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Tunder: Complete Organ Works / Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra


Release Date: 11/05/2002 
Label:  Loft Recordings   Catalog #: 1048   Spars Code: n/a 
Composer:  Franz Tunder
Performer:  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra
Number of Discs: 2 
Recorded in: Stereo 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews

This important musical document fills in one of the blanks in the line of organ composition that would eventually lead to Bach.

From 1641 until his death, Franz Tunder (1614-1667) was the organist at the Marienkirche in Lübeck. Beginning in 1637, the organ had undergone an extensive restoration at the hands of Friederich Stellwagen and the process was complete by the time Tunder assumed the post at the church.

Given the fact that he held a prestigious post for over a quarter-century, Tunder's extant organ output is relatively small. According to the annotations written by Ms. Ruiter-Feenstra, this may indicate that most of Tunder's organ music was improvised and not notated. However, there is a
Read more collection of respectable size that includes both chorale preludes and free-form works.

Among the chorale settings—nine in all—are seven chorale fantasias. Each includes a variety of compositional techniques including dramatic pauses, quasi-improvisatory flourishes, and imitation. It would not be out of the question to postulate that to a degree these fantasias adumbrate the stylus fantasticus that would find its way into the organ works of Tunder 's successor Dietrich Buxtehude and later into the works of other composers. The Præludiums are free-form works in four voices and three real parts. Again, one encounters the beginnings of the stylus fantasticus including imitation. A curious figure of the fugues is that quarter and eighth notes are the only values employed by Tunder, and each fugue includes stretto where the end of the subject is overlapped by the second entry. Each of the preludes concludes with an embellished piagai (IV-I) cadence, a trait also found in the chorale settings.

This repertoire may seem somewhat tame and even boring and it certainly does pale when compared to that of Bach, but one must remember that the North German style of organ playing was undergoing changes, and where Tunder left off Buxtehude would begin, eventually handing off the baton to the greatest exponent of the North German School, Johann Sebastian Bach. The registrations chosen by Ms. Ruiter-Feenstra are included in the booklet—along with a stoplist—and were selected with an ear toward both beauty and suitability. As a result, the listener is introduced to a kaleidoscope of aural canvasses from organo pleno to intimate and introspective trio textures proffered on two manuals and pedal.

Located in the Örgryte hya kyrka, Göteborg, Sweden, the organ used in this recording has its roots in the work of the greatest of artisans, Arp Schnitger (1688-1693). The pipe work is based in part on that of the Schnitger instrument at St. Jacobi Church, Hamburg. A three-manual keyboard preserved in the Museum für Kultur and Geschichte in Lübeck served as the basis for the four-manual console of the Göteborg instrument. The organ fuses the talents of many, including the three principal builders, Mats Arvidsson (Sweden), Henk van Eeken (Netherlands), and Munetaka Yokota (Japan), and is the work of the Göteborg Organ Art Center (GOArt).

This important musical document fills in one of the blanks in the line of organ composition that would eventually find its greatest talent and most-gifted executant in Johann Sebastian Bach.

-- Michael Carter, FANFARE
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Works on This Recording

1.
Jesus Christus, wahr’ Gottes Sohn by Franz Tunder
Performer:  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra (Organ)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 17th Century; Germany 
2.
Herr Gott, dich loben wir by Franz Tunder
Performer:  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra (Organ)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 17th Century; Germany 
3.
Christ lag in Todesbanden by Franz Tunder
Performer:  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra (Organ)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 17th Century; Germany 
4.
Was kann uns kommen an für Not by Franz Tunder
Performer:  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra (Organ)
Period: Baroque 
Written: Germany 
5.
Jesus Christus, unser Heiland by Franz Tunder
Performer:  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra (Organ)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 17th Century; Germany 
6.
Auf meinen lieben Gott by Franz Tunder
Performer:  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra (Organ)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 17th Century; Germany 
7.
Komm, Heiliger Geist, Herre Gott by Franz Tunder
Performer:  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra (Organ)
8.
Canzona for Organ in G major by Franz Tunder
Performer:  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra (Organ)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 17th Century; Germany 
9.
In dich hab ich gehoffet, Herr by Franz Tunder
Performer:  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra (Organ)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 17th Century; Germany 
10.
Preludes (5) for Organ by Franz Tunder
Performer:  Pamela Ruiter-Feenstra (Organ)
Period: Baroque 
Written: 17th Century; Germany 

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