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Montsalvatge: Orchestral Works / Mena, BBC Symphony

Montsalvatge / Bbc Philharmonic Orch / Mena
Release Date: 09/25/2012 
Label:  Chandos   Catalog #: 10735   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  Xavier Montsalvatge
Performer:  Clara MourizRuby Hughes
Conductor:  Juanjo Mena
Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Stereo 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews

The four works recorded here usefully span Montsalvatge's long creative life and encompass different parts of his large and varied output while also providing a welcome opportunity to appreciate his stylistic progress over all these years.

Montsalvatge's idiom is clearly of its time and often embraces various influences without ever attempting at pastiche or parody. His global outlook is that of a composer happy to work within some well-meaning Neo-classicism often spiced with piquant dissonances and polytonality that sometimes bring Milhaud to mind. This is fairly clear in the Partita which earned him the 1958 Oscar Esplà Prize. The Partita as well as the Cincos Canciones Negras and the Calidoscopi simfònic
Read more also displays another characteristic of Montsalvatge's music at the time, i.e. the reliance on some exotic dance rhythms such as the habanera. The Partita is in four compact movements without any real connection between them. The Neo-classical tone of most of the music is still more evident at the close of the third movement when it nods (consciously or not) to the Gavotte from Prokofiev's First Symphony. This most attractive work ends with a joyful final, at times fugal movement that also includes a section for percussion alone.

The Cincos Canciones Negras were originally written for voice and piano in 1946 and arranged for orchestra in 1949. This short song cycle abounds with niceties, infectious rhythms as well as moments of great tenderness, such as the fourth song Canción de Cuna para Dormir a un Negrito (“Lullaby for a little black boy”). It is not difficult to understand why this very fine work has become - and remains - popular. Clara Mouriz sings beautifully throughout and is superbly partnered by the BBC Philharmonic.

The Calidoscopi simfònic seems to have had a rather chequered genesis. Gerald Larner's excellent insert notes state that the music derives from an early, unfinished ballet El Angel de la Guarda that was first reworked as an orchestral suite under the Spanish title of Calidoscopio in 1955. This score was lost, rediscovered decades later, revised and reintroduced under its present Catalan title in 2001. The music as such has much in common with that of the Partita and the Cincos Canciones Negras. It shares their colourful scoring, lively rhythms and melodic invention. The music of the final movement Final 'a la Indiana' brings Villa Lobos to mind, and none the worse for that.

This might induce that Montsalvatge had no real personality of his own, which is of course entirely wrong because he obviously managed to absorb different influences and - by so doing - to find his own voice. However, the Simfonia de Rèquiem vastly demonstrates the breadth of vision of the mature composer. Although the title might hint at Britten's own Sinfonia da Requiem, the intent behind Montsalvatge's work was a symphonic version of the Requiem Mass. “I intended to ignore the orthodox religious aspect and to concentrate on bringing out its profound, forceful message, which is both sad and sublime, solely by means of the orchestra”. After several hearings I came to the conclusion that this is an imposing and quite substantial piece of music that has apparently been composed out of inner compulsion on the composer's part although one is not told how or why he came to write this mighty work. A good deal of the music is based on the Dies Irae that keeps appearing and reappearing in varied guises throughout the work. Stylistically it is clear that the composer has progressed from some well-meaning Neo-classicism to some more abrasive writing with shades of Honegger in the more troubled sections. There are also moments of great peace and tenderness as in the Agnus Dei that has a soft, decorative piano part reminiscent of some quiet moment from Messiaen's gigantic symphony. The final Libera me, Domine opens with solemn brass fanfares leading to the first and last entry of the soprano on the words Requiem æternam dona eis, Domine. Amen as a final prayer for peace. The Simfonia de Réquiem is a deeply felt and sincere piece of music that definitely repays repeated hearings and clearly deserves to be much better known. It undoubtedly ranks among Montsalvatge's finest achievements.

Performances and recording are excellent and up to Chandos' best standards. A most welcome introduction to Montsalvatge's world and a superb tribute to the composer in his centenary year.

– MusicWeb International (Hubert Culot) Read less

Works on This Recording

Partita by Xavier Montsalvatge
Conductor:  Juanjo Mena
Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
Period: 20th Century 
Written: Spain 
Canciones negras (5) by Xavier Montsalvatge
Performer:  Clara Mouriz (Mezzo Soprano)
Conductor:  Juanjo Mena
Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1945; Spain 
Simfonia de Requiem by Xavier Montsalvatge
Performer:  Ruby Hughes (Soprano)
Conductor:  Juanjo Mena
Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1985; Spain 
Calidoscopi simfonic, Op. 61 by Xavier Montsalvatge
Conductor:  Juanjo Mena
Orchestra/Ensemble:  BBC Symphony Orchestra
Period: 20th Century 
Written: Spain 

Sound Samples

Partita: I. Fanfare: Avec allegresse et durete
Partita: II. Sarabande: Delicat - Plus anime - Tempo I - Tempo I
Partita: III. Intermezzo: Passione - Plus calme - Tempo I
Partita: IV. Final: Entrainant - Solennel
5 Canciones negras (version for voice and orchestra): No. 1. Cuba dentro de un piano
5 Canciones negras (version for voice and orchestra): No. 2. Punto de Habanera
5 Canciones negras (version for voice and orchestra): No. 3. Chevere
5 Canciones negras (version for voice and orchestra): No. 4. Cancion de Cuna para Dormir a un Negrito
5 Canciones negras (version for voice and orchestra): No. 5. Canto Negro
Calidoscopi Simfonic: I. Introduccio: Moderato
Calidoscopi Simfonic: II. Ronda i Pantomima: Allegretto mosso - Meno mosso - Poco piu (come prima)
Calidoscopi Simfonic: III. Canon i Havanera: Allegretto deciso - Meno mosso - Semplice - Tempo d'havanera
Calidoscopi Simfonic: IV. Final a la Indiana: Andante ritmico - Poco meno - Tempo I
Sinfonia de requiem: Introitus
Sinfonia de requiem: Kyrie
Sinfonia de requiem: Dies irae
Sinfonia de requiem: Agnus Dei
Sinfonia de requiem: Lux aeterna
Sinfonia de requiem: Libera me

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