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Schubert: String Quartet No 14 "Death and the Maiden," String Quintet / Pavel Haas Quartet

Release Date: 09/24/2013 
Label:  Supraphon   Catalog #: 4110   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  Maurice RavelClaude DebussyFranz Schubert
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pavel Haas Quartet
Number of Discs: 2 
Recorded in: Stereo 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews

The Pavel Haas Quartet, of late, has been the focus of much hype and excitement, and I was curious to know what all the fuss is about. Having lived with and listened to these CDs several times over the past week, I now know. Quite simply, not to put too fine a point on it, this recording is a sensation. I was aware when I asked to review this, that it had garnered several rave reviews, and being a lover of both chamber music and Schubert’s in particular, I had great expectations. I’ve not been disappointed.

Founded in 2002, the quartet was named after Pavel Haas, a Czech composer and pupil of Leoš Janá?ek. Tragedy befell Haas; he spent his last days in the camp at Terezin, and died in Auschwitz in 1944. The Quartet
Read more has been the recipients of numerous awards and accolades, including the Gramophone Recording of the Year 2011 for a CD of Dvo?ák Quartets. It also has other fine recordings under its belt. There have been several personnel changes along the way before the current line-up. They have recorded all three of the Haas string quartets, pertinently coupling them with those of Janá?ek. I’ve already placed my order.

The pairing of these two works is a very intelligent one. Both are preoccupied with the notion of death and finality. The String Quartet in D minor, D 810 was composed in 1824, four years before Schubert’s death. It is entitled Death and the Maiden; the song of the same name (D 531) provides the theme for the second movement variations. The composer had already been suffering from syphilis for two years and that same year wrote: “Each night when I go to sleep, I hope never to wake again, and each morning serves only to recall the misery of the previous day." From the first declamatory chords of the opening movement you realize that the Pavel Haas mean business. I don’t think I’ve ever heard such a dramatic opening and you are literally kept on the edge of your seat for the rest of the movement. High-powered, passionate and thrilling are the adjectives which best describe this playing. The intense, underlying tension is contrasted with the fervent, heartfelt lyricism of the second subject. Throughout, these young players imbue the music with light and shade. It is not a cosy performance yet ensemble and intonation are faultless.

The dark theme of the second movement is haunting, funereal and filled with pathos - heartfelt and sincere. As the variations unfold, an eloquent dialogue between the individual instruments emerges. Each variation is thoughtfully nuanced and sensitively sculpted, with the players highlighting the dramatic contrasts between the variations. The third movement Scherzo is a rhythmic tour de force. The finale, marked Presto, is almost a tarantella, a dance to ward off the spider’s bite and thus flee from death, with the Pavel Haas conjuring up a musical exorcism. The dotted rhythmic patterns are crisply incisive and the movement is carried off with velocity and élan.

The String Quintet in C major was composed in 1828. This was the last year of Schubert’s short life and a prolifically fruitful year by any standards. During it he composed, amongst other things, the Mass in E flat, the last three Piano Sonatas, the F minor Fantasie for piano duet and this String Quintet. Benjamin Britten, no less, considered this year to be the most miraculous in the history of music. Danjulo Ishizaka is an excellent choice as second cello in the Quintet and blends into the ensemble well. Of German/Japanese origin, he was described by none other than Rostropovich as ‘phenomenal in his technical ability, perfect in his musical creative power’. He certainly brings these gifts to the performance of the Quintet.

I consider this work to be the most sublime piece of chamber music ever written, and the Pavel Haas enter a very crowded playing field, with many outstanding recordings. Some of my favourites that spring to mind are the Lindsays, the Belceas, the Alban Berg and not forgetting, the Hollywood’s 1951 account.

For me, the performance here ticks all the right boxes. From the opening chords, you feel that these young players are taking you on a journey. Having a clear vision and understanding of the structure of the music, they explore its full emotional range. Warmth and expressive phrasing are a distinguishing hallmark. The second movement, the emotional core, is well-paced. There is a tranquillity, an other-worldliness and a sense of resignation in the playing. They bring out the dark and anguished character of the dramatic section. Here one becomes aware of Schubert’s terror of approaching death. The Scherzo is imbued with gusto and energy, the trio, in contrast, being subdued. The finale is truly marked with a gypsy swagger.

Chamber music lovers, I am sure, will want these recordings, and I have no doubt that they will become benchmarks for these two glories of the chamber music repertoire. Recorded sound and balance is second to none; the Domovina Studio, Prague provides an ideal acoustic. Booklet notes by Vlasta Reiffererova supply the essential information. These young players are a force to be reckoned with, and the anticipation and enthusiasm they have earned with the listening public is here proved beyond doubt.

– Stephen Greenbank, MusicWeb International Read less

Works on This Recording

Quartet for Strings no 14 in D minor, D 810 "Death and the Maiden" by Franz Schubert
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pavel Haas Quartet
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1824; Vienna, Austria 
Quintet for Strings in C major, Op. 163/D 956 by Franz Schubert
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Pavel Haas Quartet
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1828; Vienna, Austria 

Customer Reviews

Average Customer Review:  1 Customer Review )
 Unbelievable, amazing Schubert! November 8, 2013 By Warren Harris See All My Reviews "The Pavel Haas Quartet has steadily been garnering stellar review after stellar review, and this disc is a perfect example of why. The CD contains performances of Franz Schubert’s “String Quartet No. 14 in D minor, D.810”, and String Quintet in C Major, D.956”, and the first thing I thought was, “Do I *really* need another recording of Death and the Maiden, as well as the C Major String Quintet?” I already have several recordings of each that I love, but since I will have the opportunity to see the Pavel Haas Quartet in several months I thought I would see what all the fuss was about. And now I understand. This ensemble is unbelievable! Hands down, this is the best recording of Death and the Maiden that I have ever heard. The members of the quartet work together as if they are a single unit, each instrument seamlessly blending and interacting with the others across the full dynamic range of their instruments. This very familiar music is very much alive when this group plays it, and it is difficult to do anything else while listening to this performance as it is just captivating and this listener wanted to inhale every note and nuance. Yes, it’s that good. The String Quintet in C Major is similarly spectacular, and Danjulo Ishizaka’s cello behaves as though it is an extension of the ensemble, matching their intensity, dynamics, emotionalism, and virtuosity. While the music sounds relatively simple to play, it is in fact fiendishly difficult, and these artists do it with aplomb and delicacy. The fourth movement (Allegretto) is just a treat for this Schubert lover’s ear and heart. It is just a flat-out amazing performance. I see myself going on a Pavel Haas Quartet buying spree if their other recordings are as good as this one. Buy it, borrow it, but whatever you do sit in a quiet room without distractions and just *listen*. Very highly recommended." Report Abuse
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