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Music for the Coronation of Heinrich II / Pees, Schola Bamberg

Schola Bamberg / Pees
Release Date: 10/29/2002 
Label:  Christophorus   Catalog #: 77251   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  Mainzer Ordo AnonymousTheodulph of OrleansAnonymousCodex Bamberg Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Stereo 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews

This recording of the coronation of St. Henry II as German king in 1002 (later Holy Roman Emperor) was made before the historia, or Matins Office, of his wife, St. Kunigunde (just reviewed). It is the first disc to reproduce a ceremony of this kind, starting with the anointing of the king according to a Mainz Cathedral ordo of 960 and followed by a coronation Mass. This was merely the Mass of the previous Sunday, which on June 7, 2002, was the Second Sunday after Pentecost, observed unchanged down to 1970. The Ordinary and Proper are sung from Bamberg, Lit. 6, dating to this precise time. The two responsories that supply the greatest musical interest to the Read more anointing rite constitute the first recording taken from the Nocturnale Romanum, published in 2002, the first modern (though unofficial) edition of the Office of Matins. (The second responsory is on page [43], not 43 as cited.) The anointing rite ends appropriately with the solemn tone of the Te Deum. The Mass includes offertory verses for Domine convertere, already well represented by four previous recordings. The only addition to the Mass is the renowned Laudes Regiae, or Carolingian acclamations, which begin “Christus vincit.”

This last is a rousing celebratory piece that provides a long series of acclamations for two cantors, responses to each one by a schola, and an occasional refrain (“Christ conquers, Christ reigns, Christ governs”) for the entire congregation. Like nothing else in the liturgy, it defines the term “triumphalistic,” a religious attitude no longer in fashion with the modern mind. Certainly, the idea of anointing a king in a religious rite (thus giving weight to the “divine right of kings”) has been out of style even longer than that. The acclamations originated with Charlemagne and have varied notably in detail. Ernst Kantorowicz wrote a book-length study, Laudes Regiae: a study in liturgical acclamations and medieval ruler worship (Berkeley, 1964) that included an appendix on “The Music of the Laudes” by Manfred Bukofzer. Bukofzer examined 19 sources ranging from about 900 to 1903 (the last composed by Aloys Kunc and unfaithful to the style of the rest) and edited three of them. His no. 14 from Troyes appears in the modern edition, Cantus Selecti (1949). Recordings generally represent this one or his no. 10 from the Worcester Antiphoner, available in a singable facsimile.

This disc uses the Bamberg manuscript, not mentioned by Bukofzer, with reference to the Worcester Antiphoner. The rendition is notably subdued, not at all the rousing, triumphalistic performance that might have greeted a popular ruler. But at almost 11 minutes, it gives a more extended list of acclamations (more saints, for example) than any previous recording, a fuller representation of the event. The two most recent recordings came from Hervé Lamy on Jade, beautifully effective but shorter than this. Here, the six members of the Bamberg Schola are assisted by six boys from the cathedral choir in the chants that benefit from alternation. The entire disc is sung superbly. The interpretation is semiological, the singing is tonally smooth, and the acoustics enhance the sound. Even if the specific contents are only speculative, this ranks with the finest liturgical recreations on disc. It’s magnificent.

J. F. Weber, FANFARE
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Works on This Recording

1.
Abholung des Königs by Mainzer Ordo Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 0 Minutes 59 Secs. 
2.
Responsorium zum Einzug by Mainzer Ordo Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 3 Minutes 42 Secs. 
3.
Befragung von König und Volk by Mainzer Ordo Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 2 Minutes 7 Secs. 
4.
Salbung by Mainzer Ordo Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 2 Minutes 59 Secs. 
5.
Responsorium nach der Krönung by Mainzer Ordo Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 2 Minutes 36 Secs. 
6.
En, adest, Caesar, pius et benignus, hymn by Theodulph of Orleans
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 2 Minutes 27 Secs. 
7.
Te Deum laudamus by Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Period: Medieval 
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 7 Minutes 39 Secs. 
8.
Factus est, introit by Codex Bamberg Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 2 Minutes 41 Secs. 
9.
Kyrie fons bonitatis, trope in mode 3 by Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Period: Medieval 
Written: Europe 
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 7 Minutes 47 Secs. 
10.
Mass ll, Fons Bonitatis: Gloria by Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Period: Medieval 
Written: Europe 
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 3 Minutes 29 Secs. 
11.
Christus vincit, Christus regnat by Codex Bamberg Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 10 Minutes 42 Secs. 
12.
Lectio Libri Samuhelis: 1 Samuels 9:17-27, 10:1-6 by Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Period: Medieval 
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 1 Minutes 34 Secs. 
13.
Ad Dominum, responsorium graduale (Ps.120:1-2) by Codex Bamberg Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 3 Minutes 44 Secs. 
14.
Alleluia. Domine Deus meus by Codex Bamberg Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 3 Minutes 0 Secs. 
15.
Lectio Sancti Evangelii: Mark 11:7-11 by Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Period: Medieval 
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 2 Minutes 4 Secs. 
16.
Credo 6, 4th tone, GR782 by Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Period: Medieval 
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 7 Minutes 7 Secs. 
17.
Domine convertere, offertory by Codex Bamberg Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 4 Minutes 24 Secs. 
18.
Missa Conditor Kyrie omnium: Sanctus by Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Period: Medieval 
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 1 Minutes 23 Secs. 
19.
Agnus Dei by Codex Bamberg Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 1 Minutes 47 Secs. 
20.
Cantabo Domini, communion by Codex Bamberg Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 2 Minutes 44 Secs. 
21.
Oratio ad complendum by Mainzer Ordo Anonymous
Conductor:  Werner Pees
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Schola Bamberg
Venue:  Cavalli Records Studio, Bamberg, Germany 
Length: 1 Minutes 28 Secs. 

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