Notes and Editorial Reviews
A most compelling disc.
These choral works by Verdi are overshadowed by his great
Requiem Mass and are consequently often overlooked. Maestro Noseda has been doing a first-class job in Manchester from 2002 as principal conductor of the BBC Philharmonic Orchestra. Sadly his final appearance as their chief conductor was on 16 April 2011 in a concert performance of Verdi’s
Otello at the Bridgewater Hall. Noseda will become conductor laureate of the BBC Philharmonic.
For these choral scores Noseda has turned to all-Italian forces. The soloists are renowned Milanese soprano Barbara Frittoli and Genoa-born tenor Francesco Meli. The feature work is the
Four Sacred Pieces - a
score with three or four fine alternative versions in the catalogue but it certainly hasn’t been recorded anywhere near as often as its quality deserves.
Soon after working on
The Force of Destiny in 1862 Verdi composed the dramatic cantata the
Hymn of the Nations. It was the intended as the Italian entry for the International Exhibition in London in 1862. The score calls for tenor soloist, referred to as ‘The Bard’ in the text, sung by Francesco Meli, a four-part mixed chorus and orchestra. It is a setting of words by Arrigo Boito, the librettist especially noted for
Falstaff. It did not actually feature at the International Exhibition but when performed (with a soprano soloist) in London it was to considerable acclaim. This celebratory work sung with tremendous fervour includes references to France and Italy. In deference to Queen Victoria there is a verse of ‘
God Save the Queen’ at the conclusion.
To mark Rossini’s death in Paris in 1868 Verdi suggested that the composers of Italy should unite in honour of Rossini. A scheme was hatched that each composer would collaborate
gratis and contribute part of a
Messa per Rossini to be performed once only at Bologna on the first anniversary of Rossini’s death. Initial performance preparations were put in place. However, the collaborative project experienced several difficulties and never came to fruition. Verdi’s contribution was the closing section the
Libera me, Domine cast for soprano solo, four-part mixed chorus and orchestra. Verdi later reused the
Libera me Domine for his great
Requiem Mass (
Manzoni Requiem) with a few alterations necessary from the original to ensure a good fit.
Four Sacred Pieces were actually premièred as three Sacred Pieces in 1898 in Paris. Verdi dropped the
Ave Maria from the performance. The
Ave Maria was performed as part of the set later that year in Vienna. Its four panels can be summarised as follows:-
Ave Maria on an ‘enigmatic scale’ harmonised for four-part mixed chorus a cappella, in Latin
Stabat Mater for four-part mixed chorus and orchestra, in Latin.
Laudi alla Vergine Maria (text taken from Canto XXXIII in Paradiso of Dante’s Divine Comedy) for four-part women’s chorus a cappella, in Italian.
Te Deum for double mixed chorus and orchestra, in Latin.
I have several versions of the
Four Sacred Pieces including accounts from the Berlin Philharmonic and the Ernst Senff Chamber Choir/Giulini on Sony, Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique and the Monteverdi Choir/Gardiner on Philips and the Berlin Philharmonic and the Swedish Radio Choir and Stockholm Chamber Choir/Muti on EMI. Most outstanding of all is the version from Carlo Maria Giulini with the Philharmonia Orchestra and Chorus on EMI Classics. Produced by Walter Legge, this was recorded in 1962 at London’s Kingsway Hall. My current copy is the wonderful sounding 2010 reissue on the EMI Classics, Masters series titled Great Classical Recordings. The coupling is Giulini’s justly famous 1963-64 Kingsway Hall account of the Requiem on < EMI Classics 6 31821 2.
Ave Maria for unaccompanied mixed chorus is a haunting score. Noseda’s Teatro Regio Chorus is attractively toned and sing well. Giulini takes the tempo a little slower than Noseda. I immediately noticed the superior sound from the refined and highly unified Philharmonia Chorus. Giulini’s women’s choir sound remarkably angelic with the men’s choir providing a sturdy foundation.
Stabat Mater is highly dramatic with Noseda’s Turin forces contributing a sparkling and buoyant performance. Giulini’s Philharmonia chorus is noticeably more powerful with singing of considerable weight together with resounding orchestral accompaniment. Giulini’s climaxes remain quite awe-inspiring - spine-tingling stuff. The glowing string sound from the Philharmonia also takes the ear. Remarkable too is a glorious hushed quality to the
Probably the most immediately appealing of the set is the lightly textured and captivating
Laudi alla Vergine Maria for unaccompanied women’s chorus. Noseda’s Turin choir offers attractive singing and is stirring on occasions. Giulini’s choir with their impeccable unity sounded angelic. Here Giulini takes a slightly quicker pace than Noseda.
For mixed chorus and orchestra the
Te Deum is the lengthiest piece and the most complex of the set. It is generally acknowledged as containing the finest writing - best appreciated after several plays. The piece also includes the set’s only part for solo voice. Noseda’s Turin choral forces are in excellent voice sounding particularly reverential. They take great care over the meaning of the text. The Turin brass sound thrilling and I was struck by the gleaming timbre of the strings. For Noseda soprano Barbara Frittoli is suitably pious in her small solo part. A little quicker than Noseda, Giulini’s stunning interpretation feels weightier and has additional vitality with breathtaking climaxes. The orchestral accompaniment from the Philharmonia shines through - especially the brass - to grand effect. Janet Baker can be heard singing serenely towards the conclusion.
The final score on the Chandos release is
Mary the Virgin of the Angels, the concluding chorus with Leonora from act II of the opera
The Force of Destiny (1861/2). Verdi’s librettist for the opera was Francesco Maria Piave.
Renowned soprano Barbara Frittoli has pleaisng clarity of diction combined with a most glorious tone. The pronounced wobble on her sustained notes may prove a distraction for some. In the
Libera me Domine from the
Mass for Rossini Frittoli remembers appropriately that she is not singing in a Verdi opera and is suitably reverential. I was highly impressed with Francesco Meli, a clear-toned tenor with a top register that reminded me a little of Pavarotti. Meli’s voice is sufficiently powerful to soar over the chorus in the
Hymn of the Nations.
The Chorus of Teatro Regio of Torino is in impeccable form: heartfelt, reverential and decisive. I found them especially rousing in the
Hymn of the Nations and tenderly devout in the
Stabat Mater and
Laudi alla Vergine Maria. With notable unanimity and potency the Teatro Regio Orchestra respond with conviction to Maestro Noseda’s thoughtful promptings.
The Chandos presentation is to the high standard that we have all come to expect. I was impressed by the quality of the booklet notes which included a fine essay and full texts with English translation. The sound quality is reasonably clear, however, I was a touch uncomfortable with the brightness of some of the
forte passages. This is a compelling disc and reminds us again that every Noseda disc is worthy of investigation.
-- Michael Cookson, MusicWeb International
Works on This Recording
Hymn of the Nations by Giuseppe Verdi
Francesco Meli ()
Written: 1862; Italy
Venue: Teatro Regio, Turin, Italy
Length: 12 Minutes 46 Secs.
Libera me by Giuseppe Verdi
Barbara Frittoli ()
Written: 1868-1869; Italy
Venue: Teatro Regio, Turin, Italy
Length: 12 Minutes 59 Secs.
Quattro pezzi sacri by Giuseppe Verdi
Written: pub 1898
Venue: Teatro Regio, Turin, Italy
Length: 41 Minutes 17 Secs.
Inno delle nazioni (Hymn of the Nations)
Messa per Rossini: Libera me
4 Pezzi sacri: No. 1. Ave Maria
4 Pezzi sacri: No. 2. Stabat mater
4 Pezzi sacri: No. 3. Laudi alla vergine Maria
4 Pezzi sacri: No. 4. Te Deum
La forza del destino: Act II: La vergine degli angeli
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