Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Biography

Born: Mar 18, 1844; Russia   Died: Jun 21, 1908; Russia   Period: Romantic
Mainly known for his symphonic works, especially the popular symphonic suite Sheherazade, as well as the Capriccio Espagnol and the Russian Easter Festival Overture, Rimsky-Korsakov left an oeuvre that also included operas, chamber works, and songs. Rimsky-Korsakov's music is accessible and engaging owing to his talent for tone-coloring and brilliant orchestration. Furthermore, his operas are masterful musical evocations of myths and Read more legends.

Born in 1844, Rimsky-Korsakov studied the piano as a child but chose a naval career, entering the College of Naval Cadets in St. Petersburg in 1856. However, he continued with piano lessons; in fact, in 1859, Rimsky-Korsakov started working with the French pianist Theodore Canille, through whom he met Balakirev, an important mentor and friend.

In 1862, after graduating form the naval school, Rimsky-Korsakov was at sea for two and a half years, devoting his free time to composition. Upon Rimsky-Korsakov's return to St. Petersburg, in 1865, Balakirev conducted his friend's First Symphony, which was hailed as the first important symphonic work by a Russian composer.

Rimsky-Korsakov was appointed professor of composition and orchestration at the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1871. The following year, he married Nadezhda Purgold, a pianist. In 1873, Rimsky-Korsakov left active duty, becoming inspector of navy orchestras, a job which he held until 1884.

During the 1870s, Rimsky-Korsakov composed, conducted, and collected Russian folk songs. In 1878, he started composing the opera May Night, after a story by Nikolai Gogol, his first stage work based on a story containing fantastic motifs. Following the production of May Night, in 1880, Rimsky-Korsakov began work on Snow Maiden, based on Nikolai Ostrovsky's poetic retelling of a Slavic myth, which was performed in 1882.

Saddened by Mussorgsky's death, in 1881, Rimsky-Korsakov devoted himself to editing his friend's unpublished manuscripts. A master orchestrator, Rimsky-Korsakov felt obliged to help colleagues whose manuscripts needed revision. Thus, in 1887, when Borodin died, Rimsky-Korsakov agreed to orchestrate and complete Borodin's opera Prince Igor.

Rimsky-Korsakov wrote the Spanish Capriccio in 1887, completing the Russian Easter Overture and Sheherazade the following year. Having composed these resplendent works, however, Rimsky-Korsakov went through a period of despondency; there were deaths in his family, and, in 1893, Tchaikovsky died.

In 1895, Rimsky-Korsakov's Christmas Eve, another opera after a Gogol story, was produced. The composer's subsequent works recreated the rich world of Russian myths and legends. Sadko, completed in 1896, conjured up a medieval Russian legend. In 1901, Rimsky-Korsakov blended the legend of Kitezh and the story of St. Fevroniya to create a complex Christian-pantheistic narrative. Completed in 1905, the year when the politically progressive composer was temporarily dismissed from this teaching post, The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden, was produced in 1907.

Rimsky-Korsakov's last opera, The Golden Cockerel, completed in 1907, was inspired by a politically subversive story by Alexander Pushkin. The production of this work was a struggle, because the subject matter aroused suspicions among government censors. The opera was finally produced, in 1909, the year following the composer's death, by a private opera company in Moscow. Read less

Rimsky-Korsakov: Overtures / Sinaisky, BBC PO
Release Date: 07/31/2007   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10424   Number of Discs: 1
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Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade; Glazunov / Jarvi, Scottish National Orchestra
Release Date: 01/12/2010   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8479   Number of Discs: 1
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Stravinsky: Firebird Suite;  Lyadov, Rimsky-korsakov / Järvi
Release Date: 10/28/1992   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 8783   Number of Discs: 1
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Rimsky-Korsakov: Overtures & Suites From The Operas
Release Date: 06/27/2006   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10369   Number of Discs: 2
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Taneyev: Suite de Concert; Rimsky-Korsakov / Järvi
Release Date: 10/28/2008   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10491   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Snow Maiden: Dance of the Tumblers

Browse 26-30 of 30 Available Recordings
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  • 26.
    Rimsky-Korsakov - Greatest Hits
    Label: Sony   Catalog: 69250 Release Date: 11/14/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Zurab Sotkilava
    Conductor:  Zubin Mehta,  Eugene Ormandy,  Louis Lane,  Leonard Bernstein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Cleveland Pops Orchestra  ... 
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  • 27.
    Frederick Fennell Conducts Carousel Waltz, Etc
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434356 Release Date: 09/19/1995   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Jaromir Weinberger,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Reinhold Gliere  ... 
    Conductor:  Frederick Fennell
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Pops,  Eastman-Rochester Pops
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  • 28.
    Russian Dances / Neeme Järvi, Scottish National Orchestra
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6598 Release Date: 07/26/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alexander Glazunov,  Sergei Prokofiev,  Igor Stravinsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 29.
    Black Dyke Mills Band Celebrate 150 Years
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 4516 Release Date: 08/11/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Antonín Dvorák,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Jacques Offenbach,  Gordon Langford  ... 
    Performer:  Sandy Smith,  Phillip McCann,  John Clough,  Norman Law
    Conductor:  Major Peter Parkes
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Black Dyke Mills Band
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  • 30.
    Pops A La Russe / John Williams, Boston Pops
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 426247 Release Date: 03/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Alexander Borodin,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Conductor:  John Williams
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
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