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Cabezon: Glosas / Glen Wilson

Cabezon,A. / Cabezon,J. / Cabezon,H. / Wilson
Release Date: 06/25/2013 
Label:  Naxos   Catalog #: 8572477  
Composer:  Antonio De CabezónJuan de CabezónHernando de CabezónHernando de Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 1 Hours 13 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews



Glosas Glen Wilson (hpd) NAXOS 8.572477 (73: 15)


Works by A. DE CABEZÓN, H. DE CABEZÓN, J. DE CABEZÓN


In 36:6 I recently reviewed a seven-CD set issued by Brilliant Classics of the complete Obras de música para tecla, arpa y vihuela (Works of Music for Keyboard, Harp, and Vihuela) of Antonio de Cabezón (1510–1566), posthumously compiled and published in 1578 by his Read more son, Hernando de Cabezón (1541–1602). I gave that set a somewhat conditional recommendation, stating: “While these performances are technically faultless and stylistically conscientious, they tend to be somewhat cautious and short on character....When I turn instead to the afore-mentioned Naxos and Motette recordings, the spirit and colorfulness of these pieces is captured to a palpably greater degree....However, I don’t wish to look a gift horse in the mouth; the performances are still estimable overall, and at the Brilliant Classics super-budget price, anyone interested in the music of Cabezón should snatch up this set without delay before it disappears.” The Naxos recordings I cited included a two-CD set of the complete tientos and variations from that collection by harpsichordist Glen Wilson. Wilson has now returned to this repertoire to favor us with a selection of 17 of Cabezón’s glosas, with 16 taken from the Obras and one (track 16) from the Libro de cifra nueva para tecla, harpa y vihuela (Book of New Numbers for Keyboard, Harp, and Vihuela), an anthology of some 200 pieces by various composers which was compiled by Luis Venegas de Henestrosa (c.1510–1570) and published in 1557.


The disc also includes four glosas by the composer’s son Hernando, and one by his brother, Juan de Cabezón (?–1566). While both Antonio and Juan were in the employ of the Spanish court, virtually nothing appears to be known of the latter, not even if he was older or younger than his sibling, and only two pieces of his music are known to have survived. Not much more is known of Hernando; he succeeded his father as organist to the Spanish court, and likewise only a handful of his compositions are extant. Those offered here were also included by Hernando in the Obras.


Whereas the tiento is the Spanish counterpart to the Italian ricercar , the glosa is an elaborate variation (i.e., gloss) of quasi-improvisatory character upon the work of another composer. Those of Cabezón are highly contrapuntal works of extreme technical difficulty, sometimes featuring four to six distinct voices running simultaneously in a manner comparable to contemporary polyphonic mass settings. The glosas included here take as their subjects pieces by Thomas Crequillon, Josquin des Prez, Nicolas Gombert, Orlando di Lasso, Johannes Lupi, Jacobus Clemens non Papa, Cipriano de Rore, Philippe Verdelot, Philip van Wilder, Adrian Willaert, and Johannes Wreede. In his excellent, highly detailed booklet notes for this release, Wilson quotes from the preface that Hernando wrote to the Obras : “If some errors are still present, I beg that they be altered with my full approval.” Noting “the problem of establishing a reliable text from the Obras ,” he then wryly comments: “I have taken him up on this offer to a dizzying degree.” (Exactly how is not further specified.)


As a renowned performer and scholar, Wilson is no stranger to the pages of Fanfare . To hear the renditions of these works by keyboardist Claudio Astronio in the aforementioned Brilliant Classics set alongside these versions is immediately to confront the difference between a skilled, conscientious performer and a world-class interpreter. Admittedly, comparison can be difficult, because Astronio performs virtually all of the works featured on this disc on the organ; but for the exceptions where both artists employ a harpsichord (Track 12, based on the Ardenti miei sospiri of Verdelot, being a prime example), Wilson’s superiority is immediately evident. There is a subtle suppleness of the phrasing, and slight but telling agogic touches to rhythms and accents, that separate the various contrapuntal strands far more clearly and makes the pieces spring to life with far greater expressiveness. Wilson also has the far superior instrument, one with a deep resonance and variety of tonal colors that the comparatively thin, almost tinny-sounding harpsichord of Astroni cannot begin to match. As some of my colleagues here have previously noted regarding Naxos discs of harpsichord music, the recorded sound here is very closely miked, so that the instrument sounds somewhat boomy if the volume is turned up, but at a more moderate level it sounds fine. Given the scattershot selection of the glosas included here, I infer that an integral Obras series from Wilson on Naxos is not planned at present; more’s the pity. While I’m not about to give away the complete Brilliant Classics set, this and Wilson’s previous set unquestionably offer the superior introduction to Cabezón and are enthusiastically recommended.


FANFARE: James A. Altena
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Works on This Recording

1. Ultimi miei suspiri (after Verdelot) by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
2. Quien llamo al partir, partir? by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century; Spain 
3. Pues a mi desconsolado by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: Spain 
4. Pour un plaisir by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century; Spain 
5. Missa del home arme: Osana by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century; Spain 
6. Divisions on Susanna un jour by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
7. Cancion Francesa by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
8. Ayme qui Voldra (after Gomberth) by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
9. Libro de Cifra Nueva: Pange lingua de Urreda by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
10. Pues a mi, desconsolado by Juan de Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century; Spain 
11. Glossada de "Susana un jur" by Hernando de Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1578 
12. Dulce memoria by Hernando de Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: Spain 
13. Ave maris stella by Hernando de Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
14. Pis ne peult me venir by Hernando de Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
15. Au joli bois sur la verdure by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
16. Sana me domine by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
17. Prenez pitie by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
18. Je file quand Dieu me donne de quoi by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
19. Je prens en gré la dure mort by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
20. Ardenti miei sospiri by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
21. Ancor che col partire by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: Spain 
22. Chi la dira by Antonio De Cabezón
Performer:  Glen Wilson (Harpsichord)
Period: Renaissance 

Sound Samples

Obras de Musica: Ayme qui vouldra
Obras de Musica: Sana me domine
Obras de Musica: Prenez pitie
Obras de Musica: Je file quand Dieu me donne de quoi
Obras de Musica: Ultimi miei sospiri
Obras de Musica: Osanna (from Josquin des Prez's Missa L'homme arme, sexti toni)
Obras de Musica: Au joli bois sur la verdure
Obras de Musica: Pis ne peult me venir
Obras de Musica: Pour un plaisir
Obras de Musica: Susanne un jour
Obras de Musica: Je prens en gre la dure mort
Obras de Musica: Ardenti miei sospiri
Obras de Musica: Ancor che col partire
Obras de Musica: Cancion francesa
Obras de Musica: Chi la dira
Libro de Cifra Nueva: Pange lingua de Urreda
Obras de Musica: Susanne un jour
Obras de Musica: Doulce memoire
Obras de Musica: Ave maris stella
Obras de Musica: Pis ne peult me venir
Obras de Musica: Pues a mi desconsolado
Obras de Musica: Quien llamo al partir partir

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