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Mahler's Decade In Vienna - Singers Of The Court Opera 1897-1907


Release Date: 01/01/2004 
Label:  Marston   Catalog #: 53004  
Composer:  Ambroise ThomasJohannes BrahmsCarl Maria von WeberPietro Mascagni,   ... 
Performer:  Irene AbendrothAnna Von Bahr-MildenburgLola BeethTheodor Bertram,   ... 
Number of Discs: 3 
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Liner Notes

Notes and Editorial Reviews

Marston is proud to present a Centenary Tribute to the amazing ten-year directorship of Gustav Mahler in Vienna. Rare and in some cases unique early recordings of opera and lieder highlight the vocal artistry of more than fifty Court Opera stars, including Irene Abendroth, Lola Beeth, Theodor Bertram, Hermine Bosetti, Mme. Charles Cahier, Leopold Demuth, Ottilie Fellwock, Wilhelm Hesch, Berta Kiurina, Selma Kurz, Richard Mayr, Frances Saville, Erik Schmedes, Leo Slezak, Johannes Sembach, and Edyth Walker. These fascinating documents in sound, many available here in re-issue for the first time, will also showcase important Court Opera premiers and revivals. This comprehensive 3 CD set from Marston also features an essay on Mahler and his Read more work at the Court Opera by renowned scholar Stephen E. Hefling and informative thumbnail biographies of each artist represented.

A Note from Ward Marston:
This three disc set aims at presenting a selection of recordings, photographs, and biographical information of the singers who worked under Gustav Mahler during his tenure at the Vienna Court Opera, 1897-1907. The project has been well over a year in its realization and would not have been possible without the tireless effort of Nathan Davis, our producer, as well as the collectors and archivists who have generously assisted us in locating the requisite recordings and photographs. We have tried to confine our search to period recordings and only when absolutely necessary we have used recordings which date from 1908 or later. Although much of this material is extremely rare and is reissued here on CD for the first time, our problem has been whittling down choices instead of searching for examples. Our goal has been to include recordings that best represent each singer and rarity in itself has not been our primary criterion in selecting the featured recordings. If we have been able to offer some “hen’s teeth”, all the better. We have included operatic arias and ensembles, as well as a smattering of songs to demonstrate the diversity of the singers and to give a bit of relief to the listener as well. It should be mentioned, however, that even the best copies have severe defects. During the early days of recording, singers were usually placed extremely close to the horn in order to produce the clearest possible impression. This often caused extreme distortion on the loudest notes, a flaw that is impossible to correct, but can some times be attenuated by using a wide variety of stylus sizes. No effort has been spared to make each selection as listenable as possible. It has also been my particular responsibility to reproduce each recording at the proper pitch. I have used musical scores as my primary guide, but since the practice of transposition was widely employed in those days, I have used my own ear in cases where score pitch seemed incorrect. It is our sincere hope that our objective of producing a comprehensive survey of rare recordings and photographs in the best possible condition has been achieved.

Track Listing


CD 1 (77:22)

Irene ABENDROTH

1. MIGNON: Je suis Titania (Thomas) 3:01
  1902; (768 1/2x) G&T 43245  
2. Vergebliches Ständchen (Brahms) 1:55
  1902; (2286b) G&T 43038  

Anna von BAHR-MILDENBURG

3. OBERON: Ozean du Ungeheuer (Weber) 2:34
  1904; (805e) G&T 43630  

Lola BEETH

4. M?ama, non m?ama (Mascagni) 2:55
  1904; (OB 28y) G&T 43621  

Theodor BERTRAM

5. DAS RHEINGOLD: Abendlich Strahlt (Wagner) 2:47
  1905; (2056-f) Favorite 1-15049  

Elsa BLAND

6. AIDA: O patria mia (Verdi) 3:03
  1905; (12700) Columbia 12700  

Hermine BOSETTI

7. DIE ZAUBERFLÖTE: Zum Leiden bin ich auserkoren (Mozart) 3:24
  1906; (4445l) G&T 43785  

Ellen BRANDT-FORSTER

8. COPPELIA: Valse (Delibes) 1:57
  1902; (2530b) G&T 43198  
9. LE NOZZE DI FIGARO: Crudel perchè finora (Mozart) 2:12
  with Leopold Demuth, baritone
1902; (2529b) G&T 44115
 

Hans BREUER

10. SIEGFRIED: Als züllendes Kind (Wagner) 2:10
  1904; (1131e) G&T 2-42923  

Sara CAHIER

11. CARMEN: Habanera (Bizet) 2:48
  1907; (10894u) G&T 43944  
12. CARMEN: Air des cartes (Bizet) 2:46
  1907; (10910u) G&T 43945  

Leopold DEMUTH

13. DIE DREI PINTOS: Ein Mädchen Verloren (Weber) 3:46
  1903; (19hp) G&T 042030  
14. PIKOVAYA DAMA: Ja vas lyublyu (Tchaikovsky) 3:46
  1903; (49hp) G&T 042053  

Andreas DIPPEL

15. LES HUGUENOTS: Plus blanche que la blanche hermine (Meyerbeer) 2:10
  1906; Edison cylinder B-15  

Elise ELIZZA

16. DIE KÖNIGIN VON SABA: Lockruf (Goldmark) 2:28
  1904; Pathé 19268  
17. DIE KÖNIGIN VON SABA: Der Freund ist dein (Goldmark) 3:15
  1906; (704r) G&T 43752  

Benedikt FELIX

18. Non t?amo più (Denza) 2:54
  1902; (869x) G&T 52363  

Ottilie FELLWOCK

19. SAMSON ET DALILA: Printemps qui commence (Saint-Saëns) 4:28
  1904; (245y) G&T 043030  

Frieda FELSER

20. MIGNON: Connais-tu le pays? (Thomas) 3:29
  1907; (3043r) G&T 43926  

Grete FORST

21. DER FREISCHÜTZ: Kommt ein schlanker Bursch? gegangen (Weber) 3:02
  1904; (916e) G&T 43618  

Gertrude FÖRSTEL

22. FAUST: Air des bijoux (Gounod) 3:36
  1904; (1903x) G&T 43504  

Berta FÖRSTER-LAUTERER

23. PRODANÁ NEVESTA: Ten lasky sen (Smetana) 2:45
  1903; (763z) G&T 43413  
24. LOHENGRIN: Das süsse Lied verhallt (Wagner) 4:05
  with Leo Slezak, tenor
1903; (27hp) G&T 044017
 

Moritz FRAUSCHER

25. Prinz Eugen (Loewe) 3:02
  1902; (G 81b) Zonophone X-22150  

Marie GUTHEIL-SCHODER

26. DIE LUSTIGEN WEIBER VON WINDSOR: Nun eilt herbei (Nicolai) 2:52
  1902; (884x) G&T 43221  
CD 2 (78:56)

Alexander HAYDTER

1. DAS RHEINGOLD: Alberichs Fluch (Wagner) 3:21
  1906; (Vx 1365) Odeon X 38367  

Wilhelm HESCH

2. EVGENIJ ONEGIN: Lyubvi fse vozrastï pokornï (Tchaikovsky) 3:45
  1902; (937x) G&T 42849  
3. LES HUGUENOTS: Dans la nuit toute seule (Meyerbeer) 3:44
  with Betty Schubert, soprano
1904; (Vx 138) Odeon X 38083
 

Laura HILGERMANN

4. Träume (Wagner) 3:00
  1908; (13221u) Zonophone X-23308  
5. TANNHÄUSER: Dich teure Halle (Wagner) 2:58
  1908; (13222u) Zonophone X-23309  

Hermine KITTEL

6. DJAMILEH: Nour-Eddin, roi de Lahore [Ghazel] (Bizet) 3:07
  1908; (12945u) Gramophone Pre-Dog 2-43110  
7. DJAMILEH: Sans doute l?heure est prochaine [Lamento] (Bizet) 3:16
  1908; (12944u) Gramophone Pre-Dog 2-43109  

Berta KIURINA

8. FAUST: Faites-lui mes aveux (Gounod) 2:52
  1906; (Vx 1425) Odeon X 25709  
9. LOHENGRIN: Das süsse Lied verhallt (Wagner) 3:14
  with Hubert Leuer, tenor
1914; Pathé 56244
 

Selma KURZ

10. FAUST: Ne permettrez-vous pas (Gounod) 1:31
  1900; (1627a) Berliner 43015  
11. ERNANI: Ernani involami (Verdi) 3:16
  1902; (X-1669) Zonophone X-23013  
12. UN BALLO IN MASCHERA: Saper vorreste (Verdi) 2:03
  1902; (2486b) G&T 43305  

Georg MAIKL

13. LE DONNE CURIOSE: Aria di Florindo (Wolf-Ferrari) 2:25
  1905; Pathé 38085  

Richard MAYR

14. LA JUIVE: Si la rigueur et la vengeance (Halévy) 4:01
  1905; (460c) G&T 042108  

Hans MELMS

15. TANNHÄUSER: O kehr? zurück, du kühner Sänger (Wagner) 2:56
  1907; (12846u) Gramophone Pre-Dog V.* 22843  

Margarethe MICHALEK

16. DER DOT MON: Ich hab? dich so lieb (Förster) 2:05
  1902; (2452b) G&T 43316  
17. Es blinkt der Tau (Rubinstein) 2:47
  1902; (967x) G&T 43242  

Anton MOSER

18. Soldatenart (Abt) 3:06
  1905; (12508-1-x) Columbia 12508  

Franz NAVAL

19. COSÌ FAN TUTTE: Un aura amorosa (Mozart) 3:12
  1902; (857x) G&T 42818  
20. LA DAME BLANCHE: Cene main si jolie (Boieldieu) 3:16
  with Marie Gutheil-Schoder, soprano
1902; (851x) G&T 44066
 

Franz PACAL

21. DER FLIEGENDE HOLLÄNDER: Mit Gewitter und Sturm (Wagner) 2:47
  1902; (943x) G&T 42850  
22. Frühlingzeit (Becker) 2:55
  1902; (891x) G&T 42832  

Josie PETRU

23. LE PROPHÈTE: Ah mon fils! (Meyerbeer) 3:14
  1906; (Vx 1406) Odeon X 38282  
24. DIE ROSE VOM LIEBESGARTEN: Arioso (Pfitzner) 2:17
  with Berta Kiurina, soprano 1906; (OX 1371) Odeon X 38305  
25. DIE ROSE VOM LIEBESGARTEN: Duett (Pfitzner) 2:31
  with Berta Kiurina, soprano
1906; (OX 1370) Odeon X 38304
 

Jenny POHLNER

26. DAS RHEINGOLD: Rheintöchter Terzett (Wagner) 2:39
  with Elise Elizza, soprano; Hermine Kittel, contralto
1904; (xV 98) Odeon X 38022
 

Arthur PREUSS

27. DIE ENTFÜHRUNG AUS DEM SERAIL: Frisch zum Kampfe (Mozart) 2:26
  1906; (4264l) G&T 3-42598  
CD 3 (78:23)

Carl REICH

1. ERNANI: Che mai vegg?io?Infelice! E tu credevi (Verdi) 3:21
  1903; (89hp) G&T 042042  

Frances SAVILLE

2. MANON: Voyons, Manon (Massenet) 3:20
  1902; (873x) G&T 43280  
3. Morgen send? ich dir die Veilchen (Meyer-Helmund) 3:08
  1902; (876x) G&T 43285  

Erik SCHMEDES

4. En Drøm (Grieg) 2:01
  1902; (2378b) G&T 42709  
5. TRISTAN UND ISOLDE: O sink? hernieder (Wagner) 3:06
  with Elsa Bland, soprano
1908; (13157u) Gramophone Pre-Dog 2-44412
 
6. TRISTAN UND ISOLDE: So stürben wir (Wagner) 2:34
  with Elsa Bland, soprano
1908; (13156u) Gramophone Pre-Dog 2-44411
 

Fritz SCHRÖDTER

7. DIE MEISTERSINGER: Am Jordan (Wagner) 1:48
  1902; (2426b) G&T 42757  
8. DIE FLEDERMAUS: Brüderlein und Schwesterlein (J. Strauss) 2:06
  1902; (2484b) G&T 42776  

Sophie SEDLMAIR

9. DON GIOVANNI: Or sai che l?onore (Mozart) 2:55
  1903; (896z) G&T 43507  
10. LE NOZZE DI FIGARO: Voi che sapete (Mozart) 3:10
  c.1910; (2046) Janus-Record 5496b  

Charlotte von SEEBEÖK

11. NORMA: Casta Diva?Ah, bello, a me ritorna (Bellini) 4:07
  1905; Pathé 38220/38221  

Johannes SEMBACH

12. LA DAME BLANCHE: Viens, gentille dame (Boieldieu) 2:23
  1906; (7226 OE) Lyrophon W.7226  

Leo SLEZAK

13. Ungeduld (Schubert) 2:27
  1901; (214x) G&T 42409  
14. GUILLAUME TELL: Ses jours qu?il sont osé proscrire (Rossini) 3:29
  1903; (8hp) G&T 042061  

Julius SPIELMANN

15. CAVALLERIA RUSTICANA: Siciliana (Mascagni) 2:23
  1905; (180-o) Favorite 1-15218  

Gerhard STEHMANN

16. TANNHÄUSER: Blick? ich umher (Wagner) 3:21
  1902; (G 7b) Zonophone X-22131  

Ernest VAN DYCK

17. Les berceaux (G. Fauré) 2:25
  1903; Pathé Cylinder 0796  
18. Les roses d?Ispahan (G. Fauré) 2:43
  1905; (Xph 541) Fonotipia 39226  

Edyth WALKER

19. LE PROPHÈTE: Scène de la prison (Meyerbeer) 2:19
  1902; (975x) G&T 43261  
20. SERSE: Ombra mai fu (Handel) 2:49
  1902; (1114 1/2x) G&T 43279  

Friedrich WEIDEMANN

21. DIE ZAUBERFLÖTE: Papagena, Papagena! (Mozart) 3:15
  1907; (10053u) Gramophone 3-42755  

Lucie WEIDT

22. FIDELIO: Abscheulicher! ?Komm? Hoffnung (Beethoven) 5:47
  1904; (3494b) G&T 43380 & (339i) G&T 043048  

Hermann WINKELMANN

23. DIE MEISTERSINGER: Preislied (Wagner) 2:36
  1905; (6769b) G&T 3-42465  
24. DALIBOR: Slysel?s to, priteli (Smetana) 3:12
  1905; (6770b) G&T 3-42299  

Wilhelm WISSIAK

25. MARTHA: Trinklied (Flotow) 2:01
  1906, (Vx1466) Odeon X25745  

Lilli LEHMANN

26. TRISTAN UND ISOLDE: Liebestod (Wagner) 5:23
  1907; (xxB 3145) Odeon (unpublished on 78 rpm)  


 


CD 1:
Tracks 1-6, 8-10, 13-14, 16, 18-19, 21-26 accompanied by piano; Tracks 7, 11-12, 15, 17, 20 accompanied by orchestra.
Languages: All selections are sung in German except Track 18 which is sung in Italian.


 


CD 2:
Tracks 1-3, 8, 10, 12-14, 16-26 accompanied by piano; Tracks 4-7, 9, 11, 15, 27 accompanied by orchestra.
Languages: All selections are sung in German.


 


CD 3:
Tracks 1-4, 7-9, 11-20, 22-25 accompanied by piano; Tracks 5-6, 10, 21, 26 accompanied by orchestra
Languages: German [1-3, 5-16, 19, 21-26]; Danish [4]; French [17-18]; and Italian [20]
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Works on This Recording

1. Mignon: Je suis Titania la blonde by Ambroise Thomas
Performer:  Irene Abendroth (Soprano)
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1866; France 
2. Romances and Songs (5), Op. 84: no 4, Vergebliches Ständchen by Johannes Brahms
Performer:  Irene Abendroth (Soprano)
Period: Romantic 
Written: ?1877-79; Austria 
3. Oberon, J 306: Ozean! du Ungeheuer by Carl Maria von Weber
Performer:  Anna Von Bahr-Mildenburg (Soprano)
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1825-1826; Dresden, Germany 
4. M'ama, non m'ama by Pietro Mascagni
Performer:  Lola Beeth (Soprano)
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1884; Italy 
5. Das Rheingold: Abendlich strahlt der Sonne Auge by Richard Wagner
Performer:  Theodor Bertram (Baritone)
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1854; Germany 
6. Aida: O patria mia by Giuseppe Verdi
Performer:  Elsa Bland (Soprano)
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1871; Italy 
7. Die Zauberflöte, K 620: O zittre nicht...Zum Leiden bin ich by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Performer:  Hermine Bosetti (Soprano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1791; Vienna, Austria 
8. Coppélia: Waltz by Léo Delibes
Performer:  Ellen Brandt-Forster (Soprano)
9. Le nozze di Figaro, K 492: Crudel, perchè finora by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Performer:  Leopold Demuth (Baritone), Ellen Brandt-Forster (Soprano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1786; Vienna, Austria 
10. Siegfried: Als züllendes Kind by Richard Wagner
Performer:  Hans Breuer (Tenor)
11. Carmen: L'amour est un oiseau rebelle "Habañera" by Georges Bizet
Performer:  Sara Cahier (Alto)
Written: 1873-1874 
12. Carmen: En vain pour éviter les réponses amères "Card Aria" by Georges Bizet
Performer:  Sara Cahier (Alto)
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1873-1874; France 

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