Notes and Editorial Reviews
Continuing the Handel series from Le Concert D'Astrée and Emmanuelle Haïm is La Resurrezione, composed during the young Handel's period in Rome and first performed there in 1708. The work recounts the events of Easter and the solo singers portray Lucifer, Mary Magdalene, an Angel, St John the Evangelist, and St Mary Cleophas. It calls upon a large orchestra, led and directed at the first performance by the master violinist Arcangelo Corelli. The role of Mary Magdalene, here performed by the lush-voiced young British soprano (and EMI Classics artist) Kate Royal, was sung at the first performance by the celebrated Margherita Durastanti, even though the Pope had forbidden female singers to perform in public.
2009, Emmanuelle Haïm led a performance of La Resurrezione at London's Barbican Centre, part of a tour which also covered Paris, Dijon, Aix-en-Provence, Lille, Pamplona, Valladolid and Salzburg. The Guardian reported that: "Emmanuelle Haïm's understanding of the relationship between sense and sensuality in Handel has marked her out as one of his finest interpreters, and her performance with her own Concert D'Astrée was notable for its immediacy and expression. The playing had touches of magic as recorders and flutes comforted the uncomprehending saints, and flaring brass heralded the arrival of a new dawn. Camilla Tilling's joyous Angel let fly volleys of flamboyant coloratura while the great Sonia Prina was vocally spectacular and immensely moving as Mary Cleophas."
The Salzburg performance led the Salzburger Nachrichten to describe the "springy mastery" of the ensemble, "with sparkling accents from the trumpets, lute and gamba." A Baroque highpoint in an Easter Festival dominated by Romanticism. Drehpunkt Kultur described Luca Pisaroni's Lucifer as "dangerously honed" and Toby Spence as "a master of subtle ornamentation." Overall, the ensemble of singers was "technically and stylistically at the peak of today's Handel interpretation," while Haïm herself "knows how to ignite her ensemble to such powerful effect and then to restrain the emotion once more, so that the force of expression never runs wild."
R E V I E W S:
"Emmanuelle Haïm and Le Concert d'Astrée cherish every detail of this scintillating score, from the plangent recorder, flute, violin and viola da gamba obbligati to the bold trumpet flourishes. Soloists Camilla Tilling, Sonia Prina, Toby Spence and Luca Pisaroni give spirited performances, while Kate Royal offers matchless pathos and elegance in Maddalena's "Ferma l'ali"."
-- Anna Picard, The Independent (UK) [10/11/2009]
La Resurrezione was written whilst he was staying in Rome in 1708. It was written for one of his major patrons, Marchese Francesco Maria Ruspoli, for whom Handel also wrote a number of cantatas. The oratorio was performed as part of a sequence of Lenten oratorio performances organised by Ruspoli. Though oratorio in name, it is in effect a rather static sacred opera and was written to get round the ban on opera then in place in Rome.
It was performed in lavish static settings in Prince Ruspoli's Palazzo. Ruspoli engaged a huge orchestra (21 violins, 5 double-basses) of which the 23 year old Handel took full advantage. In fact we only know of the extra musicians that Rusopoli paid for, his house musicians probably played as well giving an even bigger orchestra; though on this new recording from Emmanuelle Haim and Le Concert d’Astrée, the orchestra is slightly smaller, with 10 violins and just 1 double-bass.
The plot, such as it is, interleaves Christ's Harrowing of Hell with the activities on earth between his Crucifixion and Resurrection. Christ himself never appears; neither does his mother, though both are referred to in the libretto - by the court poet of ex-Queen Christina of Sweden, then living in Rome. The opera opens with a spectacular aria for the Angel (Camilla Tilling), with a descending phrase almost describing his/her descent into Hell. From then on Christ's Harrowing of Hell and his triumph over Death are described in a series of duologues between the Angel and Lucifer (Luca Pisaroni).
Back on earth, Mary Magdalene (Kate Royal) and Mary Cleophas (Sonia Prina) both lament Christ's loss and have various degrees of trust in his return. Magdalene was written for Margherita Durastantini, one of Handel's long time supporters, but she could only sing one performance; the Pope objected and she was replaced by a castrato - no women allowed. Magdalene gets most of the show's hit numbers and is probably the most fully rounded character. Kate Royal is sexily attractive in the role though I was rather troubled by her manner of squeezing the notes. Used in a limited fashion this mannerism can provide a gorgeous, sexy quality, but here she seemed to over do things. Sonia Prina is wonderfully dark voiced as Mary Cleophas, though in her fast numbers her tight vibrato tends to occlude her passage-work somewhat. She sings with great brilliance and she copes well with some of Haim’s brisk tempi. Prina has a lovely dark voice, which contrasts well with Royal’s higher instrument. But Prina’s vibrato can sometimes rather cloud her passagework.
The two women are comforted by St. John (Toby Spence) whose great confidence in Christ's forthcoming resurrection is indicated by his series of trusting, pastoral arias - no trouble and questing here. The problem is that nothing actually happens, the three simply lament and recount. We don't even get St. John's encounter with the Virgin, he simply reports it. The language is a little over-heated at times which does not help the drama.
Toby Spence sings St. John’s music with a beautifully intimate tone, which entirely suits that pastoral nature of this music. Handel’s orchestration is ravishing and here ravishingly realised by Haim and her forces. Again, its not their fault that I want more edge to the part.
Camilla Tilling’s Angel is technically quite brilliant in the faster passages and provides some rather lovely line in the quieter passages. My main problem with her is that her voice is a little too vibrato laden for my taste and her coloratura lacks the pin-point accuracy that I like in this repertoire. But it might be argued that my tastes are based on the more English sound of singers like Emma Kirkby who are not necessarily idiomatic in this repertoire.
As the villain, Lucifer, Luca Pisaroni sings with superb aplomb, using his rather attractively grainy bass voice to good effect, though his runs do sound rather laboured. And it’s not his fault that he never actually gets to do anything in the oratorio - his part is all reportage.
In fact, most of the singers on this disc come from the younger cadre of singers who are comfortable in period performance as well as later repertoire. This is admirable in terms of vocal agility and sympathy to different performing styles. But this has drawbacks as well; on this disc I found that the women in particular brought to their roles a continuous use of significant vibrato that I found intrusive at times. Tilling’s way with the passage-work in her role seems to differ stylistically little from the way she would tackle early 19
th century Italian opera. Of course, this might just be me being prejudiced. But Haim has shown a preference in the past for working with singers from more traditional backgrounds and her style seems to be to integrate more modern vocal styles with period performance. The results are entirely creditable, admirable and not a little charming. But they are not always what I would want in a performance of the work.
One of the greatest charms of
La Resurrezione is Handel’s ever-vivid orchestration. He was clearly showing off and provided with a patron who could afford it, took every advantage of a variety of instruments. St. John’s arias are frequently simple continuo arias and these brilliantly set off the more exotic ones for the other characters. Mary Magdalene has an accompagnato written for two recorders and viola da gamba. Mary Cleophas’s ‘Naufragando va per l’onde’ has dizzying runs for oboes and strings along with a beautiful plaintive middle section written using the same scoring - Handel showing off his versatility again.
Handel never performed the work again. Instead it became a source book for other works, bits of it cropping not only in his Italian period opera
Agrippina but also in his London operas (
Il Pastor Fido), the
Water Music as well as the oratorios.
The piece has been recorded a few times, but there are not as many versions in the catalogue as you might expect given the music’s delightful brilliance. Mark Minkowski and Les Musiciens du Louvre recorded it in 1996 with Annick Massis and Jennifer Smith; Christopher Hogwood and the Academy of Ancient Music with Emma Kirkby and Patrizia Kwella.
The discs were recorded live, but there is admirably little evidence of that in audience coughing - or reaction. It sounds live though, in that we get a wonderful dramatic immediacy from the singers. The booklet includes a fine article by David Vickers giving full historical background and texts in Latin and English (plus French and German); by today’s standards the CD production values are lavish.
Haim and her band brilliantly bring off Handel’s orchestrations and the instrumental contributions are some of the great attractions of this disc. Time and again my ear was drawn away from the voices to the lovely instrumental contributions. Many people will be entirely happy with this disc and it is brilliantly produced. It is just the vocal style which still nags at me and I will always want to have Emma Kirkby standing by to give me an entirely different view of this repertoire.
-- Robert Hugill, MusicWeb International
Works on This Recording
La resurrezione, HWV 47 by George Frideric Handel
Luca Pisaroni (Bass Baritone),
Toby Spence (Tenor),
Kate Royal (Soprano),
Camilla Tilling (Soprano),
Sonia Prina (Alto)
Le Concert D'Astrée
Written: circa 1708; Italy
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