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Bach: St John Passion / Schreier, Alexander, Holl


Release Date: 10/27/1988 
Label:  Philips   Catalog #: 422088   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
Performer:  Olaf BärMarjana LipovsekRoberta AlexanderRobert Holl,   ... 
Conductor:  Peter Schreier
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Radio ChorusDresden Staatskapelle
Number of Discs: 2 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 2 Hours 6 Mins. 

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Notes and Editorial Reviews

With eight CD versions of the St John Passion currently available, record buyers have plenty of opportunity to follow their own preferences over performance style: 'authentic', with period instruments and small forces, or 'orthodox'; all-male or mixed-voice choruses; different singers for the character parts and the arias, or soloists doubling the two. So, first of all, let's be clear that this is a performance with modern instruments, a mixed choir (a good one) and a posse of singers, each separately cast except Peter Schreier, who not only takes the role of the Evangelist as well as singing the tenor arias, as he did in the Rilling recording (CBS M2K39694—not submitted for review), but also conducts the whole performance. Quite a Read more workload, and quite an achievement: only someone with his stamina and superb technical control could bring it off.

His reading stands at the opposite extreme from that of Harnoncourt (Teldec/ASV 8 35018 9/87), whose long gaps between numbers and general air of austerity seemed to shun the dramatie as verging on the vulgar: Schreier goes all out for dramatic intensity and continuity; and his Evangelist, far from standing outside the action as an objective narrator, is caught up in the diverse emotions of the story (pacing his recitatives with great flexibility). He has a mannerism, which not all will accept, of hardening his tone in the final bars of recitatives as if to galvanize into action the chorus which follows him. There is urgency in his ''Ach, mein Sinn'' (though, as one brought up on the Patzak recording, I prefer it taken less fast than this), and he copes triumphantly with that dreaded long aria (to rather distasteful words) ''Erwage''.

His casting is a little odd. Robert Holl, singing with fine vitality (though perhaps too robustly for Christ's last words), is unusual in presenting not a gentle Jesus meek and mild but a stalwart of the Church militant; the trenchancy of his first words comes as a shock. Andreas Scheibner is a somewhat colourless Pontius Pilate, Olaf Bar produces gentle, soothing tone in ''Betrachte, meine Seele'' and spins a smooth line in ''Mein teurer Heiland'' (with the chorale sung very softly in the background), but the bottom notes in ''Eilt, eilt'' barely lie within his range; Marjana Lipovsek comes into her own only in the vigorous middle section of ''Es ist vollbracht'', elsewhere sounding rather small of voice, especially in her first aria where the two oboes are much louder than her, and Roberta Alexander was a curious choice—fresh-toned but very girlish, and in ''Ich folge dir'' not ideally secure on her top Gs and A flats (and what is the authority for her throbbing semiquaver ornamentation in bars 80 and 81 of ''Zerfliesse, mein Herze''?). The chorales are flowingly and sensitively sung, the choruses very secure though mostly very fast and, in the personification of the mob, vividly howling for bloodlust. The attractively light, fast treatment of the chorus about dividing Jesus's cloak, and the excited flurry of the flutes as the Jews protest that it is not lawful for them to put a man to death, in some measure compensate for Schreier's eccentric handling of the opening chorus, with a great bump of an accent on each and every half-bar and harshly aggressive barks of ''Herr!''. The instrumental contributions throughout are admirable but I suspect that on repeated hearings I would prefer the organist to have kept to unembellished cadences in the recitatives, and in her continuo to have twinkled a little less in the two-foot register.

A bonus of major interest is provided in three arias which Bach included in his 1725 revision (a year after the first performance). There is a fine dramatic aria for baritone against a chorale for the sopranos, an extremely interesting tenor aria with agitated strings which temporarily replaced ''Ach, mein Sinn'', and, instead of ''Erwage'', an almost equally long and elaborate aria for tenor with an obbligato for two oboes. Bach must surely have felt some compunction in finally deciding to withdraw them again and revert to his original plan.

Lionel Salter, Gramophone [12/1988]
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Works on This Recording

1.
Saint John Passion, BWV 245 by Johann Sebastian Bach
Performer:  Olaf Bär (Baritone), Marjana Lipovsek (Alto), Roberta Alexander (Soprano),
Robert Holl (Bass), Peter Schreier (Tenor)
Conductor:  Peter Schreier
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Leipzig Radio Chorus,  Dresden Staatskapelle
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1724; Leipzig, Germany 
Length: 125 Minutes 51 Secs. 
Language: German 

Sound Samples

St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.1 Chorus: "Herr, unser Herrscher"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.2 Evangelist, Jesus, Chorus "Jesus ging mit seinen Jüngern"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.3 Choral: "O große Lieb, o Lieb ohn' alle Maße"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.4 Evangelist, Jesus: "Auf daß das Wort erfüllet würde"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.5 Choral: "Dein Will gescheh, Herr Gott zugleich"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No. 6 Evangelist:" Die Schar aber"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.7 Aria (Alt): "Von den Stricken meiner Sünden"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.8 Evangelist: "Simon Petrus aber folgete Jesu nach"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.9 Aria(Sopran): Ich folge dir gleichfalls"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.10 Evangelist, Ancilla, Petrus, Jesus, Servus: "Derselbige Jünger war dem Hohenpriester bekannt"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.11 Choral: "Wer hat dich so geschlagen"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.12 Evangelist, Chorus, Evangelist, Petrus, Servus: " Und Hannas sandte ihn gebunden "
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.13 Aria (Tenor): "Ach mein Sinn"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.14 Choral: "Petrus, der nicht denkt zurück"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.15 Choral: "Christus, der uns selig macht"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.16 Evangelist, Pilatus, Chorus: " Da führeten sie Jesum "
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.17 Choral: "Ach großer König, groß zu allen Zeiten"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.18 Evangelist, Pilatus, Jesus, Chorus, Evangelist: "Da sprach Pilatus zu ihnen"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.19 Arioso (Baß): "Betrachte, meine Seele"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.20 Aria (Tenor): " Erwäge, wie sein blutgefärbter Rücken"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.21 Evangelist, Pilatus, Jesus, Chorus: " Und die Kriegsknechte flochten "
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.22 Choral: "Durch dein Gefängnis, Gottes Sohn"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.23 Evangelist, Pilatus, Chorus: " Die Juden aber schrieen und sprachen "
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.24 Aria (Baß) - Chor: "Eilt ihr angefochtnen Seelen"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.25 Evangelist, Chorus, Pilatus: " Allda kreuzigten sie ihn "
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.26 Choral: "In meines Herzens Grunde"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.27 Evangelist, Chorus, Evangelist: " Die Kriegsknechte aber "
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.28 Choral: " Er nahm alles wohl in acht"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.29 Evangelist, Jesus: " Und von Stund an "
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.30 Aria (Alt): " Es ist vollbracht "
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.31 Evangelist: " Und neigte das Haupt und verschied "
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.32 Aria (baß) - Chorus: " Mein teurer Heiland "
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.33 Evangelist: " Und siehe da "
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.34 Arioso (Tenor): " Mein Herz, indem die ganze Welt "
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.35 Aria (soprano): " Zerfließe, mein Herz "
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.36 Evangelist: "Die Juden aber"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.37 Choral:" O hilf, Christe, Gottes Sohn"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.38 Evangelist: "Darnach bat Pilatum"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.39 Chorus: "Ruht wohl, ihr heiligen Gebeine"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.40 Choral: "Ach Herr, laß dein lieb Engelein"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.11+ Aria (Basso)-Choral: " Himmel reiße, Welt erbebe" - "Jesu, deine Passion"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part One: No.13 II Aria (Tenore): " Zerschmettert mich"
St. John Passion, BWV 245 / Part Two: No.19 II: Aria (Tenore): " Ach windet euch nicht so "

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