Gioachino Rossini

Biography

Born: Feb 29, 1792; Italy   Died: Nov 13, 1868; France   Period: Romantic
Gioachino Rossini's parents were both working musicians. His father played the horn and taught at the prestigious Accademia Filharmonica in Bologna, and his mother, although not formally trained, was a soprano. Rossini was taught and encouraged at home until he eventually enrolled at the Liceo Musicale in Bologna. After graduation from that institution, the young musician was commissioned by the Venetian Teatro San Moise to compose La cambiale di Read more matrimonio, a comedy in one act. In 1812, Rossini wrote La pietra del paragone, for La Scala theater in Milan and was already, at the tender age of 20, Italy's most prominent composer.

In 1815, Rossini accepted a contract to work for the theaters in Naples, where he would remain until 1822, composing prolifically in comfort. He composed 19 operas during this tenure, focusing his attention on opera seria and creating one of his most famous serious works, Otello, for the Teatro San Carlos. While he served in this capacity, Rossini met and courted Isabella Colbran, a local soprano whom he would eventually marry. Other cities, too, clamored for Rossini's works, and it was for Roman audiences that he composed the sparkling comedies Il barbiere di Siviglia (The Barber of Seville, 1816) and La cenerentola (Cinderella, 1817).

In 1822, Rossini left Naples and embarked on a European tour. The Italian musician was received enthusiastically to say the least, and enjoyed fame and acclaim everywhere. Even Beethoven, at the opposite stylistic pole in the musical scene of the day, praised him. The following year, Rossini was commissioned to write Semiramide, a serious opera, for La Fenice, a theater in Venice. This work was less successful in its own day than some of his previous efforts, but spawned several arias that remain part of any vocalist's songbook. In 1824, Rossini traveled, via London, to Paris where he would live for five years and serve as the music director at the Théâtre Italien from 1824 to 1826. The composer gained commissions from other opera houses in France, including the Paris Opéra. Rossini composed his final opera, Guillaume Tell (1829), before retiring from composition in that genre at the age of 37. Its overture is not only a concert favorite but an unmistakable reflection and continuation of Beethoven's heroic ideal. The catalog of work Rossini had written at the time of his retirement included 32 operas, two symphonies, numerous cantatas, and a handful of oratorios and chamber music pieces. After moving back to Italy, Rossini became a widower in 1845. His marriage to Isabella Colbran had not been particularly happy, and shortly after her death, the composer married Olympe Pelissier, a woman who had been his mistress.

In 1855, Rossini, along with his new bride, moved once again, this time settling in Passy, a suburb of Paris. He spent the remaining years of his life writing sacred music as well as delectable miniatures for both piano and voice (some of which he called "sins of my old age"). He was revered from the time he was a teenager until his death. Rossini was buried in Paris' Pčre Lachaise cemetery in proximity to the graves of Vincenzo Bellini, Luigi Cherubini, and Frédéric Chopin. In 1887, Rossini's grave was transferred from Paris to Santa Croce, in Florence, in a ceremony attended by more than 6,000 admirers.

Rossini's chief legacy remains his extraordinary contribution to the operatic repertoire. His comedic masterpieces, including L'Italiana in Algeri, La gazza ladra, and perhaps his most famous work, Il barbiere di Siviglia, are regarded as cornerstones of the genre along with works by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Giuseppe Verdi. Read less

Rossini: Comic Overtures  / Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Release Date: 09/08/2009   Label: Royal Philharmonic Masterworks  
Catalog: 28240   Number of Discs: 1
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Rossini: Virtuoso Arias / Lawrence Brownlee
Release Date: 03/25/2014   Label: Delos  
Catalog: 3455   Number of Discs: 1
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Rossini: La Donna Del Lago / Muti, Anderson, Dupuy, Blake
Release Date: 08/09/1994   Label: Philips  
Catalog: 438211   Number of Discs: 2
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Rossini: La Gazza Ladra / Bartoletti, Cotrubas, Kuebler
Release Date: 06/11/2002   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 51   Number of Discs: 1
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Rossini: La Cenerentola / Glyndebourne Festival
Release Date: 02/10/2004   Label: Kultur Video  
Catalog: 2258   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Il barbiere di Siviglia: Overture

Browse 1-25 of 170 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Rossini: William Tell & Other Overtures / Goodman, Hanover Band
    Label: Newton Classics   Catalog: 8802219 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Conductor:  Roy Goodman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hanover Band
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  • 2.
    Claudio Abbado - Three Classic Albums
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001999502 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chamber Orchestra of Europe,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
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  • 3.
    Rossini: Complete Overtures Vol 4 / Benda
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8572735 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Conductor:  Christian Benda
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Sinfonia
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  • 4.
    Rossini: Complete Overtures, Vol. 2 / Benda, Prague Sinfonia [blu-ray Audio]
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 35 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Conductor:  Christian Benda
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Prague Sinfonia
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  • 5.
    Label: Lodia Compact Discs   Catalog: 775 Release Date: 11/12/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Conductor:  Carlos Paďta
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  • 6.
    Karajan - 1970s
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001873702 Release Date: 09/03/2013   Number of Discs: 82
    Composer:  Arcangelo Corelli,  Francesco Manfredini,  Pietro Antonio Locatelli,  Giuseppe Torelli  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Brandis,  Michel Schwalbé,  Karlheinz Zöller,  Edith Mathis  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  Hans Priem Bergrath
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,  Vienna Singverein,  Berlin Deutsche Oper Chorus  ... 
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  • 7.
    Verdi, Wagner: Overtures And Preludes
    Label: Urania   Catalog: 121258 Release Date: 07/01/2013   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gioachino Rossini,  Richard Wagner
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
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  • 8.
    Ouvertures Et Intermezzi
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 93486 Release Date: 05/14/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Vincenzo Bellini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Giacomo Puccini  ... 
    Conductor:  Gino Marinuzzi
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  • 9.
    Pictures / Boston Cello Quartet
    Label: Cd Baby   Catalog: 5638070466 Release Date: 02/04/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Claude Debussy  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Cello Quartet
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  • 10.
    Rossini: Overtures / Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 415363 Release Date: 12/17/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
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  • 11.
    Arturo Toscanini Conducts Rossini, Verdi & Waldteufel / Toscanini, NBC Symphony
    Label: Opus Kura   Catalog: 7061 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Emil Waldteufel
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
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  • 12.
    Label: Simply   Catalog: 1206108 Release Date: 09/04/2012   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Vincenzo Bellini,  George Frideric Handel,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Maria Callas,  Joszef Mukle,  Alberto Cupido,  Graciela Alperyn  ... 
    Conductor:  Camerata Budapest,  László Kovács,  Martin Elmquist,  Alexander Rahbari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scholars Baroque Ensemble,  I Solisti Italiani
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  • 13.
    Rossini: Operatic Overtures Vol. 10 / Laredo, Scottish Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Nimbus   Catalog: 7086 Release Date: 08/14/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Conductor:  Jaime Laredo
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Scottish Chamber Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Arturo Toscanini - The Complete RCA Collection [84 CDs + DVD]
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 791631 Release Date: 07/10/2012   Number of Discs: 85
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Johannes Brahms,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Franz Joseph Haydn  ... 
    Performer:  Eileen Farrell,  Nan Merriman,  Jan Peerce,  Norman Scott  ... 
    Conductor:  Arturo Toscanini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NBC Symphony Orchestra,  Robert Shaw Chorale,  NBC Symphony Chorus  ... 
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  • 15.
    Essential Overtures
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 27866 Release Date: 06/05/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  George Frideric Handel,  Christoph W. Gluck,  Mikhail Glinka  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Gianluigi Gelmetti,  Sir David Willcocks,  Riccardo Muti  ... 
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  • 16.
    Verdi: Requiem; Rossini: Overtures / Igor Markevitch
    Label: Ica Classics   Catalog: 5068 Release Date: 05/29/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Giuseppe Verdi,  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Nina Isakova,  Galina Vishnevskaya,  Vladimir Ivanovsky,  Ivan Petrov
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra,  Russian State Academy Chorus,  French National Orchestra
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  • 17.
    50 Best Overtures & Preludes
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 27368 Release Date: 05/22/2012   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Vincenzo Bellini  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Gianluigi Gelmetti,  Lamberto Gardelli,  Sir Colin Davis  ... 
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  • 18.
    Best Overtures 100
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 27333 Release Date: 05/22/2012   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gaetano Donizetti,  Vincenzo Bellini  ... 
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini,  Gianluigi Gelmetti,  Lamberto Gardelli,  Sir Colin Davis  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 19.
    Rossini: Operas / Claudio Abbado [9-CD Collector's Edition]
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001676502 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 9
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Performer:  Luigi Roni,  Stefania Malagú,  Renato Cesari,  Enzo Dara  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Abbado
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Ambrosian Opera Chorus,  Prague Philharmonic Chorus  ... 
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  • 20.
    Great Opera
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501054 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Gioachino Rossini,  Giuseppe Verdi,  Georges Bizet  ... 
    Performer:  Adrianne Pieczonka,  Boje Skovhus,  Renato Girolami,  Janusz Monarcha  ... 
    Conductor:  Michael Halász,  Will Humburg,  Alexander Rahbari,  Rico Saccani
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Nicolaus Esterházy Sinfonia,  Hungarian Radio Chorus,  Failoni Orchestra Budapest  ... 
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  • 21.
    Grieg: Peer Gynt Suite No 1; Rossini: Overtures / Alwyn
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4805617 Release Date: 03/27/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Gioachino Rossini
    Conductor:  Kenneth Alwyn
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  New Symphony Orchestra of London
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  • 22.
    Rossini: Overtures / Carlo Maria Giulini, Philharmonia
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 85204 Release Date: 01/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini
    Conductor:  Carlo Maria Giulini
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 23.
    Music For Two Guitars
    Label: Clear Note   Catalog: 74469 Release Date: 11/15/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Johannes Brahms,  Domenico Scarlatti,  Miroslav Loncar  ... 
    Performer:  Akerman-Teixeira Guitar Duo
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  • 24.
    50 Greatest Pieces Of Classical Music / London Philharmonic Orchestra
    Label: X5 Music Group   Catalog: 105 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Samuel Barber  ... 
    Performer:  Pieter Schoeman,  Finghin Collins,  Craig Ogden
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 25.
    Tunes From Toons / United States Military Bands
    Label: Altissimo   Catalog: ALT55922 Release Date: 10/25/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Franz Liszt,  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Johannes Brahms,  Gioachino Rossini  ... 
    Performer:  William [Tenor Vocal] Jones
    Conductor:  Ralph M. Gambone,  Albert Schoepper,  Larry H. Lang,  William F. Santelmann  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  United States Navy Band,  United States Marine Band,  United States Air Force Heritage of America Band  ... 
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