Notes and Editorial Reviews
These are light, charming pieces. Only one, the sixth and last, spends any time in minor keys, and three of the sonatas consist of two movements each. That said, there are more than a few fully worked out movements, structurally speaking, and the music seems ideally suited to the intimate timbre of the clavichord (sort of like a harpsichord without the sharp “twang”). Susan Alexander-Max plays very well indeed, ornamenting the music liberally but never excessively, and stroking the keys with the kind of sensitivity that produces numerous instances of those dynamic subtleties that made this instrument so popular, despite its evident limitations. She is also very attractively recorded, with an absolute minimum of mechanical noise (some
clavichord recordings feature more clicking and squeaking than musical tone). Definitely worth investigating.
-- David Hurwitz, ClassicsToday.com
The decision by Naxos to record the six op. 5 sonatas of Johann Christian Bach on the clavichord is a brave one. Even more so than the harpsichord, the clavichord is likely to polarise listeners. In modern parlance its tone might be characterised as 'in-your-face' - neon strip-lighting against the natural daylight of a grand piano.
But one thing the soft action of the clavichord does ensure is a sense of intimacy, which is apt for these almost sensual sonatas. Recording quality here is generally good, despite the fact that the very nature of the mechanics of the clavichord makes its sound rather elusive. Probably for that reason it has been recorded quite closely. At least the church setting coaxes as much resonance out of the instrument as it is willing to give.
Background noise is minimal, except, strangely, in the final
Sonata, where there is something very odd going on 'underneath' the recording, as it were. It’s a kind of eerily distorted feedback giving the impression of a neighbour's turned-up television set heard through a wall! Once noticed it is quite distracting, and frankly the producer needs to answer some questions.
Bach published these works in 1766 as
Six Sonatas for the Harpsichord or the Fortepiano, Op. 5. These were the very first pieces published in London for the newly emergent piano, and Bach is also credited with the first piano recital in public. According to Susan Alexander-Max's liner-notes, dynamic markings, such as frequent
forte, indicate a distinct leaning towards the latter instrument of Bach's title. By this time he was already adopting the new square piano by manufacturers Zumpe as his keyboard instrument of preference. Pianists of the period would nevertheless still often have used a clavichord in the home for composition and practice. That is Alexander-Max's justification for performing these works on the clavichord, a 2006 model based on a 1785 instrument.
Mozart greatly admired Bach's music, and his own early works are clearly influenced by it. In fact, the young Mozart was so taken with Bach's op. 5 that he recomposed nos. 2, 3 and 4 into an early piano concerto, KV.107. The works are generally in three movements, though nos. 1 and 4 are in an old-school two. By this time Bach was well into his cosmopolitan
galant period, as these elegant, nuanced works can testify. The opening theme of
Sonata no.6 bears a brief but striking resemblance to the famous Russian folksong, "Dark Eyes". By the end of the movement it has morphed into a melancholy Neapolitan-like song of love lost. By this time the bizarre background noise is all too evident.
Alexander-Max's technique is superb on this unforgiving instrument, and she extracts considerable expressiveness from it in the service of Bach's suave, sophisticated music. 74 minutes is a long time to spend listening without a break to the clavichord. In smaller sessions of, say, two sonatas a go, the unique sonorities of this instrument, coupled with the brilliance and imagination of Bach's music, make this an
almost irresistible bargain - were it not for the recording quality lapse.
-- Byzantion, MusicWeb International
Works on This Recording
Sonatas (6) for Keyboard, Op. 5 by Johann Christian Bach
Susan Alexander-Max (Clavichord)
Written: by 1776; London, England
Keyboard Sonata in B flat major, Op. 5, No. 1, W. A1: I. Allegretto
Keyboard Sonata in B flat major, Op. 5, No. 1, W. A1: II. Tempo di minuetto
Keyboard Sonata in D major, Op. 5, No. 2, W. A2: I. Allegro di molto
Keyboard Sonata in D major, Op. 5, No. 2, W. A2: II. Andante di molto
Keyboard Sonata in D major, Op. 5, No. 2, W. A2: III. Minuetto
Keyboard Sonata in G major, Op. 5, No. 3, W. A3: I. Allegro
Keyboard Sonata in G major, Op. 5, No. 3, W. A3: II. Theme and Variations: Allegretto
Keyboard Sonata in E flat major, Op. 5, No. 4, W. A4: I. Allegro
Keyboard Sonata in E flat major, Op. 5, No. 4, W. A4: II. Rondo: Allegretto
Keyboard Sonata in E major, Op. 5, No. 5, W. A5: I. Allegro assai
Keyboard Sonata in E major, Op. 5, No. 5, W. A5: II. Adagio
Keyboard Sonata in E major, Op. 5, No. 5, W. A5: III. Prestissimo
Keyboard Sonata in C minor, Op. 5, No. 6, W. A6: I. Grave
Keyboard Sonata in C minor, Op. 5, No. 6, W. A6: II. Allegro moderato
Keyboard Sonata in C minor, Op. 5, No. 6, W. A6: III. Allegretto
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