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Vitali: Ciaconna / Stephanie De Failly, Clematis

Vitali / Clematis / De Failly
Release Date: 02/12/2013 
Label:  Ricercar   Catalog #: 326   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  Tommaso Antonio VitaliGiovanni Battista Vitali
Conductor:  Stephanie de Failly
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
Number of Discs: 1 
In Stock: Usually ships in 24 hours.  

Notes and Editorial Reviews



T. A. VITALI Ciaconna (attrib). Passo e mezzo. Sonata prima in a. Sonata duodecmia: Ciacona. Sonata in D. G. B. VITALI Capriccio di Tromba. Furlana. Barabano. Il violino sona in tempo ordinario. Rugiero. Bergamasca per il violone. Bergamasca per il violino. Toccata. Sonata seconda in a Clematis RICERCAR 326 (62:44) Read more />

The two Vitalis, both composers, are sometimes confused on radio broadcasts and in concert hall notes, so let’s begin by noting the differences. Giovanni Battista Vitali (1632-1692) was a Bolognese violinist and cellist of high regional esteem, singing and performing with other musicians in the Basilica San Petronio, and a member of the prestigious Accademia Filarmonica. He eventually became maestro di cappella at San Petronio, and then left for employment with the music-loving d’Estes. Bologna was part of the Papal States by conquest during this period, but it also flourished as a center of commerce, the sciences, and the arts—which may account for Vitali’s awareness of, and ability to write within, a variety of Italian and French musical styles. The group of 10 short works on this album lies firmly in the Italian folk-popular monophonic tradition. They include dance movements (a forlane, two bergamascas, a passamezzo), and more serious, virtuosic fare (a toccata for solo violin, a sonata da chiesa in five movements) whose manner recalls Corelli.


Tomaso Antonio Vitali (1663-1745) traveled with his father to serve the d’Este dukes in Modena in 1674. He became leader of the orchestra there, and in fact remained on the pay register until three years before his death. Unlike his father, who issued numerous collections of balletti and balli as well as early sonatas, Tomaso’s published works are almost entirely trio sonatas, though sometimes these incorporate titles and distinctive rhythms and harmonies of French contemporary music. The famous Ciaconna so long considered by Vitali thanks to a single Dresden manuscript attribution ( Parte dal Tomaso Vitalino ) is now regarded as doubtful. The selection of his music on this recording includes that work, as well as another ciaconna (more Italianate in nature, but with some similarly jarring harmonic changes), two trio sonatas, and a passamezzo.


I’ve reviewed Clematis twice before. The first was an album of music by Carlo Farina (Ricercar 285) that was stiffly phrased and inexpressive. The latter, devoted to works by Matheo Romero (Ricercar 308), was by contrast full of high spirits and crisply accented rhythms. This album fortunately follows along the lines of the latter. Accompaniment textures are varied, alternating among theorbo, guitar, harp, bass viol, and organ. Percussion is added on occasion, sometimes to excellent effect, as in the break in the middle of G. B. Vitali’s Furlana , where it fits the accelerating tempo and excitement of the music; sometimes less so, as in T. A. Vitali’s Passo e mezzo where it seems out of place given the more abstract, less folk-like music, and obscures the lower of the two lines. All performances are vital and technically fluent, with especial praise due to violinist Stéphanie de Failly. She easily moves between a lean, rhythmically punchy style appropriate to the folk-like material, and a more classically appropriate one with a disciplined, patrician tone for the sonatas and chaconnes. The sound is excellent, as is true in general of Ricercar’s releases. Strongly recommended.


FANFARE: Barry Brenesal
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Works on This Recording

1. Sonata no 11 for Violin and Cello: Passo e mezzo by Tommaso Antonio Vitali
Conductor:  Stephanie de Failly
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
Period: Baroque 
2. Chaconne in G minor by Tommaso Antonio Vitali
Conductor:  Stephanie de Failly
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
Period: Baroque 
3. Toccata by Giovanni Battista Vitali
Conductor:  Stephanie de Failly
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
Period: Baroque 
4. Bergamasca by Giovanni Battista Vitali
Conductor:  Stephanie de Failly
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
Period: Baroque 
5. Bergamasca by Giovanni Battista Vitali
Conductor:  Stephanie de Failly
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
Period: Baroque 
6. Capriccio di Tromba by Giovanni Battista Vitali
Conductor:  Stephanie de Failly
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
7. Sonata no 2 in E minor by Giovanni Battista Vitali
Conductor:  Stephanie de Failly
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
8. Furlana by Giovanni Battista Vitali
Conductor:  Stephanie de Failly
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
9. Barabano by Giovanni Battista Vitali
Conductor:  Stephanie de Failly
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
10. Partite sopra diverse sonate per il violone: Ruggiero by Giovanni Battista Vitali
Conductor:  Stephanie de Failly
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
Period: Baroque 
Written: 17th Century; Italy 
11. Il violino sona in tempo ordinario by Giovanni Battista Vitali
Conductor:  Stephanie de Failly
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble
12. Sonata no 1 in E minor by Tommaso Antonio Vitali
Conductor:  Stephanie de Failly
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Clematis Ensemble

Sound Samples

Chaconne in G minor
Capriccio di tromba
Furlana
Barabano
Il violino sona in tempo ordinario
Rugiero
Passo e mezzo in A minor
Sonata No. 1 in A minor
Sonata No. 12: Ciacona
Sonata in D major
Bergamasca per il violone
Bergamasca per il violino
Passo e mezzo
Toccata
Violin Sonata No. 2 in A minor

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