Joaquin Rodrigo

Biography

Born: Nov 22, 1901; Spain   Died: Jul 6, 1999; Spain   Period: 20th Century
Joaquín Rodrigo was one of the most honored of twentieth century Spanish composers. Several of his compositions, in particular the Concierto de Aranjuez for guitar and orchestra, have attained worldwide fame.
Blind from the age of three due to diphtheria, Rodrigo undertook early musical studies under Francisco Antich in Valencia (1920-1923) and Paul Dukas at the École Normale de Musique in Paris (1927-1932). While in Paris, Rodrigo
Read more befriended many of the great composers of the time, and received particular encouragement from his fellow Spaniard Manuel de Falla. In 1933 he married the Turkish pianist Victoria Kamhi; they remained inseparable companions until her death in 1997.
After returning to Spain in 1934, Rodrigo quickly won, with some help from Falla, the Conde de Cartagena scholarship that allowed him to return to Paris to study musicology -- with Maurice Emmanuel at the Paris Conservatoire and with André Pirro at the Sorbonne. Some of the most difficult years in Rodrigo's life were in the late 1930s during the Spanish Civil War: his scholarship was cancelled, and he and his wife lived in France and Germany, virtually penniless. They made a meager living giving Spanish and music lessons at the Institute for the Blind in Freiburg. But by 1939, they were able to return to Spain.
Rodrigo started composing in 1923, and won a National Prize in 1925 for his Cinco Piezas Infantiles for orchestra. (Due to his blindness, Rodrigo always composed in Braille, and later painstakingly dictated the music to a copyist.) But his real breakthrough as a composer was with the Concierto de Aranjuez (1940, for guitar and orchestra), which was acclaimed from its first performance in Barcelona. Rodrigo was quickly recognized as one of Spain's great composers, and the awards and commissions started to roll in. In 1947, the Manuel de Falla Chair was created for him at the University of Madrid, where he taught music history for many years. He was much in demand as a pianist and lecturer, traveling to Europe, Central America, the U.S., Israel, and Japan. Many of the world's great instrumentalists commissioned concertos of him, and he eventually wrote works for, among others, guitarist Andrés Segovia, flutist James Galway, harpist Nicanor Zabaleta, and cellist Julian Lloyd Webber.
In 1953, he was awarded the Cross of Alfonso X the Wise by the Spanish government, and as part of the celebration of his ninetieth birthday in 1991, Rodrigo was raised to the nobility by King Juan Carlos I with the title "Marqués de los jardines de Aranjuez." He was ultimately given Spain's highest international honor, the Prince of Asturias Prize for the Arts, in 1996. The government of France also recognized Rodrigo's importance, making him a Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur in 1960 and promoting him to Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres in 1998. By the end of his life, he had also received six honorary doctorates from universities worldwide. Rodrigo died in 1999; he and his wife are both buried at the cemetery at Aranjuez. Read less
Joaquin Rodrigo Edition
Release Date: 09/30/2014   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 9297   Number of Discs: 21
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Work: Concierto madrigal for 2 Guitars

Browse 1-18 of 18 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Joaquin Rodrigo Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 9297 Release Date: 09/30/2014   Number of Discs: 21
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Nancy Allen,  Lisa Hansen,  Jorge Federico Osorio,  Deborah Mariotti  ... 
    Conductor:  Enrique Bátiz,  Antoni Ros Marbà,  Agustin Leon Ara,  Francesc Perales  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Mexican State Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 2.
    Pepe Romero - Master of the Guitar [11-CD Set]
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002012902 Release Date: 03/11/2014   Number of Discs: 11
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Vivaldi,  Luigi Boccherini,  Ferdinando Carulli  ... 
    Performer:  Pepe Romero,  Angel Romero,  Christine Pendrill,  Agustin Leon Ara  ... 
    Conductor:  Iona Brown,  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields Chamber Ens.,  Los Romeros
    CD: $83.49
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  • 3.
    Narciso Yepes - Guitarra Espanola Vol 5
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 435846 Release Date: 08/20/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Maurice Ohana
    Performer:  Narciso Yepes,  Godelieve Monden
    Conductor:  Odon Alonso,  Luis Garcia-Navarro
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Spanish Radio/TV Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Joaquin Rodrigo: Guitar Concertos, Vol. 1
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98598 Release Date: 03/09/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Dale Kavanagh
    Conductor:  Horst-Hans Bäcker
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Eden-Stell Guitar Duo,  Amadeus Guitar Duo
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  • 5.
    Rodrigo: Concierto De Aranjuez, Concierto Madrigal
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 439526 Release Date: 09/02/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Salvador Bacarisse,  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Narciso Yepes,  Godelieve Monden
    Conductor:  Odon Alonso,  Luis Garcia-Navarro
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Spanish Radio/TV Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Los Romeros - Golden Jubilee Celebration
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001089402 Release Date: 04/08/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Georges Bizet,  Manuel de Falla,  Antonio Vivaldi  ... 
    Performer:  Angel Romero,  Angelita Romero,  Celin Romero,  Pepe Romero  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Victor Alessandro
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Los Romeros,  San Antonio Symphony Orchestra
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  • 7.
    Images From The South / Amadeus Guitar Duo
    Label: Hänssler Classic   Catalog: 98291 Release Date: 10/09/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Ferdinando Carulli,  Alfonso Montes,  Gerald Garcia  ... 
    Performer:  Thomas Kirchhoff,  Dale Kavanagh
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amadeus Guitar Duo
    CD: $18.99
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  • 8.
    Rodrigo: Concierto De Aranjuez; Fantasia Para Un Gentilhombre; Concierto Madrigal
    Label: Abc Classics   Catalog: 4768072 Release Date: 11/14/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Slava Grigoryan,  Leonard Grigoryan
    Conductor:  Brett Kelly
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  • 9.
    Giuliani, Rodrigo: Guitar Concertos / P. & A. Romero, Et Al
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186141 Release Date: 05/25/2004   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo,  Mauro Giuliani
    Performer:  Angel Romero,  Pepe Romero,  Catherine Michel
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Antonio de Almeida
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  National Orchestra Monte Carlo
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  • 10.
    Narciso Yepes - Guitarra Española
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 000205202 Release Date: 03/09/2004   Number of Discs: 5
    Composer:  Traditional,  Antonio Soler,  Federico Moreno-Torroba,  Joaquin Turina  ... 
    Performer:  Narciso Yepes,  Godelieve Monden
    Conductor:  Luis Garcia-Navarro,  Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos,  Odon Alonso
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Spanish Radio/TV Orchestra
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  • 11.
    Spanish Classics - Rodrigo: Complete Orchestral Works Vol 5
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8555842 Release Date: 03/18/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Joaquin Clerch,  Ricardo Gallén
    Conductor:  Maximiano Valdes
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Principality of Asturias Symphonic Orchestra
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  • 12.
    Rodrigo: Concierto Madrigal, Etc / Katona Twins, Et Al
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 16698 Release Date: 10/09/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Peter Katona,  Zoltán Katona
    Conductor:  Conrad Van Alphen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Katona Twins,  Rotterdam Chamber Orchestra
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  • 13.
    Rodrigo: Concierto De Aranjuez, Etc / Yepes, Navarro, Et Al
    Label: Dg Panorama   Catalog: 469190 Release Date: 02/27/2001   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Nicanor Zabaleta,  Patrick Gallois,  Celin Romero,  Pepe Romero  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernst Märzendorfer,  Ion Marin,  Victor Alessandro,  Luis Garcia-Navarro
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Los Romeros  ... 
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  • 14.
    Rodrigo: Complete Concertos For Guitar And Harp / Romeros
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 462296 Release Date: 03/09/1999   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Barry Davis,  Pepe Romero,  Catherine Michel,  Angel Romero
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner,  Antonio de Almeida
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Los Romeros,  Monte Carlo Opera Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Rodrigo: Concierto Madrigal;  Castelnuevo-tedesco / Assad
    Label: Gha   Catalog: 126018 Release Date: 04/13/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco,  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Odair Assad,  Sérgio Assad
    Conductor:  John Neschling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Gallen Symphony Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Rodrigo: Concierto De Aranjuez, Etc / Romero, Marriner
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 432828 Release Date: 06/16/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Pepe Romero,  Angel Romero
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
    CD: $12.99
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  • 17.
    The Rodrigo Edition / Enrique Batiz
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 67435 Release Date: 06/09/1992   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Alfonso Moreno,  Robert Cohen,  Cecilia López,  Jésus Ruiz  ... 
    Conductor:  Enrique Bátiz
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra,  Mexican State Symphony Orchestra
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  • 18.
    Rodrigo: Concierto Madrigal, Concierto Andaluz / Los Romeros
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 400024 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joaquin Rodrigo
    Performer:  Pepe Romero,  Angel Romero
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Romeros,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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