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Erasmus von Rotterdam: In Praise of Folly / Savall, Hesperion XXI, La Capella Reial de Catalunya


Release Date: 03/12/2013 
Label:  Alia Vox   Catalog #: 9895   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  Various
Performer:  Louise MoatyMarc MauillonRené Zosso
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de CatalunyaHespèrion XXI
Number of Discs: 6 
Recorded in: Multi 
Length: 7 Hours 22 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews

This new project is a Tribute to Erasmus (1466-1536), a Dutch Renaissance scholar, known as the 'Prince of the Humanists'. Using humanist techniques for working on texts, he prepared important new Latin and Greek editions of the New Testament and also wrote 'In Praise of Folly', 'Handbook of a Christian Knight' and many other works. Erasmus lived against the backdrop of the growing European religious Reformation; but while he was critical of the abuses within the Church and called for reform, he kept his distance from Luther and Melancthon and continued to recognise the authority of the Pope. His middle of the road approach disappointed and even angered scholars in both camps. Jordi Savall regards him as a model of wisdom and tolerance. Read more />
SACD 1 features highlights of the Praise of the Folly (recited in French) mixed with 22 “Folias”, including 5 new recordings and 17 pieces from“La Folia” and “Altre Folie”.
SACD 2 and 3 feature new recordings of music from the times of Erasmus, mixed with texts by Erasmus and Luther (recited in French).
SACD 3, 4 and 6 contains themusic of CD 1, 2 and 3 without the spoken texts.

Each set contains a unique code to download the spoken texts in Flemish, English, German, Castillan, Catalan and German on the internet.

TRACKS:

CD 1. Éloge de la Folie

I
1/2 Folias / La Folie, par sa seule présence.
3/4 Yo Soy La Locura. H. Bailly / La Folie est conduite
5/6 Origines de la Folie / La Folia. Diego Ortiz
7 Son lieu de naissance, ses années d’enfance.
8/9 Ses suivantes / La Gamba. Vincenzo Ruffo
10 Des titres qu’a la Folie – Romanesca. A. Mudarra
11/12 Folía / Comment elle perpétue l’espèce humaine.
13/14 Comment elle fait le bonheur / Si habrá. Enzina
15/16 Des liens qui unissent / Las Vacas. Anonyme

II
17 Comment elle prolonge l’Enfance – Folías antiguas
18 De la Folie dans le monde – Harke, harke. T. Hume
19/20 Browning. Woodcock / Elle est nécessaire / Belle qui tiens
21/22 Il n’est point de mariage / Cucú, cucucú ! J. del Enzina
23/24 La Folie est le bien / Todos los buenos soldados. M. Flecha
25 Elle inspire les exploits guerriers – La Battaglia
26 De l’infériorité de cette même sagesse.
27/28 Elle est mère des arts. Dompe / Saltarello – Anonyme

III
29/30 Elle revendique la palme / Elle est un guide de sagesse.
31 La Folie et l’ignorance – Desperada. Anonyme
32/33 La Spagna. s. XV / Folie des Rois – Las Vacas
34/35 Folie des Evêques / Des rapports de la religion
36 La Folie est le souverain bien – Dios te salve. Anonyme.
37/38 Diferencias Sobre Las Vacas. A. Cabezón / Adieu au lecteur
39 Villancico: Hoy comamos y bevamos. J. del Enzina

CD 2. Le temps & la vie d’un grand humaniste
TEMPS DE RÉFLEXIONS

1 Constantinople ottomane / Makam « Muhayyer pesrev »
2 Érasme sur la Guerre contre les Turcs. Taksim (improv.)

I
3 Naissance à Rotterdam / Une musique de Buscaye. Josquin
4 Lorenzo da Medici à Florence / A Florence la joyose cité
5 Adage : La fortune sourit aux audacieux / Fortuna. Josquin
6 Erasme prononce ses vœux / Audi, benigne Conditor. Dufay
7 Le prince Djem au Vatican / Taskim & Danse. Ottoman
8/9 Expulsion des Juifs d’Espagne / Lavava y suspirava

II
10 Début du règne de Maximilien I / Malor me bat. Ockeghem
11 Séjour à Paris / Benedic anima mea. Claude de Sermisy
12 Mort d’Ockeghem / Épitaphe pour Jean d’Ockeghem
13 La déploration sur la mort d’Ockeghem. Josquin des Prez
14 Mariage de Philippe le Beau et Juana la Loca / Latura tu
15 Le Panégyrique de Philippe le Beau / Adieu mes amours
16 Séjour en Angleterre / Hélas madame (Henry VIII)
17 Adage. L’amour rend musicien / De tous biens plaine. Hayne

III
18 Naissance de Charles V / In te Domine speravi. Josquin
19 Enchiridion. L’importance des classiques / Ave maris stella
Érasme L’Éloge de la folie, dédié à Thomas More.
20 Henry VIII roi d’Angleterre. Puzzle-Canon II (Henry VIII)
21 Ligue de Cambrai / Scaramella va alla guerra. Josquin
22 La guerre paraît douce à ceux qui n’en ont pas l’expérience.
23 Danza Alta (instrumental) – Francisco de la Torre
24/25 Séjour en Italie. Lettre d’Érasme à Th. More / Home again

CD 3 : Le Temps & La Vie d’un grand Humaniste
TEMPS DE CONFRONTATIONS
IV
1 Machiavel publie « Il Principe » / Paduana del Re. Anon.
2 Le Prince de Machiavel / Gallarda. Gesualdo
3 Conseiller du Duc Charles. La Spagna, à 5 – Josquin
4 Érasme. Institution du Prince Chrétien / Hymne, Cabezón
5 Les Ottomans envahissent la Syrie/« Rast Murass’a »
6 Th. Moro Utopie : Sur la Justice et la prospérité sociale. Musique : Puzzle-canon I – John Lloyd
7 Séjour a Louvain / Adoramus te Domine. Anonyme

V
8 Érasme La Complainte de la Paix / Mille regretz. Josquin
9 Romance: Ya es tiempo de recoger. Lope de Vega
10 Luther fixe ses 95 thèses. Lettre de Luther à Érasme / Psalm
11 Benedictus à 3. Heinrich Isaac
12 Lettre d’Érasme à Martin Luther / In Nomine à 5, Anon.
13 Vingtcinquiesme Fantasie. A 4 – Eustache Du Caurroy
14 Séjour à Bale. Lettre de Luther à Érasme (15 avril 1524)
Psalm : Christ ist erstanden. Hans Leo Hassler

VI
15 Érasme à Luther Diatribe du libre arbitre / In Nomine. Tye
16 Bataille de Pavie. Voyage d’Érasme à Paris. « La Bataille »
17 Lettre d’Érasme a François 1er / Pavane. J. Moderne
18 Défaite des Ottomans devant Vienne / Chant Ottoman
19 Bâle passe à la Réforme. Tu pauperum refugium. Josquin
20 M. Luther à Érasme Du serf arbitre / Psalm Christ lag
21 Christ ist erstanden à 6 v. – Heinrich Isaac

VII
22 Adage : Les mots sont les médecins des âmes malades
23 Henry VIII fait exécuter Thomas Moro / Nomine My Death
24 12 Juillet Érasme meurt à Bâle. Pie Jesu Domine. Morales
25 La Mort d’Érasme. (Stefan Zweig)
26 Plangite Pierides (Planctus pour Erasme). B. Appenzeller
27 Le Legs spirituel d’Érasme / Durezze e ligature. Trabaci

R E V I E W: 3664180.zz3_ERASMUS_VAN_ROTTERDAM_Jordi.html

ERASMUS VAN ROTTERDAM Jordi Savall, cond; La Capella Reial de Catalunya; Hespèrion XXI ALIA VOX 9895 (6 SACDs: 442: 13 Text and Translation)


Jordi Savall has outdone himself with this latest book-size thematic issue, the ninth by my count (two more seem to be imminent). The subject is the life of Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536), born in Rotterdam, narrated and illustrated by music of his time. Unlike previous programs of this type, we get the whole program on three discs and the music without narration on three more discs. Since the narration is mostly laid over the music, the playing time of the two sets of discs is almost the same. The first three discs have narration in French, but a PIN is supplied to enable these discs to be downloaded from the website in any of six other languages (the discs, not just the texts). After downloading the English version (you are entitled to as many as you want), I decided to stay with the discs supplied, since the texts are printed in the 668-page book. The text portion for each language runs over 80 pages, but since the photos and other illustrations are varied through the book, the total unique content is far more than 80 pages.


In many ways, Erasmus was an enigma. His humanist writings underlay the thinking of the Reformation leaders, yet Erasmus remained a Catholic all his life. He was ordained an Augustinian canon in 1492, but he was soon dispensed from community life, served the bishop of Cambrai for just a year, then studied theology in Paris. He spent the rest of his life traveling from one city to another. Eight years in Basel was the longest single sojourn, but he left when the city officially accepted the Reformation. His first visit to England, where he befriended Thomas More (whose humanist Utopia was a parallel work to The Praise of Folly), was a turning point in his life. Dedicated to More, the Latin title of his work, Encomium Moriae, was a pun on his name. Applying the humanist exegesis of Classical literature, he published the first printed edition of the Greek New Testament with a new Latin translation and edited the writings of Jerome, Augustine, John Chrysostom, Origen, and other Fathers of the Church. Luther sought his support, but Erasmus wrote a defense of free will which Luther tried to refute. The Reformation made his life difficult, for his friends on both sides criticized him for opposite aspects of his writings.


The first disc focuses on the philosopher’s principal work, The Praise of Folly, accompanied by many treatments of the enduring La Folia (Gregorio Paniagua devoted a whole disc to the Spanish versions of this dance, Fanfare 6:1; CD in 7:6). The other two discs treat the life and times of a great humanist, one disc for reflections, the other for times of confrontation. The music that accompanies the readings is not often consequential, but it fits Savall’s conception. Along with many anonymous works are pieces by Dufay, Ockeghem, Josquin des Prez, Sermisy, John Lloyd, Isaac, Du Caurroy, Moderne, Morales, and Trabaci. Among the most notable are Josquin’s lament for Ockeghem, Nymphes des bois, recorded many times, and Appenzeller’s lament for Erasmus, Plangite, Pierides, recorded only by Konrad Ruhland in “Staatsmusik der Renaissance.”


The photos of the participants, the portraits of the historical figures, the reproductions of paintings and engravings of the period, all are beautifully laid out in generous size. I’m inclined to think that Savall’s packages are bought very often as gifts, for they are very impressive in every way and will likely flatter the recipient for his presumed good taste and intellect.


FANFARE: J. F. Weber
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Works on This Recording

1.
Work(s) by Various
Performer:  Louise Moaty (), Marc Mauillon (Baritone), René Zosso (Hurdy-gurdy)
Conductor:  Jordi Savall
Orchestra/Ensemble:  La Capella Reial de Catalunya,  Hespèrion XXI

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