Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Biography

Born: Mar 18, 1844; Russia   Died: Jun 21, 1908; Russia   Period: Romantic
Mainly known for his symphonic works, especially the popular symphonic suite Sheherazade, as well as the Capriccio Espagnol and the Russian Easter Festival Overture, Rimsky-Korsakov left an oeuvre that also included operas, chamber works, and songs. Rimsky-Korsakov's music is accessible and engaging owing to his talent for tone-coloring and brilliant orchestration. Furthermore, his operas are masterful musical evocations of myths and Read more legends.
Born in 1844, Rimsky-Korsakov studied the piano as a child but chose a naval career, entering the College of Naval Cadets in St. Petersburg in 1856. However, he continued with piano lessons; in fact, in 1859, Rimsky-Korsakov started working with the French pianist Theodore Canille, through whom he met Balakirev, an important mentor and friend.
In 1862, after graduating form the naval school, Rimsky-Korsakov was at sea for two and a half years, devoting his free time to composition. Upon Rimsky-Korsakov's return to St. Petersburg, in 1865, Balakirev conducted his friend's First Symphony, which was hailed as the first important symphonic work by a Russian composer.
Rimsky-Korsakov was appointed professor of composition and orchestration at the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1871. The following year, he married Nadezhda Purgold, a pianist. In 1873, Rimsky-Korsakov left active duty, becoming inspector of navy orchestras, a job which he held until 1884.
During the 1870s, Rimsky-Korsakov composed, conducted, and collected Russian folk songs. In 1878, he started composing the opera May Night, after a story by Nikolai Gogol, his first stage work based on a story containing fantastic motifs. Following the production of May Night, in 1880, Rimsky-Korsakov began work on Snow Maiden, based on Nikolai Ostrovsky's poetic retelling of a Slavic myth, which was performed in 1882.
Saddened by Mussorgsky's death, in 1881, Rimsky-Korsakov devoted himself to editing his friend's unpublished manuscripts. A master orchestrator, Rimsky-Korsakov felt obliged to help colleagues whose manuscripts needed revision. Thus, in 1887, when Borodin died, Rimsky-Korsakov agreed to orchestrate and complete Borodin's opera Prince Igor.
Rimsky-Korsakov wrote the Spanish Capriccio in 1887, completing the Russian Easter Overture and Sheherazade the following year. Having composed these resplendent works, however, Rimsky-Korsakov went through a period of despondency; there were deaths in his family, and, in 1893, Tchaikovsky died.
In 1895, Rimsky-Korsakov's Christmas Eve, another opera after a Gogol story, was produced. The composer's subsequent works recreated the rich world of Russian myths and legends. Sadko, completed in 1896, conjured up a medieval Russian legend. In 1901, Rimsky-Korsakov blended the legend of Kitezh and the story of St. Fevroniya to create a complex Christian-pantheistic narrative. Completed in 1905, the year when the politically progressive composer was temporarily dismissed from this teaching post, The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden, was produced in 1907.
Rimsky-Korsakov's last opera, The Golden Cockerel, completed in 1907, was inspired by a politically subversive story by Alexander Pushkin. The production of this work was a struggle, because the subject matter aroused suspicions among government censors. The opera was finally produced, in 1909, the year following the composer's death, by a private opera company in Moscow. Read less

Work: Capriccio espagnol, Op. 34

Browse 76-84 of 84 Available Recordings
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  • 76.
    Rimsky-korsakov: Scheherazade, Capriccio Espagnol
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 442643 Release Date: 10/14/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Igor Markevitch,  Kiril Kondrashin
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra
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  • 77.
    Rimsky-Korsakov: Capriccio espagnol, etc / Lazarev, Bolshoi
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 94808 Release Date: 05/03/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Sergei Vlasov,  Valery Suschenko,  Dmitry Miller,  Alexander Golyshev  ... 
    Conductor:  Alexander Lazarev
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra
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  • 78.
    Orchestral Spectacular
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550501 Release Date: 02/15/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Maurice Ravel,  Modest Mussorgsky  ... 
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 79.
    Evening In Granada / L.A. Guitar Quartet
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3144 Release Date: 01/25/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Claude Debussy,  Manuel de Falla,  Ian Krouse  ... 
    Performer:  William Kanengiser,  John Dearman,  Andrew York,  Scott Tennant
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Los Angeles Guitar Quartet
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  • 80.
    Spanish Festival / Keith Clark, Csr Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550086 Release Date: 06/30/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Mikhail Glinka,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Sir Edward Elgar  ... 
    Conductor:  Keith Clark
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Czecho-Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 81.
    Dorati Conducts Rimsky-Korsakov & Borodin / London Symphony
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 434308 Release Date: 03/10/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Chorus,  London Symphony Orchestra
    ArkivCD $16.99
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  • 82.
    Tchaikovsky: 1812, Marche Slave, Etc / Järvi, Gothenburg So
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 429984 Release Date: 03/08/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Alexander Borodin,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Chorus,  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 83.
    Rimsky-korsakov: Scheherazade, Etc / Mackerras, London So
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80208 Release Date: 06/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Kees Hülsmann
    Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $16.99
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  • 84.
    Rimsky-Korsakov: 3 Symphonies / Jarvi, Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 423604 Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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