    Label: Equilibrium   Catalog: 121 Release Date: 08/12/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Miklós Rózsa
    Performer:  Marjorie Bagley,  Michael Carrera,  Stephen Swedish
    Conductor:  Steven Huang
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Of Moldova
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  • 5.
    Brahms, Rozsa: Clarinet Sonatas
    Label: Avie   Catalog: 2311 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Miklós Rózsa
    Performer:  Jean Johnson,  Steven Osborne
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  • 6.
    Play It Again: Classic Sound Of Hollywood
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 303384 Release Date: 04/01/2014   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Waxman,  Dimitri Tiomkin,  Daniele Amfitheatrof,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Gerhardt,  Maurice Jarre,  Esa-Pekka Salonen,  Elmer Bernstein  ... 
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  • 7.
    Jascha Heifetz Plays Great Violin Concertos
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 7761382 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Felix Mendelssohn  ... 
    Performer:  Jascha Heifetz,  Osian Ellis,  William Primrose,  Thornton Lofthouse  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Munch,  Fritz Reiner,  Walter Hendl,  Sir Malcolm Sargent  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra  ... 
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  • 8.
    Rozsa: Film Music / Gamba, BBC PO
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10806 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Miklós Rózsa
    Conductor:  Rumon Gamba
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 9.
    Games Of Light
    Label: Msr   Catalog: 1457 Release Date: 01/14/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Charles Koechlin,  William Alwyn,  Miklós Rózsa,  Arthur Willner
    Performer:  Francesca Arnone
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  • 10.
    The Golden Age Of Hollywood
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra   Catalog: 24 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Steiner,  Maurice Jarre,  Elmer Bernstein,  Ennio Morricone  ... 
    Performer:  Howard McGill,  Mike Allen,  Kyle Horch
    Conductor:  David Firman
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  • 11.
    Label: Lim   Catalog: 69 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Miklós Rózsa,  John T. Williams,  Recorded Sound,  Michael Kamen  ... 
    Performer:  Paul Piller,  Timothy Berens,  Heather MacPhail,  John Birge  ... 
    Conductor:  Erich Kunzel
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  • 12.
    Rozsa: String Quartets No 1 & 2, String Trio / Tippett Quartet
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572903 Release Date: 10/29/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Miklós Rózsa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Tippett String Quartet
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  • 13.
    The Golden Age Of Light Music: Cinema Classics
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 5202 Release Date: 07/09/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Max Steiner,  Elmer Bernstein,  Miklós Rózsa,  Richard Addinsell  ... 
    Performer:  Ronnie Aldrich,  Russ Conway
    Conductor:  Cyril Ornadel,  Al Caiola,  Ken Jones,  Billy Vaughn  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Dreamers
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  • 14.
    Works For Violin And Cello / Friedemann Eichhorn, Alexander Hulshoff
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 93301 Release Date: 06/25/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Zoltán Kodály,  Mátyás Seiber,  Miklós Rózsa,  Zoltán Székely  ... 
    Performer:  Friedemann Eichhorn,  Alexander Hülshoff
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  • 15.
    The Heifetz-Piatigorsky Concerts Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 545145 Release Date: 05/07/2013   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Maurice Ravel,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Gregor Piatigorsky,  Laurence Lesser,  Paul Rosenthal,  Israel Baker  ... 
    Conductor:  Alfred Wallenstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra
    On sale! $69.98
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  • 16.
    Bartok: Improvisations On Hungarian Peasant Songs; Rosza: Sonate Fur Klavier; Carter: Piano Sonata
    Label: Bridge   Catalog: 9388 Release Date: 03/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Béla Bartók,  Miklós Rózsa,  Elliott Carter
    Performer:  Martin Perry
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  • 17.
    50 Best Romantic Piano Classics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 333232 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Edvard Grieg,  Franz Liszt,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Cécile Ousset,  Leif Ove Andsnes,  John Ogdon,  Garrick Ohlsson  ... 
    Conductor:  Simon Rattle,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Jerzy Maksymiuk,  Mariss Jansons  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rostal & Schaefer Piano Duo
    CD: $11.99
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  • 18.
    50 Best Sensual Classics
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 333022 Release Date: 02/26/2013   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  James Horner,  Pietro Mascagni,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Nino Rota  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-Bernard Pommier,  Cécile Ousset,  Mikhail Rudy,  Natasha Marsh  ... 
    Conductor:  Mariss Jansons,  Lawrence Foster,  Simon Rattle,  François-Xavier Roth  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Twelve Cellists of the Berlin Philharmonic,  Ahn Trio,  Virtuosi
    CD: $11.99
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  • 19.
    Gidon Kremer - Anniversary Edition
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2059408 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Astor Piazzolla,  Alfred Schnittke,  Miklós Rózsa  ... 
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer
    Conductor:  Gidon Kremer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Kremerata Baltica
    DVD: $29.99
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  • 20.
    Rozsa: Violin Concerto, Concerto for Strings / Pike, Gamba, BBC PO
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10738 Release Date: 10/30/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Miklós Rózsa
    Performer:  Jennifer Pike
    Conductor:  Rumon Gamba
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  • 21.
    Nocturnes For Guitar / Giorgio Mirto
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 9258 Release Date: 07/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Giorgio Mirto,  Livio Torresan,  Roberto Manca,  Rosolino Di Salvo  ... 
    Performer:  Giorgio Mirto
    CD: $11.99
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  • 22.
    Ben Hur
    Label: Carl Davis Collect   Catalog: 14 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Miklós Rózsa
    Conductor:  Carl Davis
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  • 23.
    The Golden Age Of Hollywood Vol 3 / Bernas, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra   Catalog: 23 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leonard Bernstein,  Elmer Bernstein,  David Rose,  Victor Young  ... 
    Conductor:  Richard Bernas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 24.
    The Golden Age Of Hollywood Vol 2 / Serebrier, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra   Catalog: 22 Release Date: 02/28/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Bernard Herrmann,  Max Steiner,  Erich Wolfgang Korngold,  Elmer Bernstein  ... 
    Performer:  Clio Gould,  Jamie Talbot
    Conductor:  José Serebrier
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 25.
    Label: Ars Produktion   Catalog: 381205 Release Date: 01/01/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Danny Elfman,  Paul Lavender,  Carlos Gardel,  Hans Zimmer  ... 
    Performer:  Sergej Synelnikov,  Juliane Sigler
    Conductor:  Stefan Fraas
    SuperAudio CD: $19.99
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