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Johann Sebastian Bach: Clavier Ubung II / Benjamin Alard

Bach,J.s. / Alard
Release Date: 06/14/2011 
Label:  Alpha Productions   Catalog #: 180   Spars Code: n/a 
Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 0 Hours 49 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews



BACH Italian Concerto, BWV 971; Overture in the French Manner, BWV 831 Benjamin Alard (hpd) ALPHA 180 (48:52)


The very first acquisition for any record collector seeking to build a library of harpsichord music should be Bach’s Clavier-Übung II . Published in Leipzig in 1735, it is Bach’s ultimate statement on the two prevailing styles of (secular) European Read more music. At the very time that a bitter debate was raging in Paris on the relative merits of French and Italian music, German musicians such as Bach were embracing both styles by incorporating elements of Italian and French instrumental music into their works. Yet Bach went further than the rest; in the Italian Concerto, for example, he amalgamates the instrumental style of Corelli and Vivaldi with his own musical language, creating a one-of-a-kind piece that could never have been written by the likes of Telemann, Fasch, or Handel. Manfred Bukofzer calls Bach’s music “the fusion of national styles”, and the Italian Concerto is the perfect example of this. Aside from being tremendously exciting, BWV 971 is a pinnacle work of the Baroque that belongs in every library.


Prior to BWV 831, Bach had written many pieces in the French style, although he seldom used the characteristic double-dotted, bipartite ouverture as the opening movement. In the French Suites, for example, Bach typically begins with an allemande, in the English Suites with a prelude. The Fourth Partita, BWV 828, does begin with a grand ouverture , but this is a relatively isolated example. At 13 minutes, the opening Ouverture of BWV 831 is much longer than anything Bach had written previously in the form, a signal, perhaps, of how important this work was to him. The rest of the suite is filled with characteristic dances (gavotte, passepied, sarabande, bourée), many with doubles, although interestingly, there is no allemande. The work concludes with a Gigue and a joyous Echo; if the latter is played with proper spirit, it’s enough to get you up out of your chair and dancing around the room.


Benjamin Alard is a young French harpsichordist and organist who has a number of titles to his credit on the Alpha label. He has exactly one prior mention in Fanfare : Jerry Dubins called Alard’s recording of the partitas “the end-all and be-all” in 34:1. I haven’t heard that set yet (it’s on my “to-do” list), but I’m prepared to believe what Dubins says, because Alard’s playing on the present CD is very strong indeed. The watchwords are grace, precision, and a real sense of personality. For most recorded performances of the Italian Concerto , there exists a kind of consensus tempo in the outer movements; most performers, Alard included, cleave to the norm by adopting a healthy allegro and presto . The middle Andante is where the harpsichordist has an opportunity to make the performance his own. Alard plays the recurring bass motif (two eighth-note Ds) less ponderously than most; he does this by shortening the notes ever so slightly and inserting some daylight between them. The effect is perfect, because the music never stagnates, it moves along at a proper clip (the verb andante means, after all, to walk or move along). In BWV 831, all is well until the concluding Echo; Alard’s laid-back tempo here robs the music of a certain amount of drive and spark. It’s an interesting interpretative choice, but I refer the reader to the remarkable David Cates on Wildboar as an example of how outrageously exciting this piece can be in the right hands.


In Fanfare 34:2, I reviewed a Ramée CD with a similar program— Clavier-Übung II plus the Chromatic Fantasy and Fugue—played by another young Frenchman, Pascal Dubreuil. Equally impressive—in fact, if you were to compare passages from the two CDs side-by-side, I suspect the tempos and other interpretative details would match up quite well. Choosing between the two comes down to the instruments, and perhaps price and availability. Dubreuil’s harpsichord, a copy of a Ruckers mis à grand ravalement , is sonorous and ideally recorded. Alard’s instrument, a copy of an unspecified German original by Anthony Sidey, has a singing treble and a slightly acerbic bass, making Bach’s part-writing unusually clear. The engineering is equally good. You pays yer money and makes yer choice.


FANFARE: Christopher Brodersen
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Works on This Recording

1.
Italian Concerto, BWV 971 by Johann Sebastian Bach
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1735; Leipzig, Germany 
Length: 4 Minutes 29 Secs. 
2.
Overture in the French style in B minor, BWV 831 by Johann Sebastian Bach
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1735; Leipzig, Germany 
Length: 4 Minutes 7 Secs. 

Sound Samples

Concerto in the Italian Style in F major, BWV 971, "Italian Concerto": I. (Allegro)
Concerto in the Italian Style in F major, BWV 971, "Italian Concerto": II. Andante
Concerto in the Italian Style in F major, BWV 971, "Italian Concerto": III. Presto
Overture (Partita) in the French Style in B minor, BWV 831: I. Overture
Overture (Partita) in the French Style in B minor, BWV 831: II. Courante
Overture (Partita) in the French Style in B minor, BWV 831: III. Gavotte I-II
Overture (Partita) in the French Style in B minor, BWV 831: IV. Passepied I-II
Overture (Partita) in the French Style in B minor, BWV 831: V. Sarabande
Overture (Partita) in the French Style in B minor, BWV 831: VI. Bourree I-II
Overture (Partita) in the French Style in B minor, BWV 831: VII. Gigue
Overture (Partita) in the French Style in B minor, BWV 831: VIII. Echo

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