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Ottorino Respighi

Biography

Born: Jul 9, 1879; Italy   Died: Apr 18, 1936; Italy   Period: Romantic
Mostly known for his richly descriptive symphonic poems Fontane di Roma (The Fountains of Rome) and Pini di Roma (The Pines of Rome), Respighi was a versatile composer who translated into music powerful visual experiences and feelings of deep attachment to cherished places. Respighi's symphonic works are praised primarily for their exquisite orchestration, but these compositions also possess a charm which transcends the merely picturesque. This Read more charm is particularly evident in works inspired by Medieval and Renaissance music, such as Ancient Airs and Dances for orchestra.

Born in 1879, Respighi studied from 1891 to 1900 at the Liceo Musicale in Bologna. In 1900 and 1902, he traveled to Russia, where he played the viola in the Imperial Orchestra in St. Petersburg. During his two extended visits to Russia, Respighi studied with Rimsky-Korsakov, absorbing the Russian master's ideas regarding orchestral color. In 1903, Respighi turned to a career of a concert violinist; he also played chamber music, joining Bologna's Mugellini Quartet as a violist. During the early 1900s, Respighi started writing music, but his compositions (chamber and orchestral works) attracted little attention. In 1908-1909, he was in Berlin, where he immersed himself in German musical culture. In 1913, Respighi settled in Rome, accepting a composition professorship at the Liceo (subsequently Conservatorio) di Santa Cecilia. Enchanted by Rome, Respighi found inspiration in the city's unique atmosphere and consequently formulated an original, personal musical language, exemplified by Fontane di Roma (Fountains of Rome), written in 1914-1916.

Respighi's next project was a children's opera, La bella dormente nel bosco (Sleeping Beauty), finished in 1921, and regarded as his best stage work. After the Fontane di Roma, Respighi sought inspiration in early music, introducing Renaissance and Medieval themes into his compositions. In 1917, he composed the first set of his Antiche arie e danze per liuto (&Ancient Airs and Dances for Lute), for piano duet and strings. The second and third sets, for strings, were composed in 1923 and 1931, respectively. Sometimes regarded as adaptations, these compositions nevertheless exude a unique freshness and sincerity.

Works composed in the 1920s reflected both Respighi's fascination with early music and his desire to translate visual sensations into music. Thus, the Concerto gregoriano for violin and orchestra, composed in 1921, and Quartetto dorico, written in 1924, evoke the spirit of ancient music, while The Pines of Rome describes the splendor of the Roman landscape.

In 1924, Respighi was named director of the Conservatorio di Santa Cecilia, resigning, however, two years later, so he would have more time to compose. Nevertheless, this period included two American tours, in 1925-1926 and 1932, as a conductor and pianist. He also accompanied singers, including his wife, Elsa Olivieri-Sangiacomo, who was also a composer. Works composed during this period include Vetrate di chiesa (Church Windows), for orchestra, written in 1925, and the Trittico botticelliano (Three Botticelli Pictures), composed in 1927 -- a work inspired by three paintings by the great Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli. Composed in 1928-1930, Respighi's Lauda per la Nativita del Signore, for two pianos, wind ensembles, vocal soloists, and chorus, develops Renaissance motifs to create a charming, serene celebration of the spirit of Christmas. Elected to the Royal Academy of Italy in 1932, Respighi died in 1936. Read less

Ceremonies Of Carols- Britten, Poulenc, Respighi / Korn
Release Date: 09/11/2007   Label: Rca Victor Red Seal  
Catalog: 7787   Number of Discs: 1
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Respighi: The Birds; Three Botticelli Pictures; Suite In G Major / Di Vittorio, Chamber Orchestra Of New York
Release Date: 05/27/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 573168   Number of Discs: 1
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Respighi: Violin & Piano, Vol. 1 / Bernecoli, Bianchi
Release Date: 02/25/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573129   Number of Discs: 1
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Respighi: Violin Sonatas / Fabio Paggioro, Massimiliano Ferrati
Release Date: 01/28/2014   Label: Brilliant Classics  
Catalog: 94445   Number of Discs: 1
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Respighi: Complete Works For Violin And Piano, Vol. 2
Release Date: 11/11/2014   Label: Naxos  
Catalog: 8573130   Number of Discs: 1
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Work: La Boutique Fantasque

Browse 1-21 of 21 Available Recordings
  • 1.
    Rossini Edition
    Label: Warner Classics   Catalog: 574311 Release Date: 10/26/2018   Number of Discs: 50
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Ottorino Respighi
    Performer:  Annick Massis,  Rodney Gilfry,  Raúl Giménez,  Pietro Spagnoli  ... 
    Conductor:  Marc Minkowski,  Gabriele Ferro,  Claudio Scimone,  Gianandrea Gavazzeni  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Le Concert des Tuileries,  Bologna Teatro Comunale Orchestra,  Cologne West German Radio Chorus  ... 
    CD: $103.99
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  • 2.
    Sir Malcolm Sargent: On with the Dance!
    Label: Guild   Catalog: 2421 Release Date: 02/09/2016   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Strauss Jr.,  Frédéric Chopin,  Gioachino Rossini,  Ottorino Respighi  ... 
    Conductor:  Sir Malcolm Sargent
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,  Royal Opera House Covent Garden Orchestra
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  • 3.
    Mercury Living Presence - The Collector's Edition Vol 3
    Label: Mercury Living Presence   Catalog: 002275902 Release Date: 03/23/2015   Number of Discs: 53
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Franz Lehár,  Emil Waldteufel,  Johann Strauss Jr.  ... 
    Performer:  Rafael Druian,  Georges Miquelle,  Eugene List,  Alfred Mouledous  ... 
    Conductor:  Antal Doráti,  Stanislaw Skrowaczewski,  Frederick Fennell,  Anatole Fistoulari  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra,  Philharmonia Hungarica  ... 
    CD: $248.99
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  • 4.
    Phase 4 Stereo - Stereo Concert Series
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 002188302 Release Date: 10/27/2014   Number of Discs: 41
    Composer:  John Philip Sousa,  Charles A. Zimmerman,  Francis S. Van Boskerck,  George Norton  ... 
    Performer:  Stanley Black,  David Parkhouse,  Alan Loveday,  Robert Merrill  ... 
    Conductor:  Rodney Bashford,  Stanley Black,  Bernard Herrmann,  Edward Downes  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Grenadier Guards Band,  London Festival Orchestra,  London Festival Recording Ensemble  ... 
    CD: $196.99
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  • 5.
    Respighi: Impressioni brasiliane & La boutique fantasque / Neschling, Liege Philharmonic
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 2050 Release Date: 05/27/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  John Neschling
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Ličge Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 6.
    Respighi: La Boutique Fantasque, The Birds / Conti, Palermo Teatro Massimo Orchestra
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 777295 Release Date: 10/26/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  Marzio Conti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Palermo Teatro Massimo Orchestra
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  • 7.
    Respighi: Ancient Airs and Dances Suite III, The Birds / Marriner
    Label: Philips   Catalog: 420485 Release Date: 06/28/2010   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  Sir Neville Marriner
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
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  • 8.
    Tchaikovsky: Nutcracker; Respighi: Pines Of Rome / Ansermet, Solti
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 425509 Release Date: 06/17/2010   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky,  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet,  Sir Georg Solti
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Suisse Romande Orchestra,  Israel Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 9.
    Respighi: La Boutique Fantasque; Bizet: Jeux D'enfants, Etc
    Label: Cbs Masterworks Digital Masters   Catalog: 46508 Release Date: 03/06/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi,  Georges Bizet
    Conductor:  Sir Andrew Davis
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Toronto Symphony Orchestra
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  • 10.
    Alceo Galliera - Respighi: Pini Di Roma, Etc;  Rossini
    Label: Medici Masters   Catalog: 22 Release Date: 02/26/2008   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  Alceo Galliera
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
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  • 11.
    Respighi: La Boutique Fantasque; Britten / Bonynge
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 410139 Release Date: 08/28/2007   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Benjamin Britten,  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  Richard Bonynge
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 12.
    Rossini: Overtures
    Label: Emi Classics   Catalog: 50889 Release Date: 05/02/2006   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Gioachino Rossini,  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  Vittorio Gui,  Jerzy Maksymiuk,  Gianandrea Gavazzeni,  Sir Thomas Beecham  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Glyndebourne Festival Orchestra,  Polish Chamber Orchestra,  Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra  ... 
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  • 13.
    Offenbach: Gaite Parisienne;  Respighi / Fiedler, Bso
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 66419 Release Date: 01/25/2005   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jacques Offenbach,  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Symphony Orchestra
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  • 14.
    Respighi: La Boutique Fantasque, Etc / Noseda, Bbc Po
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10081 Release Date: 07/22/2003   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  Gianandrea Noseda
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Philharmonic Orchestra
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  • 15.
    Ernest Ansermet Conducts Ballet Music - Stravinsky, Et Al
    Label: Somm   Catalog: 27 Release Date: 06/18/2002   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi,  Igor Stravinsky
    Conductor:  Ernest Ansermet
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  Suisse Romande Orchestra
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  • 16.
    Respighi: La Boutique Fantasque, Etc / Dutoit, Montréal So
    Label: Decca   Catalog: 455983 Release Date: 05/11/1999   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  Charles Dutoit
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Montreal Symphony Orchestra
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  • 17.
    Respighi: Transcriptions For Orchestra / López-cobos
    Label: Telarc   Catalog: 80396 Release Date: 11/12/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi,  Sergei Rachmaninov
    Conductor:  Jesús Lopez-Cobos
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
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  • 18.
    Rossini/Respighi: La Boutique Fantasque, Rossiniana / Janigro
    Label: Vanguard   Catalog: 41 Release Date: 02/20/1996   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi
    Conductor:  Antonio Janigro
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Symphony Orchestra
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  • 19.
    Offenbach: Gaite Parisienne;  Rossini-respighi / Fiedler
    Label: Rca Victor Living Stereo   Catalog: 61847 Release Date: 08/10/1993   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi,  Jacques Offenbach
    Conductor:  Arthur Fiedler
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Boston Pops
    CD: $8.99
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  • 20.
    Dukas: Sorcerer's Apprentice; Saint-saens, Etc / Gibson
    Label: Chandos Collect   Catalog: 6503 Release Date: 10/28/1992   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi,  Camille Saint-Saëns,  Paul Dukas
    Conductor:  Sir Alexander Gibson
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Royal Scottish National Orchestra
    CD: $11.99
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  • 21.
    Tchaikovsky: Sleeping Beauty, Etc / Ormandy, Philadelphia
    Label: Sony Classical Essential Classics   Catalog: 46340 Release Date: 04/05/1991   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Ottorino Respighi,  Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    Conductor:  Eugene Ormandy
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philadelphia Orchestra
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