Carl Reinecke

Biography

Born: June 23, 1824; Altona, Germany   Died: March 10, 1910; Leipzig, Germany  
Carl Heinrich Carsten Reinecke was the son of music teacher J.P. Rudolf Reinecke (1795-1883), who is known as the author of several important textbooks and works on music theory. Carl's father gave him a thorough musical education and training in playing piano.

At the age of 21, Reinecke started touring Northern Europe, as far east as Riga. He attracted favorable attention from Mendelssohn and Robert and Clara Schumann in Leipzig. In
Read more 1846, he was appointed court pianist at the Danish royal court of King Christian VIII in Copenhagen and served there into 1848. As such, he gave solo recitals and he also served as accompanist to the well-known violin virtuoso Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst (1814-1865).

After his Copenhagen job, he traveled to Paris, where he taught. The great piano virtuoso Franz Liszt selected Reinecke to be piano teacher to his daughter, Cosima (future wife of Richard Wagner). Liszt described Reinecke's touch as "beautiful, gentle, legato, and lyrical."

In 1851, he joined the staff of the municipal music school in Cologne, which was being reorganized by Ferdinand Hiller (1814-1865). There he taught piano and counterpoint and was also a recital partner of Hiller, who got him a position in Barmen as town musical director. He conducted several of the town's musical societies and improved the town's musical standards. Subsequently, he was hired as director of music at the University of Breslau and conductor of the Singakademie there.

In 1860, he became a faculty member at the Leipzig Conservatory. Even before he became director in 1897, he was a force for improving it. The teachers hired during his time were capable musicians and effective teachers and moreover, they generally shared Reinecke's conservative views about music. Among the prestigious pupils who studied there were Grieg, Svendsen, Sinding, Sullivan, and Weingartner. Reinecke considered it his mission to transmit the tradition of the Classical composers and earlier composers such as Bach and even Palestrina. He and the Conservatory both earned a reputation in some circles as reactionaries, but no one doubted the solid training it provided its students.

Along with his position at the Conservatory, Reinecke also was conductor of the Gewandhaus Orchestra, keeping that position until 1895 and raising this institution to a high artistic standard as well. In 1875, Reinecke also became a member of the Berlin Academy.

He retired from his teaching position in 1902, but continued composing until his death in 1910. A large proportion of his work (and that for which he is best-remembered) is in the form of piano compositions, which are usually good examples of Romantic-era Hausmusik. His sound is warm, his melodies flowing and sometimes majestic, and harmonically he did not stray much farther than the harmonic style of Robert Schumann. His orchestration is clear and colorful, and in his operas, he was more apt to adopt some of the innovations of Richard Wagner. His piano etudes are charming enough that students find them rewarding to practice. Read less
Browse 1-25 of 97 Available Recordings
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  • 1.
    Brahms, Reinecke: Clarinet Sonatas
    Label: Chandos   Catalog: 10844 Release Date: 01/27/2015   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Reinecke,  Johannes Brahms
    Performer:  Michael Collins,  Michael McHale
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  • 2.
    Label: Claves   Catalog: 9307 Release Date: 11/11/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Reinecke,  Darius Milhaud,  Paul Hindemith,  Frank Martin  ... 
    Performer:  Bernd Glemser,  Peter-Lukas Graf
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  • 3.
    James Galway - The Complete RCA Album Collection
    Label: Rca   Catalog: 302633 Release Date: 09/16/2014   Number of Discs: 73
    Composer:  Arthur Smith,  Various,  Traditional,  Stan Lebowsky  ... 
    Performer:  James Galway,  Sylvia,  Marisa Robles,  Phillip Moll  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Scimone,  Sir Neville Marriner,  Jörg Faerber,  Eduardo Mata  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  I Solisti Veneti,  Academy of St. Martin in the Fields,  Galway Pops Orchestra  ... 
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  • 4.
    Leipzig! Romantic Music For Wind Octet
    Label: Lawo Classics   Catalog: 1058 Release Date: 07/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Edvard Grieg,  Johan Svendsen,  Emil Hartmann,  Carl Reinecke
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  • 5.
    Les Triomphes De Jean-pierre Rampal
    Label: Erato   Catalog: 631358 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 3
    Composer:  Antonio Vivaldi,  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Jean-Marie Leclair,  Carl Philipp Emmanuel Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Jean-Pierre Rampal,  Robert Veyron-Lacroix,  Aurèle Nicolet,  Piano] Edith [Harpsichord Picht-Axenfeld  ... 
    Conductor:  Claudio Scimone,  Jean-François Paillard,  Karl Ristenpart,  Raymond Leppard  ... 
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  • 6.
    Music Of Reinecke, Sitt, Kalliowoda
    Label: Centaur Records   Catalog: 3326 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Reinecke,  Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda,  Hans Sitt
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Deubner Fauchet Duo
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  • 7.
    Reinecke: Cello Concerto
    Label: Delos   Catalog: 3446 Release Date: 06/10/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Reinecke,  John Tavener,  Robert Schumann,  Ernest Bloch  ... 
    Performer:  Michael Samis,  James Button,  Eric Willie
    Conductor:  Gregory Wolynec
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  • 8.
    Brahms, Schumann, Reinecke
    Label: Channel Classics   Catalog: 34014 Release Date: 04/08/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Robert Schumann,  Carl Reinecke
    Performer:  Jasper de Waal,  Candida Thompson,  Hans Colbers,  Frank Van der Laar
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  • 9.
    Vladimir Ashkenazy & Dimitri Ashkenazy: Father & Son
    Label: Paladino Music   Catalog: 30 Release Date: 03/25/2014   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Carl Eschmann,  Carl Reinecke,  Carl Nielsen,  Robert Schumann  ... 
    Performer:  Dimitri Ashkenazy,  Vladimir Ashkenazy
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  • 10.
    Great Works for Flute & Orchestra / Sharon Bezaly
    Label: Bis   Catalog: 1679 Release Date: 08/27/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Nielsen,  Charles Tomlinson Griffes,  Carl Reinecke,  Cécile Louise Chaminade  ... 
    Performer:  Sharon Bezaly
    Conductor:  Neeme Järvi
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hague Residentie Orchestra
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  • 11.
    Flute Sonatas: Mozart, Devienne, Reinecke, Danev / Chrsitov, Angelov
    Label: Gega New   Catalog: 368 Release Date: 06/11/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  François Devienne,  Carl Reinecke,  Miroslav Danev,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Performer:  Mario Angelov,  Christo Christov
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  • 12.
    Undine / Mario Caroli, Keiko Nakayama
    Label: Stradivarius   Catalog: 33935 Release Date: 06/11/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Felix Mendelssohn,  Charles-Marie Widor,  Carl Reinecke,  Claude Paul Taffanel
    Performer:  Keiko Nakayama,  Mario Caroli
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  • 13.
    Reinecke: Dornroschen, Kinderlieder / Bertucci, Romberger, Kleinert, Kreutz
    Label: Cpo   Catalog: 999870 Release Date: 03/26/2013   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Reinecke
    Performer:  Catalina Bertucci,  Janina Hollich,  Maria Pönicke,  Markus Köhler  ... 
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  • 14.
    Brahms, Reinecke, Draeseke / Amir Katz, Kilian Herold
    Label: Cavi Music   Catalog: 8553263 Release Date: 11/13/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Carl Reinecke,  Felix Draeseke
    Performer:  Amir Katz,  Kilian Herold
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  • 15.
    Weihnachtslieder - Christmas Songs / Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
    Label: Deutsche Grammophon   Catalog: 001764502 Release Date: 11/06/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Daniel Schubart,  Carl Reinecke,  Adolphe Adam,  Johann Sebastian Bach  ... 
    Performer:  Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau,  Jörg Demus
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  • 16.
    Music Of Damase, Reinecke & Rose / Mirabelle Trio
    Label: Blue Griffin   Catalog: 249 Release Date: 06/12/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Jean-Michel Damase,  Carl Reinecke,  Michael Alec Rose
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Mirabelle Trio
    On sale! $22.98
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  • 17.
    Schumann Soireestucke / Shinohe, Spiri
    Label: Camerata Records   Catalog: 28225 Release Date: 05/08/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Joseph Rheinberger,  Maria Elisabeth von Sachsen-Meiningen,  Carl Reinecke  ... 
    Performer:  Seiki Shinohe,  Anthony Spiri
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  • 18.
    Kinderlieder, Vol. 3
    Label: Carus   Catalog: 83008 Release Date: 04/24/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Klaus Hoffmann,  Carl Reinecke,  Carl Maria von Weber,  Traditional  ... 
    Performer:  Christine Busch,  Juliane Ruf,  Christian Elsner,  Leonhard Elsner  ... 
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  • 19.
    Art Of Fugue / Ernst Kovacic, Nfm Wroclaw Chamber Orchestra
    Label: Cd Accord   Catalog: 168 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach,  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart,  Robert Schumann,  Carl Reinecke  ... 
    Conductor:  Ernst Kovacic
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  NFM Wroclaw Chamber Orchestra Leopoldinum
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  • 20.
    The Circle Of Robert Schumann Vol 2
    Label: Capriccio Records   Catalog: 5074 Release Date: 01/31/2012   Number of Discs: 2
    Composer:  Robert Schumann,  Clara Wieck Schumann,  Albert Dietrich,  Johannes Brahms  ... 
    Performer:  Wolfgang Brunner,  Gudrun Schaumann
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  • 21.
    Reinecke: Complete Violoncello Sonatas / Manuel Fischer-dieskau, Connie  Shih
    Label: Md&g (Dabringhaus & Grimm)   Catalog: 6031661 Release Date: 11/08/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Reinecke
    Performer:  Manuel Fischer-Dieskau,  Connie Shih
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  • 22.
    Steps To The Past: The Horn Of The Romantic Era
    Label: Pilfink Records   Catalog: 86 Release Date: 08/09/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Louis-François Dauprat,  Charles Gounod,  Emmanuel Chabrier,  Carl Reinecke  ... 
    Performer:  Tommi Hyytinen
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Golden Horns
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  • 23.
    Reinecke: Harp Concerto, Symphony No 3 / Beissel, Brandenburgisches Staatsorchester
    Label: Christophorus   Catalog: 1622 Release Date: 06/01/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Carl Reinecke
    Performer:  Elsie Bedleem
    Conductor:  Heribert Beissel
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  • 24.
    Brahms & Friends Vol 6 - Brahms, Reinecke, Jenner / Schmidt, Sasaki-Schmidt
    Label: Divox   Catalog: 29604 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Johannes Brahms,  Carl Reinecke,  Gustav Uwe Jenner
    Performer:  Saiko Sasaki-Schmidt,  Rainer Schmidt
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  • 25.
    Wiegenlieder, Vol. 2
    Label: Carus   Catalog: 83002 Release Date: 05/31/2011   Number of Discs: 1
    Composer:  Anonymous,  Johannes Brahms,  Peter Cornelius,  Engelbert Humperdinck  ... 
    Performer:  Christian Gerhaher,  Gerold Huber,  Ruth Ziesak,  Juliane Ruf  ... 
    Orchestra/Ensemble:  Singer Pur
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Carl Reinecke


MOST POPULAR WORKS
I. Allegro molto moderato
II. Lento e mesto
III. Finale: Moderato
I. Allegro
II. Intermezzo: Allegretto vivace
III. Andante tranquillo
IV. Finale: Allegro molto agitato, quasi presto
I. Lento - Allegro con brio
II. Andante
III. Scherzo: Molto vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro ma non troppo - Allegro molto quasi presto
I. Allegro
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Scherzo - Allegro vivace - Trio I - Scherzo: Trio II
IV. Finale: Maestoso - Allegro con fuoco - Molto piu animato - Presto
WORKS
I. Allegro molto moderato
II. Lento e mesto
III. Finale: Moderato
I. Allegro moderato
II. Adagio molto - Vivace ma non troppo - Adagio
III. Finale. Allegro moderato, ma con spirito
I. Allegro moderato
II. Lento ma non troppo - Intermezzo: Moderato
III. Finale: Allegro molto ed appassionato
I. Lento - Allegro molto moderato
II. Andante
III. Finale: Moderato
I. Adagio - Allegro moderato
II. Andante mesto
III. Finale: Allegro
I. Allegro
II. Intermezzo: Allegretto vivace
III. Andante tranquillo
IV. Finale: Allegro molto agitato, quasi presto
I. Lento - Allegro con brio
II. Andante
III. Scherzo: Molto vivace
IV. Finale: Allegro ma non troppo - Allegro molto quasi presto
I. Allegro
II. Andante sostenuto
III. Scherzo - Allegro vivace - Trio I - Scherzo: Trio II
IV. Finale: Maestoso - Allegro con fuoco - Molto piu animato - Presto