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Bach: St. John Passion / Gardiner, Padmore, Muller-Brachmann

Bach / Gardiner / Padmore / Fink / Fuge / Lunn
Release Date: 03/29/2011 
Label:  Soli Deo Gloria Records   Catalog #: 712   Spars Code: DDD 
Composer:  Johann Sebastian Bach
Performer:  Joanne LunnHanno Müller-BrachmannMark PadmoreKatherine Fuge,   ... 
Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Baroque SoloistsMonteverdi Choir
Number of Discs: 2 
Recorded in: Stereo 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews

SDG is proud to release a new recording of Bach's St John Passion. Previous releases have received phenomenal press coverage and tremendous reviews for performance, sound quality and packaging.

Recorded in Königslutter in 2003, this two disc album features internationally acclaimed soloists, including Mark Padmore, Hanno Müller-Brachmann, Peter Harvey and Bernarda Fink. Packaged in the same hard back book style as our other releases, it contains a 76 pages booklet with original notes by John Eliot Gardiner with texts in German, English and French.

Considered to be an expressive and intimate oratorio, the St John Passion was conceived by Bach both as a work of art and an act of worship in itself. It has
Read more a subtle balance between narrative and contemplative, juxtaposing vivid re-enactment and dramatic scene-setting in the ariosos and arias, with stretches of exposition of its meaning in chorales.

The music is in turns evocative, stirring, exultant and profoundly moving. It forces the listener to contemplate the complexities of the Passion story. Regardless of one’s religious view, it captures the listener’s attention from beginning to end.

R E V I E W S:

A little slice of musical heaven.

Of Bach's two passion settings, it's the later St Matthew one that has historically scooped the lion’s share of performances and general praise. The St John Passion has often been viewed as the cruder older sibling. Those who would agree with that analysis should get hold of these two discs. John Eliot Gardiner argues that Bach himself considered his St John setting, the longest work in his career up to that point, to be supremely important. This recording should leave no-one in any doubt as to the work's sheer beauty and power.

Few ensembles can come to Bach's St John Passion with quite the degree of performance-based insight that Gardiner and his musicians have done. Written for Good Friday in 1724, the passion was the centrepiece of Bach's year-long cycle of liturgical cantatas. Gardiner and the Monteverdi Choir spent 2000 performing and recording these surrounding cantatas, before recording this disc in 2003. The result is a little slice of musical heaven. In sound, it's a masterpiece of technical precision and musical beauty. In tone, it perfectly balances the theatrical with the devotional. The English Baroque Soloists and the Monteverdi Choir expertly build and release tension, their phrases shaped to sound natural, instinctive, and emotionally complete. The work's many dramatic contrasts are also brilliantly done. The chorale "Wer hat dich so geschlagen" ("Who has beaten thee thus") is sung to a degree of mournful beauty that makes hairs stand on end, whilst the baying crowd scenes are sharp and angry. Meanwhile, the soloists deliver everything that you would expect and wish for from such known Bach exponents.

Perhaps the biggest joy of the St John Passion is that, for all the ferocity and sorrow of the Good Friday story, it's a truly optimistic work, anticipating the resurrection with music suffused with light and hope. Gardiner and his band have brought this to the fore, exemplified by the gorgeous radiance with which the Monteverdi Choir perform the chorale, "In meines Herzens Grunde" ("Deep in my heart"). All in all, an interpretation to savour.

-- Charlotte Gardner, BBC Music

This is Sir John Eliot Gardiner’s second recording of the St. John Passion. His previous version was made under studio conditions for DG Archiv as long ago as March 1986. It’s been a much-admired staple of my collection – and the collections of many others, I dare say – for many years. This new account is a live recording, taken from a single performance, which was broadcast by the German radio station NDR Kultur.

The performance was given at the Collegiate Church of Saints Peter and Paul, Königslutter, which is also known as the Kaiserdom (or Emperor Cathedral). The concert in question was the first in a series of Bach concerts involving Gardiner and his team, which has been in train for several years now. I note from the booklet that several other major Bach choral works have since been given and I hope that further recordings will therefore follow on the SDG label.

I’ve found listening to this new account of the St John Passion an enthralling and moving experience. Chief among its many attractions is the Evangelist of Mark Padmore. Tastes will vary but in my view his account here is absolutely superb. His voice is not as sweet and mellifluous as that of the late Anthony Rolfe Johnson, the Evangelist on Gardiner’s earlier recording and I wouldn’t want to be without Rolfe Johnson’s interpretation. However, Padmore is even better at the dramatic side of the role – not least in the scene before Pilate in Part II – yet he is excellent also in the more meditative stretches of the narrative. Thus, he conveys beautifully the pathos of Christ giving his mother into the keeping of St. John and the anguish of Peter after his threefold denial of Christ. Every word is crystal clear – and in what seems to me to be excellent German - his phrasing is faultless and he paces the recitatives intelligently. I can say no better than that Padmore brings the story vividly and convincingly to life in one of the best assumptions of the Evangelist’s role I’ve heard.

As if that were not enough he sings the tenor arias also. He delivers the demanding ‘Ach, mein Sinn’ with ringing conviction and I was interested to note that while the pace of this aria is not much different from that adopted in 1986, Rufus Müller appears somewhat discomfited by the speed on that recording and the difficult dotted rhythms sound jagged, as if delivered under pressure. Padmore is much more convincing. The tortured aria, ‘Erwäge’ finds him in wonderfully fluid and plangent voice and he sings it superbly.

Among the other soloists, Hanno Müller-Brachmann makes a dignified Christus. He has a fuller, richer voice than Stephen Varcoe (1986). By comparison I’m afraid Varcoe sounds rather plain and I much prefer Müller-Brachmann. The bass arias and the role of Pilate are in the very safe hands of Peter Harvey, a stalwart of the Bach Cantata Pilgrimage. He’s a fine Pilate and he does the arias very well. ‘Eilt, ihr angefochtnen Seelen’ requires a mobile voice and Harvey delivers. Later, he spins firm, sustained lines in ‘Mein teurer Heiland, lass dich fragen’.

The soprano arias are shared between Katharine Fuge and Joanne Lunn; both excel. Miss Lunn is light and agile in ‘Ich folge dich gleichfalls’ while Katharine Fuge’s account of ‘Zerfliesse, mein Herze’ is heart-rending and meltingly beautiful. This is an elevated and eloquent piece of singing on her part. In the 1986 recording the alto arias were sung by a male singer, Michael Chance, who was very impressive. This time round Gardiner has opted for a female alto. Part of me misses the unique timbre of a male alto but Miss Fink’s beguiling singing soon makes me glad of Gardiner’s choice. All her singing is distinguished but, rightly, she saves her finest artistry for ‘Es ist vollbracht!’ In this aria, which is graced by an excellent cello obbligato, her performance is eloquent and deeply felt.

The contribution of The Monteverdi Choir is, predictably, very fine indeed. This is evident from the very first chorus where, supported by acute playing from the orchestra, their singing is marvellously incisive. The chorales, too, are excellently done throughout the work. But the high point of the choral contribution is the choir’s work as the crowd in the judgement scene in Part Two. This whole extended passage, driven on by Mark Padmore’s searing narration, is riveting. The choir is absolutely superb, most effectively conveying the impression of a baying mob – though the singing is never less than cultivated. Their cries of ‘Kreuzige’ are electrifying. But that’s not all: just a few moments later the clarity and precision of the singing in ‘Wir haben ein Gesetz’ is excellent. Later on the precision and dexterity of the singing in ‘Lasset uns den nicht zerteilen’, taken at breakneck speed, really catches the urgency of Bach’s writing.

The English Baroque Soloists support all the singers, solo and choral, with playing of great accomplishment and proficiency. All the obbligatos are delivered with fine artistry and the ensemble playing is of an equally high order. The instrumentalists play a full part in ensuring that the tension of the performance is set at a high level – right from the very start of the first, suspenseful chorus and throughout.

Over all this presides Sir John Eliot Gardiner. I know some people don’t like his way with Bach, feeling that sometimes his direction of the music can be too brisk in style. Having immersed myself in the Bach Cantata Pilgrimage I don’t subscribe to that view. There may be the occasional misjudgement – no conductor is infallible – but over the years I’ve found him to be a thoughtful and stirring Bach interpreter and that’s once again the case here. He contributes an extensive and fascinating booklet note in the course of which he comments that the experience that he and his colleagues had of performing all Bach’s surviving sacred cantatas in 2000 made them look afresh at the St John Passion when they returned to it subsequently. While I’m certainly not about to discard my copy of Gardiner’s 1986 recording I’d say that this new version, which has the added electricity of unedited live performance, brings new dimensions to his interpretation. I find it an involving and moving experience.

As usual, SDG’s production values are very high and the engineers of NDR Kultur have done excellent work in producing truthful, atmospheric and well-balanced sound. I hope that further recordings of Bach’s major choral works will follow from this source. For now, however, this splendid new account of the St. John Passion is something that all devotees of Bach’s vocal music should try to hear.

-- John Quinn, MusicWeb International
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Works on This Recording

1. Saint John Passion, BWV 245 by Johann Sebastian Bach
Performer:  Joanne Lunn (Soprano), Hanno Müller-Brachmann (Bass Baritone), Mark Padmore (Tenor),
Katherine Fuge (Soprano), Bernarda Fink (Mezzo Soprano), Peter Harvey (Bass)
Conductor:  John Eliot Gardiner
Orchestra/Ensemble:  English Baroque Soloists,  Monteverdi Choir
Period: Baroque 
Written: 1724; Leipzig, Germany 

Sound Samples

St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Chorale: Herr, unser Herrscher (Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Recitative: Jesus ging mit seinen Jungern (Evangelist, Jesus) – Jesum von Nazareth (Chorus) – Recitative: Jesus spricht ze ihnen (Evangelist, Jesus) – Jesum von Nazareth (Chorus) – Recitative: Jesus antwortete (Evangelist, Jesus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Chorale: O grosse Lieb (Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Recitative: Auf dass das Wort erfullet wurde (Evangelist, Jesus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Chorale: Dein Will gescheh, Herr Gott, zugleich (Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Recitative: Die Schar aber und der Oberhauptmann (Evangelist)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Aria: Von den Stricken meiner Sunden (Alto)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Recitative: Simon Petrus aber folgete Jesu nach (Evangelist)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Aria: Ich folge dir gleichfalls (Soprano)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Recitative: Derselbige Junger war dem Hohenpriester bekannt (Evangelist, Ancilla, Petrus, Jesus, Servus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Chorale: Wer hat dich so geschlagen (Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Recitative: Und Hannas sandte ihn gebunden (Evangelist) - Bist du nicht seiner Junger einer (Chorus) – Recitative: Er leugnete aber und sprach (Evangelist, Petrus, Servus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Aria: Ach, mein Sinn (Tenor)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part I: Chorale: Petrus, der nicht denkt zuruck (Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Chorale: Christus, der uns selig macht (Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Recitative: Da fuhreten sie Jesum (Evangelist, Pilatus) - Ware dieser nicht ein Ubeltater (Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Chorale: Ach, grosser Konig (Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Chorale: Da sprach Pilatus zu ihm (Evangelist, Pilatus, Jesus) - Nicht diesen, sondern Barrabam (Chorus) – Recitative: Barrabas aber war ein Morder (Evangelist)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Arioso: Betrachte, meine Seel (Bass)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Aria: Erwage, wie sein blutgefarbter Rucken (Tenor)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Recitative: Und die Kriegsknechte flochten eine Krone (Evangelist) - Sei gegrusset, lieber Judenkonig (Chorus) – Recitative: Und gaben ihm Backenstreiche (Evangelist, Pilatus) - Kreuzige, Kreuzige (Chorus) ...
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Chorale: Durch dein Gefangnis, Gottes Sohn (Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Recitative: Die Juden aber schrieen und sprachen (Evangelist) - Lassest du diesen los (Chorus) – Recitative: Da Pilatus das Wort horete (Evangelist, Pilatus) – Weg, weg mit dem (Chorus) – Recitative: Spricht Pilatus zu ihnen (Evangelist, Pilatus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Aria: Eilt, ihr angefochtnen Seelen (Bass, Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Recitative: Allda kreuzigten sei ihn (Evangelist) - Schreibe nicht: der Juden Konig (Chorus) – Recitative: Pilatus antwortet (Evangelist, Pilatus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Chorale: In meines Herzens Grunde (Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Recitative: Die Kriegsknechte aber (Evangelist) - Lasset uns den nicht zerteilen (Chorus) – Recitative: Auf dass erfullet wurde die Schrift (Evangelist, Jesus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Chorale: Er nahm alles wohl in acht (Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Recitative: Und von Stund an nahm sie der Junger (Evangelist, Jesus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Aria: Es ist vollbracht (Alto)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Recitative: Und neiget das Haupt (Evangelist)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Aria: Mein teurer Heiland, lass dich fragen (Bass, Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Recitative: Und siehe da, der Vorhang im Tempel zerriss (Evangelist)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Arioso: Mein Herz, indem die ganze Welt (Tenor)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Aria: Zerfliesse, mein Herze (Soprano)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Recitative: Die Juden aber, dieweil es der Rusttag war (Evangelist)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Chorale: O hilf, Christe, Gottes Sohn (Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Recitative: Darnach bat Pilatum Joseph von Arimathia (Evangelist)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Chorale: Ruht wohl, ihr heiligen Gebeine (Chorus)
St John Passion, BWV 245: Part II: Chorale: Ach Herr, lass dein lieb Engelein (Chorus)

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