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Smetana: Czech Dances / Jan Novotny

Release Date: 10/15/1996 
Label:  Supraphon   Catalog #: 3070   Spars Code: n/a 
Composer:  Bedrich Smetana
Performer:  Jan Novotny
Number of Discs: 1 
Recorded in: Stereo 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews

This enterprising Supraphon disc couples early and late solo piano music by Smetana; his Opus 1 (though not truly his first efforts at composition) and his last piano pieces, written five years before his death (around the same time he was completing his famous Má Vlast). Both groups are well worth the listener's attention and the Czech Dances, in particular, ought to be essential listening for anyone who is interested in the origins and ongoing influence of folk idioms in Czech classical music, through Dvo?ák and Janá?ek to Martin?. The rhythmic invention and inherent tunefulness may also appeal to devotees of Grieg's solo piano output.

Characteristic Pieces is quite a commonly used sobriquet for many a
Read more composer's early efforts, which often turn out, in retrospect, to be anything but characteristic. However, although the influence of Czech folk music and dance, so apparent in the later work is, not surprisingly, given its more formative nature, harder to detect in the Opus 1, the music does sometimes hint strongly at future direction (try The Shepherdess, for instance). The pieces were dedicated to Liszt and the booklet note explains in detail how he was instrumental in facilitating their publication. He was clearly impressed by the pieces, originally titled in French, and probably helped Smetana on his way quite considerably, if more by influential rather than financial patronage.

The Czech Dances are divided into four sections:- two solo dances (including a Furiant - the booklet provides an explanation of the French/Napoleonic origins of the term which is both enlightening and entertaining), four "men's" dances (the gentle Oats, The Bear, The Little Onion and the bagpipe imitating Stamp Dance), two "maiden" dances (including a graceful lament) and a closing pair of group dances. All share the distinction of being truly memorable, either rhythmically, melodically or often both, and it isn't difficult to see how certain aspects of the music of Dvo?ák and Janá?ek were informed by such antecedents. The dances conform to Smetana's habit of using thematic pairs, contrasting but complementary pieces, as in the symphonic cycle Má Vlast, and also employ frequent changes of time signature (known as "confounds"). The latter, in particular, makes the music sound more modern (or ancient?) than it actually is and there are even passages reminiscent of such an ostensibly unrelated figure as Percy Grainger!

Rudolf Firkušný's 1950s recordings of the Czech Dances were, like his Janá?ek, very special, but this performance and recording offer an advocacy of this wonderfully open hearted music that is not so far removed from that accolade. Recommended.

-- Neil Horner, MusicWeb International
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Works on This Recording

Czech Dances (14) for Piano, T 112 by Bedrich Smetana
Performer:  Jan Novotny (Piano)
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1877; Czech Republic 

Customer Reviews

Average Customer Review:  1 Customer Review )
 Authentic Throughout March 10, 2012 By bess holloway (Boulder, CO) See All My Reviews "The music, performer, place, are all Czech. The execution of these totally charming pieces is flawless. This is an album that draws one back to it often. A bargain at the price offered here." Report Abuse
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