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The Italian Collection / Christophers, The Sixteen

Scarlatti / Sixteen / Christophers
Release Date: 03/13/2012 
Label:  Coro   Catalog #: 16099   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  Domenico ScarlattiAlessandro ScarlattiAntonio CaldaraAndrea Gabrieli,   ... 
Performer:  Robin JeffreyElizabeth KennyIan WatsonIan Partridge,   ... 
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Number of Discs: 5 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 5 Hours 13 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews

Featuring five of The Sixteen's most celebrated recordings, The Italian Collection is a sumptuous anthology of music. From Allegri's hauntingly beautiful Miserere to the virtuosity, vibrant colour and dynamic energy of Handel's Dixit Dominus, this collection spans three centuries of glorious Italian choral music.

Little-know treasures such as Anerio's glorious 12-part setting of the Stabat Mater sit side by side with Palestrina's Assumpta Est Maria and Lotti's Crucifixus. 14 different composers are represented here and they worked for some of the most splendid musical establishments Italy had to offer including St Mark’s in Venice and the Sistine Chapel in Rome.

Reviews of some of the original recordings
Read more that make up this set:


The music and performances are outstanding, the sound is vibrant, and we're treated to first-rate interpretations of rarely heard repertoire.

Scarlatti's Stabat mater has received several decent recordings--nearly all of which appear on programs with works by other composers--but the rest of this all-Scarlatti disc fills gaps in the catalog that are important more than just for musicological reasons. The Te Deum, the Missa Breve "La Stella", and the lovely hymn setting Iste Confessor are significant works that extend the common view of this composer from essentially a keyboard master to a more detailed and rounded picture that includes a serious facility for choral writing. The Sixteen is in top form--just listen to the last minute or so of the Te Deum--and Scarlatti often surprises with an unusually clever fugal idea or flashy harmonic sequence (again, the ending of the Te Deum).

– David Vernier, ClassicsToday.com

-----

The Sistine Chapel has long been celebrated for its exquisite wall frescoes and Michelangelo’s ceiling but the Chapel choir also inspired some iconic pieces of Renaissance polyphony, including Palestrina’s Missa Papae Marcelli and Allegri’s Miserere. Yet countless manuscripts by more arcane Papal composers have, for centuries, been gathering dust or falling into decay in the Vatican archives. Thankfully, this recording gives new life to several such rarities: Allegri’s richly beautiful Mass ‘Che fa oggi il mio sole’, some obscure but nonetheless glorious motets by Palestrina, and a series of radiant Marian antiphons by Palestrina’s successor as Papal composer, Felice Anerio. Director Harry Christophers draws controlled performances which highlight the music’s extremes of spiritual serenity and visceral energy. As one might expect from this crack choir, there is some seraphic singing and standards of intonation and ensemble are impeccable. The resonant recording suggests the lofty heights of the Cappella Sistina but the perspective is close enough to ensure the all-important words cut through. It’s a treat to hear such long-neglected treasures, many of them recorded here for the first time.

– Kate Bolton, BBC Music Magazine

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Suitably enough, The Sixteen opens with a motet that uses everyone, one voice to a part. Caldara, who died in 1736, represents the end of a musical progression here, and placing his additional piece at the end of the disc serves to close the circle. In between are a group of composers that, as Moody said in his original notes, blur the distinction between Renaissance and Baroque. Their works are not arranged in chronological order, perhaps to make the point. Lassus has less connection with Venice than the others, but he visited the city more than once and modeled his three eight-voice masses on Andrea Gabrieli’s double-choral style. This Mass was supposedly based on a madrigal, now lost, that proclaimed Venice “another Amphitrite,” after the wife of Poseidon and goddess of the sea. This was already the fifth recording, and there are now twice as many, but this must be the best one of all. My usual preference for the Westminster Cathedral choir is diminished here because theirs is one of the few that employs instruments, but if that is your choice, go for it.

In its revised format, this ranks with the best recordings this group has given us... a marvelous program.

FANFARE: J. F. Weber

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In the notes to this recording, Harry Christophers says that he likes to perform relatively unknown works with well-known ones. Steffani’s Stabat Mater has been relatively neglected by the recording companies, with only one previous recording, to my knowledge. Handel’s Dixit Dominus , perhaps the most accomplished of his Latin church music written in Italy, has been much recorded, with 16 recordings listed at ArkivMusic (not counting duplicates).

The Stabat Mater was Steffani’s last composition, written between April 1727 and January 1728, several months before his death. It is written in a mixture of older and modern styles and employs six voices, six string instruments, and organ (to which Christophers adds the sine qua non of current Baroque recordings, the theorbo). The soloists are all members of the vocal component of The Sixteen (which numbers 18 singers). All are accomplished singers with attractive voices. The bass, Rob Macdonald, is required to descend to the depths of his range and does so with apparent ease. The orchestral component of The Sixteen (numbering 21) is well known from its many recordings, and its playing here is equally up to its usual high standards. Christophers sets reasonable tempos. The only recorded competition comes from Gustav Leonhardt on Deutsche Harmonia Mundi. Christophers is faster than Leonhardt in all movements, for a total time of 27:36 versus 30:55 for Leonhardt, but does not sound rushed. Christophers’ soloists need yield nothing to those of Leonhardt, some of whom, such as John Elwes, Mark Padmore, and Harry van der Kamp, are much better known. Those seeking a recording of this work should be happy with either recording. The Leonhardt is paired with Biber’s Requiem à 15 . Choice will probably be determined by the accompanying work.

Handel’s much-recorded Dixit Dominus also receives a very good recording. Once again, soloists and orchestra distinguish themselves and are at least the equal of those on the recordings with which I am acquainted. There are times when I feel that Christophers rushes things a bit. Several sections, such as the opening “Dixit Dominus” and “Iudicabit in nationibus,” could benefit from a slightly slower tempo. However, this tendency to faster tempos is also a feature of the other recordings in my collection. I compared Christophers with John Eliot Gardiner’s two recordings (on Erato, paired with the Coronation Anthem “Zadok the Priest”) and on Philips (paired with the Handel Gloria and the most well-known Vivaldi Gloria ) and with Parrott on Virgin as part of the so-called Carmelite Vespers. With the exception of one or two of Gardiner’s Philips soloists, all three recordings give an excellent account; once again, choice will probably come down to the recording’s discmates.

Anyone looking for a recording of these two works will be well served by this disc.

FANFARE: Ron Salemi Read less

Works on This Recording

1.
Te Deum by Domenico Scarlatti
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Baroque 
Written: ?1721; Lisbon, Portugal 
Date of Recording: 04/1997 
Venue:  St. Augustine's Church, Kilburn, England 
Length: 5 Minutes 26 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
2.
Iste confessor by Domenico Scarlatti
Performer:  Robin Jeffrey (Theorbo), Elizabeth Kenny (Theorbo)
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Baroque 
Written: circa 1715; Rome, Italy 
Date of Recording: 04/1997 
Venue:  St. Augustine's Church, Kilburn, England 
Length: 3 Minutes 18 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
3.
Missa Breve "La Stella" by Domenico Scarlatti
Performer:  Robin Jeffrey (Theorbo), Elizabeth Kenny (Theorbo), Ian Watson (Organ)
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Baroque 
Written: by 1719; Rome, Italy 
Date of Recording: 04/1997 
Venue:  St. Augustine's Church, Kilburn, England 
Length: 24 Minutes 10 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
4.
Stabat mater by Alessandro Scarlatti
Performer:  Robin Jeffrey (Theorbo), Elizabeth Kenny (Theorbo), Ian Watson (Organ)
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Baroque 
Written: Italy 
Date of Recording: 04/1997 
Venue:  St. Augustine's Church, Kilburn, England 
Length: 25 Minutes 39 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
5.
Stabat Mater by Antonio Caldara
Performer:  Ian Partridge (Tenor), Michael George (Bass), Caroline Trevor (Alto),
Gillian Fisher (Soprano)
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Baroque 
Date of Recording: 10/1991 
Venue:  St John's, Smith Square, London, England 
Length: 17 Minutes 22 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
6.
Crucifixus by Antonio Caldara
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Baroque 
Date of Recording: 01/1992 
Venue:  St. Jude-on-the-Hill, Hampstead, London 
Length: 4 Minutes 56 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
7.
De profundis clamavi by Andrea Gabrieli
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1583; Italy 
Date of Recording: 01/1992 
Venue:  St. Jude-on-the-Hill, Hampstead, London 
Length: 6 Minutes 43 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
8.
Domine, ne in furore by Claudio Monteverdi
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Baroque 
Written: by 1620; Italy 
Date of Recording: 01/1992 
Venue:  St. Jude-on-the-Hill, Hampstead, London 
Length: 3 Minutes 57 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
9.
Salve Regina by Pier Francesco Cavalli
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Baroque 
Written: by 1656; Italy 
Date of Recording: 01/1992 
Venue:  St. Jude-on-the-Hill, Hampstead, London 
Length: 6 Minutes 25 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
10.
Hodie completi sunt dies pentecostes by Giovanni Gabrieli
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
Written: Italy 
Date of Recording: 01/1992 
Venue:  St. Jude-on-the-Hill, Hampstead, London 
Length: 3 Minutes 48 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
11.
Missa "Bell' Amfitrit' altera" by Orlando de Lassus
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century 
Date of Recording: 01/1992 
Venue:  St. Jude-on-the-Hill, Hampstead, London 
Length: 23 Minutes 16 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
12.
Tui sunt coeli, motet for 8 voices, M. xxi (S. xxi/5) by Orlando de Lassus
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
Date of Recording: 01/1992 
Venue:  St. Jude-on-the-Hill, Hampstead, London 
Length: 3 Minutes 10 Secs. 
Language: Latin 
13.
Ave Regina caelorum à 8 by Felice Anerio
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
14.
Ascendit Deus by Giovanni Palestrina
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century; Italy 
Language: Latin 
15.
Ave Maria by Giovanni Palestrina
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century; Italy 
Language: Latin 
16.
Angelus Domini descendit de caelo à 5 by Giovanni Palestrina
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
17.
Regina caeli laetare à 8 by Felice Anerio
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
18.
Stabat Mater à 12 by Felice Anerio
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
19.
Christus resurgens ex mortuis by Gregorio Allegri
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Baroque 
20.
Che fa hogg'il mio sole by Luca Marenzio
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
Written: circa 1580; Italy 
Language: Italian 
21.
Missa "Che fa oggi il mio sole" by Gregorio Allegri
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Baroque 
22.
Magnificat secundi toni à 8 by Felice Anerio
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
23.
Assumpta est Maria by Giovanni Palestrina
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century; Italy 
Language: Latin 
24.
Stabat Mater by Agostino Steffani
Period: Baroque 
Written: after 1727 
25.
Dixit Dominus, HWV 232 by George Frideric Handel
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1707; Italy 
26.
Miserere mei Deus: Miserere mei by Gregorio Allegri
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Baroque 
Written: 17th Century; Italy 
27.
Crucifixus by Antonio Lotti
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Baroque 
Written: Italy 
28.
Stabat Mater a 8 by Giovanni Palestrina
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
Written: Italy 
29.
Missa "Papae Marcelli" by Giovanni Palestrina
Conductor:  Harry Christophers
Orchestra/Ensemble:  The Sixteen
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1567; Italy 

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