Leonard Bernstein

Biography

Born: 1918   Died: 1990   Country: USA   Period: 20th Century
As composer, conductor, and educator, Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990) emerged as one of a handful of figures in the twentieth century who truly changed the face of music. As a composer, Bernstein left a far-reaching legacy that includes three symphonies, a film score of singular distinction, (On the Waterfront), and an important body of stage works, including one of the cornerstones of American musical theater, West Side Story (1957). The first Read more American-born conductor to attain international superstardom, Bernstein made a profound impression on audiences; his podium manner was dynamic, even flamboyant, to an extent never before witnessed. Bernstein's extroverted manner attracted much criticism from those who dismissed him as a mere exhibitionist; his advocates, however, far outnumbered his detractors.

Born in Lawrence, MA, Bernstein made his mark first as a composer. He attended Harvard University, where he studied with Walter Piston among other distinguished figures. Occasionally he wrote popular songs on the side using the pseudonym Lenny Amber ("amber" being the English translation of the word "Bernstein"). His works of the 1940s, both weighty and light, brought him considerable acclaim; the single year of 1944 saw the premieres of two especially well-received scores, the Symphony No. 1, "Jeremiah", and the ballet Fancy Free. During his sometimes rocky tenure (1958-1969) as music director of the New York Philharmonic, Bernstein brought that ensemble to a new level of prestige and popularity: every Bernstein concert and recording became a much-anticipated event. Through his association with the New York Philharmonic and a neverending stream of guest engagements worldwide, Bernstein became particularly renowned as an interpreter of Mahler and Copland; he did much to carve out the prominent place in the orchestral concert repertory that both composers now maintain. Already well-known by the time he took over the New York Philharmonic, Bernstein became truly famous in 1958, with the first of his series of televised Young People's Concerts, fondly remembered by many as their introduction to the world of classical music. Among the first group of students to receive training at the Berkshire Music Center at Tanglewood, Bernstein soon became the institution's guiding light, serving as teacher and mentor for generations of musicians. Though he remained a giant of the podium until the very end, Bernstein curtailed his conducting activities in later years in order to spend more time composing. Little of Bernstein's music from the 1970s on has attained the same level of popularity achieved by his earlier works; still, it comprises a distinguished, substantial body of work that includes Mass (1971), the opera A Quiet Place (1983), and the song cycle Arias and Barcarolles (1988). Read less
Library Of Congress Vol 5 - Schumann / Bernstein, Juilliard
Release Date: 09/12/2006   Label: Doremi Records  
Catalog: 5707   Number of Discs: 2
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Browse 1-25 of 58 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    100 Hits: Classical Greats
    Label: 100 Hits   Catalog: 1017490 Release Date: 02/25/2014   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Myra Hess,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Geraint Jones,  Karl Münchinger,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Myra Hess  ... 
    Conductor:  Geraint Jones,  Karl Münchinger,  Yehudi Menuhin,  Leopold Stokowski  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici,  Members of the Vienna Octet (Members)
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  • 2.
    Shostakovich: Three Concertos
    Label: Praga   Catalog: 350059 Release Date: 09/12/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich
    Performer:  Mason [French Horn] Jones,  Mstislav Rostropovich,  Leonard Bernstein,  David Oistrakh
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Leonard Bernstein,  Yevgeny Mravinsky
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  • 3.
    Leonard Bernstein Conducts Bernstein
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 7880862 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 7
    Composer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Performer:  Zino Francescatti,  Benny Goodman,  Jennie Tourel,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Columbia Jazz Band,  Norman Scribner Choir  ... 
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  • 4.
    Lebendige Vergangenheit: Jennie Tourel, Vol. 2
    Label: Preiser Records   Catalog: 89733 Release Date: 04/13/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel,  Modest Mussorgsky,  Sergei Rachmaninov,  Frédéric Chopin  ... 
    Performer:  Jennie Tourel,  Leonard Bernstein,  Erich Itor Kahn,  George Reeves
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Eugene Ormandy
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  • 5.
    Edition Leonard Bernstein - Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 1; Mozart: Piano Concerto No 25
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 48119 Release Date: 03/25/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 6.
    Leonard Bernstein: Omnibus - The Historic TV Broadcasts
    Label: eOne   Catalog: 6731 Release Date: 01/26/2010   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Various,  George Frideric Handel
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
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  • 7.
    Leonard Bernstein - The Early Years
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 60915 Release Date: 01/12/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland,  Leonard Bernstein
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  On the Town Orchestra,  RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra
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  • 8.
    Gerswin: An American In Paris, Ives: Symphony No 2 / Bernstein, Nyp, Bavarian Radio
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001227109 Release Date: 11/25/2008  
    Composer:  Charles Ives,  George Gershwin
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 9.
    Leonard Bernstein - Composer, Conductor, Pianist
    Label: Symposium   Catalog: 1372 Release Date: 11/11/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leonard Bernstein,  Maurice Ravel,  Aaron Copland,  Igor Stravinsky
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 10.
    Bernstein: On The Town, Overtures, Symphonic Dances, America
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 471737 Release Date: 09/23/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Leonard Bernstein,  Samuel Barber,  George Gershwin
    Performer:  Tatiana Troyanos,  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 11.
    Leonard Bernstein Anniversary Box
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2057068 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Anton Bruckner,  Ludwig van Beethoven,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Darius Milhaud  ... 
    Performer:  June Anderson,  Sarah Walker,  Klaus König,  Jan-Hendrik Rootering  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic members,  Orchestre de Paris members  ... 
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  • 12.
    Barber: Adagio For Strings/Gershwin: Rhapsody In Blue
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439528 Release Date: 08/19/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland,  Samuel Barber,  George Gershwin
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 13.
    The Royal Edition Vol 80 - Shostakovich, Poulenc / Bernstein
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 47618 Release Date: 02/06/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Dmitri Shostakovich,  Francis Poulenc
    Performer:  William Vacchiano,  André Previn,  Leonard Bernstein,  Arthur Gold  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic
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  • 14.
    Greatest Classical Hits - Gershwin: Rhapsody In Blue
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000956802 Release Date: 09/11/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Gershwin
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Grand Prix - Gershwin, Barber, Copland / Los Angeles
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000851802 Release Date: 06/12/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Gershwin,  Samuel Barber,  Aaron Copland
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Gershwin: Rhapsody In Blue; (An) American In Paris
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 78768 Release Date: 05/01/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Gershwin
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein,  André Previn,  Uan Rasey
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein,  Andre Kostelanetz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic,  Andre Kostelanetz Orchestra
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  • 17.
    Mozart: Piano Concerto No 17, Symphony No 39 / Bernstein
    Label: Euroarts   Catalog: 2072098 Release Date: 11/21/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 18.
    Library Of Congress Vol 5 - Schumann / Bernstein, Juilliard
    Label: Doremi Records   Catalog: 5707 Release Date: 09/12/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein,  Isidore Cohen,  Raphael Hillyer,  Claus Adam  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Juilliard String Quartet
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  • 19.
    Beethoven: Symphony No 5 / Bernstein, Et Al
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 78740 Release Date: 08/01/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Columbia Symphony Orchestra members,  New York Philharmonic
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  • 20.
    Bernstein On Beethoven - A Celebration In Vienna
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 2300 Release Date: 02/28/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ludwig van Beethoven
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 21.
    Bernstein In Paris - The Ravel Concerts
    Label: Kultur Video   Catalog: 1337 Release Date: 01/31/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Maurice Ravel
    Performer:  Boris Belkin,  Marilyn Horne,  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Orchestra of France
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  • 22.
    Classical Cuisine - American Barbeque
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 92988 Release Date: 04/05/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Aaron Copland,  Morton Gould,  Samuel Barber,  William Schuman  ... 
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein
    Conductor:  Aaron Copland,  Eugene Ormandy,  Thomas Schippers,  Andre Kostelanetz  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  New York Philharmonic  ... 
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  • 23.
    Best Of Wiener Philharmoniker - Vol 1
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 4775077 Release Date: 07/01/2004   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Bedrich Smetana  ... 
    Performer:  Anne-Sophie Mutter,  Leonard Bernstein,  Alfred Prinz,  Gidon Kremer  ... 
    Conductor:  Herbert von Karajan,  John Eliot Gardiner,  Valery Gergiev,  Sir Georg Solti  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 24.
    Leonard Bernstein Collectors Edition - The Americans
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000218402 Release Date: 05/11/2004   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Roy Harris,  George Gershwin,  Lukas Foss,  Ned Rorem  ... 
    Performer:  Leonard Bernstein,  Sheri Greenawald,  Gidon Kremer,  Stanley Drucker  ... 
    Conductor:  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  New York Philharmonic,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra  ... 
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  • 25.
    Gershwin - Super Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 92388 Release Date: 05/04/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  George Gershwin
    Performer:  Joshua Bell,  John Williams,  Michael Tilson Thomas,  Philippe Entremont  ... 
    Conductor:  Andre Kostelanetz,  Michael Tilson Thomas,  Eugene Ormandy,  Leonard Bernstein
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Andre Kostelanetz Orchestra,  Chestnut Brass Company,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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