Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov

Biography

Born: Mar 18, 1844; Russia   Died: Jun 21, 1908; Russia   Period: Romantic
Mainly known for his symphonic works, especially the popular symphonic suite Sheherazade, as well as the Capriccio Espagnol and the Russian Easter Festival Overture, Rimsky-Korsakov left an oeuvre that also included operas, chamber works, and songs. Rimsky-Korsakov's music is accessible and engaging owing to his talent for tone-coloring and brilliant orchestration. Furthermore, his operas are masterful musical evocations of myths and Read more legends.

Born in 1844, Rimsky-Korsakov studied the piano as a child but chose a naval career, entering the College of Naval Cadets in St. Petersburg in 1856. However, he continued with piano lessons; in fact, in 1859, Rimsky-Korsakov started working with the French pianist Theodore Canille, through whom he met Balakirev, an important mentor and friend.

In 1862, after graduating form the naval school, Rimsky-Korsakov was at sea for two and a half years, devoting his free time to composition. Upon Rimsky-Korsakov's return to St. Petersburg, in 1865, Balakirev conducted his friend's First Symphony, which was hailed as the first important symphonic work by a Russian composer.

Rimsky-Korsakov was appointed professor of composition and orchestration at the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1871. The following year, he married Nadezhda Purgold, a pianist. In 1873, Rimsky-Korsakov left active duty, becoming inspector of navy orchestras, a job which he held until 1884.

During the 1870s, Rimsky-Korsakov composed, conducted, and collected Russian folk songs. In 1878, he started composing the opera May Night, after a story by Nikolai Gogol, his first stage work based on a story containing fantastic motifs. Following the production of May Night, in 1880, Rimsky-Korsakov began work on Snow Maiden, based on Nikolai Ostrovsky's poetic retelling of a Slavic myth, which was performed in 1882.

Saddened by Mussorgsky's death, in 1881, Rimsky-Korsakov devoted himself to editing his friend's unpublished manuscripts. A master orchestrator, Rimsky-Korsakov felt obliged to help colleagues whose manuscripts needed revision. Thus, in 1887, when Borodin died, Rimsky-Korsakov agreed to orchestrate and complete Borodin's opera Prince Igor.

Rimsky-Korsakov wrote the Spanish Capriccio in 1887, completing the Russian Easter Overture and Sheherazade the following year. Having composed these resplendent works, however, Rimsky-Korsakov went through a period of despondency; there were deaths in his family, and, in 1893, Tchaikovsky died.

In 1895, Rimsky-Korsakov's Christmas Eve, another opera after a Gogol story, was produced. The composer's subsequent works recreated the rich world of Russian myths and legends. Sadko, completed in 1896, conjured up a medieval Russian legend. In 1901, Rimsky-Korsakov blended the legend of Kitezh and the story of St. Fevroniya to create a complex Christian-pantheistic narrative. Completed in 1905, the year when the politically progressive composer was temporarily dismissed from this teaching post, The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden, was produced in 1907.

Rimsky-Korsakov's last opera, The Golden Cockerel, completed in 1907, was inspired by a politically subversive story by Alexander Pushkin. The production of this work was a struggle, because the subject matter aroused suspicions among government censors. The opera was finally produced, in 1909, the year following the composer's death, by a private opera company in Moscow. Read less

Rimsky-korsakov: Scheherezade; Balakirev: Islamey / Goetzel, Borusan Istanbul Philharmonic
Release Date: 08/12/2014   Label: Onyx (Classical Label)  
Catalog: 4124   Number of Discs: 1
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Rimsky-Korsakov: Orchestral Works / Ogawa, Bakels, Malaysian PO
Release Date: 09/25/2007   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1667   Number of Discs: 4
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Rimsky-Korsakov: Capriccio Espagnol, Piano Concerto, Sadko / Ogawa, Bakels, Malaysian PO
Release Date: 04/26/2005   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1387   Number of Discs: 1
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Rimsky-korsakov, Beethoven: Piano Quintets / Knardahl, Et Al
Release Date: 09/22/1994   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 44   Number of Discs: 1
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Rimsky-korsakov: Scheherazade, Etc / Bakels, Malaysian Po
Release Date: 10/21/2003   Label: Bis  
Catalog: 1377   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: Antar Symphony

Browse 1-16 of 16 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Rimsky-Korsakov: Symphonic Works / Evgeny Svetlanov [4-CD Set]
    Label: Melodiya   Catalog: 1002130 Release Date: 04/29/2014   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Svetlanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian State Academic Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $54.49
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  • 2.
    Decca Sound - The Analogue Years
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 001934702 Release Date: 11/19/2013   Number of Discs: 54
    Composer:  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Anton Bruckner,  Arnold Schoenberg,  Giuseppe Verdi  ... 
    Performer:  Pascal Rogé,  Dame Joan Sutherland,  Marilyn Horne,  Luciano Pavarotti  ... 
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit,  Sir Georg Solti,  Bernard Haitink,  Horst Stein  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Chicago Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 3.
    Rimsky-Korsakov Edition
    Label: Brilliant Classics   Catalog: 94369 Release Date: 09/25/2012   Number of Discs: 25
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Sviatoslav Richter,  Nicholas Busch,  Gwydion Brooke,  John McCaw  ... 
    Conductor:  Loris Tjeknavorian,  Yondani Butt,  Yevgeny Mravinsky,  Kiril Kondrashin  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra,  Philharmonia Orchestra,  London Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 4.
    Great Russian Symphonies
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8501059 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 10
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Alexander Borodin,  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Sergei Prokofiev  ... 
    Conductor:  Adrian Leaper,  Gerard Schwarz,  Antoni Wit,  Theodore Kuchar  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Katowice Polish Radio/TV Symphony Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Seattle Symphony Orchestra  ... 
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  • 5.
    Pierre Monteux Edition Vol 11 - Rimsky-Korsakov
    Label: Rca Victor Gold Seal   Catalog: 61897 Release Date: 05/27/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Naum Blinder
    Conductor:  Pierre Monteux
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Evgeny Svetlanov Conducts Nikolai Rimsky-korsakov
    Label: Svetlanov Foundation   Catalog: 2 Release Date: 03/10/2009   Number of Discs: 6
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Svetlanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Russian State Academic Symphony Orchestra
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  • 7.
    Rimsky-Korsakov: Orchestral Works / Ansermet, Suisse Romande Orchestra
    Label: Eloquence   Catalog: 4800827 Release Date: 07/14/2008   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Geneva Motet Choir
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  • 8.
    Rimsky-Korsakov: Orchestral Works / Ogawa, Bakels, Malaysian PO
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1667 Release Date: 09/25/2007   Number of Discs: 4
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Noriko Ogawa
    Conductor:  Kees Bakels
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 9.
    Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - Sir Thomas Beecham
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 75938 Release Date: 11/04/2003   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Carl Maria von Weber,  Gioachino Rossini,  George Frideric Handel,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky  ... 
    Performer:  Cuthbert Matthews,  Margaret Field,  Sylvia Patriss,  Edith Furmedge  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Thomas Beecham
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Opera Amateur Chorus
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  • 10.
    Rimsky-korsakov: Scheherazade, Etc / Bakels, Malaysian Po
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1377 Release Date: 10/21/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Marcus Gundermann
    Conductor:  Kees Bakels
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Malaysian Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 11.
    Rimsky-Korsakov: Antar / Svetlanov, The Philharmonia
    Label: Helios   Catalog: 55137 Release Date: 10/14/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Yevgeny Svetlanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 12.
    Classics - Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-korsakov / Maazel, Pittsburgh
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80131 Release Date: 08/26/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Lorin Maazel
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
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  • 13.
    Rimsky-korsakov: Symphonies Nos. 1 - 3, Capriccio Espagnol,  Etc.
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 459512 Release Date: 01/02/2002   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Rimsky-korsakov: Symphonies, Etc / Kitajenko, Bergen Po
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6613 Release Date: 09/26/2000   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Geoffrey Tozer
    Conductor:  Dmitri Kitayenko
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Rimsky-Korsakov: Great Orchestral Works / Zinman
    Label: Philips Duo   Catalog: 442605 Release Date: 02/21/1995   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Performer:  Roberta Alexander
    Conductor:  David Zinman
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra,  Rotterdam Philharmonic Women's Chorus
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  • 16.
    Rimsky-korsakov: Symphonies Nos 1 & 2 / André Anichanov
    Label: Naxos   Catalog: 8550811 Release Date: 12/13/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    Conductor:  Andrei Anikhanov
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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