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Doulce Memoire - Glosas, Passeggiati & Diminutions / Hille Perl


Release Date: 11/04/2003 
Label:  Dhm Deutsche Harmonia Mundi Catalog #: 77502   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  Claudio MonteverdiGirolamo Dalla CasaDiego OrtizRicardo Rognono,   ... 
Performer:  Robert SagasserHille PerlMartina RothbauerPaulina Van Laarhoven,   ... 
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 1 Hours 3 Mins. 

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This CD is reissued by ArkivMusic.

Notes and Editorial Reviews

The art of improvisation was for much of musical history one of the most formidable weapons in the arsenal of performers. But in the 19th century it became largely lost (virtuoso pianists like Liszt and organists being notable exceptions) as the concept of the “sacrosanct score” gradually took root. In “art music”—to use a poor term to distinguish it from jazz—it is only with the revival of early music during the latter half of the last century that a reawakening of interest in improvisation has emerged, with performers as diverse as Robert Levin and Andrew Lawrence-King reviving long lost techniques and pushing back the boundaries of timidity.

No period lends itself more readily to such extemporary music-making than the late
Read more Renaissance or the early Baroque, a period during which countless treatises dedicated to providing examples for both vocal and instrumental embellishment appeared. For instrumental players, such improvisatory techniques specifically involved one of two kinds of process: either the use of one of the many bass patterns or ostinatos over which the player improvised a set of variations (or glosas), or the embellishment of a tune (frequently vocal in origin) by means of filling it with passage work or diminutions, as they were known. A couple of years back, I reviewed a Jordi Savall disc which took its point of departure from a collection of written-out variations (glosas) on ostinato basses, but also included some formidable examples of Savall’s own improvisatory prowess (Fanfare 25:4).

A key figure in Savall’s collection was the great Spanish composer and gambist Diego Ortiz (1525–c. 1570), whose hugely influential treatise Tratado de glosas appeared in 1553. Ortiz also looms large on this new disc with Hille Perl and what is largely Lawrence-King’s Harp Consort, but here the emphasis is different, the collection concentrating to near exclusivity on a variety of instrumental realizations of madrigals and chansons. One measure of the popularity of such vocal pieces was the number of times they appeared in transcription, or were accorded glosa treatment. It is therefore not surprising to find three different and widely varied versions of one of the most famous and beautiful of all chansons, Pierre Sandrin’s Doulce memoire. In one, Ortiz has ingeniously added a fifth part, while his glosa of it is extraordinarily sensitive, beautifully dovetailing the variants to maintain the dignified mien of the original. No such reserve is found in the version by Girolomo Dalla Casa, a cornettist at St. Mark’s, Venice from 1568, whose flamboyantly virtuosic jazzing up of the chanson elicits some appropriately dazzling playing from Perl. Equally fascinating is the comparison between the straight transcription for viols of Cipriano de Rore’s four-part madrigal Ben qui si mostra (1561) and the version with subtle vocal diminutions by the singer Angelo Notari. The establishment of basso continuo provided yet a further way of treating vocal pieces, as the arrangement of Willaert’s expressive chanson Jouissance vous donneray by Vincenzo Bonnizzi readily demonstrates. The only true improvisation is Lawrence-King’s rich extravaganza on Trabachi’s madrigal Ancidetemi pur (1603).

In sum, this beautifully performed disc provides a fascinating insight into the way instrumentalists established a repertoire of their own from vocal models. Judging from the cover illustration (an arty black and white photo of Perl posed in a cornfield) and the gambist’s new-age comments on the music (“This piece makes you want to leave just so you can return”), I suspect that some kind of crossover market is being aimed at. And why not? It’s all a darn sight more enjoyable than those abominable discs of opera stars singing Broadway songs.

-- Brian Robins, FANFARE [5/2004] Read less

Works on This Recording

1. L'Orfeo: Act II Sinfonia by Claudio Monteverdi
Performer:  Robert Sagasser (Bass Viola da gamba), Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba), Martina Rothbauer (Bass Viola da gamba),
Paulina Van Laarhoven (Bass Viola da gamba), M. Muller (Bass Viola da gamba), Lee Santana (Chitarrone)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1607; Mantua, Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1995 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 1 Minutes 25 Secs. 
2. L'Orfeo: Act III Sinfonia by Claudio Monteverdi
Performer:  Robert Sagasser (Bass Viola da gamba), Martina Rothbauer (Bass Viola da gamba), Paulina Van Laarhoven (Bass Viola da gamba),
Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba), Lee Santana (Chitarrone), M. Muller (Bass Viola da gamba)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1607; Mantua, Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 1 Minutes 27 Secs. 
3. Il vero modo di diminuir, libri 1 et 2: Doulce memoire by Girolamo Dalla Casa
Performer:  Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba), Lee Santana (Bass Lute)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1584; Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 5 Minutes 52 Secs. 
4. Trattado de glosas: Recercadas (9) on tenors - no 1 on the Passamezzo antiguo by Diego Ortiz
Performer:  Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba), Andrew Lawrence-King (Harp)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1553; Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 2 Minutes 22 Secs. 
5. Passaggi per potersi essercitare nel diminuire terminatamente con ogni sorte...: Susane ung jour by Ricardo Rognono
Performer:  Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba), Andrew Lawrence-King (Harp)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1592; Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 4 Minutes 43 Secs. 
6. Ben qui si mostra il ciel by Cypriano de Rore
Performer:  Robert Sagasser (Bass Viola da gamba), Martina Rothbauer (Bass Viola da gamba), Paulina Van Laarhoven (Bass Viola da gamba),
M. Muller (Bass Viola da gamba)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1561; Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 3 Minutes 8 Secs. 
7. Prime Musiche Nuove: Ben qui si mostra il ciel by Angelo Notari
Performer:  Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba), Robert Sagasser (Bass Viola da gamba), Martina Rothbauer (Bass Viola da gamba),
Paulina Van Laarhoven (Bass Viola da gamba), M. Muller (Bass Viola da gamba)
Period: Baroque 
Written: by 1613; Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 4 Minutes 9 Secs. 
8. Passaggi per potersi essercitare nel diminuire terminatamente con ogni...: Anchor che col partire by Ricardo Rognono
Performer:  Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba), Lee Santana (Chitarrone), Andrew Lawrence-King (Harp)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1592; Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 5 Minutes 9 Secs. 
9. Ancidetemi pur by Giovanni Maria Trabaci
Performer:  Andrew Lawrence-King (Harp)
Period: Baroque 
Written: by 1615; Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 7 Minutes 1 Secs. 
10. Trattado de glosas: Recercada secunda "sobre canto llano" by Diego Ortiz
Performer:  Andrew Lawrence-King (Harp), Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1553; Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 2 Minutes 13 Secs. 
11. Divisions on "Vestiva i colli" by B. Selma y Salaverde
Performer:  Lee Santana (Lute), Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba)
Period: Baroque 
Written: by 1638; Spain 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 3 Minutes 38 Secs. 
12. Jouissance vous donneray by Adrian Willaert
Performer:  Paulina Van Laarhoven (Bass Viola da gamba), Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba), M. Muller (Violone),
Robert Sagasser (Bass Viola da gamba)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: 16th Century; Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 3 Minutes 10 Secs. 
13. Alcune opere: Jouissance vous donneray by Vincenzo Bonizzi
Performer:  Lee Santana (Lute), Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba)
Period: Baroque 
Written: by 1626; Parma, Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 4 Minutes 58 Secs. 
14. Jouissance vous donneray by Giovanni Antonio Terzi
Performer:  Lee Santana (Lute)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1599; Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 5 Minutes 2 Secs. 
15. Trattado de glosas: Recercadas (9) on tenors - no 3 on the Passamezzo moderno by Diego Ortiz
Performer:  Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba), Lee Santana (Guitar)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1553; Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 1 Minutes 19 Secs. 
16. Trattado de glosas: Recercadas (4) on Sandrin's "Doulce mémoire" - no 4 by Diego Ortiz
Performer:  Lee Santana (Lute), Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba)
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 3 Minutes 20 Secs. 
17. Trattado de glosas: Recercadas (4) on Sandrin's "Doulce mémoire" by Diego Ortiz
Performer:  M. Muller (Bass Viola da gamba), Hille Perl (Bass Viola da gamba), Paulina Van Laarhoven (Bass Viola da gamba),
Martina Rothbauer (Bass Viola da gamba), Robert Sagasser (Bass Viola da gamba)
Period: Renaissance 
Written: by 1553; Italy 
Date of Recording: 08/1998 
Venue:  Alexander Church, Wildeshausen, Germany 
Length: 4 Minutes 0 Secs. 
Notes: This selection is presented here in excerpted form. 

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