Joseph Rheinberger

Biography

Born: March 17, 1839; Vaduz, Lichtenstein   Died: November 25, 1901; Munich, Germany  
Joseph Rheinberger, influential German composer, organist, conductor, and teacher, was the son of the Prince of Liechtenstein's treasurer Johann Peter Rheinberger. His exceptional musical gifts astounded his first teacher, Sebastian Pohli, who instructed him from the age of five. As a child, Rheinberger progressed so rapidly that by the time he was just seven, he was already an organist in his hometown of Vaduz. By 1848, he had a complete mastery Read more of harmony and had graduated to the piano and organ classes of Philipp Schmutzer, who introduced him to the works of J.S. Bach and the Viennese classicists. Rheinberger's father, who initially resisted his pursuing a musical career, finally submitted to persuasion from the composer Nagiller to permit the boy to study in Munich. He was allowed to settle there in 1851 and the city became his permanent home thereafter.

Rheinberger studied theory with J.H. Maier, organ with J.G. Herzog, and piano with J.E. Leonhard at the Munich Conservatory. By 1853, he was employed as organist at several city churches and supplementing his income offering private tuition. He dedicated every free moment to composition, and during the next few years wrote well over 100 apprentice works; none met with his approval, and they were never published. Rheinberger's four piano pieces, Op. 1, finally appeared in 1859, the same year he joined the staff of the conservatory to teach piano and music theory. In 1864, he also became the conductor of the Munich Oratorienverein, holding the post until 1877.

Rheinberger worked for a while as a coach at the court opera, witnessing Wagner's premiere of Tristan und Isolde. In 1867, he was appointed professor at the conservatory -- a position he would hold until his death. During the same year, he married a former pupil, Franziska von Hoffnaass. Rheinberger was increasingly prone to poor health, but continued to work, almost without interruption. 1877 saw his appointment as hofkapellmeister and in 1894 he was ennobled, receiving the title of privy councillor.

Rheinberger died in 1901, shortly after his retirement. His grave in Munich was destroyed during World War II and his remains were transferred in 1950 to his birthplace. Hans von Bülow, a great conductor and tireless advocate of Rheinberger's music, called him "a truly ideal teacher of composition, unrivalled in the whole of Germany and beyond in skill, refinement, and devotion to his subject; in short, one of the worthiest musicians and human beings in the world." Read less
Organ Encyclopedia -  Rheinberger: Organ Works, Vol 4 / Rubsam
Release Date: 01/15/2002   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554809   Number of Discs: 1
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Organ Encyclopedia -  Rheinberger: Organ Works, Vol 3 / Rubsam
Release Date: 03/20/2001   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8554549   Number of Discs: 1
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Organ Encyclopedia -  Rheinberger: Organ Works, Vol 5 / Rubsam
Release Date: 02/17/2004   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8557184   Number of Discs: 1
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Rheinberger: Works For Violin And Organ / Most, Ziener
Release Date: 03/22/2005   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8557383   Number of Discs: 1
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Rheinberger: Organ Concertos / Rowe, Skevington, Et Al
Release Date: 06/21/2005   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8557787   Number of Discs: 1
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Browse 176-182 of 182 Available Recordings
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  • 176.
    Christmas At Trinity / Strege, Trinity Episcopal Choir
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3129 Release Date: 01/03/1994   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Traditional,  Anonymous,  Henri Mulet,  Joseph Rheinberger  ... 
    Performer:  Cambridge Trinity College Choir,  George C. Baker,  Joan Osborne,  Kevin Walsh
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cambridge Trinity College Choir
    CD: $15.99
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  • 177.
    The Romantic Piano Concerto Vol 2 / Michael Ponti
    Label: Vox Box   Catalog: 5065 Release Date: 11/04/1992   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Joseph Rheinberger,  Felix Mendelssohn,  Carl Reinecke,  Henry Charles Litolff  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Ponti
    Conductor:  Volke Schmidt-Gertenbach,  Pierre Cao,  Louis de Froment,  Othmar M. F. Mága
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Symphony Orchestra,  Luxembourg Radio/Television Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica
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  • 178.
    Josef Rheinberger: Klavierquartett; Cellosonate; Hornsonate
    Label: Thorofon   Catalog: 2108 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joseph Rheinberger
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  • 179.
    Label: Thorofon   Catalog: 2102 Release Date: 07/01/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joseph Rheinberger
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  • 180.
    Organ Blaster / Michael Murray
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80277 Release Date: 02/10/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Antonio Soler,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  John Cooke  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Murray
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy,  Jahja Ling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra,  Empire Brass,  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $9.99
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  • 181.
    Dupre, Rheinberger: Organ Concertos / Murray, Ling, Royal Po
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80136 Release Date: 10/25/1990   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joseph Rheinberger,  Marcel Dupré
    Performer:  Michael Murray
    Conductor:  Jahja Ling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
    CD: $17.99
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  • 182.
    Josef Rheinberger: Streichquintett, Op. 82; Klavierquintett, Op. 114
    Label: Thorofon   Catalog: 2060 Release Date: 03/01/1989   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Joseph Rheinberger
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