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Great Conductors Of The 20th Century - André Cluytens


Release Date: 06/04/2002 
Label:  Emi Classics   Catalog #: 75106   Spars Code: ADD 
Composer:  Georges BizetClaude DebussyMaurice RavelRobert Schumann,   ... 
Performer:  Boris ChristoffJohn Lanigan
Conductor:  André Cluytens
Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National OrchestraOrchestre de la Société du Conservatoire ParisPhilharmonia Orchestra,   ... 
Number of Discs: 2 
Recorded in: n/a 
Length: 2 Hours 32 Mins. 

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This CD is reissued by ArkivMusic.

Notes and Editorial Reviews

In his heyday, the 1950s and '60s, André Cluytens never quite enjoyed the international stature of Munch, Paray, Ansermet, and Monteux, to name just some of his rivals in the Gallic repertory. By and large that contemporary judgement appears to have been correct, but the current spate of reissues of Cluytens' recordings by Testament and the persistence of some of his best in an EMI catalog notorious for its swift deletions indicate that the gap, if there was one, was narrow. So it's gratifying to find this Belgian-born staple of the French orchestral and operatic scene included in EMI's Great Conductors series. The selections aim at providing a comprehensive overview of his specialties, always difficult with one whose career was Read more weighted toward opera and whose repertoire spanned the French, German, and Russian schools.v So Cluytens' much-admired Beethoven goes unrepresented here, while only the brief Act 3 Prelude from Lohengrin serves as a reminder of his stint at Bayreuth, and some 10 minutes of the Coronation Scene from Boris Godunov remains as evidence of his work in the Russian repertoire where his gift for color served him so well. This latter excerpt, by the way, offers a sampling of Boris Christoff's unforgettable czar. The lengthiest non-French item is Schumann's Manfred Overture with the Berlin Philharmonic, where Cluytens demonstrates his affinity for German Romanticism, a feeling for the dramatic thrust the piece needs, and a preference for lighter textures, which the piece also needs.

But you can't fault the producers for their ultimate repertoire choices since the bulk of Cluytens' recording career was devoted to French music, of which he was an outstanding exponent. Bizet's Symphony in C is the same performance recently reissued on Testament and reviewed here (type Q5489 in Search Reviews). The excellence of the performance still shines through, although EMI's transfer adds reverberation, slightly exaggerates the nasality of winds and horns, places the instruments in a more distant perspective, and introduces a tubbier bass along with some congestion, none of which was apparent in Testament's transfer.

With Cluytens' 1963 Debussy Images with the Paris Conservatory Orchestra we're back to stereo and stay there for the remainder of the set. In the Debussy, as in the Ravel La Valse with the Philharmonia from 1958 that follows it, Cluytens generates a riot of orchestral color that extends from the neatly projected pianissimos all the way to the massive climaxes. Balances are well-judged and there's a fine rhythmic thrust to both performances, with Cluytens especially alive to La Valse's portrait of a disintegrating Old World culture.

EMI offers Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique in a live 1964 concert performance from Tokyo with the Paris Conservatory Orchestra. His first recording of the work, from 1955, is available on another recent Testament release (type Q5508 in Search Reviews) and his 1958 studio remake on EMI has been intermittently available. This one differs from the others only in small details. Compared with the Testament version, three of the five movements share virtually identical timings; the "Scene in the Country" is slightly more flowing in 1964, and there's more zip to the "Witches' Sabbath" finale. The stereo sonics reveal greater detail, especially in the percussion, and the strings display a ravishing sheen in the first movement. While the "March to the Scaffold" generates more tension in 1964, the brass, perhaps fatigued toward the end of a concert, lack weight and ideal precision. As with its predecessors, this live Symphonie is a good performance that doesn't erase memories of the best rivals on disc, among which Munch (RCA) and Bernstein (Sony) reign supreme. All in all, a fine tribute to a conductor worthy of renewed interest.

--Dan Davis, Classics Today.com
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Works on This Recording

1.
Symphony in C major by Georges Bizet
Conductor:  André Cluytens
Orchestra/Ensemble:  ORTF National Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1855; France 
Date of Recording: 10/1953 
Venue:  Champs-Élysées Studio, Paris, France 
Length: 29 Minutes 26 Secs. 
2.
Images for Orchestra by Claude Debussy
Conductor:  André Cluytens
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1905-1912; France 
Date of Recording: 09/1963 
Venue:  Wagram Hall, Paris, France 
Length: 34 Minutes 44 Secs. 
3.
La valse by Maurice Ravel
Conductor:  André Cluytens
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Philharmonia Orchestra
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1920; France 
Date of Recording: 11/1958 
Venue:  Kingsway Hall, London, England 
Length: 11 Minutes 54 Secs. 
4.
Manfred, Op. 115 by Robert Schumann
Conductor:  André Cluytens
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1848-1849; Germany 
Date of Recording: 02/1957 
Venue:  Grünewald Church, Berlin, Germany 
Length: 12 Minutes 21 Secs. 
5.
Symphonie fantastique, Op. 14 by Hector Berlioz
Conductor:  André Cluytens
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1830; France 
Date of Recording: 05/10/1964 
Venue:  Live  Metropolitan Festival Hall, Tokyo, Japan 
Length: 48 Minutes 48 Secs. 
6.
Lohengrin: Act 3 Prelude by Richard Wagner
Conductor:  André Cluytens
Orchestra/Ensemble:  National Theater Opera Orchestra of Paris
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1847; Germany 
Date of Recording: 06/20/1959 
Venue:  Wagram Hall, Paris, France 
Length: 3 Minutes 10 Secs. 
7.
Boris Godunov: Prologue - I am oppressed "Coronation scene" by Modest Mussorgsky
Performer:  Boris Christoff (Bass), John Lanigan (Tenor)
Conductor:  André Cluytens
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Orchestre de la Société du Conservatoire Paris,  Sofia National Opera Chorus
Period: Romantic 
Written: Russia 
Date of Recording: 09/1962 
Venue:  Wagram Hall, Paris, France 
Length: 11 Minutes 2 Secs. 
Language: Russian 
Notes: Version: Nikolai Rimsky-Koraskov 

Sound Samples

Symphony in C (2002 Digital Remaster): Allegro-vivo
Symphony in C (2002 Digital Remaster): Adagio
Symphony in C (2002 Digital Remaster): Scherzo : allegro vivace
Symphony in C (2002 Digital Remaster): Final : Allegro vivace
Images (2002 Digital Remaster): I. Gigues
Images (2002 Digital Remaster), II. Ibéria: 1. Par les rues et par les chemins
Images (2002 Digital Remaster), II. Ibéria: 2. Les parfums de la nuit -
Images (2002 Digital Remaster), II. Ibéria: 3. Le matin d'un jour de fête
Images (2002 Digital Remaster): III. Rondes de printemps
La Valse (2002 Digital Remaster)
Manfred: Overture Op. 115 (2002 Digital Remaster)
Symphonie fantastique Op. 14 (2002 Digital Remaster): I. Rêveries - Passions
Symphonie fantastique Op. 14 (2002 Digital Remaster): II. Un bal
Symphonie fantastique Op. 14 (2002 Digital Remaster): III. Scène aux champs
Symphonie fantastique Op. 14 (2002 Digital Remaster): IV. Marche au supplice
Symphonie fantastique Op. 14 (2002 Digital Remaster): V. Songe d'une nuit du Sabbat
Lohengrin (2002 Digital Remaster): Prelude to Act III
Boris Godunov:Coronation Scene (2002 Digital Remaster): Solemn Procession - Prince Shuisky:Long Live Tsar Boris Feodorovich!
Boris Godunov:Coronation Scene (2002 Digital Remaster): Boris: My soul is sorrowful!
Boris Godunov:Coronation Scene (2002 Digital Remaster): People: Glory, glory, glory!

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