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Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov


Born: Mar 18, 1844; Russia   Died: Jun 21, 1908; Russia   Period: Romantic
Mainly known for his symphonic works, especially the popular symphonic suite Sheherazade, as well as the Capriccio Espagnol and the Russian Easter Festival Overture, Rimsky-Korsakov left an oeuvre that also included operas, chamber works, and songs. Rimsky-Korsakov's music is accessible and engaging owing to his talent for tone-coloring and brilliant orchestration. Furthermore, his operas are masterful musical evocations of myths and Read more legends.
Born in 1844, Rimsky-Korsakov studied the piano as a child but chose a naval career, entering the College of Naval Cadets in St. Petersburg in 1856. However, he continued with piano lessons; in fact, in 1859, Rimsky-Korsakov started working with the French pianist Theodore Canille, through whom he met Balakirev, an important mentor and friend.
In 1862, after graduating form the naval school, Rimsky-Korsakov was at sea for two and a half years, devoting his free time to composition. Upon Rimsky-Korsakov's return to St. Petersburg, in 1865, Balakirev conducted his friend's First Symphony, which was hailed as the first important symphonic work by a Russian composer.
Rimsky-Korsakov was appointed professor of composition and orchestration at the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1871. The following year, he married Nadezhda Purgold, a pianist. In 1873, Rimsky-Korsakov left active duty, becoming inspector of navy orchestras, a job which he held until 1884.
During the 1870s, Rimsky-Korsakov composed, conducted, and collected Russian folk songs. In 1878, he started composing the opera May Night, after a story by Nikolai Gogol, his first stage work based on a story containing fantastic motifs. Following the production of May Night, in 1880, Rimsky-Korsakov began work on Snow Maiden, based on Nikolai Ostrovsky's poetic retelling of a Slavic myth, which was performed in 1882.
Saddened by Mussorgsky's death, in 1881, Rimsky-Korsakov devoted himself to editing his friend's unpublished manuscripts. A master orchestrator, Rimsky-Korsakov felt obliged to help colleagues whose manuscripts needed revision. Thus, in 1887, when Borodin died, Rimsky-Korsakov agreed to orchestrate and complete Borodin's opera Prince Igor.
Rimsky-Korsakov wrote the Spanish Capriccio in 1887, completing the Russian Easter Overture and Sheherazade the following year. Having composed these resplendent works, however, Rimsky-Korsakov went through a period of despondency; there were deaths in his family, and, in 1893, Tchaikovsky died.
In 1895, Rimsky-Korsakov's Christmas Eve, another opera after a Gogol story, was produced. The composer's subsequent works recreated the rich world of Russian myths and legends. Sadko, completed in 1896, conjured up a medieval Russian legend. In 1901, Rimsky-Korsakov blended the legend of Kitezh and the story of St. Fevroniya to create a complex Christian-pantheistic narrative. Completed in 1905, the year when the politically progressive composer was temporarily dismissed from this teaching post, The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden, was produced in 1907.
Rimsky-Korsakov's last opera, The Golden Cockerel, completed in 1907, was inspired by a politically subversive story by Alexander Pushkin. The production of this work was a struggle, because the subject matter aroused suspicions among government censors. The opera was finally produced, in 1909, the year following the composer's death, by a private opera company in Moscow. Read less
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade / Oundjian, Toronto Symphony
Release Date: 08/26/2014   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 5145   Number of Discs: 1
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Tchaikovsky: Nutcraker;  Rimsky-korsakov: Christmas Eve, Etc
Release Date: 07/17/2001   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8555342   Number of Discs: 1
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Rimsky-Korsakov: Antar / Svetlanov, The Philharmonia
Release Date: 10/14/2003   Label: Helios  
Catalog: 55137   Number of Discs: 1
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Glinka: Grand Sextet; Rimsky-Korsakov / Capricorn
Release Date: 04/13/2004   Label: Helios  
Catalog: 55173   Number of Discs: 1
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Rimsky-Korsakov: Overtures / Sinaisky, BBC PO
Release Date: 07/31/2007   Label: Chandos  
Catalog: 10424   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: The Invisible City of Kitezh: Suite

Browse 1-7 of 7 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Rimsky-Korsakov Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94369 Release Date: 09/25/2012   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Nicholas Busch,  Gwydion Brooke,  John McCaw  ... 
    Conductor:  Loris Tjeknavorian,  Yondani Butt,  Yevgeny Mravinsky,  Kiril Kondrashin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $98.99
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  • 2.
    Rimsky-Korsakov: Orchestral Suites / Pletnev, Russian NO
    Label: Pentatone   Catalog: 5186362 Release Date: 02/23/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Mikhail Pletnev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian National Orchestra
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  • 3.
    Rimsky-Korsakov: Overtures & Suites From The Operas
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10369 Release Date: 06/27/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
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  • 4.
    Rimsky-korsakov: Das Madchen Von Pskov, Etc / Jurowski, Etc
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 10833 Release Date: 05/07/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Michail Jurowski
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 5.
    Rimsky-korsakov: The Maid Of Pskov, Etc / Golovchin, Moscow
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8553513 Release Date: 02/20/2001   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Igor Golovchin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Moscow Symphony Orchestra
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  • 6.
    The Spirit Of Russia - Rimsky-korsakov Orchestral Suites
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5082 Release Date: 10/14/1994   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Aaron Rosand,  Michael Ponti
    Conductor:  Richard Kapp,  Milton Katims,  Othmar M. F. Mága
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Hungarica,  Bochum Symphony Orchestra,  Hamburg Symphony Orchestra  ... 
    CD: $13.99
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  • 7.
    Rimsky-korsakov: Opera Suites Vol 1 / Serov, Odense So
    Label: Kontrapunkt   Catalog: 32117 Release Date: 09/18/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Eduard Serov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Odense Symphony Orchestra
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    CD: $17.99
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