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Gioachino Rossini

Biography

Born: Feb 29, 1792; Italy   Died: Nov 13, 1868; France   Period: Romantic
Gioachino Rossini's parents were both working musicians. His father played the horn and taught at the prestigious Accademia Filharmonica in Bologna, and his mother, although not formally trained, was a soprano. Rossini was taught and encouraged at home until he eventually enrolled at the Liceo Musicale in Bologna. After graduation from that institution, the young musician was commissioned by the Venetian Teatro San Moise to compose La cambiale di Read more matrimonio, a comedy in one act. In 1812, Rossini wrote La pietra del paragone, for La Scala theater in Milan and was already, at the tender age of 20, Italy's most prominent composer.
In 1815, Rossini accepted a contract to work for the theaters in Naples, where he would remain until 1822, composing prolifically in comfort. He composed 19 operas during this tenure, focusing his attention on opera seria and creating one of his most famous serious works, Otello, for the Teatro San Carlos. While he served in this capacity, Rossini met and courted Isabella Colbran, a local soprano whom he would eventually marry. Other cities, too, clamored for Rossini's works, and it was for Roman audiences that he composed the sparkling comedies Il barbiere di Siviglia (The Barber of Seville, 1816) and La cenerentola (Cinderella, 1817).
In 1822, Rossini left Naples and embarked on a European tour. The Italian musician was received enthusiastically to say the least, and enjoyed fame and acclaim everywhere. Even Beethoven, at the opposite stylistic pole in the musical scene of the day, praised him. The following year, Rossini was commissioned to write Semiramide, a serious opera, for La Fenice, a theater in Venice. This work was less successful in its own day than some of his previous efforts, but spawned several arias that remain part of any vocalist's songbook. In 1824, Rossini traveled, via London, to Paris where he would live for five years and serve as the music director at the Théâtre Italien from 1824 to 1826. The composer gained commissions from other opera houses in France, including the Paris Opéra. Rossini composed his final opera, Guillaume Tell (1829), before retiring from composition in that genre at the age of 37. Its overture is not only a concert favorite but an unmistakable reflection and continuation of Beethoven's heroic ideal. The catalog of work Rossini had written at the time of his retirement included 32 operas, two symphonies, numerous cantatas, and a handful of oratorios and chamber music pieces. After moving back to Italy, Rossini became a widower in 1845. His marriage to Isabella Colbran had not been particularly happy, and shortly after her death, the composer married Olympe Pelissier, a woman who had been his mistress.
In 1855, Rossini, along with his new bride, moved once again, this time settling in Passy, a suburb of Paris. He spent the remaining years of his life writing sacred music as well as delectable miniatures for both piano and voice (some of which he called "sins of my old age"). He was revered from the time he was a teenager until his death. Rossini was buried in Paris' Père Lachaise cemetery in proximity to the graves of Vincenzo Bellini, Luigi Cherubini, and Frédéric Chopin. In 1887, Rossini's grave was transferred from Paris to Santa Croce, in Florence, in a ceremony attended by more than 6,000 admirers.
Rossini's chief legacy remains his extraordinary contribution to the operatic repertoire. His comedic masterpieces, including L'Italiana in Algeri, La gazza ladra, and perhaps his most famous work, Il barbiere di Siviglia, are regarded as cornerstones of the genre along with works by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Giuseppe Verdi. Read less
Rossini: Il Turco In Italia / Chailly, Bartoli
Release Date: 04/14/1998   Label: Decca  
Catalog: 458924   Number of Discs: 2
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Rossini: Il Barbiere Di Siviglia / Florez, DiDonato, Spagnoli
Release Date: 04/20/2010   Label: Virgin Classics  
Catalog: 94581   Number of Discs: 2
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Rossini: Guillaume Tell / Muti, Zancanaro, Merritt, La Scala
Release Date: 06/15/2004   Label: Opus Arte  
Catalog: 3002   Number of Discs: 2
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Rossini:  La Donna Del Lago / Muti, Blake, Merritt, Et Al
Release Date: 01/18/2005   Label: Opus Arte  
Catalog: 3009   Number of Discs: 1
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Rossini: Tancredi / Weikert, Horne, Cuberli, Palacio
Release Date: 10/25/1990   Label: Sony  
Catalog: 39073   Number of Discs: 3
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Work: Il barbiere di Siviglia: La calunnia è un venticello

Browse 76-86 of 86 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Alexander Kipnis
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89019 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Traditional,  Richard Strauss  ... 
    Performer:  Alexander Kipnis,  Else Ruziczka
    Conductor:  Clemens Schmalstich,  Erich Orthmann
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin State Opera Orchestra,  Berlin State Opera Chorus
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  • 77.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Feodor Chaliapin
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89030 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anton Rubinstein,  Gioachino Rossini,  Mikhail Glinka,  Léo Delibes  ... 
    Performer:  Feodor Chaliapin,  Maria Kovalenko,  Maria Michailova
    Conductor:  Carlo Sabajno,  I. P. Arkadiev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Imperial Moscow Opera Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Feodor Schaljapin Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89087 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Dargomizhsky,  Mikhail Glinka,  Gioachino Rossini,  Alexander Borodin  ... 
    Performer:  Feodor Chaliapin,  Georgi Pozemkovsky,  Olive Kline,  Florence Austral  ... 
    Conductor:  Max Steinmann,  Rosario Bourdon,  Albert Coates,  Paul-Henri Büsser
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Marcel Journet
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89021 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Jules Massenet,  J. Luce,  Omer Letorey  ... 
    Performer:  Marcel Journet,  Michel Cozette,  Fernand Ansseau
    Conductor:  Rosario Bourdon,  Piero Coppola,  Paul-Henri Büsser
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra
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  • 80.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Nazzareno De Angelis
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89042 Release Date: 02/07/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  Arrigo Boito,  Charles Gounod  ... 
    Performer:  Nazzareno de Angelis,  Gina Cigna
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  • 81.
    Matti Salminen Sings Opera Arias
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 520 Release Date: 10/12/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Richard Strauss,  Richard Wagner,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Matti Salminen
    Conductor:  Eri Klas
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Lahti Symphony Orchestra
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  • 82.
    Rossini: Il Barbiere Di Siviglia - Highlights / Chailly
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 53501 Release Date: 06/14/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Paolo Barbacini,  Raquel Pierotti,  Samuel Ramey,  Leo Nucci  ... 
    Conductor:  Riccardo Chailly
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Chorus
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  • 83.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit - Tancredi Pasero Vol 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89074 Release Date: 03/22/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Ennio Porrino,  Arrigo Boito  ... 
    Performer:  Tancredi Pasero,  Gino Bechi,  Gina Bernelli
    Conductor:  Antonio Sabino,  Ugo Tansini,  Luigi Ricci,  Dick Marzollo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestra,  Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Rome Opera Teatro Reale Chorus  ... 
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  • 84.
    The Best Of Rossini
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67440 Release Date: 04/14/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  June Anderson,  Franck Pourcel,  Mady Mesplé,  Jane Berbié  ... 
    Conductor:  Eric Ericson,  Karl Forster,  Nicholas Cleobury,  Riccardo Muti  ... 
    CD: $14.99
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  • 85.
    Opera Arias / Samuel Ramey
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 49582 Release Date: 06/05/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Gaetano Donizetti  ... 
    Performer:  Samuel Ramey
    Conductor:  Jacques Delacôte
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Munich Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 86.
    Singers of Imperial Russia Vol II
    Label: Pearl   Catalog: 9001/3 Release Date: 10/1992   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Charles Gounod,  Mikhail Glinka,  Giacomo Meyerbeer,  Jacques Halévy  ... 
    Performer:  Lev Sibiriakov,  David Juzhin,  Polikarp Orlov,  Oskar Kamionsky  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg Chorus
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