Mstislav Rostropovich

Composers

Biography

Born: March 27, 1927; Azerbaijan   Died: April 27, 2007; Russia  
Mstislav Rostropovich was one of the great cellists, and one of the leading conductors, of his time. His performances in both arenas were characterized by a direct and strongly emotional style, and the often turbulent events of his life, including exile from his native Soviet Union, often resonated with his music making. His father, Leopold, was an acclaimed cellist and his mother was a professional pianist. In 1931, the family returned to Read more Moscow, where Leopold taught at the Gnesin Institute. Taught by his father from the age of three, "Slava" gave his first recital at eight. He entered the Central Music School in 1939, remaining until 1941. In 1943 he entered the Moscow Conservatory. He studied cello with Semyon Kozolupov and composition with Vissarion Shebalin and Dmitri Shostakovich. He became a musical secretary to composer Sergei Prokofiev, and helped persuade the composer to rewrite his failed cello concerto in E minor as the Symphony-Concerto for Cello and Orchestra, Op. 125, one of the major masterpieces for the instrument.

Rostropovich won the International Competition for Cellists in Prague in 1950, and began to concertize throughout Russia. His first appearance in the West was in Florence in 1951. He married Galina Vishnevskaya, the star soprano of the Bol'shoi Opera. The couple found themselves at odds with the authorities for the first time, since she was then being amorously pursued by Soviet President Nikolai Bulganin, who canceled their long-planned 1956 tour of the West. But Bulganin was losing power to Party Secretary Khrushchev, and the tour was reinstated, allowing Rostropovich to debut in London at the Festival Hall in March and at Carnegie Hall in New York in April. He was immediately hailed as a great international star.

Returning to the U.S.S.R., Rostropovich found composers clamoring to write for him. The greatest of them, Shostakovich, wrote both his cello concertos for him. When the cellist brought the first concerto to the West for the first time, he premiered it on LP in a magnificent recording with Eugene Ormandy and the Philadelphia Orchestra, beginning a great discography of Western recordings. On the same tour, English composer Benjamin Britten attended the London premiere of the concerto, initiating another great musical friendship with Rostropovich that led to Britten writing five masterpieces for the cello (three solo suites, a sonata, and the Cello Symphony), and a song cycle for Galina.

In 1969, Rostropovich protested official mistreatment of the writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn in a letter that circulated in the West, embarrassing Soviet officials. Rostropovich and Vishnevskaya saw their scheduled concerts suddenly cancelled, and the soprano was expelled from the Bol'shoi roster. In 1974 the government granted their request to visit the West for two years, then exiled them by revoking their Soviet citizenship. Rostropovich became invisible at home, but a major star in the West. He bought the famous "Duport" Stradivarius. In September he made a London conducting debut with the New Philharmonic Orchestra and in March debuted with the National Symphony Orchestra of Washington, D.C. He was appointed its music director in 1977.

In 1990 Soviet President Gorbachev reversed the Rostropovich's expulsion, resulting in an emotional return documented in the film "Soldiers of Music." When Russian President Boris Yeltsin stood up to Soviet military power, Rostropovich rushed to stand beside him in the events that led to the collapse of Soviet power. He then stepped down from leadership of the Washington orchestra, but appeared as cellist and conductor around the world. He made his first recordings of Bach's six cello suites in 1991, the result of a lifetime of study. He was a major force in inspiring new cello works from the great composers of his time. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 183 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Sound of Piazzolla
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 561762 Release Date: 05/26/2017  
    Composer:  Astor Piazzolla
    Performer:  Alison Balsom,  Martha Argerich,  David Aaron Carpenter,  Jacques Ammon  ... 
    Conductor:  Edward Gardner,  Christina Pluhar,  Rolf Gupta,  Gidon Kremer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Cellos,  Artemis String Quartet  ... 
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  • 2.
    Brahms, Popper, Debussy & Scriabin: Works for Cello & Piano / Rostropovich, Dedyukhin
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 559861 Release Date: 03/24/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Claude Debussy,  David Popper,  Alexander Scriabin
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Alexander Dedyuhkin
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  • 3.
    Dvorak & Saint-Saens: Cello Concertos / Rostropovich, Giulini
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 559864 Release Date: 03/24/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Camille Saint-Saëns
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Milhaud, Honegger, Hoddinott: Cello Concertos / Rostropovich, Nagano, London Symphony
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 559871 Release Date: 03/24/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Darius Milhaud,  Arthur Honegger,  Alun Hoddinott
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Kent Nagano
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 5.
    Mstislav Rostropovich: Cellist of the Century
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 559857 Release Date: 03/24/2017   Number of Discs: 43
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Nikolay Myaskovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Alexander Dedyukhin,  Alexander Dedyuhkin,  David Oistrakh  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Sargent,  Sir Adrian Boult,  George Szell,  Herbert von Karajan  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Cleveland Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $166.99
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  • 6.
    Saint-Saens & Myaskovsky: Cello Concertos / Rostropovich
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 559868 Release Date: 03/24/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Nikolay Myaskovsky
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Sargent
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 7.
    Schnittke: Concerto for 3, String Trio, Minuet & Canon / Kremer, Bashmet, Rostropovich
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 559872 Release Date: 03/24/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alfred Schnittke,  Alban Berg
    Performer:  Yuri Bashmet,  Gidon Kremer,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Soloists
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  • 8.
    Schumann: Cello Concerto - Bloch: Schelomo / Rostropovich, Bernstein
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 559882 Release Date: 03/24/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Ernest Bloch
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  French National Orchestra
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  • 9.
    Strauss: Don Quixote / Rostropovich, Karajan, Berlin Philharmonic
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 559886 Release Date: 03/24/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Richard Strauss
    Performer:  Ulrich Koch,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 10.
    The Russian Years: Shostakovich Cello Concertos / Rostropovich
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 559885 Release Date: 03/24/2017   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Yevgeny Svetlanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 11.
    The Sound of Mstislav Rostropovich
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 560248 Release Date: 03/24/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Franz Joseph Haydn,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Antonín Dvorák,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich
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  • 12.
    Tchaikovsky: The String Quartets & Souvenir de Florence / Rostropovich, Talalyan, Borodin Quartet
    Label: Urania Records   Catalog: 321 Release Date: 02/17/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Genrikh Talalyan
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Borodin String Quartet
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  • 13.
    Slava! - The Art of Rostropovich
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4797043 Release Date: 01/27/2017   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Martha Argerich,  Alexander Dedyukhin,  Vladimir Yampolsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Grigori Stolyarov,  Seiji Ozawa
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  All-Union Radio Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $21.99
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  • 14.
    The Year 1917: Music in Turbulent Times
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4796969 Release Date: 01/27/2017   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi,  Béla Bartók,  Manuel de Falla,  Gustav Holst  ... 
    Performer:  Julius Drake,  Ian Bostridge,  Eric Schneider,  Anna Prohaska  ... 
    Conductor:  Giuseppe Sinopoli,  Pierre Boulez,  Lorin Maazel,  William Steinberg  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 15.
    Mstislav Rostropovich: Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002593102 Release Date: 01/06/2017   Number of Discs: 37
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Antonín Dvorák,  Alexander Glazunov  ... 
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Martha Argerich,  Rudolf Serkin,  Bruno Giuranna  ... 
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky,  Herbert von Karajan,  Seiji Ozawa,  Paul Sacher  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $119.98
    CD: $111.49
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  • 16.
    The Complete Chopin: Deluxe Edition
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002599300 Release Date: 12/16/2016   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Krystian Zimerman,  Jan Lisiecki,  Anatol Ugorski,  Maurizio Pollini  ... 
    Conductor:  Krystian Zimerman,  Krzysztof Urbanski,  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Polish Festival Orchestra,  North German Radio Elbphilharmonie Orchestra,  Beaux Arts Trio  ... 
    On sale! $109.98
    CD: $101.49
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  • 17.
    50 Classical Masterworks
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002596702 Release Date: 12/02/2016   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Richard Strauss,  Bedrich Smetana,  Johannes Brahms,  Antonín Dvorák  ... 
    Performer:  David Garrett,  Hélčne Grimaud,  Max Richter,  Daniel Hope  ... 
    Conductor:  Gustavo Dudamel,  Rafael Kubelik,  Herbert von Karajan,  André de Ridder  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra,  Konzerthaus Kammerorchester Berlin  ... 
    CD: $15.99
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  • 18.
    Complete Concerto Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon / Kremer
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002582102 Release Date: 11/18/2016   Number of Discs: 22
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Alban Berg,  Ludwig van Beethoven  ... 
    Performer:  Gidon Kremer,  Heinz Holliger,  Mischa Maisky,  Rainer Keuschnig  ... 
    Conductor:  Gidon Kremer,  Pierre Boulez,  Sir Colin Davis,  Emil Tchakarov  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $103.49
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  • 19.
    Sviatoslav Richter: The Complete Warner Recordings
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 557828 Release Date: 10/21/2016   Number of Discs: 24
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Béla Bartók,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Alban Berg  ... 
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  David Oistrakh,  Oleg Kagan  ... 
    Conductor:  Yuri Bashmet,  Lorin Maazel,  Herbert von Karajan,  Riccardo Muti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra di Padova e del Veneto,  Paris Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
    On sale! $54.98
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  • 20.
    Tishchenko: Violin Concerto, Cello Concerto & Suzdal / Sero, Leningrad Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Northern Flowers   Catalog: 9967 Release Date: 10/14/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Boris Tishchenko
    Performer:  Viktor Liberman,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Anastassiya Tischenko,  Anatoly Manukhov  ... 
    Conductor:  Eduard Serov,  Igor Blazhkov
    CD: $16.99
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  • 21.
    Mstislav Rostropovich Plays Prokofiev
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 250337 Release Date: 09/30/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Sergei Prokofiev
    Performer:  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Alexander Dedyukhin
    Conductor:  Gennadi Rozhdestvensky
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  USSR Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $22.99
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  • 22.
    Emerson String Quartet: Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002514572 Release Date: 07/15/2016   Number of Discs: 52
    Composer:  Franz Schubert,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Béla Bartók,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Performer:  Carol Wincenc,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Thomas Hampson,  Menahem Pressler  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Emerson String Quartet
    On sale! $167.98
    CD: $137.49
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  • 23.
    Chopin: Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon / Argerich
    Label: Dg Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 002512302 Release Date: 06/24/2016   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Frédéric Chopin
    Performer:  Martha Argerich,  Mischa Maisky,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado,  Mstislav Rostropovich
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  National Symphony, Washington, D. C.
    CD: $26.99
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  • 24.
    Great Moments at Carnegie Hall (Selected Highlights)
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 530420 Release Date: 05/06/2016   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Frédéric Chopin,  Paul de Schlözer,  Sergei Rachmaninov  ... 
    Performer:  Ronald Turini,  Artur Rubinstein,  Jorge Bolet,  Van Cliburn  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Arturo Toscanini,  André Previn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra of St. Luke's
    CD: $11.99
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  • 25.
    Great Moments at Carnegie Hall
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 503227 Release Date: 04/29/2016   Number of Discs: 43
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Roy Harris,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Christoph W. Gluck  ... 
    Performer:  Vladimir Horowitz,  Jussi Björling,  Frederick Schauwecker,  Van Cliburn  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini,  Serge Koussevitzky,  Bruno Walter,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
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