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Beethoven Invents Jazz


Release Date: 11/15/2011 
Label:  Emi Classics   Catalog #: 0709232   Spars Code: ADD 
Composer:  Johannes BrahmsModest MussorgskyClaude DebussyIgor Stravinsky,   ... 
Performer:  Juhani LagerspetzTruls Otterbech MorkJean-Bernard PommierMichael Collins,   ... 
Conductor:  Sir Charles MackerrasSimon RattleAlberto ZeddaWayne Marshall,   ... 
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melos Ensemble London
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 1 Hours 8 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews

Ludwig van Beethoven invented jazz. That statement might seem enough to provoke a paroxysm from a musicologist, but, with a passage in his final piano sonata, No 32, Beethoven created the first example of pure swing in the history of music. We might also wonder how the serious-minded Johannes Brahms could open a sonata movement with a walking bass blues that smacks of the Mississippi Delta, or how Modest Mussorgsky, in his Pictures at an Exhibition, foreshadows Quincy Jones. This album makes these extraordinary connections before exploring the profound influence of jazz on composers of the 20th century, from Maurice Ravel to Leonard Bernstein. Ludwig van Beethoven invented jazz. That statement might seem enough to provoke a paroxysm from a musicologist, but, with a passage in his final piano sonata, No 32, Beethoven created the first example of pure swing in the history of music. We might also wonder how the serious-minded Johannes Brahms could open a sonata movement with a walking bass blues that smacks of the Mississippi Delta, or how Modest Mussorgsky, in his Pictures at an Exhibition, foreshadows Quincy Jones. This album makes these extraordinary connections before exploring the profound influence of jazz on composers of the 20th century, from Maurice Ravel to Leonard Bernstein. Read less

Works on This Recording

1.
Sonata for Cello and Piano no 2 in F major, Op. 99: 2nd movement, Adagio affetuoso - Excerpt(s) by Johannes Brahms
Performer:  Juhani Lagerspetz (Piano), Truls Otterbech Mork (Cello)
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1886 
Length: 2 Minutes 7 Secs. 
2.
Pictures at an exhibition: no 9, Ballet of the Unhatched Chicks by Modest Mussorgsky
Conductor:  Sir Charles Mackerras
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1874; Russia 
Length: 1 Minutes 13 Secs. 
3.
Children's Corner: no 6, Golliwogg's Cake-walk by Claude Debussy
Performer:  Jean-Bernard Pommier (Piano)
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1906-1908; France 
Length: 2 Minutes 40 Secs. 
4.
La plus que lente by Claude Debussy
Performer:  Jean-Bernard Pommier (Piano)
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1910; France 
Length: 4 Minutes 26 Secs. 
5.
Ebony Concerto: 1st movement, Allegro moderato by Igor Stravinsky
Performer:  Michael Collins (Clarinet)
Conductor:  Simon Rattle
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1945; USA 
Length: 3 Minutes 4 Secs. 
6.
Scaramouche, Op. 165b: no 3, Brazileira by Darius Milhaud
Performer:  Christian Ivaldi (Piano), Noel Lee (Piano)
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1937; France 
Length: 2 Minutes 3 Secs. 
7.
La création du monde, Op. 81: Excerpt(s) by Darius Milhaud
Conductor:  Alberto Zedda
Period: Modern 
Written: 1923; France 
Length: 1 Minutes 43 Secs. 
8.
Rhapsody in Blue: Excerpt(s) by George Gershwin
Conductor:  Wayne Marshall
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1924; USA 
Length: 8 Minutes 55 Secs. 
9.
Girl Crazy: I got rhythm by George Gershwin
Conductor:  Wayne Marshall
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1930; USA 
Length: 8 Minutes 28 Secs. 
10.
West Side Story: Symphonic Dances - Prologue by Leonard Bernstein
Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1957; USA 
Length: 4 Minutes 24 Secs. 
11.
West Side Story: Symphonic Dances - Mambo by Leonard Bernstein
Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1957; USA 
Length: 2 Minutes 25 Secs. 
12.
West Side Story: Symphonic Dances - Blues by Leonard Bernstein
Conductor:  Paavo Järvi
Period: Modern 
Written: 1960 
Length: 1 Minutes 45 Secs. 
13.
Concerto for Clarinet no 2, Op. 115: 3rd movement, The Pre-Goodman Rag by Malcolm Arnold
Performer:  Sabine Meyer (Clarinet)
Conductor:  Ingo Metzmacher
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1974; England 
Length: 2 Minutes 4 Secs. 
14.
Pianolettes: Jazzartistrix by Billy Mayerl
Performer:  Susan Tomes (Piano)
Period: Modern 
Length: 2 Minutes 24 Secs. 
15.
Caprices (24) for Violin solo, Op. 1: no 24 in A minor by Niccolò Paganini
Performer:  Sabine Meyer (Clarinet)
Conductor:  Ingo Metzmacher
Period: Romantic 
Written: circa 1805; Italy 
Length: 2 Minutes 35 Secs. 
16.
Die Dreigroschenoper: Kanonensong by Kurt Weill
Conductor:  Otto Klemperer
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1928; Berlin, Germany 
Length: 2 Minutes 51 Secs. 
17.
Mikrokosmos, Sz 107: Book 4, no 113, Bulgarian Rhythm I by Béla Bartók
Performer:  Georges Solchany (Piano)
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1926-1939; Budapest, Hungary 
Length: 1 Minutes 6 Secs. 
18.
Contrasts for Violin, Clarinet and Piano, Sz 111: 3rd movement, Sebes by Béla Bartók
Performer:  Gervase de Peyer (Clarinet)
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Melos Ensemble London
Period: Modern 
Written: 1938 
Length: 6 Minutes 44 Secs. 
19.
Sonata for Piano no 32 in C minor, Op. 111: 2nd movement, Arietta - Excerpt(s) by Ludwig van Beethoven
Performer:  Yves Nat (Piano)
Period: Classical 
Written: 1821-1822 
Length: 2 Minutes 30 Secs. 
20.
Sonata for Violin and Piano in G major: 2nd movement, Blues by Maurice Ravel
Performer:  Renaud Capuçon (Violin), Frank Braley (Piano)
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1923-1927; France 
Length: 4 Minutes 59 Secs. 

Sound Samples

Sonate No.32 en ut mineur, Op.111 : II - Arietta (Adagio molto simplice e cantabile)
Cello Sonata No. 2 in F major Op. 99: II. Adagio affettuoso
Pictures at an Exhibition: Ballet of the unhatched chicks
Children's Corner: VI. Golliwogg's Cake Walk
La Plus que lente
Sonata for Violin and Piano: II. Blues: Moderato
Ebony Concerto: I. Allegro moderato
Mikrokosmos Vol. II Sz.107 : 113. Bulgarian Rhythm
Contrasts for Violin, Clarinet & Piano (1998 Remastered Version): III. Seves (Fast Dance) - Allegro vivace: Contrasts for Violin, Clarinet & Piano (1998 Digital Remaster): III. Seves (Fast Dance) - Allegro vivace
Scaramouche : III. Brazileira (Remasterisé en 1988): Scaramouche : III. Brazileira
La Création du monde Op. 81a
Kleine Dreigroschenmusik (2000 Remastered Version): VI. Kanonen-song: Kleine Dreigroschenmusik (2000 Digital Remaster): VI. Kanonen-song
Rhapsody in Blue
I got rhythm: Variations for piano and orchestra
Symphonic Dances from West Side Story: I. Prologue: Bernstein: Symphonic Dances from West Side Story: I. Prologue
Symphonic Dances from West Side Story: IV. Mambo: Bernstein: Symphonic Dances from West Side Story: IV. Mambo
Divertimento for Orchestra: VII. Blues: Bernstein: Divertimento for Orchestra: VII. Blues
Clarinet Concerto No. 2, Op.115: III. Allegro non troppo (The Pre-Goodman Rag)
Pianolettes: Jazzaristrix
Paganini Caprice 24

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