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Mozart: Complete Symphonies / Jaap Ter Linden


Release Date: 03/01/2005 
Label:  Brilliant Classics   Catalog #: 92110   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Number of Discs: 11 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 12 Hours 13 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews

=== Reviews ===

Not long ago, complete traversals of the Mozart symphonies were rare on disc, mainly because the ones before No. 25 were usually ignored, and only a handful between No. 25 and No. 41 were truly part of the standard canon. Jaap ter Linden, though best known as a Baroque cellist and violist da gamba, leads his Mozart Akademie Amsterdam in shapely, energized performances of the full set, available in a midprice box of 11 CD's. The most familiar symphonies benefit from crisp articulation, lively tempos and masterly period-instrument playing. But the real surprises are the early works, which here bear some of the rhythmic and textural characteristics of Baroque works. It makes sense: Handel was dead only five years
Read more when Mozart, still a child, wrote the work now considered his First Symphony.

- Allan Kozinn, The New York Times, [April 14, 2006]

=====

If I say ‘Mozart on original instruments’ you might reasonably reply, ‘Impossibly fast tempi, choppy phrasing, raucous orchestral balances, strict pulse’ — and with this original instrument recording you’d be dead wrong on every single count.

Overall, these are beautiful, silky recordings. Strings play without a trace of vibrato, true, but with richly sculpted sensuous phrasing; winds, strings and brass play together like chamber performers. The conductor uses concerto grosso aesthetics where solo winds sometimes play against solo strings. Later the wind choir is matched against the full orchestra. Brass is not always forward, while timpani is enthusiastically up front throughout. It is impossible to sit still during most of the minuets and marches, your body wants to MOVE. In the later more dramatic symphonies the strings sometimes snarl and wail.

During the Nineteenth Century "Classical" Music was considered to be string music and these works were played by huge string orchestras with the winds, percussion, and brass allowed to make only the merest, sotto voce, contribution to texture. By the time of the Leinsdorff recordings in the late 1950s scholarship had changed the view, the number of strings was reduced, and winds, percussion, and brass were much more prominent, making important textural statements. These recordings carry things a step further, with the textures predominately established by winds and brass, with strings in a determinedly minor role. Although particularly for middle period symphonies this approach works very well, I feel that overall Linden has gone too far in this direction, and somewhere between Leinsdorf and Linden lies the perfect balance.

These are personal and very expressive performances, and you may not agree with everything. Musicologist and keyboardist Rod Simpson who has made special studies of K 73 and K 338 says ‘He does them exactly opposite to the way I do.’ Violin figurations that most conductors feel are the top melody line here are often reduced to a texture, barely audible, as with vines growing on a Grecian column, perhaps not surprising for a cellist.* This results in a rather strange "Jupiter" which comes to resemble more than anything else the Masonic Funeral Music. I can’t see anyone making this their favourite "Jupiter," but #39, K 543, and #35, K. 385 "Haffner," come off quite well, with #38, K 504, the "Prague," a little strange but certainly acceptable and quite interesting.

The two versions of #40, K550, are rather different as played here. The version without clarinets seems oddly hollow compared to one with clarinets, but Leinsdorf and Scherchen both used it (Rod Simpson also prefers it), even though there seems to be a general impression that the version with clarinets is more frequently heard today. In the later clarinet version, the clarinet notes seem to have been taken from the oboe and cello, and make for a sweeter and more varied sound overall, but also somewhat more congestion in the wind passages. The greater use of flute and bassoon adds pathos to the version without clarinets.

My favourite recorded performance of the Jupiter has always been Leinsdorf and the Rochester PO on a very old monophonic CBS LP. When I mentioned to Leinsdorf that I thought that this first of his three recorded performances was the best, he replied, "No! You should have heard the one I did last week with the Vienna Philharmonic. That was the best."

Perhaps the most obvious immediate difference in comparing a "complete" Mozart from the 1950s with a modern one is what music you hear. Leinsdorf plays the canon of numbered works straight through from Number 1 to number 41. But here, in line with recent scholarship, Linden adds K19a, K111a, and K196 previously classified as overtures to stage works, and the two orchestrations of K 550. Traditional numbers 2, 3, 11, and 37 (K17, 18, 84, 444) are entirely missing, this last because it was in the main composed by Michael Haydn with only the introduction and some orchestration by Mozart. What a shame! This is a very fine work and just because we no longer think it’s by Mozart, it’s just never played at all any more. So, if you own the Leinsdorf recordings, don’t throw them out; they remain very valuable.

Last but not least, the disks are sold in a box packed in thin cardboard envelopes which are open at the top, and it is easily possible to coax the disk out of the envelope without having to touch the playing surface, yet the disk stays put when it should. Such a simple thing shows respect for the purchaser as well as for the product. They deserve a medal for this alone!

*My grandfather was a trumpet player and knew no polite words for the violin.

- Paul Shoemaker, MusicWeb-International
Read less

Works on This Recording

1.
Symphony no 1 in E flat major, K 16 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1764; London, England 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
2.
Symphony no 4 in D major, K 19 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1765; London, England 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 9 Minutes 17 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
3.
Symphony in F major, K Anh. 223 (19a) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1765; London, England 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 11 Minutes 19 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
4.
Symphony no 5 in B flat major, K 22 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1765; Netherlands 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 6 Minutes 18 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
5.
Symphony no 6 in F major, K 43 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1767; Vienna, Austria 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 16 Minutes 30 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
6.
Symphony no 7 in D major, K 45 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1768; Vienna, Austria 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 11 Minutes 8 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
7.
Symphony no 8 in D major, K 48 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1768; Vienna, Austria 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 15 Minutes 23 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
8.
Symphony no 9 in C major, K 73 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1772; Salzburg, Austria 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 12 Minutes 10 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
9.
Symphony no 10 in G major, K 74 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1770; Milan, Italy 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 7 Minutes 43 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
10.
Symphony no 12 in G major, K 110 (75b) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1771; Salzburg, Austria 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 16 Minutes 18 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
11.
Symphony no 13 in F major, K 112 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1771; Milan, Italy 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 13 Minutes 5 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
12.
Symphony no 14 in A major, K 114 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1771; Salzburg, Austria 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 20 Minutes 26 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
13.
Symphony no 15 in G major, K 124 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1772; Salzburg, Austria 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 14 Minutes 22 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
14.
Symphony no 16 in C major, K 128 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1772; Salzburg, Austria 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 14 Minutes 6 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
15.
Symphony no 17 in G major, K 129 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1772; Salzburg, Austria 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 14 Minutes 45 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
16.
Symphony no 20 in D major, K 133 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1772; Salzburg, Austria 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 22 Minutes 53 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
17.
Symphony no 21 in A major, K 134 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1772; Salzburg, Austria 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 20 Minutes 46 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
18.
Symphony no 22 in C major, K 162 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1773; Salzburg, Austria 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 8 Minutes 23 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
19.
Symphony no 23 in D major, K 181 (162b) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1773; Salzburg, Austria 
Venue:  Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands 
Length: 9 Minutes 35 Secs. 
Notes: Baptist Church, Haarlem, Netherlands (08/2001 - 12/2001) 
20.
Symphony no 27 in G major, K 199 (161b) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1773; Salzburg, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 17 Minutes 48 Secs. 
21.
Symphony no 28 in C major, K 200 (189k) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Written: 1774 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 24 Minutes 49 Secs. 
22.
Symphony no 30 in D major, K 202 (186b) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1774; Salzburg, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 20 Minutes 25 Secs. 
23.
Symphony no 48 in D major, K 120 (111a) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1771; Milan, Italy 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 6 Minutes 7 Secs. 
24.
Symphony no 18 in F major, K 130 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1772; Salzburg, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 24 Minutes 38 Secs. 
25.
Symphony no 19 in E flat major, K 132 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1772; Salzburg, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 19 Minutes 17 Secs. 
26.
Symphony no 25 in G minor, K 183 (173dB) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Written: 1773 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 27 Minutes 58 Secs. 
27.
Symphony no 24 in B flat major, K 182 (173dA) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1773; Salzburg, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 10 Minutes 2 Secs. 
28.
Symphony no 26 in E flat major, K 184 (161a) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1773; Salzburg, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 8 Minutes 59 Secs. 
29.
Symphony no 51 in D major, K 121/196 (207a) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1774-1775; Salzburg, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 7 Minutes 58 Secs. 
30.
Symphony no 29 in A major, K 201 (186a) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Written: 1774 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 31 Minutes 6 Secs. 
31.
Symphony no 32 in G major, K 318 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1779; Salzburg, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 7 Minutes 58 Secs. 
32.
Symphony no 33 in B flat major, K 319 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1779; Salzburg, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 23 Minutes 57 Secs. 
33.
Symphony no 34 in C major, K 338 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1780; Salzburg, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 20 Minutes 56 Secs. 
34.
Symphony no 35 in D major, K 385 "Haffner" by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1782; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 19 Minutes 34 Secs. 
35.
Symphony no 31 in D major, K 297 (300a) "Paris" by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Written: 1778 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 18 Minutes 14 Secs. 
36.
Symphony no 36 in C major, K 425 "Linz" by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1783; Linz, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 31 Minutes 10 Secs. 
37.
Symphony no 40 in G minor, K 550 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1788; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 28 Minutes 6 Secs. 
Notes: 2nd version with clarinets. 
38.
Symphony no 38 in D major, K 504 "Prague" by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1786; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 33 Minutes 26 Secs. 
39.
Symphony no 39 in E flat major, K 543 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1788; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 31 Minutes 50 Secs. 
40.
Symphony no 41 in C major, K 551 "Jupiter" by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1788; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 35 Minutes 31 Secs. 
41.
Symphony no 40 in G minor, K 550 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Jaap ter Linden
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Amsterdam Mozart Academy
Period: Classical 
Written: 1788; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 2002 
Venue:  Maria Minor Church, Utrecht, Netherlands 
Length: 28 Minutes 0 Secs. 
Notes: 1st version without clarinets. 

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