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Joaquin Rodrigo

Biography

Born: Nov 22, 1901; Spain   Died: Jul 6, 1999; Spain   Period: 20th Century
Joaquín Rodrigo was one of the most honored of twentieth century Spanish composers. Several of his compositions, in particular the Concierto de Aranjuez for guitar and orchestra, have attained worldwide fame.
Blind from the age of three due to diphtheria, Rodrigo undertook early musical studies under Francisco Antich in Valencia (1920-1923) and Paul Dukas at the École Normale de Musique in Paris (1927-1932). While in Paris, Rodrigo
Read more befriended many of the great composers of the time, and received particular encouragement from his fellow Spaniard Manuel de Falla. In 1933 he married the Turkish pianist Victoria Kamhi; they remained inseparable companions until her death in 1997.
After returning to Spain in 1934, Rodrigo quickly won, with some help from Falla, the Conde de Cartagena scholarship that allowed him to return to Paris to study musicology -- with Maurice Emmanuel at the Paris Conservatoire and with André Pirro at the Sorbonne. Some of the most difficult years in Rodrigo's life were in the late 1930s during the Spanish Civil War: his scholarship was cancelled, and he and his wife lived in France and Germany, virtually penniless. They made a meager living giving Spanish and music lessons at the Institute for the Blind in Freiburg. But by 1939, they were able to return to Spain.
Rodrigo started composing in 1923, and won a National Prize in 1925 for his Cinco Piezas Infantiles for orchestra. (Due to his blindness, Rodrigo always composed in Braille, and later painstakingly dictated the music to a copyist.) But his real breakthrough as a composer was with the Concierto de Aranjuez (1940, for guitar and orchestra), which was acclaimed from its first performance in Barcelona. Rodrigo was quickly recognized as one of Spain's great composers, and the awards and commissions started to roll in. In 1947, the Manuel de Falla Chair was created for him at the University of Madrid, where he taught music history for many years. He was much in demand as a pianist and lecturer, traveling to Europe, Central America, the U.S., Israel, and Japan. Many of the world's great instrumentalists commissioned concertos of him, and he eventually wrote works for, among others, guitarist Andrés Segovia, flutist James Galway, harpist Nicanor Zabaleta, and cellist Julian Lloyd Webber.
In 1953, he was awarded the Cross of Alfonso X the Wise by the Spanish government, and as part of the celebration of his ninetieth birthday in 1991, Rodrigo was raised to the nobility by King Juan Carlos I with the title "Marqués de los jardines de Aranjuez." He was ultimately given Spain's highest international honor, the Prince of Asturias Prize for the Arts, in 1996. The government of France also recognized Rodrigo's importance, making him a Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur in 1960 and promoting him to Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres in 1998. By the end of his life, he had also received six honorary doctorates from universities worldwide. Rodrigo died in 1999; he and his wife are both buried at the cemetery at Aranjuez. Read less
Rodrigo: Guitar Music Vol 2 / Jeremy Jouve
Release Date: 06/25/2013   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8572984   Number of Discs: 1
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Rodrigo: Concierto De Aranjuez; Villa-Lobos, Ponce / Isbin, Serebrier, New York
Release Date: 01/11/2005   Label: Warner Classics  
Catalog: 60296   Number of Discs: 1
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Rodrigo: Concierto De Aranjuez, Etc / Kraft, Ward
Release Date: 02/15/1994   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8550729   Number of Discs: 1
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Spanish Classics - Rodrigo: Complete Orchestral Works Vol 3
Release Date: 01/21/2003   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8555840   Number of Discs: 1
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Spanish Classics - Rodrigo: Complete Orchestral Works Vol 9
Release Date: 10/31/2006   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8555843   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Concierto serenata for Harp

Browse 1-15 of 15 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Joaquin Rodrigo Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 9297 Release Date: 09/30/2014   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Nancy Allen,  Lisa Hansen,  Jorge Federico Osorio,  Deborah Mariotti  ... 
    Conductor:  Enrique Bátiz,  Antoni Ros Marbà,  Agustin Leon Ara,  Francesc Perales  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Mexican State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $128.99
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  • 2.
    Rodrigo, Boieldieu, Villa-Lobos: Harp Concertos / Catherine Michel
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186135 Release Date: 07/26/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  François Boieldieu,  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Catherine Michel
    Conductor:  Antonio de Almeida
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra
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  • 3.
    Rodrigo: Concierto de Aranjuez; Fantasia para un Gentilhombre; Concierto Serenata / Lagoya
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420714 Release Date: 02/10/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Alexandre Lagoya,  Catherine Michel
    Conductor:  Antonio de Almeida
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo National Opera Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 4.
    20th Century Classics - Rodrigo
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 37681 Release Date: 05/05/2009   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Jorge Federico Osorio,  Lisa Hansen,  Nancy Allen,  Alfonso Moreno
    Conductor:  Enrique Bátiz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $12.99
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  • 5.
    Ultimate Classical Guitar - The Essential Masterpieces
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001158402 Release Date: 08/26/2008   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Heitor Villa-Lobos,  Eduardo Fernandez,  Leo Brouwer,  Agustín Barrios Mangoré  ... 
    Performer:  Eduardo Fernandez,  Pepe Romero,  Alexandre Lagoya,  Catherine Michel  ... 
    Conductor:  Antonio de Almeida,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra,  I Musici,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
    CD: $17.99
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  • 6.
    Mozart: Concerto For Flute And Harp; Reinecke, Rodrigo / Zabaleta, Et Al
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 463648 Release Date: 08/12/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Carl Reinecke,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Nicanor Zabaleta,  Karlheinz Zoeller
    Conductor:  Ernst Maerzendorfer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 7.
    Instant Classics - Rodrigo: Concerto De Aranjuez
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 5111 Release Date: 11/20/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Isabelle Moretti
    Conductor:  Edmon Colomer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seville Royal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 8.
    Spanish Classics - Rodrigo: Complete Orchestral Works Vol 9
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555843 Release Date: 10/31/2006   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Gwyneth Wentink
    Conductor:  Maximiano Valdes
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Principality of Asturias Symphonic Orchestra
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  • 9.
    Rodrigo: Concierto De Aranjuez, Etc /Moretti, Colomer, Et Al
    Label: Naive   Catalog: 4815 Release Date: 03/09/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Isabelle Moretti
    Conductor:  Edmon Colomer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Seville Royal Symphony Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 10.
    Rodrigo: Concierto De Aranjuez, Etc / Yepes, Navarro, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469190 Release Date: 02/27/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Nicanor Zabaleta,  Patrick Gallois,  Celin Romero,  Pepe Romero  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernst Märzendorfer,  Ion Marin,  Victor Alessandro,  Luis Garcia-Navarro
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Los Romeros  ... 
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  • 11.
    Rodrigo: Complete Concertos For Guitar And Harp / Romeros
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 462296 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Barry Davis,  Pepe Romero,  Catherine Michel,  Angel Romero
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Antonio de Almeida
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Los Romeros,  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 12.
    Favourite Harp Concertos
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 462179 Release Date: 03/17/1998   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  George Frideric Handel,  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Heitor Villa-Lobos  ... 
    Performer:  André Pépin,  Jean-Claude Hermanjat,  Ursula Holliger,  Catherine Michel  ... 
    Conductor:  Antonio de Almeida,  Marcel Couraud,  Sir Colin Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Musici,  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra,  Antiqua Musica  ... 
    CD: $16.99
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  • 13.
    Great Works For Harp / Nicanor Zabaleta
    Label: Dg Double   Catalog: 439693 Release Date: 03/14/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Johann Georg Albrechtsberger,  George Frideric Handel,  Claude Debussy,  Maurice Ravel  ... 
    Performer:  Nicanor Zabaleta,  Anka Moraver,  Hamisa Dor,  Guy Deplus  ... 
    Conductor:  Paul Kuentz,  Ernst Märzendorfer
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Paul Kuentz Chamber Orchestra,  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Rodrigo: Concierto De Aranjuez, Etc / Lagoya, Almeida
    Label: Philips Solo   Catalog: 442392 Release Date: 10/11/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Catherine Michel,  Alexandre Lagoya
    Conductor:  Antonio de Almeida
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra
    CD not available
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  • 15.
    The Rodrigo Edition / Enrique Batiz
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67435 Release Date: 06/09/1992   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Alfonso Moreno,  Robert Cohen,  Cecilia López,  Jésus Ruiz  ... 
    Conductor:  Enrique Bátiz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Mexican State Symphony Orchestra
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