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Britten: War Requiem / Britten, Vishnevskaya, Pears


Release Date: 10/25/1990 
Label:  Decca   Catalog #: 414383   Spars Code: ADD 
Composer:  Benjamin Britten
Performer:  Galina VishnevskayaPeter PearsDietrich Fischer-DieskauSimon Preston
Conductor:  Benjamin Britten
Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony OrchestraLondon Symphony ChorusHighgate School Chorus,   ... 
Number of Discs: 2 
Recorded in: Stereo 
Length: 1 Hours 21 Mins. 

CD not available: This title is currently only available as an MP3 download.  

Notes and Editorial Reviews





Britten?s War Requiem was composed and premiered in 1962. The first performance took place in the refurbished Coventry cathedral and, according to a participating chorister, no one knew whether it would all come together in time (the composer possibly included). The work involves large forces, used in a carefully structured way. The words of the Latin Mass for the Dead are set for soprano and mixed chorus, accompanied by large orchestral forces?also the children?s choir with organ accompaniment?while the poetry of Wilfred Owen is interspersed throughout, set for the tenor and baritone soloists accompanied by a Read more separate chamber orchestra. Owen?s war poetry is seen through realistic and humanist eyes (he died during active service in the First World War) and is intimate, occasionally sardonic, and highly personal. This intimacy is underlined by Britten?s chamber setting, heightening the contrast with the requiem Mass which here represents the ?public? utterance in wartime. Britten?s setting of the Mass begins at a comforting pianissimo, but gradually grows more pompous and hysterical: more ?false,? if you like, as the poetry becomes more ?true? in its depiction of the futility and stupidity of war. Following the final poem, Owen?s heart-rending Strange Meeting , all these forces are reconciled in a musical fantasy, the choir intoning ?requiescat in pace? (?rest in peace?) against the soloists? ?Let us sleep now.? Although a committed pacifist, Britten was pragmatic enough to understand that such a reconciliation was literally a fantasy, and it remains so today.


Owen?s poetry came out of the ?war to end all wars? but in 1962, the Second World War was still uppermost in people?s minds. Britten hoped to get these three soloists together (a German, an Englishman, and a Russian) to symbolize the warring nations reconciled. At the 11th hour, the soviet authorities refused Vishnevskaya permission to travel, so the soprano solo was first sung, beautifully, by Heather Harper (who, much later, recorded it).


When Decca came to record the work shortly afterwards, news of the work?s importance had reached Russia, so Vishnevskaya was allowed to participate. It is easy to hear why she was Britten?s first choice. Her vibrant, Slavic soprano (vibrato and all) soars out over the choir and orchestra, making a statement with every phrase?which is what the public side of this work is about. Even when she sings softly, as in the moving middle section of the Dies Irae movement, it is sentiment writ large. Fischer-Dieskau brings to the baritone part all his textual detail and a great voice in its prime. Pears?s vocal quality, so often described as an acquired taste, is perfect in this context: it somehow combines fragility with strength and has an innate sadness in its tone color. All the other forces under the composer?s assured baton are stunningly captured by John Culshaw?s recording, a watershed in its time and still impressive in its ability to manage the contrasting acoustics. There have been several recordings of the War Requiem since this ?original cast album?; many of them contain superlative performances, but none supercedes Britten?s as a whole. So: a famous recording, a work of extraordinary skill in word-setting, filled with passages of beautiful, moving music, and a message of peace for a world consumed by hatred: so much more than the sum of its wonderful parts.


FANFARE: Phillip Scott
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Works on This Recording

1.
War Requiem, Op. 66 by Benjamin Britten
Performer:  Galina Vishnevskaya (Soprano), Peter Pears (Tenor), Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (Baritone),
Simon Preston (Organ)
Conductor:  Benjamin Britten
Orchestra/Ensemble:  London Symphony Orchestra,  London Symphony Chorus,  Highgate School Chorus  ... 
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1961; England 
Date of Recording: 01/1963 
Venue:  Kingsway Hall, London 
Length: 81 Minutes 21 Secs. 
Language: English 

Sound Samples

War Requiem, Op.66 / Requiem aeternam: "Requiem Aeternam"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Requiem aeternam: "What Passing Bells For These Who Die As Cattle?"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Dies Irae: "Dies irae"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Dies Irae: "Bugles Sang, Saddening the Evening Air"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Dies Irae: "Liber Scriptus Proferetur"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Dies Irae: "Out There, We've Walked Quite Friendly Up To Death"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Dies Irae: "Recordare Jesu Pie"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Dies Irae: "Be Slowly Lifted Up"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Dies Irae: "Dies Irae"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Dies Irae: "Lacrimosa Dies Illa"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Dies Irae: "Move Him Into the Sun"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Offertorium: "Domine Jesu Christe"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Offertorium: "So Abraham Rose, and Clave the Wood"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Sanctus: "Sanctus, Sanctus, Sanctus"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Sanctus: "After the Blast Of Lightning From the East"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Agnus Dei: "One Ever Hangs Where Shelled Roads Part"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Libera me: "Libera me, Domine"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Libera me: "It Seemed That Out Of Battle I Escaped"
War Requiem, Op.66 / Libera me: "Let Us Sleep Now...In Paradisum"
War Requiem, Op.66: Requiem Aeternam (Rehearsal)
War Requiem, Op.66: Dies Irae (Rehearsal)
War Requiem, Op.66: Dies Irae (Rehearsal)
War Requiem, Op.66: Dies Irae (Rehearsal)
War Requiem, Op.66: Offertorium (Rehearsal)
War Requiem, Op.66: Sanctus (Rehearsal)
War Requiem, Op.66: Sanctus (Rehearsal)
War Requiem, Op.66: Agnus Dei (Rehearsal)
War Requiem, Op.66: Libera Me (Rehearsal)
War Requiem, Op.66: Libera Me (Rehearsal)
War Requiem, Op.66: Libera Me (Rehearsal)

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