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The Romantic Aspect of German & Austrian Classics / Keilberth


Release Date: 06/15/2018 
Label:  Profil   Catalog #: 18019  
Composer:  Carl Maria von WeberWolfgang Amadeus MozartRichard StraussLudwig van Beethoven,   ... 
Performer:  Georg KulenkampffAnnie FischerRosl Schmid
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic OrchestraVienna Philharmonic OrchestraCologne Radio Symphony Orchestra,   ... 
Number of Discs: 10 
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Notes and Editorial Reviews

Joseph Keilberth (1908-1968) belongs to that generation of conductors who continued after Furtwangler’s death to hold the musical heritage of German and Austrian composers in particularly high regard. Furthermore, Keilberth exhibited a very special love for the works of Max Reger and Hans Pfitzner. It is to that predilection of his that we owe a number of outstanding recordings released here for the first time in this release. Keilberth began his career at the age of seventeen in his native city of Karlsruhe as a rehearsal pianist at the municipal theatre, going on to be conductor and finally, in 1935, General Music Director there. In 1940 he assumed the direction of the German Philharmonic Orchestra in Prague. After 1945 he successfully Read more applied himself in Dresden- under the most arduous of conditions- to renewing the great musical tradition of this war-ravaged city. He brought in Rudolf Kempe, who succeeded him in the position of overall musical director. Keilberth went to Hamburg in 1951 as head of the Hanseatic city’s Philharmonic State Orchestra, with which he remained closely associated for many years. It was at this time that he joined former members of his Prague orchestra in founding the Bamberger Symphoniker, remaining that orchestra’s principal conductor until his death. He died doing what he loved, suffering a heart attack while conducting a performance of “Tristan” in Munich in 1968.

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REVIEW:

The Brahms Second and Bruckner Ninth are both solid, taken at normal tempos, nothing exaggerated or mannered. He is careful to allow for detail and avoid rushing little notes; the Bruckner, done in concert with the Berlin Philharmonic (1960 in Salzburg), shows the orchestra at its best, and the Schubert Eighth is warm and relaxed. Of all the symphonies, though, the best is the Schumann Fourth, which is fast and exciting. Unfortunately it has the worst sound (1952 concert with Cologne Radio), and the brass are too prominent.

The concertos are no less fine. Kulenkampff was a major violinist of the earlier 20th Century, and his Bruch concerto is beautifully done, though definitely in an older style. Annie Fischer is terrific in the Schumann. Her playing is impetuous, almost unpredictable, but her phrasing and touch are wonderful. Rosl Schmid has plenty of technique with which to handle the difficulties of Pfitzner's piano concerto very well.

Keilberth felt an attraction to Reger’s music, and we find four substantial works here. We also have some 82 minutes of Wagner excerpts. The selections are uneven. The two preludes from Siegfried are not very interesting out of context. The music from Tannhäuser goes nearly half an hour, while the Valkyrie Ride is less than three minutes, up through the arrival of only three Valkyries, and then is cut off. All of that aside, there is a lot of exciting Wagner here, and the best is the Lohengrin preludes, recorded not in Bayreuth, where the sound is murky, but in studio with the Hamburg Philharmonic. Everything here is instrumental, except for the three (unidentified) Valkyries.

The other bits and pieces tend to be very good, largely because they are studio recordings from the later 50s. In general I find his conducting bracing and energetic, more direct than contemplative.

– American Record Guide Read less

Works on This Recording

1.
Der Freischütz, J 277: Overture by Carl Maria von Weber
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1817-1821; Dresden, Germany 
Date of Recording: 1958 
2.
Die Zauberflöte, K 620: Overture by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: Classical 
Written: 1791; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 1960 
3.
Ariadne auf Naxos, Op. 60: Prelude by Richard Strauss
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1911/1916; Germany 
Date of Recording: 1954 
4.
Fidelio, Op. 72: Overture in E major by Ludwig van Beethoven
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberger Symphoniker
Period: Classical 
Written: 1814; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 1960 
5.
Coriolan Overture in C minor, Op. 62 by Ludwig van Beethoven
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberger Symphoniker
Period: Classical 
Written: 1807; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 1960 
6.
Der fliegende Holländer: Overture by Richard Wagner
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1841/1852; Germany 
Date of Recording: 1955 
7.
Rosamunde, D 797/Op. 26: no 1, Overture (D 644) by Franz Schubert
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1823; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 1960 
8.
Symphony no 8 in B minor, D 759 "Unfinished" by Franz Schubert
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberger Symphoniker
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1822; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 1956 
9.
Concerto for Violin no 1 in G minor, Op. 26 by Max Bruch
Performer:  Georg Kulenkampff (Violin)
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1868; Germany 
Date of Recording: 1941 
10.
Variations and Fugue on a theme of JA Hiller, Op. 100 by Max Reger
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hamburg State Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1907; Germany 
Date of Recording: 1957 
11.
Tone Poems (4) after Arnold Böcklin, Op. 128 by Max Reger
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Deutsches Philharmonisches Orchester Prag
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1913; Germany 
Date of Recording: 1940 
12.
Italian Serenade for Orchestra by Hugo Wolf
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Deutsches Philharmonisches Orchester Prag
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1892; Vienna, Austria 
Date of Recording: 1942 
Notes: (Arr. by Max Reger for chamber orchestra.) 
13.
Tragic Overture, Op. 81 by Johannes Brahms
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberger Symphoniker
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1880; Austria 
Date of Recording: 1957 
14.
Symphony no 2 in D major, Op. 73 by Johannes Brahms
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1877; Austria 
Date of Recording: 1962 
15.
Academic Festival Overture in C minor, Op. 80 by Johannes Brahms
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberger Symphoniker
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1880; Austria 
Date of Recording: 1952 
16.
Symphony no 4 in D minor, Op. 120 by Robert Schumann
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1851; Germany 
Date of Recording: 1952 
17.
Concerto for Piano in A minor, Op. 54 by Robert Schumann
Performer:  Annie Fischer (Piano)
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1841-1845; Germany 
Date of Recording: 1958 
18.
Symphony no 6 in F major, Op. 68 "Pastoral" by Ludwig van Beethoven
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberger Symphoniker
Written: 1808 
Date of Recording: 1960 
19.
Variations and Fugue on a theme of Mozart, Op. 132 by Max Reger
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberger Symphoniker
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1914; Germany 
Date of Recording: 1957 
20.
Palestrina: Act 3 Prelude by Hans Pfitzner
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Deutsches Philharmonisches Orchester Prag
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1912-1915; Germany 
21.
Palestrina: Act 1 Prelude by Hans Pfitzner
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Deutsches Philharmonisches Orchester Prag
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1912-1915; Germany 
22.
Concerto for Piano in E flat major, Op. 31 by Hans Pfitzner
Performer:  Rosl Schmid (Piano)
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Period: 20th Century 
Written: 1922; Germany 
Date of Recording: 1951 
23.
Der Widerspenstigen Zähmung: Overture by Hermann Goetz
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1868-1872; Switzerland 
Date of Recording: 1955 
24.
Der Barbier von Bagdad: Overture by Peter Cornelius
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1858; Weimar, Germany 
Date of Recording: 1951 
25.
Hungarian Dances (21) for orchestra, WoO 1: No. 3 in F major: Allegretto by Johannes Brahms
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberger Symphoniker
Period: Romantic 
Written: Hungary 
Date of Recording: 1960 
26.
Hungarian Dances (21) for orchestra, WoO 1: No. 10 in F major: Presto by Johannes Brahms
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberger Symphoniker
Period: Romantic 
Written: Hungary 
Date of Recording: 1960 
27.
Hungarian Dances (21) for orchestra, WoO 1: Hungarian Dance No. 1 in G minor by Johannes Brahms
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberger Symphoniker
Period: Romantic 
Written: Hungary 
Date of Recording: 1960 
28.
Ballet Suite in D major, Op. 130 by Max Reger
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bamberger Symphoniker
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1913; Germany 
Date of Recording: 1957 
29.
Tannhäuser: Overture by Richard Wagner
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1845/1861; Germany 
30.
Tannhäuser: Act 3 Prelude by Richard Wagner
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1845/1861; Germany 
31.
Siegfried: Act 1 Prelude by Richard Wagner
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1871; Germany 
32.
Lohengrin: Act 3 Prelude by Richard Wagner
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hamburg State Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1847; Germany 
33.
Lohengrin: Act 1 Prelude by Richard Wagner
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hamburg State Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1847; Germany 
34.
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg: Act 1 Prelude by Richard Wagner
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Hamburg State Philharmonic Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1867; Germany 
35.
Die Walküre: Ride of the Valkyries by Richard Wagner
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1856; Germany 
36.
Götterdämmerung: Siegfried's Funeral Music by Richard Wagner
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Bayreuth Festival Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1874; Germany 
37.
Oberon, J 306: Overture by Carl Maria von Weber
Conductor:  Joseph Keilberth
Orchestra/Ensemble:  Cologne Radio Symphony Orchestra
Period: Romantic 
Written: 1825-1826; Dresden, Germany 
Date of Recording: 1953 

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